Theoretical and Applied Economics
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Social management
Rozanova L.I. - Investment Inequality of Regions pp. 43-63

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4595.2013.1.809

Abstract: The article is devoted to increasing disparity between regions. Over the years of reforms, many Russian regions have started to lose their benefits and preferences. Volumes of investments in different regions start to vary greatly, too. The author of the present article describes the structure of investment financing including state financing and defines the most preferred activities to invest into. In the course of this reseach, the author has defined problems of inequality of regional investment attractiveness which leads to different socio-economical levels in these regions. This creates a threat for the common economic space and intergrated regional system. Integrity of a region as a complex socio-economic system is shaken when there is a significant capital outflow, let it be finances, human resouces or finances. When a region becomes inattractive for investors, the capital and assets of such a region flow to stronger regions and make the problem of spatial inequality even worse. Such inequality is defined by the economical strucure in many ways. Only progressie changes and shifts in the structure of regional economy can raise the competitive ability of a region. But first it requires investments into manufacturing activities (because the majority of such regions do not have their own manufacturing sector). On the other hand, manufacturing sector has lost its competitive position under the conditions of open economy. 
Moroshkina M.V. - Studying Differences in Development of Russian Regions Based on Dynamics and Level of Gross Regional Product pp. 64-90

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4595.2013.1.822

Abstract: The author of the present article considers factors influencing socio-economic development of Russian regions and makes an attemp to forecast prospects of economic growth in these regions under the conditions of transition economy. The aim of the research assumes there should be a comparative analysis of the process of adaptation of Russian regions to the market economy and determination of factors creating differences in dynamics of their main economic indicators. There are many factors influencing indicators of economic development but the author of the article pays her attention at indicators caused by the geographical location of the region. Geography defines conditions of reformation in eahch region. Many researchers have tried to deine the main factorst that determine the difficulty of economic reforms. In this regard, it is important to study factors influencing the economic growth and economic slowdown, to. It is necessary to explain what causes such differences in dynamics of economic indicators in different regions and which factors cause increase or decrease of economic slowdown. Based on the analysis of graphs, correlation analysis, making regression equations and establishing special models, the author suggests to carry out quantitative evaluation of impact of different market transformations on the economic level in different Russian regions. The purpose of such a project would be to study processes of regional disparity of socio-economic positions of Russian  regions under the conditions of transit economy. Special attention should be paid at indicators showing the level of economic development. Therefore, in order to achieve the aforesaid goal, it is necessary to analyze the processes of development of Russian regions during market transformations and define factors that have the most significant influence on development of Russian regions. 
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