Статья 'История versus память: к проблеме взаимосвязи истории и памяти' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

History versus memory: to the problem of interrelation between history and memory

Glushchenko Georgii Yur'evich

PhD in Philosophy

Post-graduate student, the department of Philosophy and Culturology, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University

400011, Russia, Volgogradskaya oblast', g. Volgograd, ul. Mira 2, 2, kv. 54

ffrodo9@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2018.1.21578

Review date:

29-12-2016


Publish date:

31-01-2018


Abstract: The object of this research is the collective memory as an important aspect of historical consciousness. The subject is the problem of interrelation between history and collective memory. The article examines the essential aspects of history and memory. The goal of the work consists in characterizing the principal forms of interaction between history and memory, determination of the most common to present time form of such interaction, as well as exploring the question of regularities of historical consciousness due to the problem of historical time and oblivion. The author analyzes various methods of interaction of the indicated realms: historical consciousness as a specific case of memory (Collingwood), history as a way of retaining the relevant for today images of memory (Halbwachs), history as a form of cultural memory (Assmann). In this case, memory enriches the historical consciousness with the value orientations; history realigns the entirety of existing memories. Cultural memories has a connective structure that links the past and present, the key function of which is repetition. History becomes the cultural-historical narrative with supporting function; the substantiated recorded history – is a situation when the countries, nations, and groups comprehend themselves through specific experience. The key function of memory lies in transforming of such experience into the narrative affected by the variations in memory framework. Thus, it is a reliable fact that certain powers of history are active within a particular historical period. History is an attempt to restore the missing and distorted, which is impossible without the worldview and culture of society; while memory performs a task of restoring the spirit of the era. The article suggests the principle of complementarity – memory and history complement one another, correlating separate facts and events with images and symbols; as well as research the phenomenon of historical culture that leans on the analysis of phenomena in the context of the experience of historical mentalities, where the captured images manifests as the interpretational models of the world.


Keywords: oblivion, past, culture, mentality, narrative, experience, Memory, History, worldview, historical time
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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