Статья 'Различие между автомобильными и дорожными терминами в Великобритании и США' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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Differences between automotive and traffic terms in England and the United States

Dmitrieva Elizaveta Igorevna

PhD in Philology

Docent, the department of Foreign Language of the Institute of Management and Digital Technologies, Russian University of Transport

125239, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Koptevskaya, 30, kv. 40

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Grubin Il'ya Valentinovich

PhD in History

Docent, Russian University of Transport

grubin.ilya@yandex.ru, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Obraztsova, 9

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The subject of this research is the different automotive and traffic terms in the English language from the perspective of their variance. The article explores the similarities and differences between the terms of the topic group “Automobile Transportation” in the British and American variants of the modern English language. Special attention is given to the etymology of the terminological units in questions. On the examined examples of terminology, it can be observed that some basic concepts carry national arrangement within the American and British tradition of formation of terminology. For selection of language material, this article utilizes such sources as The Oxford English Dictionary, The Dictionary of Transport and Logistics, Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners, Oxford Dictionary of Current English, Cambridge Dictionary Online, and Collins English Dictionary Online. The scientific novelty of this research is justified by the insufficient elucidation of the problem of territorial variance within the English language on the material of transportation terminology, which is a reflection of national perception of the surrounding world. The authors make a conclusion that despite the importance of the standardization and formalization processes, it is necessary to remember that terminology vastly reflects professional worldview.

Keywords: road transport, car construction, standartization, professional mentality, American English, British English, territorial variants, nominaion, terminology, linguistic mentality
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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