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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Society - Economics - Economism.

Prokhorov Mikhail Mikhailovich

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor, the department of History, Philosophy, Pedagogy and Psychology, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering; Professor, Shuya Branch of Ivanovo State University

603053, Russia, Nizhegorodskaya oblast', g. Nizhnii Novgorod, ul. Il'inskaya, 65, kab. 223

mmpro@mail.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0174.2014.1.10630

Review date:

18-12-2013


Publish date:

1-1-2014


Abstract: The article presents the results of the study of economic science at the level of philosophical fundamentals in comparable empiric and theoretical study level. The author reveals the phenomenon of economism, introducing the relevant term, discussing its influence on economics, being an important part of social life, which includes other spheres bearing negative influence of economism.  The object of studies includes interrelations between society, economics and the phenomenon of economism, which is an attempt of the society to submerge everything into economics, which is perceived as an all-inclusive reality in comparison towards the social reality. The methodological basis for the studies includes dialectics, and it is specialized with the methodological principles of objectivity, development, raising from abstract to specific, unity of historic and logical elements.  The methodological principles are complemented by the opposition of positive (classical) dialectics and negative  (new historical form of opposition of dialectics and metaphysics) dialectics.  It is shown that they have identical approach towards the philosophical worldview, which they attempt to substitute with themselves, while showing inadequacy to being and its development.  The mechanicism is related to an attempt to substitute general philosophical categories with the categories of natural sciences (in the attitude of positivism), while economicsm follows the post-modernism standards and attempts to substitute philosophical provisions with the terms of humanities, attempting to substitute the social reality and its dynamics.  It is no less important for uncovering the nature and overcoming economism (and mechanicism) to show its inadequacy towards objective contents and dynamics of science, the process of its ascent from classical rationality to non-classical rationality and then to post-non-classical rationality. This is the process within which the understanding of ontology of an object, part and whole, their correlation were revised, and it contradicts both mechanicism and economism. The conclusions are of importance for both general and social philosophy.


Keywords: philosophy, science, economism, mechanicism, society, sphere, part, whole, development, evolution
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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