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Philosophical Thought

Vasubandhu. Pudgalavinishchaya. Translation of fragments 948-957 (discussion with Vaisheshikas). Foreword, Translation from Sanskrit by L. I. Titlin

Titlin Lev Igorevich

PhD in Philosophy

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

109240, 117198, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 str.1, kab. 516






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Abstract: The subject of this research is the philosophical polemics between Buddhism and Indian School Nyaya- Vaisheshika on the question of the existence and characteristics of an actor as it presented in the 8th book Vasubandhu's "Abhidharmakosa-Bhasya" (IV-V centuries) – “Pudgalavinishchaya”.It is one of the polemic compositions regarding the existence and characteristics of an actor, in which found their reflection the discussions of that topic between the “Orthodox” Buddhists on one hand, and Buddhists-“Heretics” (Pudgalavadin), Nyaya- Vaisheshikas, philosophers-grammarians, Sankhyaikas on the other hand. The article uses the comparative-historical method, comparative analysis, popular methodology of philosophical translation from Sanskrit into the Russian language. Vaisheshikas acknowledge the existence of the eternal irrevocable atman. The main argument of Vasubandhu is that if it did exist that the states of mind also will be eternal and irrevocable, which, apparently, does not correspond with the reality. On the contrary, the states of mind (citta) are momentary, because consist of the momentary dharma, generating from each other in cause-and-effect relation (within the flow of volatile dharma). The scientific novelty lies in conducting the first translation from Sanskrit into the Russian Language of a substantial chapter from “Pudgalavinishchaya" of Vasubandhu with the commentary of Yashomitra, dedicated to the question of the existence of the actor, as well as philosophical analysis of the provided fragment of the text.

Keywords: anatman, atman, non-self, self, Yashomitra, Pudgalavinishchaya, Vasubandhu, subject, Vaisheshika, Vaisheshikas
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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