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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

The inverse image of the universe in the Indian Vedas

Maydanov Anatoly Stepanovich

Doctor of Philosophy

leading research assistant of the Division ofEvolutionary epistemology at Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

109240, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12, str. 1

anmaid@mail.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0174.2013.1.223

Review date:

18-12-2012


Publish date:

1-1-2013


Abstract: For the authors of the Vedas, the composite character of the universe was obvious. For them, the universe was an organized whole whose parts were in some way related, connected to each other, and well-ordered. Theirs was a five-layered world, which included heaven, earth, and air space. In addition, they assumed the existence of an expanse on the other side of the sky as well as a nether world. To the Aryans, heaven and earth, as the main parts of the universe, were sources of physical and moral strength and a reliable support to their lives. Their understanding of the universe was based on an ontological idea of a universal genesis. The sky, in turn, was set. It was seen as a medium for various activities. Aryan Rishi sages came to the conclusion that extended travel into the depths of the universe would help one find objects and phenomena of a qualitatively different kind. In air space, gods carried on their activities, and through this a connection was established with people. As the Aryans saw it, there was a continuously rotating wheel of days and nights around the earth, which gave rise to the different parts of the day. The Aryans did not see any problems in relation to how the heavens and the earth were held up as they had a range of solutions to this issue. In the Vedas, many of the images of space objects and phenomena are inverse in nature, i.e. they are contrasted with respect to their referents. The universe, in their view, was spherical, heliocentric, with borders. This image of the world was based on a geomorphological paradigm using the principle of dynamism. The Rishi also attracted ontological ideas of development and a genetic relationship of elements of the universe. The general nature of this worldview shows the lack of balance in ancient thinking and indicates a different level of development of some of its aspects. This type of intelligence was characteristic of other periods of mankind's spiritual history also.


Keywords: cosmos, thinking, worldview, structure, method, space, deities, paradigm, heliocentrism, inversion
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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