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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Social background of the Origin of Ancient Scepticism and the Specifics of the Stoic Theory of Knowledge

Gusev Dmitrii Alekseevich

Doctor of Philosophy

Doctor of Philosophy, professor of the Philosophy Department at Moscow State Pedagogical University

115432, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-Oi kozhukhovskii proezd, d. 12, str. 1, of. 317

gusev.d@bk.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2015.1.14316

Review date:

27-01-2015


Publish date:

23-02-2015


Abstract.

The turn of ancient philosophy to the Hellenistic period put the issue of human rights and human thinking in a new way: there was the kind of reopening of the question about the relation of man and his knowledge on the real world and about the nature of truth; that is why the philosophy of that period, among other things, was a reflection of theoretical knowledge and in many ways anticipated today's epistemological and socio-philosophical concepts. Differences between skeptically oriented philosophical schools of the Hellenistic period, even though they were obvious and fundamental for their era, faded away in the historical perspective and today their similarities come to the fore and become important for consideration of a dialogue between epochs separated by approximately two thousand years. The article shows that the Hellenistic stoicism largely anticipated historical and postmodern trends in philosophy of science. Thomas Kuhn showed that only historical practice of science was the criterion of scientific truth and the priority motivation of scientific development was not just the pursuit of objective truth now coming within the competence of time and history. This priority motivation specifies the stoic theory of knowledge with its automaticity achieve truth, «the consent of thinking with oneself» and, consequently, the transfer of the importance of the truth to the procedure. The stoics in general formulated the idea that truth was not the main issue in cognition and the main issue was the transfer of cognition from the empirical level to theoretical level. 

Keywords: ancient skepticism, classical Greek philosophy, Hellenistic philosophy, stoic philosophy, philosophy of cognition, objective reality, truth, Hellenistic period, empirical stage of knowledge, theoretical stage of knowledge
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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