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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Thought experiment in philosophy and ethics
Mekhed Gleb Nikolaevich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, the faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences, Bauman Moscow State Technical University

105082, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Rubtsovskaya Nab., 2/18, of. 733

mekhed_gleb@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2017.5.22985

Review date:

11-05-2017


Publish date:

14-05-2017


Abstract.

The relevance of this article is substantiated by the popularity of thought experiment as one of the key methods of modern philosophy. The author examines the differences between the thought and empirical experiments. It is demonstrated that the role of thought experiment is far from being reduced to the study of theories of internal consistency, but rather that it can be presented as an independent, primarily, critical method of philosophical analysis, as well as a mediator between the intuitions of common sense and abstract theoretical constructs. Based on this, the author underlines the role of thought experiment as an important tool for examination of the limits of rationality itself, as well as formulation of the “complex issues” of philosophy. The article also reviews the various strategies of application of thought experiment in the normative ethical discussions – on the example of theories and thought experiments of Nozick, D. Thompson, and others. At the same time, the author notes the closeness of the thought experiment in its narrative-metaphoric form to fiction, which has already gained the status of an interpreter of the philosophical and normative-ethical theories onto the figurative language of intuition.

Keywords: Foot, Nagel, fiction, metodology, ethics, philosophy, thought experiment, Chalmers, Dennet, Kant
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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