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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

The principle of ontological differentia in M. Heideggers phenomenology and R. Genons metaphysics of integral traditionalism
Demin Il'ya Vyacheslavovich

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor, the department of Philosophy, Samara National Research University named after Academician S. P. Korolev (Samara University)

443011, Russia, Samarskaya oblast', g. Samara, ul. Moskovskoe Shosse, 34

ilyadem83@yandex.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2015.7.16280

Review date:

01-09-2015


Publish date:

03-09-2015


Abstract.

The article outlines some ways of mapping the fundamental ontology of M. Heidegger and the metaphysics of integral traditionalism of R. Genon. As a starting point to identify similarities and differences in philosophical constructions of the two thinkers the principle of "ontological differentia" (ontologische Differenz) is elected, that suggests a consistent distinction between existence and being. In the context of Heidegger's phenomenology ontological differentia has the status of a fundamental principle and foundation of philosophical reflection as such. The distinction between being and existence is the basis of the distinction of philosophy and private positive sciences. This principle also determines the specificity of Heidegger’s interpretation of the history of West European metaphysics. Heidegger sees the history of metaphysics through the prism of ontological differences. In Genon’s metaphysics the ontological differentia lies in the distinction of the totality of the manifested opportunities (determined conditions) on the one hand, and the Being as the unmanifest principle and the metaphysical foundation of any expression on the other hand.Consideration of the principle of ontological differentia in the context of fundamental ontology and in the context of the metaphysics of integral traditionalism revealed the following similarities in Heidegger’s philosophy and Genon’s philosophy: 1) the recognition of transdefinition of being and apophatic nature of the ontology; 2) the approval of the fundamental incomparability and incommensurability of philosophy and positive sciences; 3) the statement of the plurality of states/modes/dimensions of being and the problem of a unified concept of being. However the identified similarities in philosophical constructions of the two thinkers should not obscure the more fundamental differences. The main difference between Heidegger and Genoon is the difference in the methods of constructing the ontology. The way to the fundamental ontology of Heidegger lies in the existential analytics of Dasein, while Genon’s way of constructing the ontology remains a purely metaphysical (speculative).

Keywords: hermeneutic phenomenology, metaphysics, traditionalism, fundamental ontology, the ontological differentia, Genon, Heidegger, existential analytics, traditionalist metaphysics, ontology
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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