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The Genre of the Funeral Sermon in Russian Oratorical Prose of the Second Half of the XVIIIth Century
Paramonova Mariya Konstantinovna

Junior Scientist at Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

117485, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Akademika Volgina, 6

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The object of the research is the genre of the funeral sermon as one of the most ancient rhetoric genres that was popular in Russian oratorica prose of the 18th century. The funeral sermon was actively developed during Peter's time and back in those times the aforesaid genre performed not only religious but also political functions. In the second half of the century the funeral sermon acquired the moral and didactic nature. The style of the word was changed, too. Long periods and numerous quotations from the Holy Bible were replaced by a shorter text and simple understandable vocabulary. The main research method used by the author of the present article is the comparative historical method: the genre is viewed in terms of the literary, cultural and historical environment of those times. As an example of the funeral sermon the author carries out a philological analysis of the text from Ekaterina's times 'The Speech for the Funeral of the Grand Duchess Natalia Alekseevna' written by the metropolitan Platon (Levshin). Never before in the academic literature funeral sermons of the second half of the 18th century was chosen as an object of an independent research since researchers usually pay attention to funeral sermons of Peter's time. However, the second half of the 18th century was the most beneficial for the development of the genre because it was the time when funeral sermons were actively written and published, the circle of people those funeral sermons were devoted to expanded and the genre was firmly established as the genre of religious oratorical prose. 

Keywords: oratory, rhetoric, oration funeral, 18th century, literature of the 18th century, Russian literature, Platon Levshin, elogy, homiletics, funeral



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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