Man and Culture - rubric Architecture and design
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Architecture and design"
Architecture and design
Chang X. - Environmental design and cognate disciplines pp. 35-46


Abstract: This article examines the interrelation between environmental design and cognate disciplines, such as design of architectural environment and landscape architecture. The research is structured on the sources of Russian and Chinese authors. The article consists of five parts. The first one explores the classification of environmental design and cognate disciplines in educational systems of Russia and China. The second part describes the peculiarities in development of the academic discipline “Environmental Design” in the aforementioned countries. The third and fourth parts underlined the similarities and differences between environmental design, landscape architecture, and design of architectural environment. The key research method became the comparative analysis, applied in studying the various areas of activity, as well as systemic analysis for examination of educational structures of different countries. In the course of this study, the author talks about the “artistic” specificity of environmental design as an academic discipline, referred to education in the field of “art” in Russia and China. The disciplines “Design of Architectural Environment” and “Landscape Design” are included in the fields of “Practice of Engineering” and “Agriculture”. Despite the fact that the three disciplines reviewed by the article consider environment as a culture and value space, dissimilarities in their classification in the context of educational system form the difference between them with regards to preparation of students.
Zhigaltsova T. - The village of Vorzagory: spatial organization and monuments of the cultic wooden architecture pp. 57-66


Abstract: The subject of this research is the historical settlement of Vorzagory located in Onega District of Archangelsk Oblast. It has multiple cultic monuments of regional significanc: Vvedenskaya Winter church, NIkolskaya Summer church, bell tower, Church of Sts. Zosima and Savvatiy. The object of this research is the review of the structure of spatial organization of the settlement as a reflection of world perception of the dwellers of White Sea coast. In May of 2018, within the framework of the project “Wooden Temple in the Context of Studying the Russian Traditional Culture: Syncretism of the Material and Religious (based on the materials of the Russian North and Arctic)” was performed the expedition “Historical Settlement of Vorzogory (“Pogost with villages”)”. This settlement territorially simultaneously refers to the typical rural settlements in the Russian North and Artic territory of Onezhskoye Pomorye. The scientific novelty lies in coverage of the previously unpublished archival and field materials. The result of research lies in determination of the structural content of spatial organization of the village of Vorzagory, where the “pogost” is used as a town-forming dominant. The acquired data and analyzed materials can be applied in scientific, educational and museum activities.
Nazarova L. - Current Trends of Style Formation in Design of Museum Web Sites pp. 77-90


Abstract: Composition of museum web sites is aimed at organization of art elements (text, two- and three-dimensional graphics, audio- and video materials) and creation of the hierarchy of their components. This allows to harmonize the space of the multimedia product as a creative art, to formulate and specify the image and sound models and predict special features of the consumer culture. For a designer it is very important to express their creative intention by using the graphic arts and make it understandable for the audience. The subject matter of the research described in the article is the designing of a museum web site as a multimedia product. The focus of the research is the process of designing of a musem web site as a multimedia product and criteria for evaluating the design of a museum web site as a multimedia product including: the structure of the scenario (multi-variant and non-linear), functions (easy to use navigation, good usability of websites) , correspondence of the multimedia design to the creative intention and stylistic elements of oneof the three paradigms of culture development (classic, modernism or post-modernism).  
Gudkova T.V. - Architectural-artistic expression of style and way of life in a minimalist living space pp. 106-114


Abstract: The subject of this study is the architectural-artistic expression of style ofl ife and ways of life in the residential minimalistic architectural space. The article discusses the architectural living space as a small social space, which has similar characteristics to the general concept, but at the same time, it has specific features. The generality of the functions of architectural space as a more general category, and residential architectural space, gives reason to research it on par with other architectural social spaces. The author marked features that are typical to minimalistic architectural space, as well as reflect the way and style of life. Based on the anthropological approach, minimalistic residential architectural space is considered as a special way of objectifying itself through architectural and artistic means of style and way of life. By the virtue of the basic stylistic means of minimalistic architecture, the author concludes that the leading means of the architectural-artistic expression of the style and ways of life in minimalistic living space consist in simplicity, hollowness, and functionality: simplicity in everything (objects, furniture, surfaces, functions, etc.); hollowness of the inner space (no things with minimum of the furniture); as well as the quality and high-tech functionality of vital processes in the "sleep-awake" mode.
Sokolova M.V. - Victorian country house as a mirror of the Victorian lifestyle pp. 121-130


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the social aspect in the history of British manor architecture. The author examines the design of a Victorian country house, which fairly accurately reflects a particular lifestyle common to the English landlord of Victorian era. The article gives detailed characteristics to the two main elements of the English manor house – the so-called master unit and service facilities; as well as analyzes the structure of each part, and what role their elements played in everyday life of the manor’s owner. Besides the traditional for the art history method such as formal analysis, the author resorts to the meticulous study of layout concepts, using the historical-cultural methods. Despite the fact that the Victorian manor house often became the subject of detailed research, there are very few attempts to trace the correlation between its architectural concept and peculiarities of lifestyle of a specific social class in a specific era.  Pragmatic thinking, characteristic to the era of positivism, generates the desire to find the most rational solution corresponding to the requests of a Victorian family.
Grigoreva M.B. - Leading project methods of interpretation of traditional culture in formation of an artistic image of the environment (on the example of modern public interiors of Crimea) pp. 127-136


Abstract: The subject of this research is the imagery and stylistic solution of modern public interiors located on the territory of Crimea (hotels and restaurants) arranged in ethnic style. In the past decade application of the elements of traditional culture as fundamental in creation of the image of public space gained popularity, which defines the relevance of this topic. First and foremost, it is associated with the revival of interest to folk culture: authentic cuisine, folklore, surrounding environment, which in turn, is a certain response of humanity to the ongoing globalization processes. The goal of this work consists in determination of the leading project methods in creation of ethnic atmosphere of a public space on the example of objects located on the territory of Crimea. The study is based on the analysis hotels and restaurants as most expressive objects from the artistic perspective. The scientific novelty consists in a comprehensive analysis of public objects with explicit stylization of Central Asian art. Determination of artistic techniques ensures a systematic approach to the assessment of artistic value of modern public spaces. The creation of image is viewed from the perspective compositional methods, which in turn, become the basis for further design and décor of the environment. As a result, the author reveals the two leading methods in formation of the image: retrospective and authorial stylization. It is established that both method have positive and negative side with regards to perception by a recipient. Practical significance of the study consists in formation of possible evaluation categories in the analysis of creative approaches of authors towards implementation of ethnic theme in designing environments.
Chang X. - The project Dance of Leaves an example of arranging exhibition space within the framework of environmental design pp. 131-145


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the various methods of creating exhibition space as a specific artistic form of interactivity. The foundation for this research became the original project “Dance of Leaves”. The name is associated with the theme and visual content of the exhibition, which is dedicated to the role of photographer and photographs in modern life. This also defines the social significance of the project. The selected theme is reflected in exhibition structure, executed in form of trees and leaves, where a photographer is compared to a tree giving life to the leaves – the photographs. Besides the methods of exhibitory and environmental design, the author applied different technological approaches, which turned the exhibition into a platform for interaction between the exhibition space and a person. One of such approaches became the use of various lightening approach. The research also demonstrates the role of social communication methods in creating designer projects. The conclusion is made that the design of exhibition space is a platform than incorporates the art and technologies. It is not just the phenomenon within the framework of a sign event or platform for information exchange or interactivity between the attenders or attenders and environment, it is also the phenomenon that may be continues outside the boundaries of a specific place or time, as well has functional meaning in everyday life.
Lebedev N. - The experience of design engineering of industrial equipment: to the question on standardization in industrial design (based on the project of modernization of testing equipment of the Indian company BiSS) pp. 161-184


Abstract: Relevance of the covered in this article questions of referring to standardization in the course of design engineering is defined nu the observed over the recent decade changes in the character of organization of the surrounding a human object world, its complication and growing disarray. The subject of research is the specificity of implementation of standardization principles in project engineering of industrial design with emphasis on interpretation of the latter as the activity on development of user experience. Special attention is given to the description and analysis of experience of referring to project capabilities of standardization in the course of developing design for industrial testing equipment. The author examines the modern research in the area of industrial design, as well classical works in the field of design theory. The scientific novelty consists in determination and specification of the role of standardization in modern industrial design, which currently underlies the development of experience of user interaction. An important outcome became the creation of a project, which novelty is substantiated by international patent. The result of implementation of standardization principles in the course of design engineering of control and protection mechanisms of testing equipment lies in the complex solution of such tasks, as ensuring stylistic unity of the entire product line, ergonomics of operators’ positions, conservation of material, human and time resources. The author outlines the prospects of implementation of standardization in industrial design in the nearest futures due to the need for bringing a growing array of technical devices to a common standard.
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