Статья 'Тема войны в творчестве Р. Грейвза' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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The War Theme in Robert Graves' Creative Writing

Bondarenko Marina

PhD in Philology

Associate Professor of the Department of Literature at State University of Social Studies and Humanities

140414, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Kolomna, ul. Krupskoi, 42




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In this article Bondarenko traces back the development of the war theme in the creative writing of an English author Robert Graves. Graves' interest in war was caused by two factors. Firstly, the writer had his own experience as a military officer. Secondly, his interest related to the mythological concept of the White Goddess when the poet died and then resurrected as the lover of the Goddess (Muse). Bondarenko focuses on Graves' description of his 'trench' years. The research involves quite a vast number of texts which is explained by the domination role of the war theme in the English writer's lyrics and prose. Taking into account specific features of the war theme and personal experience of Graves, Bondarenko has selected such research methods as biographical and hermeneutical analysis. The methodological basis of the research included researches of D. Carter, J. Jacobson, D. Hoffman, etc. The main conclusions of the research is that the development of the war theme in Graves' creative writing was based on the writer's reflection of his personal military experience. The writer depicted the war as a large-scale catastrophe and absolutely unreasonable sacrifice. The war theme is not only an individual theme in his writing. It also relates to Graves' conflict with the religion. Many aspects of his war theme are typical for the literature of the 'lost generation'. 

Keywords: false patriot, autobiography, personal experience, God, conflict, war, reflection, Graves, death, myth
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Graves R. Goodbye to all that. London: Penguin books, 1957. 360 p.
Seymour-Smith M. Robert Graves. His life and work. London: Acabus, 1982. 623 p.
Carter J. Robert Graves: The lasting poetic achievement. Totowa (N.J.), 1989. 285 p.
Graves R. When I’m killed. https://www.internetpoem.com/robert-graves/when-i-m-killed-poem/ Data obrashcheniya k elektronnomu resursu: 14.01.2019
Graves R. Escape. https://ru.poetree.club Data obrashcheniya k elektronnomu resursu: 14.01.2019
Hoffman D. Barbarous knowledge. Myth in the poetry of Yeats, Graves and Muir. Oxford: Oxford university press, 1967. 266 p.
Graves R. Recalling war. // Graves R. No more ghosts. London: Faber and Faber, 1940. 80 p.
Remark E. M. Na zapadnom fronte bez peremen. M.: AO «Vita-Tsentr», 1991. 190 s.
Jacobson D. Time of arrival and other essays. London, 1962. 198 p.
Mehoke J. Robert Graves: Peace – weaver. Mounton, 1975. 168 p.
Graves R. Autobiography Baal. // Graves R. But it still goes on. N. Y.: Cape and Smith, 1931. 320 p. P. 170 – 203.
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