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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Sociocultural Definition of Activity
Tyugashev Evgeny

PhD in Philosophy

associate professor of the Department of the Theory and History of State and Law and Constitutional Law at Nobosibirsk State University

630090, Russia, Novosibirsk Region, Novosibirsk, str. Pirogova, 2

filosof10@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The subject of the research is the definition of activity based on the summary of specific definitions of activity that are usually used in different spheres of thought including ordinary thinking (so called common sense), philosophy and various scientific disciplines ('life sustaining activity', 'tool use by animals', 'muscle activity', 'cyclonic activity', 'catalytic activity', 'volcanic activity', 'higher nervous activity', 'cardiac activity', etc.). Such a great variety of terms that have the word 'activity' raises a question whether the word 'activity' has a definite meaning. What if these are homonymous terms and the word 'activity' has absolutely different meanings? On the other hand, it is also possible that when someone is talking about 'volcanic' or 'play' activity, he or she observes common features of the general definition of activity. Therefore, there is a question whether there is a common definition of the word 'activity'. What does 'activity' mean? This is the question the present article is devoted to. The researcher builds the definition of activity as an abstract object based on common features of activity stated in different definitions of activity and spheres of culture according to the methodological orientation at sociocultural harmonization of terms in scientific disciplines and cultural subsystems offered by I. S. Alekseev. The scope of the sociocultural approach allows to cover all kinds of activity conceptualization and to define what they have in common. The definition of activity as an abstract object can be viewed as a general sociocultural definition used to reveal particular features of specific activities in different spheres of thinking. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author demonstrates the process of anthropologization of philosophical definitions of activity that reduce it to human activity. The researcher also defines a range of definitions of activity in natural sciences in relation to different natural phenomena. The author also focuses on the general philosophical definition of activity in Kant's and Hegel's works. The author offers a definition of activity as a special kind of movement, i.e. reflective movement (the author uses the natural scientific definition of the term 'reflection'). 
 

Keywords: activity approach, vital activity, sociocultural, human activity, reflection, movement, activity, action, anthropomorphism, philosophical anthropology

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2015.6.15753

Article was received:

04-07-2015


Review date:

05-07-2015


Publish date:

24-08-2015


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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