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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Muslim Sufism in the context of comparative analysis of philosophical and mystical traditions of the world

Zhirtueva Natalia

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor. the department of Political Science and International Relations, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University.

299026, Russia, respublika Krym, g. Sevastopol', ul. Universitetskaya, 33

zhr_nata@bk.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2017.3.21975

Review date:

09-02-2017


Publish date:

20-04-2017


Abstract.

The object of the research in this article is Sufism as Muslim mystical tradition. The Research is carried out in the context of comparative analysis of the philosophical and religious traditions of the world according to the three essential attitudes: 1) the substance of the Absolute; 2) the intersubordination of ideal and phenomenal beings; 3) the methods of mystic phychopractice. Sufism is complicated and contradictory philosophical and religious world view. Antinomical mystics of Islam is characterized as balancing between the immanent and transcendent poles in the perception of Absolute reality, a mixed solution of the issue of intersubordination of ideal and phenomenal beings, variety of mystical phychopractices.Methodology of the study: comparative philosophical religious analysis. The main method of the study: comparative analytical. General scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, generalization, individualization, historical narrative.The most influential mystical tradition of Islam is transcendental immanent (antinomical) Sufism aimed at “union” with the Absolute (tawhid). “The Doctrine of Love" contributed to the formation of the integrative mystical tradition. The methods of Sufism phychopractice are love-trust to the Absolute (dhikr, tawakkul), meditative contemplation of the Absolute (fikr), disciplinary asceticism (halva), psychosomatic exercise (sama). The result of mystical practice is transfiguration of the person, who is endowed with moral qualities of the Absolute.

Keywords: transcendental immanent mystics, antinomical mystics, integrative tradition, psychopractice, enlightened consciousness, egocentric consciousness, Sufism, Absolute, love-trust, transfiguration of person
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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