Статья 'Философия как строгая наука и политическая философия' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought

Philosophy as Rigorous Science and Political Philosophy

Mishurin Aleksander Nikolaevich

PhD in Politics

Researcher, Department of the History of Political Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences

119991, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 stroenie 1, kab. 411

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Abstract: In the present article Leo Strauss touches upon the problem of the relationship between political philosophy and politics. In the modern age political philosophy has lost its universal nature while politics, on the contrary, has gained it. Strauss refers this fundamental shift to the influence of the philosophy of Martin Heidegger and his 'radical historicism'. Heidegger's radical historicism responds to the challenges of those times, i.e. the times when the idea of the borders of history prevailed. In these terms, Strauss mentions Hegel and his conception of the end of history as well as Nietzsche and Marx and their idea of the begining of history. Just like Nietzsche and Marx, Heidegger took his philosophy as the prelude to the beginning of history or, how Strauss calls it, the 'absolute', i.e. the turning point of history. However, such approach deprives the previous philosophy in general and political philosophy in particular of all their aspirations. Radical historicism makes philosophy dependent on historical conditions starting from the very moment when it appears. Trying to avoid the 'end of history', Strauss starts to move backwards. In our cuse, he directly appeals to Heidegger's teacher, Edmund Husserl and his work 'Philosophy as Rigorous Science'. 

Keywords: the end of history, political philosophy, Husserl, Marx, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Leo Strauss, radical historicism, Weltanschauung, the end of philosophy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Strauss L. Philosophy as rigorous science and political philosophy // Interpretation: a journal of political philosophy. ― vol.2, №1, 1971. ― PP. 1-9.
Khaidegger M. Bytie i vremya. §21.
Gadamer G-G. Istina i metod. Osnovy filosofskoi germenevtiki. Per. s nem. ― M.: Progress, 1988. ― S. 547-548.
Khaidegger M. Vvedenie v metafiziku. §28.
Khaidegger M. Chto zovetsya myshleniem? Per. s nem. E. Sagetdinova. ― M.: Territoriya budushchego, 2006. ― S. 115.
Gusserl' E. Izbrannye raboty. Per. s nem. M.: Territoriya budushchego, 2005. ― 464 s.
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