Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Accounting and statistics"
Accounting and statistics
Sin'kina O.N. - Particularities of Developing of the Audit Model for Supervising the Process of Grouping Business Entities pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8647.2016.4.20450

Abstract: The object of the research is the developing of the audit model for supervising the process of grouping of a business entity that performs activities aimed at changing the size of business through integration. The subject of the research is the combination of theoretical and practical aspects of increasing the quality of the audit over integration processes. In her research Sinkina describes peculiarities of the legal regulation of audit activities over integration processes both in Russia and foreign states and defines audit methods to be applied at the stage of planning and making a decision about integration as well as the stage of performing the integration process. The author of the article describe issues to be paid attention during audit over integrating enterprises and offers her own model of the audit over integration at the stage before intergration and at the stage during integration. The methodological basis of the research involves fundamental provisions described in Russian and foreign researches. In the course of ther research Sinkina has used the systems approach as well as general and special resaerch methods such as abstraction, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparative analysis, grouping. Integration processes are associated with higher inherent risks and therefore considerable risks of accounting errors. In order to decrease these risks the author offers her own model of control over integration processes that implies methods and audit procedures related to integration processs and applied at the stage before integration or when integration is taking place. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the following: 1. The authors summarizes the system of the legal regulation of audit activities over integration in Russia and foreign states. 2. The author describes audit methods to be applied at the stage of planning and decision making as well as at the stage when integration is taking place. 3. The author develops her own model of control over integration processes. 4. The author develops audit procedures related to integration processes that are applied at the stage before integration and at the stage during integration. 
Krasova E.V., Kolosyuk K.E., Derbush N.M. - Actual Problems of Accounting at Russia's Small Business Enterprises pp. 99-112

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2017.2.23306

Abstract: The subject of the article is the problems of accounting at small business enterprises in Russia in relation to contemporary theoretical researches and changes in accounting laws. The object of the research is the accounting policy of small business enterprises operating in under conditions of incomplete and regularly changing information space in this area. The main scientific and practical problem of the article is a number of difficulties in accounting conducted by small enterprises and individual entrepreneurs. The purpose of the article is to raise the problems of accounting at  small business enterprises in Russia, to give their classification, and identify their causes and possible solutions. The methodological basis of the article is the general theses of modern accounting theory, the theory of taxes and budgets, the concept of priority development of small business in Russia applied through the system analysis. The authors substantiate the role and importance of small business in the development of Russian economy, and emphasize the need for a fast solution of problems related to accounting in small enterprises. The problems of terminology and conceptual apparatus, criteria for selecting the status of enterprise, advantages and disadvantages of Federal Law No. 402-FZ of 06.12.2011 «On Accounting» are considered from point of view of business. The problems of accounting and reporting by those economic entities that were previously exempted from accounting until 2013 were identified. The specifics of accounting for individual entrepreneurs are also considered, advantages of maintaining the usual form of accounting based on the double entry principle and advantages of shifting to international financial reporting standards are justified. The possibilities of automation in accounting for business transactions, the compliance of accounting and tax accounting data and some other issues have also become the subject of study in this article.
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