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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Service sector: management & economics"
Service sector: management & economics
Korobkova Y.E. - Corporate Culture of the Russian Merchantry as an Example of Socially Oriented Business pp. 1-15


Abstract: The object of the research in this article is the corporate culture of the Russian pre-revolutionary business and its sources. The subject of the research is the Russian business before revolution. The problem of socially oriented business as one their main conditions of creation of business reputation is a topical issue nowadays. In her article Korobkoba examines how the problem was solved at the end and the beginning of the XX century by Russian businessmen 64% of whom were the so called Old Believers. The ethical code of Old Belief demanded honest work and business, discipline, asceticism in private life, and social responsibility. Therefore, the author studies the business ethics stated in 1912 in "The Seven Principles" of business management in Russia and the corporate culture created during that period at the enterprises. In her research the author uses analytical and comparative methods as part of the comparative analysis. The main conclusions of the author in the comparative analysis are that in business pre-revolutionary Russian business was guided by the ethical code of Old Belief. The main thing in this code – honest work for the benefit of society which was considered as service to God. Credo of Old Believers merchants - "Everything for business – nothing for yourself". The majority of enterprise dynasties endowed big money for charity and considered a duty to care of employees of the enterprises, creating conditions for life. Such relation provided the maximum loyalty of workers to the enterprises that excluded turnover of staff and increased labor motivation, eventually, provided enterprise success of firms, determined in many respects the rapid economic growth of Russia during this period.Novelty of article is that the review of organizational cultures of the enterprises of the Russian businessmen of the end of the XIX beginning - the XX centuries of which formation business ethics of Old Belief are the cornerstone is offered.
Degtyarev A.N., Mukhametzyanov I.Z., Rozhkova N.V. - Methodology of Constructing the Hierarchical Structure of Development Indicators in the Sphere of Travel Business Based on Fuzzy-Logic Decision-Making Procedures pp. 45-57


Abstract: The subject of the research is the factor set. The object of the research is the sphere of travel services. Tourism, having multilevel nature of activity affects practically all spheres of activity, as his use as the instrument of stimulation of social and economic development both on regional, and on national levels allows. The special attention is paid to the factors influencing the sphere of tourism: state regulation, places of stay, quality of the provided services, advertizing activity and others which are a basis of the offered model. Authors have offered methodology of creation of effective system of indicators of development in the sphere of travel business on rules of support of decision-making with use of the indistinct theory of sets and a method of the analysis of hierarchies. And an assessment of indicators the integrated factors, such as policy of the state are applied to construction; advertizing activity; attributes of the place of stay; quality of tourist services. Hybrid AHP-Fuzzy model as fundamentals of methodology of creation of effective system of indicators of development of the industry of tourism is developed. The analysis of system effectiveness of indicators on the basis of model of an indistinct logical conclusion, with use of a method of a variation of a factorial set with various dimensions of entrance factors is carried out. The methodology of an assessment of parameters offered in our work with use of indistinct and logical tools and expert estimation provides ranging of all factors and sub-factors defining efficiency of development of the sphere of tourism in Russia in modern international and social and economic conditions. The received results of expert research will be coordinated by the representations received from the review of literature. The weight of the main indicators of efficiency of development of the sphere of tourism, given above, clearly give answers to the main issues of this research, namely provide a clear and clear picture of actions to the Russian managers of tourism and marketing managers of travel agencies.
Elshin L.A., Gayazov Z.F., Prygunova M.I. - Methodological Approaches to Scenario Forecastign of the System of Public Catering in Russian Regions pp. 121-131


Abstract: The subject of the research is a set of factors defining unique parameters of the development of regional public catering systems. The sector of public catering plays an important role in Russia's population employment just like in all developed countries (the share of people employed in the public catering sector reaches 0.92% of the total number of employed people). It is also important for the development of small and medium businesses (the share of business entities working in the sphere of public catering is 1.27% of the total number of business enterprises), and tourist sphere. The authors of the article emphasize the need for the differentiated approach to analyzing regional development strategies of the aforesaid economic sector. Based on that, the authors present results of the cluster analysis which allows to divide Russian Federation regions into groups depending on the key factors of the public catering development. The authors' contributoin to the topic is that they offer their own algorithm for identifying key areas in accordance with the defined peculiarities of the regional development. Quite interesting (from the research point of view) is a discovedred fact that for a number of regions referred to clusters 'Leaders', 'Outsiders' and 'Prospective Leaders', the dynamics of investments into the main capital in the sphere of public catering did not have a considerable influence on the dynamics of the turnover in the aforesaid economic sector. This creates a research basis for studying alternative factors of increasing the turnover. 
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