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Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Security management"
Security management
Kul'ba V.V., ., ., ., ., . - Managing Security and Vitality of Railway Transport Infrastructure Based on the Indicative Approach pp. 1-107

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4595.2013.2.5111

Abstract: The article describes the results of researching problems of railway transport security. The authors of the article describe the main groups of risks, threats and structural vulnerabilities of railway transport infrastructure facilities. The authors also describe the results of developing methods of modeling and analysis of emergency situations at railway transport infrastructure facilities based on the theory of graphs, structural components and communication matrices. The authors offer models of prevention of emergency situations and incidents by using the indicative approach. The authors provide theoretical description and results of their experimental approbation proving these methods and models to be effective. The authors analyze examples of formulation and solution of multi-objective problems of optimical allocation of indicators in the structure of complex technical systems based on the criteria of plentitude, accuracy and good timing of discovering failures or errors. Taking into account high computational complexity, it is recommended to use a combination of different approximate algorithms to solve these problems. These algorithms either frame solutions based on particular criteria or modify locations of indicators that were previously set based on the other efficiency criteria. The authors describe how this method can be used to complete tasks of establishing technogenic security at railway transport infrastructure facilities. 
Panenkov A.A. - Problems of Improving the National System of Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction pp. 13-30

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4595.2014.1.8110

Abstract: The author of the article analyzes the effective legislation and draft laws aimed at improving the national system of combating money laundering and financing of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. The author shares his suggestions on how to change and amend the existing laws. The author also describes results of researches on combating terrorism financing in Russia and gives recommendations on how to imporove it. 
Pogodina I.V., . - Optimization of regional investment flow as a necessary condition for the state security guarantees. pp. 73-96

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4595.2014.3.11094

Abstract: The object of studies of the author concerns investment processes at the level of constituent subjects of the Russian Federation. The object includes indicator criteria for innovative modernization in the regions. It is obvious that investment resources guarantee modern equipment, electronic information system and high quality personnel for the enterprises. These enterprises play key role in the innovative modernization of economics in the region. The main branch of the strategic plan in the state should include the structural modernization nucleus for the high technology spheres. That is why there is need to develop methods, allowing to correlate perspective criteria of social and economic development of the regions, serving as indicators for the innovation modernization in the constituent subjects of the Russian Federation. In order to optimize the structure of the said indicators and to substantiate the direction of innovative investment program of social and economic regional development the authors offer to use the Pareto law. The Pareto analysis allows to range certain spheres and matters depending on tehir importance and calls for revealing and abolishing of the causes of hte most problems (inconsistencies). The use of group of branch indexes characterising the perspectives of functioning may be applied to certain sub-types or groups of goods (services), which may be of interest from the standpoing of viability of investments, as well as to types of economic activities within the state or a certain region. In the use of Pareto law and ABC-analysis when forming an optimum scheme for the investment distrtibution for the innovative modernization of regional economics it seems viable to suppose that types of economic activity related to the production of other non-metallic mineral product, machines and equipment are rather valuable on one hand, but on the other hand they cause the most problems.As it may be seen from the Pareto map formed within the program complex Statistica 6.1, the dominant types of processing industry of the region includes foodstuffs production, electric equipment production, machinery and equipment production, and production of non-metallic mineral products. That is why it is necessary to define optimization in these economic sectors. The authors then try to find out whether such optimization is necessary in the Vladimir region of Russia. Considering the large amount of inefficient capacities, there is need for the rapid growth of investments in the modernization of the production apparatus. In order to provide reaction analysis for the types of economic activity according to the list for the changes in the dynamics of the basic amount of economic markers, the authors offer to use correlations of the growth tempos, which may be presented as development indexes and evaluated according to the base index calculation formula.  
Chkhutiashvili L.V. - Prospects of Development and Legal Regulation of Environment Audit in the Russian Federation pp. 131-153
Abstract: The article is devoted to prospects of development and legal regulation of environment audit in the Russian Federation. Within the framework of environment protection, environment audit is a tool for ensuring environmental safety and sustainable development. Environmental safety affects specific spheres of economic and other activities which may cause negative influence on the environment and must be viewed as an integrated institution of financial audit, technology audit, audit of extreme situations and other forms of audit which are related to the environment protection and rational use of natural resources. 
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