Статья 'Учение о жизненном деле (Н.В. Гоголь)' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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The Teaching About the Business of Life (Nikolai Gogol)

Gershenzon Mikhail Osipovich

(1869-1925) - an expert in the history of the Russian literature and social ideas of the XIXth century, writer, philosopher, political writer, translator. 





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The famous Russian philosopher M. O. Gershenzon considers the sincere drama of Gogol, but rejects the point of view which has developed in literature on the conflict of the writer with V. G. Belinsky. According to Gershenzon, in domestic literature there is no other work, except "The chosen places from correspondence with friends" in which so completely and selflessly the subject of noble service to society would sound. As well as Belinsky, Gogol, according to the author, professed exclusive public idealismAt the same time in article there is no aspiration to eliminate disagreements between the writer and the critic. Gogol's views have grown from his special art talent. The outlook of the writer had, according to the philosopher, two poles: unshakable conservatism in the attitude towards all material reality and the most courageous radicalism in the attitude towards human spirit. In article feature of the internal conflict of Gogol is approved. Having strong art talent, he constantly worked. In him paradoxically ardent pensiveness and a sober practicality was combined. Views of the writer were utopian. But in it and strength of his art genius.Novelty of article consists in attempt to eliminate an unfair assessment of creativity of Gogol who as if has betrayed liberating ideals. Estimating Gogol's creativity, the philosopher doesn't try to smooth internal contradictions of the writer. But Gershenzon in own way sees a being of the public conflict which was reflected in his creativity.

Keywords: society, human, wealfare, personality, creativity, intelligentsia, individualism, utopia, world view, conservatism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Gershenzon M.O. Izbrannoe. Istoricheskie zapiski / Sost. S.Ya. Levit. M.; SPb.: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ, 2016. 352 s.
Gershenzon M.O. Istoricheskie zapiski (o russkom obshchestve). M., 1910. 198 s.
Gershenzon M.O. Griboedovskaya Moskva; P.Ya. Chaadaev; Ocherki proshlogo / Sost., predisl., primech. V.Yu. Proskurinoi. M., 1989. 400 s.
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