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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Gulag and Discursive Practices: Tough Route of Russian Authors in Soviet Labour Camps
Tishchenko Natalia Viktorovna

Doctor of Cultural Studies

associate profesor of the Department of Cultural Research at Saratov State Technical University N.A. Yury Gagarin.

410054, Russia, g. Saratov, ul. Politekhnicheskaya, 77

mihailovan@inbox.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The purpose of the present article is to reveal features of the discourse represented in the texts of Russian writers who were in the Soviet forced labour camps during the Stalin era. Analyzed texts were brought altogether under the rubric of “metaphysical discourse". Those were classified texts written by Russianauthors as the memories of their time in Gulag. With the help of technology discourse analysis, the author of the article defined key signs of the metaphysical discourse "prison - freedom", "power - anarchy", "knowledge - faith" and "life - death." The analysis allowed us to identify key strategies of resistance to criminal values in the social system. The special feature of the present research is that the discourse-analytical methodology was applied to the analysis of weakly structured sources - literary texts. Comparison of discursive practices suggested by literary texts to social practices shows that the metaphysical discourse project has appeared to be undemanded in our culture. It has not been updated to be used in social practices and has become the part of the historical archive. The metaphysical discourse revealed the internal contradictions that did not allow it to affect social practices. First of all, it is a latent mixture of metaphysical discourse statements with criminal traditions which was unavoidable under the conditions of the forced labour camp. Secondly, the image of the prison subculture did not have the effect it was expected. People did not treat it with disgust or intolerance. Quite on the contrary, there was the heroic image of a prizoner fighting against unfair and wrong government. That created the phenomenon of Russian culture that is known as the 'prisonization' - acceptance of standards and values of the prison subculture as an essential part of everyday life. 

Keywords: discursive practices, social practices, prizon sub-culture, literary text, metaphysical discourse, rebellion strategies, GULAG

Article was received:

16-12-2019


Review date:

16-12-2019


Publish date:

1-7.2-2012


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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