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Finance and Management
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Finance and Management" > Rubric "Financial politics "
Financial politics
Evteeva M.V. - Modern Trends of Funding Russia's Research Institutions pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2017.4.24850

Abstract: The subject of this research article is the modern state of funding Russia's research institutions, the process that is accompanied with integrated reformation covering all elements  of the academic sector. In her research Evteeva compares the main sources of funding Russia's fundamental science. She underlines that the role of the agricultural sector may start to play a crucial role under new conditions of the post-industrial era. The author also emphasizes the importance of proper definition of objectives when preparing government orders. According to the author, it is an important factor of increasing efficiency of research institutions in Russia. To analyze the process of funding the academic sector, the author of the article uses the dialectical method. To find answers to particular questions related to the subject of the research, the author uses the method of formal logic. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes the current state of funding Russia's research institutions. She underlines that Russia's business sector should pay a bigger role in funding researches carried out by research institutions. The author also emphasizes the need to raise up a detailed special purpose funding of research institutions. Search for new ways to compensate for research costs apart from the federal budget is also an important and topical issue. The current system that unites research institutions based on their territorial attribute is contradictory and ineffective because research institutions of different majors do not have so many crossing points and interaction of their researchers is difficult. 
Morozko N.I. - Rational Cash Flow Management of Non-Public Organisations pp. 17-24

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2017.3.23981

Abstract: The subject of this research is the cash flow of organisations. The object of the research is non-public organisations. Non-public organisations are characterised with small volumes of produced goods or services, absence of access to stock promotion on the stock market, and distribution of stock among limited audience. For this type of organisation it is especially important to have an efficient cash flow management because their finances are limited. Morozko describes factors that determine possible cash flows of such companies as a result of their operational, investing and financial activity. The author of the article also defines external and internal effects that have an influence on the aforesaid factors. Morozko uses correlation dependence estimations when defining the level of balancing of cash flows in time. The author also offers a general model of expected annual growth difference in the form of speed and time functions. To predict cash flows, the author suggests to use calculations based on taking the logarithm of cash flows growth. Morozko also recommends long-term and short-term measures to develop an efficient cash flow management at organisations. Based on the example of a conditional non-public organisation, the author evaluates efficiency and profitability of cash flows. 
Novichkova O.V. - The Choice of a Rational Pricing Method and Company’s Financial Policy-making pp. 25-43

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7802.2014.4.13936

Abstract: The effectiveness of the commercial organization depends on the correct pricing of sold products. The price in the market economy is one of the main factors determining the level of profitability. Therefore, the pricing should be well planned and justified. The subject of study is the process of pricing policy-making based on optimal pricing methods. The objective of the study is identification of pricing policy of the economic entity and development of recommendations to improve the pricing control mechanism at the investigated company. The study uses the following methods: monographic research, structure and dynamics analysis, expert estimates, survey, economic analysis as well as methods of statistical and econometric analysis and mathematical method. The analysis of the current system of pricing has been performed. Based on the identified features, the author recommends to apply the most appropriate methods for calculating the price of a certain type of product made by the investigated company. The study has set minimum and maximum acceptable prices that will allow to assess the possibility of making a profit based on the demand for the product, product quality, product perceived value by the consumer and production costs.  
Botkin I.O., Pytkin A.N., Syatchikhin S.V. - The Mechanism of Managing Local Budgets On the Basis of Socia Partnership pp. 25-35

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7802.2016.4.20907

Abstract: The article is devoted to the questions related to the condition of local budgets in Russia and established methodological approaches to managing the social sector. The authors anaylze the process of managing local budgets. They ntoe that the current Russian system of local budget management do not allow the adoption and execution of quality management decisions which would improve the financial condition of municipal units. This creates the need to develop a mechanism of local budget managment. The purpose of the present research is to develop a mechanism of managing local budgets taking into account social partnership. Distinguished feature of the offered mechanism is the introduction of particular elements that ensure coordination of the process of decision making and execution of management decisions in the sphere of local budgets, in particular, stages of the process of alignment of interests, coordination methods and instruments and improving institutions. In their research the authors have used the dialectic method, systems' approach, methods of theoretical substantiation, scientific abstraction, generalization, comparison and interest matrix. The authors describe the current condition of local budgets in Russia, analyze established methodological approaches to managing the social sector, demonstrate their relation to modern practice of managing social finances in Russia and develop the mechanism for managing local budgets taking into account social partnership aimed at ensuring coordination of the processes of decision making and execution in the aforesaid sphere. As a result of the research, the authors conclude that implementation of the aforesaid mechanism will allow to ensure adoption and execution of management decisions aimed at improving the financial condition of municipal units. 
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