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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Contents of Issue № 02/2018
Contents of Issue № 02/2018
Linguistics
Shchepalina V. - Particularities of the Author's Speech Functioning in Alejandro Casona's Drama pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25687

Abstract: The subject of the research is the functioning of the author's speech in plays of a Spanish playwright Alejandro Casona. The author of the article examines the mechanism of reinforcing imagery and suggestiveness of a play by using expressive potential of the author's speech. Among other particularities of Casona's dramatic style, the author of the article underlines poetic equivalence of a stage dialogue and author's speech, functional and linguostylistic variety of remarks, their impressive nature and dialogue with an interpreter. In her article Schepalina provides a wide illustrative material that allows to prove the theoretical concepts of the research. The author has also applied methods of context, component, discursive and stylistic analysis, observation, generalisation and description. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that Alejandro Casona's plays are understudied in Russia. The author of the article makes a contribution to the concept of the Spanish theatre and genre features of plays. The author's analysis of Casona's comedies allows to conclude that the author's speech does not only place the action in a micro- and macro-situational context but also serves as a poetic sign.    
Question at hand
Tymchuk E.V. - Article Deixis and its Role in Expressing the Conceptual Category of the General and Singular pp. 10-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25783

Abstract: The subject of the research is the role of deixical words (articles) in the process of expressing the conceptual category of the general and singular in the English language. The author of the article focuses on the universal nature of the aforesaid conceptual category emphasizing that this conceptual category compiles the verbal categorization of all world's languages. The category gives an opportunity to perform the process of nomination in the language when the thought moves from particularities to generals. Vice versa, this conceptual caregory allows to differentiate between a generalized representation of an item and singular mention thereof which lies at the heart of communication in any language. The methodological basis of the research includes linguistic research methods such as methods of comparative-historical, comparative, semantic and stylistic analysis as well as methods of lexicographical and textologicval analysis and corpus research method. The novelty of this research is caused by the scientific problem raised by the author. The conceptual category of the general and singular is viewed in the English language from the piont of view of the deixical relations expressed by articles. The author concludes that the relationship between the general and singular representations is demonstrated in the English language through opposing a zero article to two positive articles, definite and indefinite articles. The author concludes that unlike other languages that have articles, contemporary English has got a tendency towards endless extension of the scope of application of a zero article.  
Linguistics
Dzakhova V.T., Dzodzikova Z.B. - Phraseological Units as the Reflection of the Nation's World View (the Case Study of the Analysis of Phraseological Units with UD/DUSHA (Soul)/SEELE in Ossetian, Russian and German Languages) pp. 20-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25811

Abstract: The subject of this research is the phraseological units with such components as Ud/DUSHA (Soul)/SEELE in Ossetian, Russian and German languages. The purpose of the analysis is to define universal and specific features of these terms in the languages being compared. As the authors assumed in the very beginning, these are the most important terms for Ossetian and Russian languages spoken by Christians. Germans demonstrate less commitment to religion which is reflected in the term Seele which means the core of instruments or items. Appealing to the seminal and grammatical methods of analysis, the authors of the article describe a grammatical structure and internal form of phraseological units through comparing the meaning of phraseological units to the literal meaning of their components. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the authors compare phraseological units of three IndoEuropean languages, two languages (Ossetian and Russian) being closely connected with each other for many centuries, and the third language (German) being used only in the process of teaching the German language to Ossetians or Russians. 
Mel'dianova A.V. - Functional Peculiarities of the Continuous Form in Modern English pp. 26-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26032

Abstract: The article is devoted to the peculiarities of functioning the continuous form in the English language. The semantics of this form does not allow to use some verbs the meaning of which contradicts the idea of process. Recently there has been a tendency towards increase in the number of such verbal forms used in the continuous form and this is what makes this study perspective. The aim of the article is to analyze the semantic selectivity of the continuous forms and lexical and grammatical factors under which some verbs of different semantics acquire the possibility to be used in the continuous form. Lexical and grammatical factors are discribed in the article and their contribution to the general meaning of the sentence is pointed out. In her research Meldianova applies the following research methods: description used to define, interpret and classify the meaning of verbs under study; and comparison used to analyze various semantic groups of verbs. Linguists have quite contradictory views on the meaning of the continuous form of verbs. Some of them believe that continous verbs denote a specific kind of verbs and describe an action that is being performed at the moment. Others believe that the continous form expresses a temporal meaning, in particular, simultaneity with some point in time or action. Researchers haven't come to the agreement regarding semantics and particular functions of the continous form in modern English. Moreover, the number of verbs that can be used in the continuous form is constantly growing and their meanings change under the influence of various intra- and extralinguistic context. This creates the novelty of this research. The results of the research prove that verbs of different semantics can be used in the continous form in modern English.
Question at hand
Vazhenina O.A. - Linguostylistic Interpretation of Media Texts Related to Autism Issues pp. 32-44

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26039

Abstract: The subject of the research is autism as it is described by Russian media today. The author of the article examines theoretical and practical aspects of the problem such as the essence and main features of media texts, general features of media texts devoted to autism, and locuses of media texts that focus on autism. The author pays special attention to the comparative analysis of stylistic features and rhetorical techniques used in professional Internet media texts and social 'new media' on autism. The research is based on the stylistic and rhetorical analysis of strong stands of media texts such as headings, crossheadings, ledes and conclusions. As a result of the research, the author discovers the difference between professional media texts and social media texts not only in terms of overall literacy or rich vocabulary or clarity of the matter but rather in terms of stylistic and rhetorical techniques beign used. Being professional publishing means, autochthonous Internet media tend to non-professional media texts in social media both in style and rhetorically. These media use less laconic and clearer phrases, less objective argumentation, more eristical techniques, more emotional expressions compared to online portals of media agents that exist or were created in a 'traditional' form. The content of these media texts demonstrates that such publications do not only perform educative or informative function usually performed by mass media but also performs a humanistic mission (this is why these texts try to get the readers involved emotionally and thus use expressive stylistic means). 
Literary criticism
Popova V. - Concerning the Role of a Revolutionary Writer in a New Society: Waldo Frank at Writers' Congresses of 1935 pp. 45-50

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26171

Abstract: In her research Popova focuses on two speeches made by an American writer Waldo Frank (1889–1967) at the First Convention of the League of American Writers (held in New York, 1935) and International Congress for the Defense of Culture (held in Paris, 1935) during the period of intensive cooperation with the USSR. The author also analyzes views of Waldo Frank on the role of a writer in a new society. Popova studies sources from the funds of The Russian State Archive of Literature and Arts which allows to cover unpublished materials of the writers' congresses that hadn't been published in the USSR. The author applies the historical literary method that implies analysis of biographical and historical sources, and text analysis method to analyze different versions of Waldo Frank's speeches at the Congress for the Defense of Culture in Paris as well as different publications thereof in the Russian language and extracts from the texts of his speeches. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that Waldo Frank's creative writing and his relatons with the USSR are left practically understudied by the Russian literary studies. Analysis of Frank's relations with the Soviet Union allows to define the relationship between his literary interests and public position: strong cooperation with the USSR in 1930s coincided with Frank's active participation in the activity of American and European left and anti-fascist organizations. When he broke up his relations with the Soviet Union after 1937, his public activity declined, he withdrew from the USA Communist Party and left the League of American Writers. 
Linguistics
Matveeva A.A. - Pluperfect Tense in the Sense of Perfective Aspect and Punctual Past (the Case Study of French Texts of the 16th - 21st Centuries) pp. 51-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26309

Abstract:  The subject of the research is the semantic features of the pluperfect tense that could be found in French texts of the 16th - 21st centuries. In her research Matveeva analyzes the perfective aspect, punctual past and context parameters that are necessary for implementation of these features. Such parameters include particularities of quoted texts in general, for example, dynamics of the shift in timing templates, syntactic features of text fragments; nature of lexical markers, for example, adjunct of time and place. Illustrative matter is grouped in accordance with the intensity of perfective aspect in ascending order. To analyze empiric material, the author has used the psychosystemic theory of verbal time interpreted in the functional terms. The author of the article studies the tense taking into account psychological particularities of personal psychological time. The main results of the research describe the context parameters necessary for imlementation of the perfective aspect and punctual past. The perfective aspect requires the order of verbs in a sentence to follow the order of the events and the verb in the pluperfect tense must logically relate to the following verb. Punctual past is different because in this case the verb in the pluperfect tense does not logically relate to the subsequent verb. The frequency of cases of the perfective sense and punctual past of the pluperfect tense increases during the period under study. 
Literary criticism
Gavrilova N. - The Date When Chekhov Wrote His Play 'Uncle Vanya': Analysis of the Main Points of View pp. 59-65

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26373

Abstract: This article is devoted to the main points of view on possible dates for Anton Chekhov writing his play 'Uncle Vanya'. The aim of the research is to analyze existing theories about the date when Chekhov wrote his play and carry out a detailed analysis of their proof. In the course of her research Gavrilova has referred to a lot of researches devoted to the transformation of the play 'The Wood Demon' to the play 'Uncle Vanya'. Checkhov left very contradictory information about the exact date when the play was written, therefore there are several groups of researchers with different views on the date when the play 'Uncle Vanya' was written. The research is based on such literary methods as comparative, analytical, critical, biographical, and cultural historical. As a result of the research, Gavrilova describes the main views of researchers who studied Ckekhov's creative writing on the date when the play 'Uncle Vanya' was written and analyzes relevant arguments. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that in her research Gavrilova extends a general scope of views on the date when Chekhov wrote his play analyzing not only classical but also contemporary approaches to the problem. As a result of her analysis of the aforesaid theories, the author of the article concludes that despite the fact that the matter is widely studied, the question when Anton Chekhov wrote his play 'Uncle Vanya' still remains. However, due to the great interest of modern researchers to the play 'Uncle Vanya', it is quite likely that future studies of Chekhov's creative writing will cast a light on the exact date of creation of 'Uncle Vanya'. 
Question at hand
Mzhel'skikh M.K. - Argumentative Potential of Nominative Adjectives of Prototypical and Non-Prototypical Qualities (Pilot Study) pp. 66-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26393

Abstract: This research is devoted to the analysis of the 'Human' prototypical category in the linguistic consciousness of Russian linguoculture representatives. The research was carried out on the basis of experimental data received from Russian respondents. The purpose of the research is to test a hypothesis about certain prototypical views about qualities being present in the linguistic consciousness of the linguocultural community; as a consequence, adjectives that denote these qualities have a stronger implicit argumentative potential in the speech of language speakers. This is technically in evidence in using them as an argument to prove a thesis in an argumentative discourse. The object of the research is the fragment of a prototypical worldview of Russian 'human'. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of implementing the argumengative potential of adjectives that denote prototypical qualities in written discourses. In the course of the research the author has used such methods as the association experiment, Ducroz and Anscombre value-based semantic experiment as well as the method of argumentative analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author clarifies the definition of the prototypical worldview as well as creates and practically implements the procedure of the value-based semantic experiment in linguistic research that was theoretically described by O. Ducroz, J. C. Anscombre and A. Kolmogorova. The series of experiments and argumentative analysis carried out by the author have proved the hypothesis that Russian-speaking men and women have a different notion on prototypical qualities which affects the linguistic and speech argumengative potential of adjectives that denote these qualities. 
Chun j. - De-reification as a Poetical and Philosophical Concept in Vladimir Makyakovsky's Poem 'Backbone Flute' pp. 72-81

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26450

Abstract: The object of the research is the peculiarities of the philosophical interpretation of the historical reality in the poem 'Backbone Flute'. The subject of the research is the process and the method used by Mayakovsky to create the image in his poem from the point of view of artistic trends of the 20th century. In this research Chun traces back the artistic interpretation of the philosophy of de-reification and specific features of item itself in terms of Mayakovsky's anthropocentrism. Among other aspects, the author of the article focuses on 'living thing' (inner form) that are destroyed by the theory of futurism but revive and take a new meaning in Mayakovsky's poetry. The author has applied the historico-philological method that treats the process of de-reification as the fight against the 'dead' predetermined use of thing, leaving the theory of futurism and ascension to spirituality. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the author's interpretation of the process of de-reification not as the process of dehumanization but revivification of thing as well as the author's appealing not to futuristic concepts but philosophy, Hegelianism and Tantra. The author also focuses on peculiarities of the main hero's attitude to and treatment of women and things. Chan also emphasizes immensity and thing-like nature of Mayakovsky's poetry, dramatical plot of leaving the 'earthly' and ascention to the 'divine' and 'eternal', reflection of the writer's love and creative illusions and their complex interplay with the reality. At the end of the research Chan emphasizes the importance of the empirical side of existence through 'living word' and make conclusions about the existential message of the poem and reflection of the main hero's inner world through the world of things and the process of de-reification. 
Linguistics
Abdullaev I.B. - Interrogative Sentence in the Lezgian Language pp. 82-99

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26474

Abstract: This article is devoted to interrogative sentences in the Lezgian language. the author of the article provides an in-depth analysis of all types of Lezgian interrogative sentences possible from the point of view of their semantics and syntaxis. In his research Abdullaev provides a great number of examples from literature and Lezgian study books. He describes new types of interrogative sentences that have never been described in study books before and carries out an in-depth analysis of subtypes of interrogative sentences in the Lezgian language. Abdullaev refers to relevant foreign and Russian researches that have never quoted before. In his research the author uses modern methods of linguistic research such as description, immediate constituent analysis and comparison. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in Russian linguistic science the author makes an attempt to provide a full structured and classification analysis of all types of interrogative sentences in the Lezgian language. BEfore this topic has been touched upon only partially by Russian and foreign researchers. 
Psycholinguistics
Pevneva I.V. - A Psycholinguistic Comparative Study of the Strategic Conflict-handing Behavior of Russians and Americans pp. 100-107

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.20173

Abstract: The research is devoted to the study of the verbal behavior of the Russians and Americans based on the choice of the strategies of behavior in the conflict situations. The phenomenon of conflict and challenges of misunderstanding appear today extremely acute in all areas of social and international relations. Verbal communication involves a strategic process by which a speaker defines the language resources for its implementation. By choosing a strategy which should contribute to the goals and objectives of the interaction a speaker makes the process of communication either successful or leading to a communicative failure.The object of the research is the natural communication. The study is based on the principles of psycholinguistics and ethno-linguistics, which studies the cultural variability in cognitive and communicative aspect of speech. The scientific importance of this work is in multi disciplined and cross-cultural study of ethnic and cultural influences, gender and other characteristics of conflict discourse participants. The results might present an interest for the participants and alumni of the international academic exchange programs (students and teaching staff) as well to specialists whose jobs are associated with the functioning in a multicultural Russian-American environment.
Character in literature
Borozdina M. - pp. 108-114

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26481

Abstract:
Interpretation
Korshunova E.A. - pp. 115-121

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26264

Abstract:
Author's view
Urazaeva N., Morozov E. - pp. 122-129

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25691

Abstract:
Poetry and the poet
Mallaliev G.N. - pp. 130-137

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26492

Abstract:
Didactics
Yarovenko T.V. - pp. 138-144

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25930

Abstract:
Language
Ilyushin G.E. - pp. 145-152

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26458

Abstract:
Linguistics
Belozor A., Ovchinnikova O. - pp. 153-161

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26119

Abstract:
Semantics
Silkina I. - pp. 162-172

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26140

Abstract:
Commutation
Balikoeva M.I. - pp. 173-183

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25814

Abstract:
Game
Maiba V.V. - pp. 184-193

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25880

Abstract:
Historism
Guseinov M.A. - pp. 194-200

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25652

Abstract:
Carnavalization
Kikteva K.D. - pp. 201-207

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25839

Abstract:
Postmodernism
Bezrukov A.N. - pp. 208-215

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26494

Abstract:
Wordplay
Fedorova N.V. - pp. 216-225

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26182

Abstract:
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