Theoretical and Applied Economics - rubric Logistics
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Zaitseva I.V. - Prospects for the expansion of aviation communication in the context of the development of projects "Territories of advanced development" of the border south of the Far East pp. 19-27



Abstract: The development of the transport system, in particular air transportation, ensures the fulfillment of national goals in the field of social security, economic growth, and technological structure. The instruments for the implementation of national goals are the system of state programs for the development of territories and industries. Since 2014, economic zones have been formed in the Far East, designed to ensure global competitiveness of investment conditions and movement to the Asia-Pacific countries. An important factor affecting the effectiveness of investment projects is the balanced development of the transport network within the boundaries of economic zones. The subject of the study is the aviation transport network as a driver of the growth of the "Territories of Advanced Development" projects in the south of the Far Eastern region, with the exception of the Trans-Baikal Territory and Buryatia. The choice of territorial entities is justified by the border location with the PRC, which affects the integration of trade relations, as well as the existing economic activity along the border from China. The object of the study is the air transport infrastructure located in the territories under consideration.      The methods of theoretical research were used in the work: analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction. As a result of the study, it was proposed to increase the number of airfields in the economic zones of the border territories, which will not only form part of the border transport structure, but also increase the level of investment attractiveness of the zones belonging to the territories of advanced development. The basis for the study of the location of points of the aviation transport network in economic border zones was: the simultaneous operation of strategically important legal documents, one of which is aimed at the development of the industry (Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2030), the other at the development of the region ("On territories of advanced socio-economic development in the Russian Federation"), as a result of which, to obtain a greater systemic effect, it becomes possible to synchronize them; the results obtained in the process of studying the airfield network within the boundaries of the TOP, which indicate that the aviation network is not formed to maintain the investment attractiveness of the territories.
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