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Philosophical Thought

Philosophical and methodological substantiation of the projects of human genetic engineering

Fedorin Vladimir Vladimirovich

PhD in Philosophy

Senior Edcuator, the department of Philosophy, Biomedical Ethics and Humanities, A.I. Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

105275, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Borisa Zhigulenkova, 23

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Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the projects of human genetic engineering, as well as attempts of improving of his ethical and physical qualities. The significance of new discoveries in medicine and biology has drastically increased in the recent years. Human finds himself in a new role – an object of manipulations. The methods of genetic engineering provide the opportunities for changing the genetic base of a human, which is the prerequisite of being in creation of its identity. In order to comfortably exist in a rapidly changing world, a human needs certainty in understanding of how the methods of genetic engineering can affect his being, as well as interrelation with other people. The author conducts the analysis of the projects of human engineering from various perspectives, as well as presents the assessment of possible consequences of implementation of the “human-oriented” biotechnologies. The growing opportunities of biotechnologies in transformation of the human genetic nature should certainly be controlled; and the level of intervention into genetics of a human should be determined by social ethics and scientific level.

Keywords: good medicine paradox, future of the humanity, engineering technologies, genetic and social, problems of human, Biotechnology, human genetic engeneering, philosophy of biology, NBIC technology, CRISPR-Cas9 technology
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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