Finance and Management - rubric Accounting and audit
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Finance and Management" > Rubric "Accounting and audit"
Accounting and audit
Mitrovic S. - Issues and trends in implementation of business intellect into the process of economic analysis in Russia and abroad pp. 1-16


Abstract: The subject of this research is the issues and tents in integration of business intellect (BI) technologies as the organizational-technical and economic category of economic activity of the corporations in the conditions of advancements of the modern information society and economic space of the Russian Federation. The goal of this work lies in systematization and analysis of the aspects of international practice that should be given particular attention by the national organizations and enterprises of various types in the course of implementation of business intellect technologies, as they have a longer experience in this field. Leaning on the foreign experience and Russian sources, the author formulates the content and structure of spending tree for integration of business analysis solutions into the economic analysis of the development of modern organizations, which may be viewed as a generic source to calculate expenses for further expanding, considering the peculiarities of the activity of particular corporation, and its sectoral specifics. The author conducts defragmentation of specifics of expenses with regards to implementation of corporate and basic solutions in the area of BI; determines recommendations for various economic entities, including the small and medium business segment for the purpose of financial saving. Speaking of the possible adaptation of foreign practice, the author turns attention to the need for considering both, material and immaterial nature of the effect of implementation of business intellect technologies. The article also examines the strategy of role identification of specialists in realization of economic analysis using BI.
Otrubiannikova P., Van D., Ilina A.V., Viktorova N.G. - Accounts receivable from the chemical enterprises: factor analysis pp. 35-46


Abstract: This research analyzes the impact of certain factors upon the accounts receivable from chemical enterprises. The subject of this article is the accounts receivable, while the object is the Russian chemical enterprises. The goal lies in building a regression model of the dependence of accounts receivable from chemical enterprises on the explanatory factors selected in the course of analysis. The internal factors include sales revenue, net profit, accounts payable, management expenses, return on total assets, etc. The external factors include gross domestic product, monetary supply, and Networked Readiness Index. The author creates an econometric model based on the financial report data for 44 enterprises, and statistical information for the period from 2015 to 2019. The result of modeling reveals a considerable impact of such indicators as monetary resources, accounts payable, and management expenses upon the size of accounts receivable. The conclusion is made on the expansion of digital components of management expenses in the context of the goal of research. The novelty of this article is substantiated from the perspective of application of the acquired results for forecasting the level of accounts receivable and more effective management of the payables policy of the enterprise. It is noted that the internal financial and economic indicators have most impact upon the size of accounts receivable from chemical enterprises.
Kovaleva A. - Assessing the Level of Materiality According to International Audit Standards pp. 56-63


Abstract: The article is devoted to assessing the level of materiality in audit according to international audit standards. To fully understand this term, the author of the article has analyzed the following: definition of materiality based on the International Audit Standard 320 'Materiality in planning and conduct of an audit', the aim of materiality, responsibilities of an auditor such as audit risk, errors and omissions in an auditor's report and report with reservations. The author has also studied the International Audit Standard 450 'Evaluation of errors and omissions in the process of audit' and compared IAS 320 to its Russian Federal Audit Rule (Standard) No. 4 'Materiality in audit' as well as analyzes the term 'modified auditor's report' as it is set forth in IAS 705 'Types of modified auditor's reports'. An auditor must understand that even though particular errors and omissions do not necessarily play an important role, their combination may significantly change a report. Thus, assessment of the materiality level in audit should be based on synthesis that allows to get a better insight into phenomena under study. It is also necessary to note that first of all during an audit it is important to define the level of materiality for the entire report. This indicator should be the basis for assessing other elements of materiality which will be further used to plan audit procedures and interpret audit results. 
Kaverina E.Y. - Relevant questions of accounting: the matter of accounting expertise pp. 101-110


Abstract: The subject of this research is determination of the matter of forensic accounting expertise, viewed from the perspective of provisions of normative legal acts, as well as with consideration of opinions of the leading experts. The matter is usually established by the normative legal acts indirectly, rather than directly. The existing definitions of the matter of accounting expertise given by the leading experts vary significantly. Therefore, the author attempt to provide the most detailed and currently relevant definition of the matter of accounting expertise. The research is conducted with application of the general scientific methods, primarily logical methods such as analysis, synthesis, analogy, abstraction and concretization. As a result, the author formulates comprehensive definition of the matter of forensic accounting expertise covering all essential aspects of the category in question. The definition is currently relevant as it corresponds with the existing normative legal acts in the area of forensic expert activity, as well as in the area of accounting.
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