Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Regional economy"
Regional economy
Solomonov M.P., Turantaev S.G. - Basic Criteria and Factors for Zoning the Arctic Zone of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 11-20


Abstract: The object of the research is the differentiation of Russia's populated regions depending on their cost of living which structure has become simpler compared to the Soviet era. Today corporate entities do not take into account locality pays or northern wage rise for arduous working conditions that used to be applicable before. This leads to certain gaps in planning objective causes of the growing cost of living in Arctic and hard-to-read areas. Consequently, there is a need in better methods of analysing factors that increase the cost of living not only in the Russian Federation regions but also in administrative districts with different natural environment and climatic areas. The researchers have applied the engineering-economical method of calculating zoning parameters depending on the duration and heat introduction in different regions during the heating season  as well as the economic-geographic method of region's zoning. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors apply the engineering-economical method for calculating zoning parameters depending on the duration and heat introduction in different regions during the heating season  as well as the economic-geographic method for region's objective and clear zoning. The results of the research can be used in the process of providing a legislative framework of detailed zoning of the Russian Federation regions.  
Kol'tsov A.A., Sviridov V.I. - Justification of Economically Effective and Environmentally Friendly Land Management in Agricultural Organizations pp. 12-33


Abstract: The authors propose a new approach to the formation of the optimum structure of arable land as the most valuable land resources for agricultural activities. It is noted that in recent years the structure of sown areas of agricultural enterprises does not provide a sustainable economic impact and maintainence of soil fertility. It is revealed that enhanced on the basis of optimization calculations according to the criterion of "max profit" structure of arable land can not form a positive humus balance in soils of arable lands. On the other hand, cropping patterns, optimized according to the criterion "max humus", leads to a significant reduction in the level of profitability of agricultural production. Methodological basis of work was the principles of adaptive land-use and systematic approach. Specific research methods were used: system analysis, modeling, optimal compromise programming. It is shown that a variant of the structure of arable land defined simultaneously by two criteria of optimality, provides a cost-effective and environmentally-friendly land management in agricultural organizations. The study of this experience deserves great attention in present conditions the creation and implementation of farming systems and agricultural technologies of new generation for the purpose of conservation and reproduction of soil fertility, efficient use of natural resources potential of agricultural landscapes. 
Neustroeva A.B., Popova O.V., Bol'nitskaya A.N. - Social Labor Sphere Development Problems of the Russian Federation Northern Region (Based on the Example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) pp. 12-25


Abstract: The article is devoted to the main trends and problems of the social labor sphere development in the Far North of the Russian Federation, in particular, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The authors of the article clarify the term 'social labor sphere' in terms of the region and examine the influence of demographic processes on the social labor sphere development in the region as well as analyze competition positions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) compared to other regions of the Russian Federation and Far Eastern Federal District, employment and unemployment levels, risk groups on the regional labor market and social welfare provided to employed population. The empirical basis of the research involves state statistics, results of the survey carried out in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) regarding employment and unemployment issues. The main conclusion of the research is that the social labor sphere of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has been recently characterised with improvement of the labor and investment potentials, however, the low level of the social infrastructure development prevents the growth of the region's competitive ability and reduces attractiveness of the region as the place for living and working. 
Kudryavtseva S.A. - Models of Public Debt Management at the Regional Level pp. 34-44


Abstract: The object of study is the national debt at the regional level. The subject of research is a model of public debt management in the region. Particular attention is paid to both theoretical and practical basics of public debt management at the regional level in the light of economic science terminological apparatus for the study questions the current socio-economic realities, as well as existing international experience (Germany, France). And studied the structure of the list of debt of regional authorities in the context of the hierarchy of territorial-administrative units. During research following methods were used in the abstract-logical method of classification, analysis of the actual documentation, empirical techniques used structural-functional analysis, and such methods of collecting and analyzing information.The study concluded that each country has its own legal structure of the list of debt of regional authorities. The most important factor is the structure of the hierarchy of territorial administrative units within the state - whether carried out by local management entities exclusively through the higher regions, which in turn are subject to the central government of the country or the local authorities directly subordinate to the central government. In Germany, local education do not even have the constitutional guarantees of its existence and are subject to State Governments are responsible to the central federal government. Fundamentally different device is France, where all four levels of administrative and territorial authorities have no subordinate relations between them, and managed directly by the central administration of the country.
Kotov N.M. - Directions for Improving Competitiveness of Regional Fisheries Industries of the Far East (Based on the Example of the Magadan Region) pp. 38-47


Abstract: The subject of research is the problem of increase of competitiveness of fishery complexes of Far East regions which is considered on the example of the Magadan region. In modern conditions of uncertainty it is important to determine the possible directions of the state measures for enhancement of management of a regional fishery complex for the purpose of increase of level of its competitiveness. The assessment of competitive advantages of a fishery complex of the Magadan region has allowed to reveal the key directions of its increase within enhancement of public administration by a fish industry of the Magadan region. The main results of research are applicable to all Far East regions. Method, research methodology. A methodological and theoretical basis of research are works of the Russian scientists concerning development of fishing activities and competitiveness of an industry. The main methods of research are system approach, the analysis and synthesis, the comparative analysis, the analysis of statistical data, an expert method. Novelty of research, conclusions. For the purpose of identification a determinant of competitive advantage of a regional fishery complex the economic model of research of competitive advantages of M. Porter has been adapted. The assessment of competitiveness of a regional fishery complex on the example of the Magadan region by ranging of absolute and relative measures of various industries on the main determinants of competitive advantages is offered and given.
Charkina E.S., Miroshnikov S.N. - Development of Single-Industry Cities: Problems and Solutions pp. 46-53


Abstract: The subject of the present research is the topical issues related to the existence of single-industry cities that are defined based on data about the economic situation in such cities as well as instruments and mechanisms applied to provide a sustainable social and economic development of single-industry cities' development. Resolution of the situation in one-single cities is a priority for authorities, leadership of enterprises that form single-industry cities, representatives of small and medium businesses, and all cocncerned citizens of such municipal units. The autors pay special attention to the federal priority project on the development of single-industry cities that has been implemented since the end of 2016. The methodological basis of the research involves problem-oriented and functional approaches as well as methods of comparative analysis and observation. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors crry out a complex research that involves the project-based approach to the problem of single-industry cities' development. The authors make recommendations regarding additional measures of single-industry cities' development. The research results can be useful for federal authorities and state authorities of the Russian Federation responsible for the implementation of the state policy in the sphere of re-structuring and development of monoprofile municipal units and single-industry cities' local self-government. 
Neustroeva A.B. - Risks on the Labor Market in the Arctic Region of the Russian Federation pp. 48-58


Abstract: The subject of the research is the risks that exist on the labor market in the Arctic districts of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The author of the article examines such objective risk-contributing factors of the developing economy and social labor sphere of the Arctic Region as hazardous environmental conditions, vast territory, strong dependence of the population on the state policy aimed at industrial and economic development of the North, instability and disparity in the regional employment pattern, underdevelopment of the engineering, social and transport infrastructure. Special attention is paid to the analysis of unemployment risks, low wages, informal employment, labor migration and professional risks. The author also analyzes how the population perceives these risks on the labor market. The labor market risks are analyzed by the author based on the statistical data, results of the survey conducted in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) regarding the employment and unemployment issues, and results of the expert survey that involved leadership and labor protection specialists of the enterprises and organisations in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The main conclusion of the research is that current risks and constraints on the labor market in the Arctic districts of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are only growing under the conditions of the financial crisis which requires serious governmental decisions to preserve and keep labor forces in the Far North, to create favorable conditions and increase the life quality of the local population. Based on the analysis of survey results, the author defines particular features of the perception of labor market risks by the population of the Arctic districts of Yakutia. 
El'shin L.A. - Methodical Approaches to Multilevel Assessment of Business Activity and its Influence on Industrial Development of Regional Economic Systems (the Case Study of the Republic of Tatarstan) pp. 54-63


Abstract: Analysis of regions' business activity is an important research issue that hasn't been solved and still requires a certain commonly accepted approach. The other issue which is also important both practically and theoretically is the selection of methods aimed at identifying the influence of regions' business activity on development indicators of certain economic sectors. Solution of these issues is the aim of the present research. The object of the research is region's business activity (based on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan) and its influence on the development of regional economic systems. The subject of the research involves methods of defining and modeling business activity of the region as well as assessing its impact on development indicators of separate types of economic activity. The author examines such aspects of the topic as identification of factors that develop parameters of regional economic systems' business activity, and analysis of intraregional particularities that define the change in index pathways of business activity that express changes in expectations of economic agents. The author pays special attention to the issues of economic and mathematical modelling to assess the impact of cyclically generated trends of region's business activity on development pathways of certain industries in a region.  The research method used by the author is based on using tools of the cross-correlation analysis of the main systematically important factors influencing the process of assessing region's business activity as well as the tools of the statistical analysis and other special methods promoting determination and search for interrelations between the studied statistical ranks. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author develops a conceptual approach to identifying parameters of business activity based on modelling expectations of economic agents and using methods of the cross-correlation analysis. The author's contribution to the topic is that he has developed methodical approaches to determining and describing interrelations of separate types of economic activity of the region with the parameters of business activity formed at the regional level.
Saryan A.A., Pustovoitenko S.I. - Tourist and Recreational Complex: Classification of Recreational Areas pp. 64-78


Abstract: Increase in domestic tourist flow to domestic resorts in the summer season 2015 – 2016 accentuates the attention of tourism specialists in the issue of analyzing the existing potential of the recreational territories of Russia for the spatial development of domestic tourism. A topical issue is the classification of recreational areas of the country, the formation of databases of recreational areas with the definition of their specialization, available and potentially possible types of tourism, the creation of new tourist products on their basis. The subject of the research is the relations that develop between the managing subjects of tourist activity at different levels of management regarding the definition of the tourist potential of the recreational territories of the Russian Federation, their classification for the purpose of regulating tourism flows of inland and inbound tourism. The authors of the article give a brief overview of typologies and classifications of recreational areas of domestic research centers, the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the diversity of which emphasizes the need to select common criteria. In this study, for their analysis, the methods of theoretical analysis, comparison and classification, the abstract-logical method were used.The article gives a working version of the definition of "tourist-recreational complex" (TRC), taking into account its inclusion in the system of market relations, a variant of the classification of recreational areas is proposed based on the example of Sochi (Adler district). The main classification criterion is to consider the localization and features of recreational resources tied to a territory that has its borders within the existing administrative-territorial division, taking into account the demand and needs of the tourist. Classification of recreational areas with the definition of tourist zones and most importantly their specialization are necessary both for the purposes of managing the development of tourism, and for orienting the tourist in the available tourist offer. The scope of application of the research results is the theory and practice of tourism, and the sphere of information communications in tourism.
Litvinova T.N., Vershinina O.V., Badaraev D.D., Moskvitin G.I. - Socio-Economic Problems and Benchmarks of Buryatia Residents Under Current Conditions pp. 79-89


Abstract: The article reveals the socio-economic problems and challenges of the development of the Republic of Buryatia under current conditions. The object of the article is the Republic of Buryatia, which is characterized by complex conditions of social and economic development among the regions of Russia. The subject of the study includes social and economic problems and social reference points of the Republic of Buryatia residents. The purpose of the work is to reveal the impact of economic problems, manifested during the crisis, on the social expectations of the population of the republic. Analyzing the production structure and living standards of the population, the authors have used the data for 2015-2016 provided by the Territorial Body of the Federal State Statistics Service for the Republic of Buryatia. The main trends of migration and employment of the population, changes in incomes both in the whole republic and among rural population are given. Particular attention is paid to subjective social orientations of the republic residents under the conditions of the crisis: attitudes toward work, ideas about "good life", immediate plans and long-term aspirations. The authors have used such research methods as economic statistical analysis and sociological survey (formalized interview) on the problems of social integration and disintegration (the number of respondents was 300). The current socio-economic situation in the region indicates a tense situation on the labor market, especially in rural areas. Low incomes of the population put work at the forefront as the main source of livelihood, and the social orientations and immediate plans of the inhabitants of the region are mainly associated with ensuring financial independence and prosperity, while values related to the family and the spiritual world are inferior to the former. The results of the research allow to determine the most acute social and economic problems of the region which can be used to forecast the development of Buryatia, and also to search for growth points for strategic planning.
Abramov R.A., Mukhaev R.T., Sokolov M.S. - Efficiency Criteria of State and Regional Management in Terms of the Project-Based Approach pp. 96-112


Abstract: The object of the research is the state and regional authorities. The subject of the research is the organisational and managing mechanisms that define efficiency of administration in terms of the project-based approach. The need to raise efficiency of state management at all levels of governance is becoming a crucial factor of Russian society's modernization. Defined as the process of transferring management functions and powers from central authorities to regional and local ones, devolution in its turn creates the need to look for efficient mechanisms of implementing socio-economic programs at the regional level. The research methods used by the authors include the analytical method, observation, comparison and description of social processes to study efficiency criteria of state authorities when using the project-based approach as well as the influence thereof on the social and economic development of the society. Adoption of project-based management methods is becoming an important instrument of the state policy aimed at sustainable development of territories. The isuses of institutional and procedural implementation of decentralization processes and granting necessary powers, functions and resources to regional and local authorities are growing especially important. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the project-based approach to state management reveals new opportunities to modernize stage governance and offers a new system for evaluating the management mechanism efficiency at state and local authorities.
Esembekova A.U., Pavlutskikh M.V. - Influence of operating of agricultural organizations of the burial Mound area conditions on efficiency of production of milk pp. 177-186


Abstract: The article of research is totality of the phenomena and processes, characterizing the production of milk in agricultural organizations.Agricultural organizations of the burial Mound area come forward a research object.In the article opinions of some authors are analysed through question of determination of factors influencing on efficiency of production of milk and dairies, an author is present classification of factors influencing on the whole on efficiency of production of milk of agricultural organizations of the burial Mound area.By means of method of groupment and cross-correlation-regressive analysis the basic factor of production of milk is educed in agricultural organizations in the conditions of the burial Mound area. research methods and corresponding to them receptions are economic and statistical, calculation-structural, cross-correlation-regressive, method of groupment etc.As a result of undertaken a study it is set that on efficiency of production of goods, in particular, milk, totality of factors has influence, such as internal and external. Thus an actual value acquires presently co-operation and diversification of production. the conducted analysis showed that in agricultural organizations of the burial Mound area diversification of production is poorly developed and consequently, high prime price of milk, that negatively influences on efficiency of his production.
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