David Hume: from criticism of cognition to new gnoseology and ethics
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Peer-review process > Peer-review in 24 hours: How do we do it? > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Publication in 72 hours: How do we do it? > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy > Editorial board
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Philosophical Thought
Reference:

David Hume: from criticism of cognition to new gnoseology and ethics
Maslakov Andrei Sergeevich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, Moscow Pedagogical University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Malaya Pirogovskaya, 1, of. 1

as.maslakov@m.mpgu.edu

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2018.11.27871

Review date:

01-11-2018


Publish date:

20-11-2018


Abstract.

The object of this article is the philosophy of David Hume in its wholeness, unity and interrelation of all its sections, positions and fragments. The subject is the correlation of D. Hume’s theory of cognition with his concept of human and socio-historical cognition overall in the context of the problems of modern gnoseology, philosophy and history of science. The goal of the research lies in analyzing the basic positions of D. Hume’s theory of cognition within the framework of general doctrine on human and society and their relation to the issues of modern socio-humanitarian knowledge. Methodologically, the work leans on the comparative-historical approach, hermeneutic analysis of sources, as well as general scientific methods of analogy, generalization, abstracting, systematization, and others. The following conclusions were made: 1) the skeptical paradigm in theory of cognition is used by D. Hume’s exclusively from the methodological, rather than ontological standpoint; 2) D. Hume redeems confidence in the subject of cognition (with its customs), as well as in the object – in other words, nature that includes human in its context by default ; 3) human himself as the cognizing subject becomes not a substantial entity, but a construct of intersubjective act, derivative of “sympathy” that unites him with other people, first and foremost, through the affective nature; 4) revelation of the initial sociality and intersubjectivity of the human Self immeasurably simplifies the analysis of ethical problems, as well as the questions of socio-economic and political development, because the socio-institutional order is viewed as an organic part of human nature; 5) all of the aforesaid, allows D. Hume to quite drastically reconsider the capabilities and functionality of historical cognition. 

Keywords: historical knowledge, intersubjectivity, epistemological subject, skepticism, rationalism, empiricism, Sensationalism, Hume, agnosticism, ethics
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Abramov M. A. Shotlandskaya filosofiya veka Prosveshcheniya. M.: In-t filosofii RAN, 2000. S. 328
2.
Vasil'ev V. V. Metodologiya Yuma i ego nauka o chelovecheskoi prirode // Istoriko-filosofskii ezhegodnik-2012. – M.: In-t filosofii RAN, 2013. URL: https://www.academia.edu/4378198/Metodologiya_Yuma_i_ego_nauka_o_chelovecheskoi_prirode. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
3.
Vinogradov N. D. Filosofiya Davida Yuma. Ch. 1. Osnovnye teoreticheskie printsipy. Ch. 2. Etika Yuma v svyazi s vazhneishimi napravleniyami britanskoi morali KhVII-KhVIII vv. Izd. 2-e. M.: Librokom, 2011. URL: http://library.icdc.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/9154-filosofiya-davida-yuma-etika-yuma-v-svyazi-s-vazhnejshimi-napravleniyami-britanskoj-morali-khvii-khviii-vv. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
4.
Vyshegorodtseva O. Bertran Rassel: predislovie k perevodam (Agnostitsizm I (istoriya ponyatiya); Agnostitsizm II (smysl)) // Nauchno-prosvetitel'skii zhurnal «Skepsis». Biblioteka. URL: http://scepsis.net/library/id_299.html. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
5.
Delez Zh. Empirizm i sub''ektivnost': opyt o chelovecheskoi prirode po Yumu. // Delez Zh. Empirizm i sub''ektivnost'. Kriticheskaya filosofiya Kanta. Bergsonizm. Spinoza. — M., 2001. 480 s. URL: http://litresp.ru/chitat/ru/D/delez-zhilj/empirizm-i-subjektivnostj-sbornik/1. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
6.
D'yakov A. B. Zhil' Delez. Filosofiya razlichiya. SPb.: Aleteiya, 2015. S. 52-53, 55-56.
7.
Zinov'ev A. A. Faktor ponimaniya. M.: Algoritm, 2006. S. 182-184, 245-248.
8.
Mikeshin M. I. Sotsial'naya filosofiya shotlandskogo Prosveshcheniya. SPb.: Sankt-Peterburgskii tsentr istorii idei, 2005. S. 45-55, 87-102.
9.
Narskii I. S. David Yum. M.: Mysl', 1973. 180 s.
10.
Porus V. N. Perekrestki metodov. Opyty mezhdistsiplinarnosti v filosofii kul'tury. M.: «Kanon+» ROOI «Reabilitatsiya», 2013. 384 s.
11.
Rassel B. Istoriya zapadnoi filosofii i ee svyazi s politicheskimi i sotsial'nymi usloviyami ot antichnosti do nashikh dnei. M., 2004 // URL: https://e-libra.ru/read/151161-istoriya-zapadnoj-filosofii.html. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
12.
Shchedrina T. G., Pruzhinin B. I. David Yum i Gustav Shpet: problema empirizma v istoricheskom poznanii // Voprosy filosofii. 2012. №8. URL: http://vphil.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=567. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
13.
Shpet G. G. Problema prichinnosti u Yuma i Kanta. Otvetil li Kant na somneniya Yuma. Kiev, 1907.
14.
Yum D. «Traktat o chelovecheskoi prirode» // Yum D. Sochineniya v 2-kh tt. T. 1-2. M. Mysl', 1965. T. 2, kn. 2, ch.1, gl. 2, gl. 5. gl. 3. URL: http://litresp.ru/chitat/ru/Yu/yum-david/sochineniya-v-dvuh-tomah-tom-1/3. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
15.
Yum. D. Ob izuchenii istorii // Yum D. Sochineniya. T. 2. M.: Mysl', 1996. C. 707–710. URL: http://econlibrary.ru/books/104/113/hume57_of%20the%20study%20of%20history.html. (data obrashcheniya 20.10.2018)
16.
Yum D. Sochineniya v 4-kh tt. M.: Mysl', 2002-2006. t. 4, prilozhenie 1-2; t. 3, s. 130-131; s. 143-145.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website