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The idea of meta-subjectivity and the problem of autonomy in Kant’s ethics
Mekhed Gleb Nikolaevich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, the faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences, Bauman Moscow State Technical University

105082, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Rubtsovskaya Nab., 2/18, of. 733

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This article examines Kant’s ethics through the prism of general philosophical idea of meta-subjectivity, the most basic theoretical foundation for which is the embarked by Kant in the “Critique of Pure Reason” substantiation of the principles of critical rationalism. The author demonstrates how the idea of meta-subject (transcendental subject), introduced by Kant in the theory of cognition, affects his interpretation of a number of fundamental traditional concepts of ethics, such as “moral subject”, “freedom of will”, and especially “autonomy”. It turns out that the concept of autonomy and its interpretation by Kant is associated with a number of emanating problems, particularly the problem of moral evil and problem of responsibility, “authorship” of the doings. Methodology of the research leans directly on Kant’s texts with fairly loose interpretation, as well as comparative research of the key sources of Kant studies with regards to autonomy. The article allows tracing the conceptual link between Kant’s transcendentalism and other related philosophical teachings, all the way from Upanishads in Antiquity until the contemporary “open individualism” of D. Kolak, as well as the concepts in spirit of the “integral approach” of K. Wilber.

Keywords: Freedom of The Will, Personal Identity, Personality, Transcendental, Autonomy, Ethics, Kant, Moral Absolutism, Moral Subject, Practical Reason



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