Статья 'Попадание в десятку: центробежные и центростремительные силы регионов ' - журнал 'Социодинамика' - NotaBene.ru
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Hitting the Bull's Eye: 'Centrifugal' and 'Cintripetal' Forces of Regions

Rozanova Lyudmila Ivanovna

PhD in Economics

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of Economics of the Karelian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

185030, Russia, respublika Resp Kareliya, g. Petrozavodsk, pr. A.Nevskogo, 50

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Abstract: The author of the article analyzes the position of regions that have been included in the top ten and the last ten regions based on the produced gross regional product. This is a very topical issue to study because the gap between the aforesaid groups of regions is quite significant: for a long period of time the leading regions have been superseding regions outsiders by 50 times or even more. This gap isn't  closing at all. The author of the article considers particular factors that have an impact on the position of regions in the first and the last groups of Russian regions where the main emphasis is placed on the GRP structure. Industrial capacity of leading regions, as the most significant factor of successful development of economy is estimated. In regions outsiders the factors interfering effective use of resources, breaking optimum proportions of structure of a value added are also allocated. In research of regional development the comparative method, the vertical and horizontal analysis is used. On their basis the main proportions of analyzed indicators, absolute and relative values of compared indicators are defined. The main result of the conducted research is revealed by the author of disproportions in structure of VRP of polar groups of the regions, causing gap depth between leading and lagging behind regions. The author considers that at this conjuncture the main emphasis of distributive policy of the state has to be placed on stimulation of economic activity in regions outsiders. The policy of redistribution operating for today, is inefficient. At its invariance in a situation of the deepest differentiation of regional development increase of the centrifugal forces conducting to disintegration of communications, in lagging behind regions will be prompter, and the capacity of leading regions as powerful centripetal force will constantly support these centers of growth.

Keywords: migration processes, GRP structure, regional polarization, regions outsiders, leading regions, industrial policy, differentiation, disparity of development processes, regional development, catching up with other regions
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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