Man and Culture - rubric Styles, trends, schools
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Styles, trends, schools"
Styles, trends, schools
Sokolova M.V. - Style issues in suburban architecture of Richard Norman Shaw pp. 40-45


Abstract: The object of this research is the style issue in the works of British architect of the late Victorian era Richard Norman Shaw. The subject of this research is the area that holds an especially important place in Shaw’s works – the suburban homes, because namely the suburban architecture becomes a so-called litmus paper that allows determining the processes that take place in British architecture over the last decades of the XIX century. The article also analyzes the projects of his contemporary and colleague George Devey. The elements of volume-spatial composition, façade composition, and architectural décor of the suburban homes of British architect are subjected to a comprehensive art analysis. The following conclusion was made: in the end of the Victorian Era, the suburban architecture in England experiences a crisis associated with the loss of value of the land property for social status of its owner. Thus, property sized become smaller and suburban homes turn into the new role model. A modest farm cottage rather that a manor house inspires the new-generation architects, particularly R. N. Shaw, which inevitably leads to the substantial transformation of the stylistics of suburban homes.
Devyatov V.S. - Russian folk song in the scenic conditions and ways to preserve it pp. 79-90


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the questions of existence and preservation of the folk song tradition in Russia. The author underlines the place and role of the Russian folk song within the national culture as a collective folklore notable for its profusion and diversity. The goal of this work consists on the analysis of systemic changes currently unfolding in the folk-song culture, identification of their caused and forecasting of results of the determined characteristic trends. Functionality of the song folklore in the scenic conditions is viewed as a factor of transformation of the folk music culture. In the course of this research, the author leans on the diachronic method of culturological analysis; as well as applies the comparative-historical and structural functional approaches. The article determines the positive and negative aspects related to innovation processes within the folk music culture; as well as suggests a set of measures aimed at preservation and popularization of the folk song art. The author underlines that the Russian folk song is an important component of the country’s cultural and historical heritage.
Aleksandrov N.N. - The third phase of engineer style Ц decadence pp. 94-109


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the development of design over the period of 1942 – 1960’s. This period is not sufficiently studies within the history of design. The difficulty of coverage of the regularities of this stage consist in the fact that a part of it falls on the period of the World War. Considering such specificity, the author forms an image of development of the European and American design. The European line of design originate the new style, while the American acquires them with a delay. This period in the history of design is presented based on the cyclical methodology. The author applies method of existential systemogenetics, which is the progression of the general systemogenetics and technogenetics, theory of cycles, and theory of mentality. The new aspect consists in examination of the period from 1942 to 1953 as stylistically homogeneous, characterized by the decadence of engineer style. The work introduces the new notions about the “postponed development” within the stylistic tends due to the war, which explains the bloom of the “Detroit Baroque”. The author establishes the unity of formal trends in “Stalinist Baroque” and “Detroit Baroque”.  
Aleksandrov N.N. - Genesis and composition of Art Deco style pp. 98-117


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the important in development of design period (1931-1942) that is known as Art Deco. The author reveals its overall stylistic orientation, including the presences of Art Deco trends in the early Stalinist style. The examined period (decade of Art Deco dominance) is viewed as a sequence of alternation of the four stylistic trends, referred to as a famous in theory of design functional, grades, and circular stylization  and their synthesis of the late 1930’s. General methodology of the research is systemic genetics, and partially the cycle theory, including the author’s variation in existential form of both. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in the fact that the genesis of Art Deco is a transitional state from purely engineering manner of the 1920’s to the baroque and decadent manner of engineering style of the 1940’s – 1950’s. This is demonstrated by the reviewed states of Art Deco style that differ in their form.
Limanskaya L.Y. - V.Kandinsky and Avant-Garde Researches in the South-Ukrainian Art Culture of the Early Twentieth Century pp. 116-152


Abstract: The origins of the development of various areas of avant-garde art of the first decades of the twentieth century, largely due to the global activities of Vasiliy Kandinsky, David Burliuk, Vladimira .Izdebsky, T.Fraerman, A.mshey Nyurenberg, Michael .Boychuk. Important role in the artistic life of the region played Odessa Art School, many graduates who continued their education in the major artistic and educational centers in Russia and Europe. In search of creative artists of the early twentieth century, shows the influence of French Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, German Expressionism, Italian and Russian Futurism. The variety of artistic styles in the Odessa painting beginning of the twentieth century due to the fact that many graduates of a drawing school continue their education in the Paris, Munich, Krakow, Vienna.The close relationship Odessa artists with Western art centers formed a special artistic atmosphere in which, along with realistic actively developed the latest artistic trends.
Epishin A.S. - Revolutionary Archetypes in Russian Painting of the 1880-1910's. Evolution of Characters pp. 188-205
Abstract: The article reveals the specifics of the revolutionary populist image in Russian painting of the late XIX - early XX centuries, its transformation from the intellectual to the proletarian types under the influence of russian political and historical events. The author analyzes the development of the Russian revolutionary utopia, tracing the transition from the evangelical idea of sacrifice to its meaningful denial, and then to the denial of God. The author's attention focused on the works of artists, members of Russian realist school: Repin I., his disciple Verhoturov N. and Kasatkin N.
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