Man and Culture - rubric Culture of art and the process of creation
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Culture of art and the process of creation"
Culture of art and the process of creation
Shapovalova N.V. - Crimean War in the creative works of veterans of 1812 (based on the oeuvres of P. A. Vyazemsky and F. N. Glinka) pp. 12-19


Abstract: The subject of this article is the poetry of the Russian authors, veterans of Patriotic War 1812 – Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky and Fyodor Nikolaevich Glinka dedicated to the Crimean War and Siege of Sevastopol in 1854-1855. The analysis of their poems created over the period of 1853-1967 is conducted. They touch upon various topics: glorification of heroes and military commanders, military operations in Caucasus, bombardment of Odessa, siege of Sevastopol, perception of Crimean war as religious war, satirical reviews of military operations of the allies, etc. The article also examines the question of comprehension of the Crimean War by Russian society through the prism of the historical experience of 1812. Methodological foundation contains the principle of historical cognition: objectivity and historicism. The author applies the comparative-historical methods: poetry is viewed on the background of publicist works and literary process of the era in general. Reference to fiction predetermined the use of interdisciplinary methods from the arsenal of philology and literature studies, particularly textological methods and structural analysis. The work h reveals the main motifs reflected in the creative works of F. N. Glinka and P. A. Vyazemsky, as their assessment of the events of Crimean War as the representatives of generation of 1812 was not the subject of research. Their poems fit into the extensive palette of national culture of the mid XIX century, emphasizing their importance for personal perception, as well as testimony to the era. Special attention is given to the oeuvres that express the forming historical memory regarding the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
Volf D. - DIY-practices in art culture: history and modernity pp. 31-40


Abstract: The subject of this research is the historical regularities of emergence and development of the DIY-practices (from English “Do It Yourself”) as a type of the amateur creative art. The author reviews different types of DIY-practices within the context of the cultural evolution from Ancient to Modern times, as well as substantiates the place of DIY-practices in the mundane aesthetics and the historical change of a human role as a subject of material and spiritual activity. The historical-genetic method along with the activity approach of this culturological research allowed determining the peculiarities of DIY-practices as a way of creative self-realization within the realm of the art culture. Scientific novelty lies in the multi-aspect retrospective examination of the DIY phenomenon from the perspective of culturology, social psychology, and history of art. The main conclusion consists in the direct connection between the post-industrial stage of social development and spread of DIY-practices in the area of art culture. It is demonstrated that the DIY phenomenon captures many spheres of the modern art culture, from applied arts to music and media arts.
Kanokova F.Y. - Yuri Karasov Ц artist of the free people pp. 47-51


Abstract: The subject of this research is the works of one of the founders of visual art of Karachay-Cherkess Republic. The first professional Nogai painter – Karasov Yuri Baubekovich. The author conducts an art analysis of his artistic and graphic canvases from the ethnographic series “Nogai El”. The article determines the general style and circle of storylines of each composition, reveals the symbolic meaning of the key images, giving particular attention of examination of the compositional schemes, use of technical methods, reckoning of color formulas, and identification of the main coloristic preferences of the painter. The methods of art analysis of the oeuvres include the formal-stylistic and iconographic analysis of the entire series and separately depicted images. The author traces the process of creation of each composition, since the conception of the idea, until the final product; reveal the paths of creative search and sources of inspiration. The scientific novelty consists in introduction into the contemporary art studies of the circle of new, previously unrenowned compositions of the artist.
Rashitov D.D. - Coins as decoration and element of the Tatar traditional costume in the XIX Ц XX centuries pp. 66-88


Abstract: This article discusses the historical-culturological component of coins in jewelry and women's costume of the Volga Tatars in the XIX – XX centuries. The subject of this research is the coins of the tsarist, Soviet and modern Russian periods, which in one way or another were used as a decorative element in the Tatar national costume and jewelry. Research methodology is comprised of the general scientific and private scientific, such as culturological analysis, empirical experience of the author in jewelry restoration, and interview. The article relies on iconographic materials, jewelry, as well as essays and testimonies of the eyewitnesses. The scientific novelty lies in the thematic selection of sources and information, analysis and comparison of the facts. The author touches upon previously unstudied technical and technological aspects in preparation and processing of coins for their use as decoration. The article reveals the specificity of using coins for decorative purposes, provides information and hypotheses based on the sources that describe the use of coins in costume decoration. The author is first to carry out the classification of coins depending on the method of fixation, perforation and elements of the costume. The article describes the method of historical dating based on the technical and technological methods of processing of coins for application in jewelry.
Frolov D. - The works of August Ivans in the context of development of Latvian art culture in the 1920s Ц 1930s pp. 95-103


Abstract: The problematic of studying Latvian art culture after declaring independence in 1918 did not receive due coverage in the works of national researchers. Based on the new facts of artistic biography of the prominent cultural figure of Latvia –  the painter August Ivans (1895-1975), analysis is conducted on the isolated phenomena of the Latvian art culture of the 1920s – 1930s, namely the establishment of higher art education in the Republic of Latvia. The preserved sayings of the painter allow revealing the role of graduates of Russian schools of art in formation of the Latvian Academy of Arts. The author highlights the painter’s role in the process of democratization of the country's art life, which consists in his work on illustrations to the satirical magazines. The establishment of art education in Latvia is reviewed on the basis of life and creative path of the Latvian painter August Ivans for the first time. The role of the graduates of Russian art schools in formation of the Latvian Academy of Arts is also noted. In the 1920s – 1930s, the art life in Latvia became more public, and artists acquired more opportunities to exhibit their paintings. More artists were able to sustain themselves by selling their works. Printing numerous satirical publications designed by A. Ivans led to the process of democratization of art life of the country. This article is also first to publish the information on the death and burial place of the artist.
Seredkina N.N. - To The Question of Methodological Principles of Cultural and Semiotic Approach to Studying the Art of the Small Indigenous Groups of The North, Siberia and Far East pp. 127-146


Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of a cultural and semiotic approach which is viewed as one of the main approaches in studying the art of indigenous groups of the North, Siberia and Far East. The author’s systematization of methodological principals of the cultural and semiotic approach (understanding the culture as a structure which consists of several symbolic systems and cultural texts; the principle of creating the symbols that are actualized in the artistic dialogism; representationism of the culture and symbolic interpretation of the culture’s signs; the notion “value” as one of the key notions in the concept of the art’s semiotic phylosophy) is suggested in the article. The definition of the notion “art” is made clear on the basis of correlating the methodological principles of the cultural and semiotic approach and the ideas of constructivism. The art is understood as a cultural-semiotic set which evokes social senses in individual and collective consciousness and helps to perform verification of the human ideas if the world around and to create our own world vision in the underconsciousness. The method of the research is a conceptual and categorical concepts analysis of the basic notions. The article proves the cultural-semiotic methodological approach ton the analysis of the fine arts objects. The methods of philosophical artistic analysis by V.I. Zhukovskij, N.P. Koptseva, D.V. Pivovarov are used. The most effective methodological strategy for the analysis of the works of art of the native people of the North, Siberia and the Far East is defined for the first time. The double semiotics of the art works is shown as that of cultural texts. Possibilities of cultural-semiotic approach to the analysis of certain works (including the Northern nations living on the territory of the Russian Federation) is analyzed. The problem of the article is of great importance in connection with the new exploration of Siberia and the Far East and the necessity to preserve the unique culture of the native peoples living on that territories.
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