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Labour Mobility: Competition-Free Enviroment with Prospects for Development

Rozanova Lyudmila Ivanovna

PhD in Economics

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of Economics of the Karelian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

185030, Russia, respublika Resp Kareliya, g. Petrozavodsk, pr. A.Nevskogo, 50

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Abstract: The problem of labour mobility is usually viewed as the part of current economic changes that create the need to transfer labour resources. Many researhers focus on living conditions that arise after an employee moves to a new place of work and residence. Noteworthy that these researchers believe that the important goal of the housing policy should be accomodation of workers because today labour mobility is rather limited due to the fact that it is impossible for a worker to find a new place of residence in a new region. The author of the present research article analyzes the process of labour migration within the industry sector and intensity of such migration depending on different ecoomic activities. Special attention is paid to the processes of acceptance and dismissal of employees in in economic sectors with a high level of labour mobility. The present research of the problems of labour migration is based on the comparative analysis and statistical evidence about the changes in the number of accepted and dismissed in relation to the average number of employees performing a particular economic activity. The scientific importance and novelty of research is the discovery of optimal proportions of the transfer of human capital assets that is supposed to encourage career advancement and personal self-improvement. 
The author concludes that in some sectors, especially in the service sector, a high level of labour mobility decreases the quality of human capital assets and therefore lowers the quality of the services offered. In order to provide competent staff in the economic sector, it is necessary to pay more attention to improving the working conditions and payment for hired employees. 

Keywords: human capital assets, structural changes, activities, labour mobility, working conditions, career advancement, competition, employer, the share of the service sector, post-industrial period
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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