Finance and Management - rubric International economic integration
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International economic integration
Bobrova A.V. - Restructuring of Foreign Trade Turnover Based on the Example of the Northwestern Federal District pp. 28-45


Abstract: The subject of the research is the external trade of the Northwestern Federal District and the subjects of the Russian Federation that constitute it, in particular, specific features and structure and dynamics of the export and import in the aforesaid regions. Bobrova has analyzed the volumes of external trade turnover in these regions, the main commodity positions and partner countries for each Russian Federation subject and the District in general. The aim of the research is to define reserves of the export and import substitution in the Russian Federation subjects of the Northwestern Federal District and to develop recommendations on how to use the aforesaid reserves for particular commodity groups and partner countries. The methodological basis of the research includes comparative analysis of export and import of particular Russian Federation subjects comprising the Northwestern Federal District as well as traditional economic and mathematical methods of rating, vertical and horizontal analysis of statistical data of foreing trade turnover. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author applies the systems approach to defining the problems of foreign trade turnover in the aforesaid regions and methodology for restructuring export and import in the Russian Federation subects. In conclusion, the author emphasizes the need to change priorities of export and import in the regions of the Northwestern Federal District by replacing exported resources with the products made out of them or refusing from export of Russia's natural resources, and by import substitution and extension of the range of imported goods at the account of primary innovative and investment needs of the region. 
Kantarovich A. - Foreign trade activities of the Russian companies: problems in the context of liberalization of foreign economic activity pp. 82-91


Abstract: The subject of this research is the problems of foreign trade activities emerged in the context of liberalization of foreign economic activity. The goal of this work consists in systematization and analysis of the challenges of liberalization of foreign economic activity, substantiated by the dual impact on Russian enterprises. Thus, the economic entities obtain not only additional opportunities for self-development, but inevitably face a specific transitional mode (due to characteristic to management system of ability to rapidly change and adjust to production and business, organizational and economics, operational and commercial needs of international exchange. The scientific novelty lies in examination of the category of “transitional state of entrepreneurship” through evolution of relations between Russian enterprises and business entities, driven by the need for internationalization of business and commercial activities. Leaning on the practice of Russian enterprises, as well as the national sources, the author concludes that overcoming of transitional states of entrepreneurship in the area of international exchange is always challenging with regards to executing transaction, adjustment to foreign trade operations and expansion in the international market, improvement of export strategy and establishment of connections with foreign partners, etc. The results may be valuable in building a set of management cyclical actions for Russian enterprises.  
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