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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Morality as an intrinsic element of human community and degree of humanity in humans
Levikova Svetlana Igorevna

Doctor of Philosophy

professor of the Department of Philosophy at Moscow State Pedagogical University

117571, Russia, g. Moscow, prospekt Vernadskogo, 88, of. 812

levikovasi@inbox.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

This article is dedicated to morality as an intrinsic element of human association and degree of humanity in humans. The author supports the traditional idea that morality is a purely human phenomenon and appears in such moment, when people begin to live in community and have a demand to regulation the relationship between people. The work analyzes ethical concepts of two German philosophers F. Nietzsche and I. Kant, as well as attempt to clarify the essence of the notion of “moral” in reference books. The scientific novelty of the presented material consists in formulation of the question and examination of ethical concepts of I. Kant and F. Nietzsche as mutually complementing. The author concludes that the degree of morality of a human corresponds with the fact of how far a human has gone from his initial, purely biological animalistic state. Based on this position, the author claims that human community is not possible without morality; and namely molarity is the degree of humanity in humans, and characterizes it as a social creature.

Keywords: categorical imperative, superhuman, Kant, Nietzsche, manhuman, morality, ethics, society, norm, freedom

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2016.11.2056

Article was received:

02-10-2016


Review date:

30-09-2016


Publish date:

15-11-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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