Finance and Management - rubric Financial politics
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Financial politics
Evteeva M.V. - Modern Trends of Funding Russia's Research Institutions pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2017.4.24850

Abstract: The subject of this research article is the modern state of funding Russia's research institutions, the process that is accompanied with integrated reformation covering all elements  of the academic sector. In her research Evteeva compares the main sources of funding Russia's fundamental science. She underlines that the role of the agricultural sector may start to play a crucial role under new conditions of the post-industrial era. The author also emphasizes the importance of proper definition of objectives when preparing government orders. According to the author, it is an important factor of increasing efficiency of research institutions in Russia. To analyze the process of funding the academic sector, the author of the article uses the dialectical method. To find answers to particular questions related to the subject of the research, the author uses the method of formal logic. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes the current state of funding Russia's research institutions. She underlines that Russia's business sector should pay a bigger role in funding researches carried out by research institutions. The author also emphasizes the need to raise up a detailed special purpose funding of research institutions. Search for new ways to compensate for research costs apart from the federal budget is also an important and topical issue. The current system that unites research institutions based on their territorial attribute is contradictory and ineffective because research institutions of different majors do not have so many crossing points and interaction of their researchers is difficult. 
Stepanov N.S. - Investment prospects of Russia in terms of economic cooperation with PRC pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2020.1.31330

Abstract: The subject of this research is the trends and peculiarities of investment cooperation between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China. The object of this research is the economic cooperation of the two states. The relevance is substantiated by the fact that Russia-China economic cooperation is in priority among the politicians and researchers; due to its high importance for the two countries, it would expand gradually, but there are still multiple problems for deepening the relations and increasing complementarity. The foal of the article consists in examination of investment prospects of the Russian Federation in terms of economic cooperation with China, identification of the problems, and search of possible ways out of the situation. It is underlined that Russia-China economic relations are largely based on the traditional trade. Investments between the countries are limited, and joint projects lately remain incomplete. The author assumes that the significant internal modernizations are necessary in supply chains, which should be subsidized by Russia in order to retain sustainability of regional development. It is determined that there is strong potential for intensification of economic relations, fulfillment of which requires solution of multiple problems.
Afanasyeva O.N. - Monetary policy instruments and the achievement of three macroeconomic goals in the USA and Japan pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2022.2.37788

Abstract: Currently, the issues of the implementation of monetary policy, the use of its tools to achieve economic growth and other macroeconomic goals are particularly relevant. It is of great importance to identify the results of using various transmission channels in achieving the main macroeconomic targets. The use of monetary policy instruments can have both a stabilizing character and the opposite of what is expected, which must be taken into account when implementing monetary policy.The purpose of the study is to select monetary policy instruments to influence the achievement of such macroeconomic goals as: GDP growth, inflation, unemployment in the United States and Japan. The study develops the principle of "goals-tools" in relation to monetary policy. The possibility of achieving three macroeconomic goals simultaneously is being considered.   The methodology of the study is represented by the theory of economic policy of Ya. Tinbergen. To assess the possibility of achieving three macroeconomic goals simultaneously (GDP growth, inflation, unemployment rate) in the USA and Japan due to changes in the use of monetary policy instruments, the toolkit of a system of independent equations has been implemented. The overall result of the study is to determine the impact of monetary policy instruments in order to achieve a combination of three macroeconomic goals in the United States and Japan. The analysis of the countries presented showed that each of them has a specific impact of instruments, even with a similar impact, its strength differs in different countries, which must be taken into account when using the same type of monetary policy instruments to achieve macroeconomic goals.
Mamedov M.A., Aliev M.M. - Analysis of the Influence of Financial Technologies on of the Banking Sector of the Russian Economy. pp. 1-15

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2022.4.38887

EDN: PURYHD

Abstract: The financial sector of the economy, in particular represented by commercial banks, is one of the most progressive. This article analyzes the modern banking sector of the economy, an attempt is made to study the impact of financial technologies on the development and transformation of the banking sector of the Russian economy. To achieve the goals of the study, the authors studied the scientific works of domestic and foreign authors on relevant topics. Based on a review of the literature and an analysis of existing definitions, the author's definition of the concept of financial technology is given, the concepts of fintech and fintech startups are separated. On the basis of statistical data, the authors present data on the volume of fintech transactions, the number of neobanking users, and conduct a macroeconomic content analysis of the level of implementation of financial technologies in the activities of commercial banks. Based on the results of the analysis, the authors came to the conclusion that financial technologies have a significant impact on the development and transformation of both the banking sector of the economy itself and the types of cooperation between commercial banks and fintech startups. At the same time, the level of implementation of financial technologies and the types of interactions between commercial banks and fintech start-ups directly depend on the amount of assets and revenue of commercial banks, and these factors, in turn, influence the determination of the further strategy for the development of commercial banks and their transformation. Given the conditions prevailing in the Russian market, the fintech industry will primarily develop both within the banking sector of the economy and, to a large extent, in cooperation with commercial banks.
Gordienko M.S., Popkov V.A. - Development of a system of financial risk indicators based on logistic regression and the CorporateMetrics methodology pp. 9-30

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2022.1.36057

Abstract: Business entities in their practical activities are constantly faced with the presence of various risks, manifested in the negative impact on them of factors of both internal and external environment. The most important for any financial manager are financial risks (market, credit, fiscal, currency, etc.), the management skills of which in a crisis period reveals genuine professionals in their field. To simplify the management process, algorithms or models are being developed that allow increasing the efficiency and speed of the management decision-making process. The subject of this study is the development of a methodology for assessing and forecasting financial risks. The purpose of the development is to simplify the process of selecting mechanisms for influencing risk, which allows maintaining the stability of cash flows over time and achieving the target financial indicators of an economic entity. The research methodology is based on the use of a combination of logistic regression tools and the CorporateMetrics methodology. These systems of financial risk indicators are highly sensitive to changing market conditions due to unfixed thresholds determined by the average values of the indicators used by the industry. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that the joint use of various indicators and indicators allows to comprehensively assess the exposure of an organization to each type of financial risk and monitor changes in the values of risk indicators. The scope of application of the results is presented on the example of the evaluation of open data on the economic activity of MTS PJSC for the period 2016-2018, the mechanism of using the methodology is shown. It is worth noting that the ability to adapt the indicators and indicators used in the methodology allows it to be applied to any economic entity of the non-financial sector of the economy.
Morozko N.I. - Rational Cash Flow Management of Non-Public Organisations pp. 17-24

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2017.3.23981

Abstract: The subject of this research is the cash flow of organisations. The object of the research is non-public organisations. Non-public organisations are characterised with small volumes of produced goods or services, absence of access to stock promotion on the stock market, and distribution of stock among limited audience. For this type of organisation it is especially important to have an efficient cash flow management because their finances are limited. Morozko describes factors that determine possible cash flows of such companies as a result of their operational, investing and financial activity. The author of the article also defines external and internal effects that have an influence on the aforesaid factors. Morozko uses correlation dependence estimations when defining the level of balancing of cash flows in time. The author also offers a general model of expected annual growth difference in the form of speed and time functions. To predict cash flows, the author suggests to use calculations based on taking the logarithm of cash flows growth. Morozko also recommends long-term and short-term measures to develop an efficient cash flow management at organisations. Based on the example of a conditional non-public organisation, the author evaluates efficiency and profitability of cash flows. 
Goncharov V.V., Petrenko E.G., Poyarkov S.Y., Borisova A.A. - Public financial control in Russia: modern problems and ways of improvement pp. 21-32

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.4.69577

EDN: PXXBYV

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the Institute of public financial control in the Russian Federation. The paper explores various points of view in the scientific and educational literature regarding the legal nature and essence of public financial control in Russia. The authors substantiate the position according to which public financial control can be both internal, carried out, in particular, by trade union organizations, and external, which is carried out by other subjects of public control, checking financial and related issues of the activities of business entities, including public authorities, state and municipal organizations, other bodies and organizations implementing on the basis of federal laws, separate public powers. The article analyzes the common features and differences between the institutions of public financial control, public tax control and public budget control.The authors use a number of scientific research methods: formal-logical; comparative-legal; historical-legal; statistical; sociological; financial analysis; method of analyzing specific legal situations. The authors analyze modern problems that hinder the optimal organization and implementation of public financial control measures in the Russian Federation, among which are: a) the failure to consolidate this institution of civil society in the country's Constitution and current legislation; b) the lack of a unified understanding of legal grounds, limits, forms, methods and types of measures in scientific legal doctrine public financial control; c) the lack of real powers for the subjects of public control to carry out the above-mentioned measures; d) the lack of specialized subjects of public control in this area of its implementation; e) the insufficiency of the material, technical and organizational and legal base of subjects of public control for the implementation of these measures; f) weak use of positive foreign experience in this area. The article develops and substantiates a system of measures to resolve these problems.
Novichkova O.V. - The Choice of a Rational Pricing Method and Companys Financial Policy-making pp. 25-43

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7802.2014.4.13936

Abstract: The effectiveness of the commercial organization depends on the correct pricing of sold products. The price in the market economy is one of the main factors determining the level of profitability. Therefore, the pricing should be well planned and justified. The subject of study is the process of pricing policy-making based on optimal pricing methods. The objective of the study is identification of pricing policy of the economic entity and development of recommendations to improve the pricing control mechanism at the investigated company. The study uses the following methods: monographic research, structure and dynamics analysis, expert estimates, survey, economic analysis as well as methods of statistical and econometric analysis and mathematical method. The analysis of the current system of pricing has been performed. Based on the identified features, the author recommends to apply the most appropriate methods for calculating the price of a certain type of product made by the investigated company. The study has set minimum and maximum acceptable prices that will allow to assess the possibility of making a profit based on the demand for the product, product quality, product perceived value by the consumer and production costs.    
Botkin I.O., Pytkin A.N., Syatchikhin S.V. - The Mechanism of Managing Local Budgets On the Basis of Socia Partnership pp. 25-35

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7802.2016.4.20907

Abstract: The article is devoted to the questions related to the condition of local budgets in Russia and established methodological approaches to managing the social sector. The authors anaylze the process of managing local budgets. They ntoe that the current Russian system of local budget management do not allow the adoption and execution of quality management decisions which would improve the financial condition of municipal units. This creates the need to develop a mechanism of local budget managment. The purpose of the present research is to develop a mechanism of managing local budgets taking into account social partnership. Distinguished feature of the offered mechanism is the introduction of particular elements that ensure coordination of the process of decision making and execution of management decisions in the sphere of local budgets, in particular, stages of the process of alignment of interests, coordination methods and instruments and improving institutions. In their research the authors have used the dialectic method, systems' approach, methods of theoretical substantiation, scientific abstraction, generalization, comparison and interest matrix. The authors describe the current condition of local budgets in Russia, analyze established methodological approaches to managing the social sector, demonstrate their relation to modern practice of managing social finances in Russia and develop the mechanism for managing local budgets taking into account social partnership aimed at ensuring coordination of the processes of decision making and execution in the aforesaid sphere. As a result of the research, the authors conclude that implementation of the aforesaid mechanism will allow to ensure adoption and execution of management decisions aimed at improving the financial condition of municipal units. 
Stepanov N.S. - The Role of the far Eastern Macroregion of Russia in Keeping the Economic Potential with the Countries of the Asian Region pp. 32-49

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.1.39628

EDN: WBAQAG

Abstract: The Russian Federation in the current conditions is intensively developing foreign economic relations with many countries of the Asian continent, and the Far Eastern macroregion is entrusted with solving a number of tasks that contribute to ensuring the spatial development of the country. For the further development of relations, it is necessary to take into account the current trends in the development of countries, including their new integration formats of interaction on the Asian continent. The subject of the study is to determine the main trends in Russia's international interaction with the countries of the Asian region in the context of global political events. The purpose of the study is to analyze the problems of the socio-economic development of the Far East, which acts as a key component in the development of interaction with Asian countries, and to find ways to solve them. The methodological basis of the study is the following methods of scientific knowledge: comparative and contrastive analysis, the method of analogies and the hypothetical-deductive method. The scientific novelty of the article includes the author's conclusions about the main problems that significantly reduce the effectiveness and limit the potential of the mechanism of international cooperation under consideration. The results of the study can be used by the authorities for foreign economic activity in the context of the development of the Far Eastern macroregion.
Stepanov N.S. - Creation of common supranational currency within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) pp. 50-60

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2019.3.30146

Abstract: This article analyzes the experience of a successful monetary integration within the framework of integration associations of the European countries and their applicability in the conditions of intensified integration processes in the context of Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Since SCO is relatively young, it depicts specific features and problems of any growing organization; therefore, it is important to examine successful global practices of the development and expansion of the financial and currency integration. The author refers to the experience of the European Union and its resolution of the monetary and financial convergence and full integration based on the formula: economic integration – currency integration – financial integration. Research methodology leans on the systemic approach, which through systematization and generalization of theoretical and practical aspects of financial integration allows determining the issues and prospects of these processes in the Eurasian Region. The subject of this study is the possibility of creation of supranational currency and currency union in Eurasia. The author explores the peculiarities of formation and modern trends of currency integration, which necessity is justified by a number of economic challenges that can be resolved only by the countries united by a common targeted orientation. The scientific result of this article lies in substantiation of the key measures aimed at expansion of financial integration within the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which in a long-term perspective can ensure the condition for creating common supranational currency to intensify the processes of de-dollarization of the world economy.
Kuzmin S.S. - Systematization of the theories of corporate growth on the basis of the methodology of paradigms pp. 60-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2021.1.35489

Abstract: Multiple theories and models that examine different aspects of corporate growth can be systematized on the basis of the methodology of paradigms. For this purpose, the author determines the three dominant paradigms of growth (causal, paradigm of the results of growth, and process paradigm); each of them forms the methodological principles of growth research and original representation on the process of corporate growth. The methodology of causal paradigm is based on orientation towards determining causal relations (laws) responsible for the growth. Paradigm of the results synthesizes the theories and models of growth that study the life cycle of the companies and changes taking place on different stages. The concepts of process paradigm of growth view the company as a complex, self-organizing system, and follow the organizational changes that emerge as a result of growth. The present time marks the establishment of integration paradigm, which describes growth as a process of integrating companies into supra-organizational structures. This article attempts to systematize the theoretical approaches towards understanding the mechanisms and distinctive features of corporate growth based on the general scientific methodology of paradigms. The author believes that the fundamental difference between the proposed typology consists in  the focus on “natural” systematization, which is based not on the highlighted characteristics, analogies, isomorphic manifestations of growth essential for classification, but on homologies, i.e. characteristics based on the theoretical and methodological grounds shared by one or another group of theories, which set the general vector of research and representations on the peculiarities of the object of study — corporate growth. Such general principles of research comprise the core of a particular paradigm that encompasses a group of concepts of corporate growth.
Khezazna B. - To the question of content of a corporate financial strategy pp. 61-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2019.3.30719

Abstract: Precondition for ensuring strategic opportunities of financial development of a corporation is its financial strategy that holds the key position within the system of corporate management. The article examines the process of formation of financial strategy within the system of corporate management of enterprises. The author determines the essence and role of financial strategy in strategic recruitment of the company. The organizational mechanism of the creation of financial strategy within the system of corporate management of an industrial enterprise is developed. The subject of this research is the set of economic, organizational and management relations established in the process of creation of financial strategy of a corporation. The scientific novelty consists in the original interpretation of financial strategy of a corporation, as well as development of an organizational mechanism for creating financial strategy within the system of corporate management of an industrial enterprise. The financial strategy of a corporation holds the leading place in the company’s strategic management system, since it directly affects the provision of financial resources, funding of other functional strategies, as well as financial and market reliability of the organization on a long-term horizon. From methodological perspective, the financial strategy encompasses the elements of financial planning, forecasting and modeling, as well as manifests as a powerful instrument of implementation of the financial goals of a commercial organization in the rapidly changing conditions.
Mitrovic S. - The potential of business intelligence for the development of analysis of financial and non-financial information in the economic activities of companies. pp. 69-82

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.1.40099

EDN: RWZRTS

Abstract: The subject of the study is the information and analytical support of the economic activities of companies based on the introduction of business intelligence. The object of scientific research is the systems of business intelligence in economic analysis.The purpose of the study is to scientifically substantiate the theoretical and methodological issues of the introduction of business intelligence for the development of the analysis of financial and non-financial information in the economic activities of companies. The research methodology is based on the analysis, grouping of data and generalization. Conclusions and scientific novelty. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the development of issues and principles of the application of modern information technologies of business intelligence for the purpose of further development of the possibilities of economic analysis of the economic activities of companies.The authors determined that a theoretically sound methodology for the introduction of business intelligence allows expanding the possibilities of information and analytical support for economic analysis, provided that: 1) "is based on the basic provisions of the theory of economic analysis, accounting and auditing; information theory, as well as on the requirements of current domestic and international standards, recommendations of research and professional organizations and regulatory committees in the field of development of reporting and economic analysis, information law, state regulation and principles of information and economic security" [1]; 2) reflects the basic principles of the method of economic analysis: the unity of analysis and synthesis, the study of economic phenomena in their interrelation, as well as in development and dynamics; 3) specifies the general methodology of economic analysis methods of information processing, working stages and sequence of analysis;4) is based on analysis and application advanced practical and theoretical experience in the field of implementation of information solutions in the economic analysis of economic activity of companies.
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