Man and Culture - rubric Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation"
Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
Slabukha A.V. - Establishment of the historical and cultural value of objects of historical and cultural heritage, part 1: organizational and methodical problems pp. 1-8


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the relevant issues of organization of the methodical provision of state measures on establishment of the historical and cultural value of the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of architecture). The problems are being examined in accordance with the requirements of the Federal Law “On the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of culture and history)" of people of the Russian Federation”. The attention is focused on the initial stage of identification of the valuable historical and cultural heritage – substantiation of a decision by the regional authorities of state preservation of the monuments regarding the inclusion of the objects into the list of the identified objects of cultural heritage. The methods of this work include the study of the existing federal legislation and organization of practical work of the government authorities in the area of the objects of cultural heritage. The author determines that there is now developed system for establishment of value of the objects pf heritage for the purpose of its implementation at the initial stage of decision-making by the regional authorities of preservation. The article explains the need for formulation of the formalized the methodical provision for establishment of the value of the object. The author expresses propositions on the improvement of the forms of efficient work regarding the establishment of the historical and cultural value of an object that has signs of the object of historical heritage.
Slabukha A.V. - Establishment of the historical and cultural value of objects of architectural heritage (part II): criteria and method in the modern expert practice pp. 9-22


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the methodical issues of the establishment of historical and cultural value of the objects of cultural heritage in accordance with the Federal Law “On the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of culture and history)" of people of the Russian Federation”. The work is focused on the question of methodic of the appraisal at the stage of decision-making by the regional authorities about the inclusion of the object (monument of architecture) into the list of the identified objects of cultural heritage”. There have been established various ideas about the criteria of the historical and cultural value of the monuments, however, there is no generally accepted methodic of their appraisal. Based on the research experience, the author presents the certified expert methodic for establishment of the historical and cultural value of a monument, which contains the complex of value characteristics and criteria of the appraisal. It can be relevant for substantiation of a decision regarding the inclusion of the object into a list of the identified objects of cultural heritage; and as a result – into the public register of the objects of cultural heritage.
Karelina N.A. - Aboriginal tourism a one of the steps towards preservation and development of the culture of Canadas indigenous population pp. 20-25


Abstract: The subject of this research is the development of aboriginal tourism in Canada as one of the priority directions towards preservation and development of the cultural heritage of its indigenous population. Aboriginal tourism in Canada is define by the activity of such tourism agencies and organizations, which mostly belong to the representatives of indigenous people – First Nations, Métis, Inuit, managed and/or controlled by them. Special emphasis is made to the economic indicators of such type of tourism industry, as well as the core activities of aboriginal tourism agencies, their concept and development trends from the perspective of sustainable development of the territories used for preservation and promotion of the traditional cultural practices and language of the First Nations communities. The conducted research demonstrates the sustainable development of aboriginal tourism in Canada, escalating interest of tourists and the indigenous population. One of the key factors contributing to such increase becomes the tourists’ intention to obtain new cultural experience and knowledge, along with the desire of aboriginal communities to improve their socioeconomic situation and promote further preservation of the traditional economy and native culture. Therefore, the author underlines the annual increase in employment rate among the representatives of indigenous population and the range of tourist activities implemented by them. Such experience is of special practical importance for the creation of regional programs for support and development of the indigenous minorities of Russia.
Zhigaltsova T. - Village of Vorzogory historical settlement of Onezhskoye Pomorye of Arctic zone of the Russian Federation pp. 21-31


Abstract: This article examines the historical settlement Vorzogory of Onezhsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast as a subject of historical-cultural heritage of the European North and Arctic during the process of formation of the community and traditional culture of the Russian subethnos – the Pomors. The work is conducted within the framework of scientific project “Comprehensive Research of Establishment and Transformation of the Historical-Cultural Heritage in Ethno-Social Dynamics of the European North and Arctic” based on the archival and expeditionary material. The theoretical-methodological foundation of the study in accordance with its interdisciplinary character contains a set of methods: systemic, historical-typological, cultural-historical, sociocultural, ethno-culturological, architectural-art, historical-archive, architectural-ethnographic exploration of the historical settlements of Onezhsky District. As a result of this study the author determines the peculiarities of spatial organization, typology “pogost with villages”, toponymic and planning structure of the historical settlement Vorzogory of Onezhsky District; describes the historical-architectural attributes of the cult and housing architecture of the village of Vorzogory; analyzes and adapts the materials of special expedition to Onezhsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast (2018);  collects and analyzes the new archival sources from the State Archive of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Research and Development Center of Preservation of Historical Monuments and Culture of Arkhangelsk Oblast.
Danilova O.N., Kayak A.B. - Representation of the heritage of proto-design of costumes of indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East in information-creative space of Pacific Rim: glocalizational context pp. 22-30


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the transformation process of the heritage of proto-design of costumes of indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East in the conditions of globalization, which required examination of the current local differences of the culture of indigenous peoples, their ethno-national traditions, genesis and conditions of preservation of the mechanisms of translation of ethnocultural heritage from generation to generation. Therefore, the author uses the term of “glocalization” that allows in contrast with the macro-scale globalizational dynamics of events, study the problematic of Pacific Rim and specificity of sociocultural processes taking place within this regional space at the micro-level. Methodological foundations is the concept of cross-cultural and cross-civilizational interaction, as well as a number of analytical instruments, including the concept of “information and creative space”, which in the course of this researched proved its theoretical and applied purposefulness and universality. The use of this concept contributed to the efficient carrying out of comparativist analysis of the problematic of inheriting the proto-design of costume of indigenous peoples. Within its framework, the author was able to determine the sociocultural trends and mechanism of inheriting the principles of formation of the objects of costume’s proto-design in the area of ethno- and eco- design of a modern costume. This defines the innovative importance of research, which also demonstrated the instrumentality and optimal theoretical-methodological significance of sincresis of the indicated methodological patterns.
Fedorova S.N. - Characteristics of the model of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 42-49


Abstract: The article examines the problem of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), which goal lies in the analysis of theoretical aspects and practical provisions that reveal the specificity of the regional ethnocultural tourism, adjustment of the acquired results for preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of cities of the republic, as well as the use in tourism for its future improvement and development. This work presents the only aspect of research – the model of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Methodological foundation contains the principles of systemic-structural, cultural-geographic, historical, civilizational, and culturological approaches. The scientific novelty lies in determining and characterizing the resource potential of the types of ethnocultural tourism of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as the culturally and socially effective forms of using the preserving the natural-cultural heritage in the modern conditions. The specific attributes of ethnocultural tourism are described.
Urmina I.A. - Modern information technologies as a resource of translation of sociocultural knowledge pp. 47-53


Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern state of sociocultural space, including on a global dimension. The author examines the problems of knowledge acquisition by the young generation, in a heterogeneous and chaotically vectored information flow, coding and decoding of ambiguous meanings of the object of cultural-historical heritage. Formation of the model of inheritance as a choice by different generations of its various parts is analyzes. The field of scientific knowledge is viewed as a combination of the accumulated by humanity systematized objective knowledge. The article examines the role of science focused on the rational, substantiated, and reliable knowledge of people about their circles and themselves, which intersubjectively, may be divided and translated by the people in communicative processes. The author also assesses the importance of cultural heritage, including scientific, which for the new generation is just an illustrative information, unrelated to the current realities, requiring actualization – the rational acquisition for the purpose of using in solving the vital tasks. The scientific novelty lies in the analysis of possible introduction of communicative potential of the electronic and digital technologies into the practice of transmission of the cultural heritage. It is underlined the such technologies should not replace the narrative ways of translating sociocultural and scientific heritage, and its development should consider the fact that the primary and permanent qualities of classical science until the XXI century in modern science were complemented by the secondary that lead to reassessment of the quantitative methods and classifications.
Kudryashov S.M. - Swedish Model of Relations Between Church and State pp. 53-80


Abstract: Peculiarity of the Swedish Church is its acive participation in implementation of state programs such as preservation of cultural legacy, elimination of consequences after crises and catastrophes and care about graveyards regulated by the government. Participation of the Swedish Church in implementation of these projects helps the Church to retain its influence and reputation in the society despite global secularization ongoing in the world now. 
Mulyzeva A.B. - Ethnical Singularity of Anthropomorphic Images Presented in Samara Clay Toys pp. 56-72


Abstract: The author of the article analyzes anthropomorphic images in clay toys in terms of their mental ethnic features and semantics. These are the souvenirs made by modern craftsmen who live in the Samara Region. Their artwork reflects the polyethic composition of the people living within the Volga Territory. The analysis is made by using the methods of cultural research, ethnography and history. The following three classifications of the toy are offered: depending in the form, structure and decorating technique. 
Iakovleva E. - Gastronomic improvisation: porridges in Tatar cuisine pp. 57-67


Abstract: The object of this research is the Tatar national cuisine. The analysis of its recipes in the menu of Tatar people recorded in the XIX century alone led to the conclusion on the significant amount of porridges and porridge-type dishes in the first-course and second-course meals, as well as a variety of baked goods used as filling. Porridge making of Tatar people has ancient roots, which is substantiated by their agricultural activity, growing grain and legumes. The popularity of porridges in everyday and festive menu is the indicator of the nutrition value, as it is rich with protein, carbs and vitamins. Cooked in a large kettle over an open fire porridges become a powerful cultural symbol of bringing people together, fruitfulness, prosperity and abundance. The author puts forwards a hypothesis that the Tatar delicacy chak-chak made out of flour, eggs and honey epitomizes grain and becomes a symbolic substitution of porridge during the teatime.
Shchuplenkov N.O. - Preservation of national and cultural identity and the search for new forms of emigration in the pp. 58-84


Abstract: The article discusses the main activities for the conservation of the national cultural identity of Russian emigrants of 1920–1930. Caught in a cultural environment, the Russian diaspora was forced to create new patterns of behavior are often conflicting with the former way of life that threatened social fragmentation, conflict with other countries, denationalization. Deep concern about the thinking part of the Russian diaspora loss of national ideals, national and cultural traditions determined the active search for spiritual scrapie. In today's Russian historical memory of the recent experience preservation of national and cultural identity of Russian emigrants of 1920–1930 may help to understand the best ways to the development of society.Retrospective method allows you to restore the historical space, against which there was a process of conservation of national and cultural identity.The role of Russian traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church in the formation and maintenance of national and cultural identity of immigrants. Highlighted several levels that make up the identity of the Russian emigrants, which allowed them a long time to maintain identity in a cultural environment: verbal, psychological and structural level and the cultural value of awareness. The role of the Russian emigration "cultural bridge" between Western civilization and Russia.
Smirnova E.A. - V. V. Magars spectacle Othello (Sevastopol Academic Russian Dramatic A. Lunacharsky Theatre, 2011) pp. 59-72


Abstract:   The subject of this research is the poetic style of the spectacle “Othello” created by Vladimir Magar in 2011 in the Sevastopol Academic Russian Dramatic A. Lunacharsky Theatre. The article analyzes the main peculiarities of the theatre director’s artistic manner: creation of the atmosphere of a game and romantic two-worldness; use of multicomponent literary-dramaturgical basis of performance; mounting composition and music structure; combination of various ways of actor’s existence, leitmotif system, etc. The author examines the role of scenography, music, and other components of a dramatic act. The work applies the comparative-historical method, personal spectator’s experience of the author and analysis of print media dedicated to the spectacle. Works of the Sevastopol theatre director Vladimir Magar are absolutely unstudied, and this article manifests as a continuation of research of the poetic style of his spectacles. The analysis of poetic style of the spectacle “Othello” is essential for comprehending the key principles of Magar’s directing activity. The research of his directing manner helps restoring the obscured pages in the history of Russian theatre.   
Bleikh N.O. - Educational trends in the work of the founder of Ossetian literature Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov pp. 64-72


Abstract: The subject of this article is the creative heritage of Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov. Based on the archival research and documentary materials examined his life and educational legacy. The author carefully examines the pedagogical beliefs of the thinker, who not being a pedagogue, made a significant contribution into the spiritual heritage of the Caucasian nations. Special attention is turned to his views on questions of national education in South Ossetia: the expansion of chain of schools, didactic principles of teaching, training of national personnel. Methodology if this work is presented by the philosophical terms of correlation between the social development and education regarding the historical and social consituation of pedagogical thought, as well as tole of personality in history. The conducted research demonstrated that Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov was a critic of the existing system of education and upbringing of the young citizens, offering his original view upon the structure of the new school. The conclusion is made that the idea of Kosta Khetagurov on the development of school learning are still relevant and have great practical value.
Iakovleva E. - Reconstruction of gastronomic code of the Tatar national cuisine pp. 68-79


Abstract: The object of this research is the analysis of specificity of national cuisine of the Tatars of the Middle Volga Region and Trans-Urals of the late XIX – early XX century for the purpose of determination of its gastronomic code. It formation was strongly affected by the natural-geographic, cultural-historical and religious factors. In accordance with the recipes, gastronomic code of the Tatar people contains a certain set of food products, their combination, and cooking technique; it also reflects the life stance of the nation, which considers food as divine gifts, luxury and blessing. This is demonstrated in folk wisdom and hospitability of the Tatars, who have respect for the cooking process and tasting of food. Gastronomic code was structured at the intersection of the intuitive, emotional and rational, material and spiritual, which formed the image of food of the Tatar people. The indicated problematic is viewed by means of the cultural-historical analysis and studying of recipes that allow confirming the hypothesis on the existence of gastronomic code in the culture of the Tatar people of the Middle Volga Region and Trans-Urals of the late XIX – early XX century. The author makes an attempt to reconstruct their gastronomic code, determining its main components. The presented material can be valuable for the future research on gastronomic code of the Tatar national cuisine, dynamic of its development, as well as correlation between the culture and tradition of the nation.
Kimeeva T.I., Polevod V.A. - Methods of actualization of the historical-cultural and natural heritage in activity of university museum pp. 72-79


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the work of university museum “Archeology, Ethnography, and Ecology of Siberia” pertaining to actualization of the objects of historical-cultural and natural heritage in form of ethnographical and entomological collections of the museum, which in turn are viewed as the object of this research. The goal of the article consists in determination of the peculiarities of actualization of heritage within the framework of cultural-educational activity of the museum, as well as substantiation of the approaches, methods, and recommendations that contribute into optimization of the activity, when the collections based on museum methods are included into the modern sociocultural space. Analysis of actualization of museum collection as a whole, considering the specific characteristics of ethnocultural and natural heritage, is based on the systemic methodological approach. Scientific novelty of this article manifests in the necessity of identification of opportunities to include the various types of heritage into the modern museum space, as well as improve the theoretical base on actualization of such heritage with regards to the museum practices. The research reveal the extensive opportunities and prospects of actualization not just the ethnographical materials, but also entomological collections.   
Nazanyan K.G. - Trends in establishment of the system of historic preservation in Russia during the late XIX century: the role of Orthodox clergy pp. 73-79


Abstract: This article examines the gradual realization of the need for preserving the relics of ancient times among the secular expert and representatives of the Orthodox clergy, as well as the steps made by the state and Russian Orthodox Church (as a part of government) regarding the conservation of ancient church monuments in the XIX – early XX centuries. The analysis of literary sources allows drawing a conclusion about the creation of a unified system of historic preservation, which was previously impeded by the Russian revolutionary events of 1917. The article names the causes that hindered the establishment of the national system of historic preservation. The scientific novelty is characterized by the analysis of the indicated sources and literature: from the periodical press of the XIX century until the contemporary research. The author introduces into the academic discourse the fact about the activity of unrenowned personalities of clerical hierarchy.  
Belozor A.F. - Cultural security as the foundation of cultural identity pp. 80-86


Abstract: The goal of this research is to reveal the significance of cultural security of a carrier of certain religious and ethical values as the foundation of their cultural self-determination. The article analyzes the essence of the phenomenon of cultural security, its role and place within the national and global security. The author describes the gravity of considering the factors of cultural identity and multiculturalism in development of the strategy of global security. Special attention is given to the importance of realization of the own cultural security by the carriers of various cultures living in the same country. The author presents the analysis of different scientific approaches towards the content of the concept of “cultural security”. Terminological chain of “cultural identity”, “cultural threat”, “multiculturalism” is also introduced into the content of research. The object of this publication is the cultural security, while the subject is the impact of cultural threats upon the cultural self-identity. The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive analysis of the poly-object specificity and subject field of cultural security, as well as its influence upon the formation by an individual of their cultural identity. The author concludes that the correlation between the culture, cultural self-identity and security is the fixative link within the processes of social life. In this case, culture manifests as a competent element of national and international security due to is multi-aspect character. The realization by the representatives of national minorities and titular nation of the security of their cultures, traditions, material and religious heritage is the key factor for preserving the conflict-free situation in the country, as well as establishment of the spiritual and ethical unity of the citizens.
Rusanov V.V. - Confessional Challenge as a Mean of Self-Identification (the Case Study of the Altaian Nation) pp. 95-104


Abstract: In the present article the author considers ways of national self-determination of the Altai people within the movement of Burkhanism. Under the influence of historical events, the national choice of Mountain Altai moved from aspiration to ethnic self-determination on the religious base, to national politically registration of idea of independent Mountain Altai. The author, considers the deep reasons and a confessional situation in the foreign environment. Specifics of the public relations of the population of Mountain Altai at the beginning of the XX century are opened. The interrelation of events in the context of historical memory and national and cultural mentality of the Altai people is shown. Proceeding from nature of modern historical and legal knowledge, the author aspired to organic compound of elements of the social analysis, cultural and anthropological approach. The general scientific principles of historicism and objectivity were the basis for research. Scientific novelty is that in the offered research, the religious way of self-identification in the territory of Mountain Altai, is presented as uniform - continuous ethnonational search. Ways of national self-determination of the Altai people at the beginning of the XX century, are considered not only in a complex that earlier wasn't undertaken, but the main thing – with reflection of internal essence of the occurring events and the phenomena.
Faritov V.T. - Pushkin and Nietzsche: Perspectives of comparative literary and philosophical studies pp. 100-125


Abstract: This article discusses the prospects and trends of comparative literary and philosophical study of creative legacy A.S. Pushkin and F. Nietzsche. The parallels to the world outlook of the Russian poet and the German philosopher identified by comparing the facts of life and work; attitude to antiquity, atheism, paganism and Christianity; views on human rights and modern culture. The purpose of the comparative study is explication of the philosophical significance of Pushkin's poetic world in the context of Nietzsche's ideas as the founder of the non-classical paradigm of modern philosophy. The article used the methodological principles and guidelines of such approaches as comparative literature, deconstruction and hermeneutics. The result of the study is the explication of common motifs in the outlook of Pushkin and Nietzsche. The philosophical significance of Pushkin's poetry is revealed not only on the basis the national philosophical thought (Soloviev, V. Rozanov, D. Merezhkovsky, etc..) but also in the context of European philosophy. Thus, disclosed prospects for identifying global significance of Pushkin.
Kenya I.A. - Dialogue of Cultures between Russian and French Civilizations: Names and Fortunes pp. 147-165


Abstract: The article is devoted to symbolic figures in a dialogue of cultures between Russian and French civilizations. These are such authors and poets as Fyodor Tyutchev, Aleksey Tolstoy, Ivan Bunin, political leaders Mikhail Stakhovich, Vyacheslav Tenishev, philsopher and theologist Sergey Bulgakov,  philanthropists and educators the Tenishevs. Their activities are associated with the Bryansk and Orlov regions. The author of the article describes their contribution to development of cooperation between Russia and France in culture, sciene, social sphere and politics. 
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