Theoretical and Applied Economics
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World economy and international economic relations
Vladimirova A.V. - Measuring 'Asean Centrality': Network Analysis of the Asia-Pacific Region's Foreign Trade Relations pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8647.2017.2.22834

Abstract: The article is devoted to the role of The Association of SouthEast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the Asia-Pacific region (APR). In her article Vladimirova explains the political discourse term 'Asean centrality' that is used to express the idae of the regional leadership of ASEAN. The fact that the author has chosen to study this particular topic contributes to her choosing the network analysis as the main research method providing that it allows to calculate centrality ratios fo the region's states and to compare them. The author of the article analyzes drawbacks and benefits of existing network ASEAN models and offers her own calculation model. Even though her hypothesis about Asean centrality in APR's trade networks hasn't been proved, the analysis has demonstrated that ASEAN states play a highly important role in the region. In addition, the author fixes and verifies the growth trend in Vietnam's centrality which has never been mentioned in previous models. The research is based on international trade data for the period since 1996 till 2015 published by The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). 
Arshavskii G.A. - Business Communication with China: Features, Mistakes and Delusions pp. 64-89

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8647.2015.3.15515

Abstract: The article is devoted to a problem of business communications with China, namely to the typical mistakes and delusions allowed by foreign businessmen in the course of the work with the Chinese partners. At the same time, the author notes traditional cultural specifics of China which are fully reflected and in the business environment. Due to the steady opinion on extreme complexity of business communication with China in article the question of possibility of implementation of effective communications and cooperation with the Chinese business community is raised. In article theoretical, formal and logical and analytical methods of research are used. The author analyzes mistakes which are made by foreign businessmen in the communications with the Chinese party, and the conclusion that numerous difficulties which they meet, first of all, are connected with ignorance of the business specifics of China in many respects having a traditional cultural and historical basis and, as a result of this ignorance, with application of primordially western forms and approaches to business is drawn. The value of this research consists in its practical importance, i.e. in the description and the analysis of typical mistakes of foreign businessmen and the companies in communications with China, and also in reduction of real examples from business experience of the author. Besides, in this article the corresponding recommendations allowing to avoid or minimize risk of commission of similar mistakes in communications with the Chinese colleagues are made.
Sokolov M.S., Abramov R.A. - Institutional Aspects in Transnational Integration of the Union State Members in the Innovation Sphere pp. 113-127

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2017.2.22950

Abstract: CIS countries typically demonstrate a rather low level of R&D/GDP intensity and low share of expenditures for science, low development of hightech economic sector and negative saldo of the trade balance in relation to innovative products. At the same time, problems of transnational integration in the sphere of innovation within the Union State started to attract interest of researchers at the turn of the 2011 - 2012. One of research aspects is the need to develop efficient instruments that would ensure efficient transnational integration of Russia and Belarus in the innovation sphere. The object of the present research is the integration of Russia and Belarus within the Union State. The subject of the research is the combination of institutions that provide for the integration of the Union States in the innovation sphere. The authors of the article pay special attention to institutional issues and integration prospects of the Union State members in the innovation sphere including the need to develop a single strategy that would guarantee productivity and efficiency of all institutions under research. The methodological basis of the research involves analysis of fundamental researches and modern theoretical researches in the sphere of institution development, innovation activity and transnational integration including that within the Union State. Based on the analysis carried out, the authors have defined the key problems and development prospects for Russia's and Belarus' institutions that ensure the development of integration processes in the innovation sphere. In conclusion, the authors agree with experts and researchers, both Russian and Belorussian, and come to the conclusion that despite numerous institutional and political issues, the authorities, business entities and social communities of the Union State members understand the need to activate the innovation cooperation. In 2012 during the Union State Programs Forum held in Minsk it was underlined that innovation activity is the guarantee of stability both of an individual entity and state in general, that being true for the Union State, too. Thus, it is important to develop transnational information research data base of fundamental and applied problems that would ensure active information exchange between specialists from different countries and strengthen legal basis in the sphere of protection of rights to intellectual activity products as well as to activate process of creating and developing regional and national innovation networks. Implementation of the above described transformations will require to create new institutions as well as to develop institutions that already exist in the innovation sphere which makes the rationale of the present research.  
Samorodova E.M., Parshutina I.G., Soboleva Yu.P. - The Russian Economy Under Global Globalization Processes: the Place inthe NIDL (the New International Division of Labor) pp. 187-198

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8647.2016.3.20421

Abstract: The subject of the research is processes of involvement of Russia in modern system of the international job specialization and the international trade relations. The object of the research is the condition of the Russian foreign trade sphere caused by national peculiarities of development of economy. Authors in detail consider the following aspects of a subject: forming of open economy as tendencies of national economic development; a condition of the foreign trade sphere as a result of features of the present stage of development of national economy in the conditions of globalization of economies; specifics of the place and a role of Russia in the international job specialization. The methodology of a research is based on use of system approach, methods of the specific and economic, logical, statistical analysis, generalization, expert evaluations are applied. During the research conclusions that in a number of parameters the economy of Russia can be carried to one of global world trade centers, on some other – to the periphery of the world economy are formulated. In spite of the fact that in economy of Russia the separate elements corresponding to post-industrial model of managing are created, raw orientation of the Russian export determines the main place and a role of Russia in MRT. Features of structure of import and change in its dynamics mean use of model of import substitution which is objectively supported need of similar actions for conditions entering of political and economic sanctions. Import substitution, along with a bearish tendency in export and import, confirms decrease in openness of national economy, reduces possibilities of receipt of additional benefits from participation in MRT. Can change and strengthen the line items in MRT Russia in the conditions of lack of geopolitical risks for implementations of innovative model of development and implementation of innovative upgrade of economy. Novelty of a research is that the national environment of forming of the international economic relations is considered as a basis of participation of the country in system of the international job specialization; on the basis of the commonly accepted traditional indicators author's estimates of degree of openness of economy of Russia, from the point of view of the prospects of its participation in MRT during an era of globalization of world economic space are given.
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