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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Sociology of culture, social culture"
Sociology of culture, social culture
Bukina T.V. - Scientific Myth-Making At the Times of Brezhnev: Sociology of Music at the End of the 1960's - Beginning of the 1980's pp. 1-41


Abstract: As it is well known, the Era of Stagnation was marked with the revival of social studies after many years of them being prohibited. At the same time, peculiarities of the development of social studies back in those times were the ideological nature of social studies. Changes in the socio-political situation at the turn of 1960 - 70's led to increased control of over social studies by political parties. The author of the present article studies one of the brances of social studies in the Soviet culture - sociology of music. The author describes how that branch of social studies was functioning during the period of 'mature socialism' in the Soviet cultue and analyzes particular styles and genres of writing books in sociology of music from these points of view. Sociology of music was functioning as a tool of cultural policy and was aimed at creating the images of changing Soviet socity and Soviet music culture as it was approved by the Soviet government. 
Golubitskii Y.A. - Metaphor in Artifacts and Professional and Scientific Vocabulary pp. 15-62
Abstract: The article duscusses both traditional application of metaphors in art, literature and cinematograph and less traditional application of metaphors (in social studies, professional vocabulary). Metaphors were first used in literature and scientific vocabulary not so long ago. Based on the example of the interest of the Soviet society towards  the Lesser Dutchmen after the war, the author makes an attempt to understand the cause of their latent attraction to bourgeoisie. The author also analyzes the phenomenon of the Soviet middle class culture as a gnoseological factor of the USSR dissidence. Metaphor is also viewed as a social indicator. 
Bakumenko G.V. - Perception in the sociocultural process of symbolizing success pp. 21-28


Abstract: The object of our attention in this article - socio-cultural process of symbolizing success. For us it is important to consider all components of the designated process. And at this stage of the study is interesting perceptual aspect of it, and that is our subject. The relevance of considering perception of success is dictated by the need to develop a methodology for integrating cultural analysis of socio-cultural process of symbolization of success in social practices and artifacts of culture. In this article we will touch upon the problems of intercultural communication practices in which the process of symbolization success acts as a factor of integration or conflict clash of cultures. Method of philosophical analysis and synthesis allows to update the sensual aspect symbolizing success, building on the achievements of modern science and philosophy. The main conclusion of this study is the position of the syncretic nature of image-symbol of success, which is formed in the mind of the individual by compiling broadcast culture environment. Formation of an image, a symbol of success and its testing in social practices is accompanied by positive feelings psychosomatic subjects of social communication. For a more precise description of the sensory givens culture, we propose to use the concept as affekteme (affectum) atomic element, by analogy with literature developed in a cultural categories semanteme, mifeme, morpheme.
Khoroshikh P.P. - Social motives in art of British band “The Beatles” pp. 26-33


Abstract: This article raises a question about the social issues of British society, which were reflected in art of “The Beatles” band. Emergence of “The Beatles” have impetus to the development of protest movement of the British youth. The lyrics demonstrated not only the moods of the separate social groups, but also covered the general problems of the entire British society, which made the art of “The Beatles” one of the most relevant at the time. Moreover, attention to the lyrics of the band was caught by the fact that the examined problematic often grasped all social strata of the country. The author conducts an informative analysis of the lyrics dedicated to the aforementioned problematic. A conclusion is made that songs of “The Beatles” can be considered an incentive to the development of social protest movement in Great Britain. Analysis of the lyrics allowed suggesting that the art of “The Beatles” band not only actualized the attention of British population towards the social processes within and outside the United Kingdom, but also have become a driving force for the domestic social protest movement, which having received an impulse during the times of “The Beatles”, remains present today.
Polishchuk V.I. - Eternally young and irrepressible slavic peoples pp. 32-44


Abstract: Article is devoted idea of Slavic peoples, slavic identity which for many remains still attractive,¬ exciting and obliging to search for ways of the realisation. The author puts questions: in what its force why ¬ to it come back again and again? And why, despite its respectable enough age, in it the touch something decided, artificial and groundless is still felt¬? The idea of slavic unity is illusory, the author believes, this unity if will be carried out, only at the initiative of the power. It is used analytical and comparative research methods that is caused by necessity of revealing of ideological essence for understanding of a real value and finding-out of the historical status of Slavic peoples.
Bakumenko G.V. - Sociocultural process of symbolization success as a subject of study pp. 41-55


Abstract: In the present article to your attention the sociocultural process of symbolization success as a subject of study is defined as an objective of the dynamic phenomena in the framework of social communication, which has been reflected in historical eventful and cultural artifacts of human activity. Based on the generated ideas about the phenomenon of success in cultural and philological studies, we stress the need to study the procedural nature of the designated object. Hypothetically, we believe that the dynamics of the process of symbolization success reflects patterns of social and cultural development of mankind as a global system of non-hereditary information in the interaction of its constituent elements.We remain in positions of general scientific system of philosophical and analytical method to summarize the accumulated theoretical and empirical material of modern science.Although we conclude the feasibility to develop their own analytical method would not only reveal the detailed sociocultural phenomenon being studied, but also enrich the methodological basis of analysis of Cultural Studies. We believe that cognitive and perceptual components of the perception of the individual social and cultural environment are mediated by the same culture and equally participate in its cybernetic model in the form of atomic semantic structures
Melnikova N.A., Vasil'eva E.V. - The management of sociocultural projects in modern university pp. 41-48


Abstract: The subject of this study is the sociocultural practices of a university and their impact upon the city's cultural agenda. The work examines the new functions of modern universities that are meant to support the development of cultural activities in various forms of sociocultural and experimental practices, which allow discovering the potential for self-realization and self-identification of the students and urban residents. The authors underline that in the educational institution young people acquire the essential sociocultural experience, which in future will significantly influence the formation of their system of values, as well as the further activity, including professional. The article summarizes and analyzes the experience of management of sociocultural projects in Omsk State Technical University, focusing on the experience of using folk culture in fashion projects. The research is based on the sociocultural approach: the study of institutional and non-institutional aspects of social life. Culture is viewed as the main prerequisite and condition for the development of institutions, while personality – as the prerequisite for formation of its non-institutional structures. The main results of the study include the following: sociocultural practices and projects of a university should be “addressed” to the regional and city community, since the universities in modern world have a great impact upon the development of city activities, and called to form the active communities and change cultural agenda. Organizing such topical sociocultural events requires referring to the existing content of world culture and actualization of the cultural codes, which defines their importance in development of the youth subcultures. Thus, the research is aimed at identification of the mechanisms of the effect of such changes upon the urban culture.
Kuchinov A.M. - Approach to Analyzing Political Process From the Point of View of Socio-Cultural Dynamics as an Alternative to 'Political Culture' Approach pp. 43-52


Abstract: The present article tells about the limits of a famous 'political culture' approach. The authors prove that it is necessary to view the problem of interaction between political process and socio-cultural factors from the point of view of their dynamics. 
Kanasz T. - The Role of Hope and Optimism in Modern Culture pp. 47-69


Abstract: The article is devoted to philosophical, psyhological and sociological approaches to understanding socio-cultural phenomena of hope and optimism in modern culture. The purpose of the article is to study both universal and specific aspects of hope and optimism in terms of Polish culture and society. Based on practical sociological researches the author analyzes the significance and peculiarities of hope and optimism in the Polish system of values and mentality. The author makes an emphasis on manifestations of hope and optimism dominating in the Polish society and explains the reasons contributing to the development of defensive and 'expansive' optimism. During the transformation period experienced by the Polish society, hope was very similar to that in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Optimistm or pessimism has been closely related to the social structure of the society as well as the political and economic environment. The role of defensive optimism is usually growing for people who are experiencing a difficult life situation. On the contray, well-to-do people who have a good job and don't have any health issues are more concerned about the expansive optimism as it is aimed at achieving life success. 
Bakumenko G.V. - Symbolizing success as a socio-cultural reflection pp. 58-71


Abstract: The subject of the focus of this article is chosen scientific-philosophical and socio-political debate, initiated by the Research Institute of Applied Ethics, Tyumen State Oil and Gas University in the 1990s. within the public examination of the «doctrine of the success» of the group of authors of the periodical «The Ethics of success». As part of the process of socio-cultural concept symbolizing success there is reason to consider this debate as a form of social and cultural reflection, understand our socio-cultural system as a reaction to the changing conditions of development, manifested in the re-evaluation of the axiological capital, expressed in everyday socio-cultural well-established concepts, such as «success». Socio-cultural approach, common in social philosophy, psychology, sociology and cultural studies is applicable as a method of analyzing social phenomena in the historical and cultural context in identifying universal ways and patterns of human activity. Testing of the proposed method is problematic nature, because the analysis is focused on the historical and cultural context of contemporary phenomena. The novelty of the research is revealed in the author's approach to the synthesis of socio-cultural semiotic-cognitive methods allowing textually expressed tendency to regard social development as having a cultural base system reflections. We noticed by the identity of the modernist project of transformation of the social and cultural reality by total idea of educating a new type of individual Russians in the beginning and at the end of XX century, it concerns a number of controversial and poorly understood issues, attention of the scientific community which is justified in view of their relevance in the socio-cultural aspect of the management process.
Bakumenko G.V. - The concept of socio-cultural process of symbolizing success pp. 59-66


Abstract: The subject of this research is the model of socio-cultural process of symbolizing success, expanding notions of cultural mediation of social dynamics. If the category of socio-cultural process, the process of symbolization and success concept firmly established in the scientific and philosophical discourse, the concept of derivative sociocultural process of symbolization of success is used by us to actualize a new vision of dynamic phenomena. Thus, the purpose of this article is updated by the author's point of view on the cause of cultural dynamics, which is based on generated in the process of survival in the environment of genetically property culture - symbolizing success.At the heart of our research is a systematic approach to cultural phenomena. In which we describe the multi-function model of socio-cultural process of symbolizing success, it is proposed for further tested in the most pressing areas of cultural studies.The main contribution of the author in the study of cultural dynamics is a reinterpretation of modern ideas about cultural mediation sociogenesis based on a hypothetical situation causes of specific ways of mankind's survival in the environment. This method is implemented as a system of symbolization of the positive experience of the individual with the aim of social integration. The same way as a multifunctional model of behavior allows social actors through social communication to navigate the environmental and socio-cultural environment.
Sidorova G.P. - Value of Profession In The Soviet Economic Culture and Images of Popular Art In the 1960-1980's pp. 61-91


Abstract: Profession is one of basic values of economic culture. Based on the system approach, method of historical typology, cultural and historical, semiotic and hermeneutics analysis of art work, the author of the article defines particular features of images of profession in the Soviet popular art in the 1960-1980's. Images of different professions are analyzed in terms of their value for acquiring material wealth and their dynamics since the time 'of the thaw' till the 'seventieth'. Images of professions represented in art reflected the Soviet economic culture, Soviet society and a Soviet citizen of different axiological types. 
Bleikh N.O. - Progress in the sociocultural development of North Caucasus (second quarter of the XIX – beginning of the XX century) pp. 80-89


Abstract: The subject of this article is the progress in the sociocultural and economic development of North Caucasus (second quarter of the XIX – beginning of the XX century). Based on the archive and documental materials the author narrates that by the end of the XVIII century the lengthy and gradually developing process of voluntary entrance of the Caucasian people into the composition of the Russian State was completed. The changes occurred in life of the highlanders after this historical act under the influence of the cultural figures of Russia and inclusion of the North Caucasus into the orbit of the capitalist relations, initiated the spread of education and literacy among them. The historical-comparative method allowed analyzing the comparable facts and based on that determine the regularities and specificities of the path of regional processes in sociocultural sphere. The article proves that the progress in sociocultural development of the aforementioned period led to the social-spiritual and political-economic revival of the highlander tribes, although there was still lack of educated people and schools. The national intelligentsia has just recently began its inception. Certain improvements in the school system, which emerged by the beginning of the XX century, primarily was determined by the active positions of the residents themselves. The reformation period became the time of future discoveries on the multinational Caucasian Krai and the unique culture of its people.
Slezin A.A. - “United by the common cause?” (Towards the understanding of sociocultural phenomenon of Komsomol) pp. 90-99


Abstract: The subject of this research is the impact of the World Festival of Youth and Students of 1957 and the Stilyagi movement upon the activity of the Komsomol. Having studied the archive materials along with the memories of the veterans as former members of Komsomol and the participants of the informal youth movement, the author overviews the established within the historical science stereotypes. The relevance of this material in many ways is connected with the upcoming in 2017 World Festival of Youth and Students and 100th Anniversary of the Komsomol (October 29, 2018). The experience of the work of the most influential and mass organization within the Russian history is being assessed from the general human and national perspectives. It is demonstrated that despite the hopes of the party and Komsomol leadership, the attitude of the regular members of Komsomol towards the Stilyagi movement was rather ambiguous. The direct measures of the Komsomol members against the Stilyagi movement at times just aroused interest towards the forbidden among the rest of the youth. The implementation into the Soviet daily life of the Western lifestyle elements encouraged Komsomol lean towards an aesthetic upbringing. The Moscow Festival of Youth and Sudents destroyed the stereotype image of a foreigner in the eyes of the youth even more. The festival is assesses as one of the very first lessons of democracy. The author underlines that there were prerequisites for the formation of dissenting views among the participants of the Komsomol themselves.
Golubitskii Y.A. - Phenomena of Scientific and Artistic Ways of Reflecting Reality: Antagonism or Gnoseological Relation and Convergence? pp. 134-187
Abstract: As the follower of literature-centered views on basic cultural phenomena, the author of the article applies his approach  to understanding of multidisciplinary interaction between culture (especially literature) and the humanities and puts forward the hypothesis of literature-determined genesis of sociology and all the humanities in general. By providing the insight into the history of humanities, he tries to prove that there is a certain relation between literature (documentaries first of all) and social studies. The author of the article studies the reasons of 'literaturizing' Russian sociology. These reasons include the fact that the process of formation of social studies coincided with the so-called 'silver age' in Russian litrature as well as the fact that the founders of Russian sociology (M. Kovalevsky, E. De-Roberti and P. Sorokin) participated in... Fremasonry. 
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