Статья 'Семантическая параметризация русской синонимии' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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Litera
Reference:

Semantic parameterization of Russian synonymy

Olkhovskaia Aleksandra

PhD in Philology

Leading Scientific Associate, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

117485, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Akademika Volgina, 6, of. 439

aleksandra_olhovskaya@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8698.2019.5.27457

Review date:

20-09-2018


Publish date:

19-10-2019


Abstract.

The object of this research is the synonymic relations in the Russian language. Author pays great attention to the study of the systemic character of semantic contraposition of words similar in meaning, and refers to the search of such differential trains of synonyms that regularly organize contrapositions in synonymic row. According to the author, these parameters form universal semantic framework of the language, and participate in a complex cognitive work on aspectization of cognitive complexes. Full list of such parameters would allow modelling the semantic space and have a new view on the problem of organization of the mental lexicon. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the fact that this work is first to present the list of regular parameters that organize the semantic contrapositions of synonyms. Overall, the work describes and analyzes 16 parameters, among which are the following: subject, object, cause, goal, means, external manifestations, duration, scale, quantity, intensity, evaluation, relation, quality – state, part – whole, definiteness – non-definiteness and focus. In the course of the research, observations were made pertaining to organization of the synonymic row (presence of “carrying” and facultative contrapositions), as well as regarding the interconnection of parameters and contraposition with topical belonging of synonyms.  

Keywords: semantic oppositions, semantic parameters, differentiation of synonyms, meaning of the word, synonym dictionary, synonymy, semasiology, semantics, lexical system, regularity
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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