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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Rubric "Postmodernism"
Petruseva N.A. - About the Two Tendencies in New Music pp. 177-233


Abstract: The article is devoted to the two antagonistic movements in modern music, Post-Serialism Modernism and Experimental Post-Modernism. The author of the article describes the scope of concepts 'modern music', music of the 'early modern period' as well as the genesis, formation and development of the concept of universal Serialism and modern discussions on Post-Serialism compositions legitimizing the culture and ideology of IRCAM. Post-Modernistic tendencies are presented in the form of several phenomena: the concept of unlimited aleatory composition, the art of interaction and John Cage's conceptual art, 'new simplicity' of American composers, the subjectivity crisis and the faith in progress, Wolfgang Rihm's 'inclusive composition', Jean Liotard's 'condition of Post-Modernism', followers of the information theory and 'graphic designers' and Karlheinz Stockhausen's 'Charter for the Youth'. The significance of researching the three concepts of musical language is determined by the fact that the tone system is no more a harmonizing principle or a universal code for different esthetics and techniques.  The new intepretation of the theory of music offered by Theodor Adorno, Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen (and others) has changed the art of perception and listening to music and involves the 'free perception' (Helmut Lachenmann's expression). 
Bezrukov A.N. - Eschatology of Viktor Pelevin's Prose pp. 208-215


Abstract: The subject of a special study of this article is the eschatological character of the texts of one of the prominent representatives of Russian postmodernism Victor Pelevin. The analysis of short prose is carried out from the standpoint of hermeneutics and receptive aesthetics. In the texts of Victor Pelevin there is a sufficiently large number of signs, similar to the mandatory standard of ideas about the end of life, the final fate of a character / image that is on the verge of a transition from a literal existence in the available reality to a new form of existence. For the author, life on the edge is a way to manifest existence in a new turn of perception. This approach to the evaluation of V. Pelevin's prose has not yet been undertaken in contemporary literary criticism. The methodology of the work is based on the criteria of comparative comparative structural analysis, the principles of comparative studies and receptive aesthetics. Particular attention is paid to the methods of organizing artistic space and time, methods of objectifying the lifeline, and verifying the conditional epistemological finale. The urgency of the issue is explained by the fact that the principles of eschatological poetics are the key to understanding the large narrative forms of the specified author. The paper concludes that the aesthetic effect of small prose consists in the constant increment of connotative series, in references to the world classical literature, in the transformation of plot moves, in the epistemological standard of images, in the verification of values. The style of small prose by Victor Pelevin combines the postmodernist rules for the organization of a literary text and the classical eschatological tradition.
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