Man and Culture - rubric Culturology and cultural studies
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Culturology and cultural studies"
Culturology and cultural studies
Vorobev A.M. - Supervision and religious censorship in Imperial Alexander Lyceum during the period of 1811-1826 pp. 1-12


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the supervisory practice over the reading of religious literature by the lyceum students, which as a part of overall system of supervision in the Imperial Alexander Lyceum. Reading, including the non-educational material, was perceived as an intrinsic element of upbringing. Pedagogical censorship was extensively used as a regulatory reading practice of the students in educational facilities of the Russian Empire. Based on the materials from the library of the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo, the author analyzes the principles that determined the policy of enlightenment during the indicated timeframe. The work applies the historical and bibliographical methods, as well as the M. Foucault’s concept of the growing importance of supervision in the culture of Modern Times. Examination of the history of establishment of the content of library in Imperial Alexander Lyceum during the initial years of its existence, allowed the author for the first time in Russian science to meticulously analyze the question of implementation of censorship as a mechanism of formation of the reading circle for the students of the elite educational facility, which graduates had to fill the need of the empire in highly-educated officials. The attraction of the previously almost unstudied material demonstrated how the state educational policy during the ruling time of Alexander I affected the library of the secular educational facility.  
Balakireva T.A., Koloskov A.N. - Digital transformations in educational process: challenge of time pp. 1-9


Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of transformations in educational process during pandemic. Relevance of the selected topic is substantiated by the current cultural realities: contagion of coronavirus infection, quarantine, imposed restrictions, and thus, the need for restructuring communication channels in sociocultural reality, namely with regards to educational space. The goal consists in the analysis of new forms of communication, organizational education technologies that appeared in media space under the indicated circumstances. Characteristics is given to distance learning and communications means for its implementation. The author describes synchronous, asynchronous, and mixed learning techniques, as well as their substantive aspects. Such type of distance learning as online courses is being discussed. Particular attention is turned to the peculiarities of final academic assessment in the context of quarantine or self-isolation. In the conditions caused by pandemic, there emerges a need for more active usage of media space for arranging social, economic, and educational processes. The sphere of education, which is also related to health care of young generation, undergoes transformation taking into account the relevant sociocultural realities caused by pandemic. Such previously extracurricular forms of learning as synchronous, asynchronous, mixed, and online courses enjoy popularity, and even become essential. Final academic assessment in the conditions of imposed restrictions and distance learning acquires twofold meanings: on the one hand, there is a risk for distortion of perception of information in the course of graduate paper presentation, while on the other hand it forms a more comfortable psychological environment for the student due to being in a familiar environment. The newly established situation for culture and education in particular is the prime subject for researchers.  
Balash A.N. - Materials of V. S. Biblers lecture Culture and Museum by the Year 2000 in the context of relevant trends in development of museology pp. 22-28


Abstract: This article examines the text of V. S. Bibler’s lecture “Culture and Museum by the Year 2000”” (1977) published in the body of archival materials of the philosopher. In accordance with the research strategy of Bibler, the text carries a sketchy and incomplete character, and is open for interpretation. The author provides an analysis of relevance of Bibler’s idea for the modern museology in comparison with the concept of post-museum, used as an efficient model for describing the transformations of modern museum as a sociocultural institution. The article also studies Bibler’s ideas about the promising trends in development of museum as a cultural phenomenon in terms of the architectural and symbolic solution of the suggested concept. The author explores the indicated in the text model of spectator’s perception of the artworks in museum space that is presented as a transition of the visual image into the implicit speech of a spectator. The concept of comprehension as a “rapture” of composition and its cultural connotations is being reviewed. As the comparative material, the author analyzes the content of D. A. Prigov’s “Phantoms of Installations” that introduce the original visual concept of a museum, as well as determines the meaningful moments that allow pursuing correlation between the concepts of Bibler and Prigov. Installation “The Room of an Artist D. A. Prigov” in State Hermitage Museum is being considered as an example of visualization of the examined museum concepts. The author underlines the relevance of project of V. S. Bibler’s museum concept within the framework of the formulated by him concept of philosophical logics of culture. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that Bibler’s concept for the first tame is presented in the context of museological discourse, as well as interpreted as topical within the framework of discussions regarding the institutional specificity of post-museum in the modern cultural space.
Onegin N.S. - Museumification of the rooms of Nicholas II in the Winter Palace as a cultural-political project pp. 43-51


Abstract: In light of the current attempts to reconstruct the apartments of the Emperor Nicholas II in the Russian palaces with subsequent museumification, it seems relevant to refer to the historical-domestic exposition that existed in the rooms of imperial family in the Winter Palace during the period of 1922-1926 that is the object of research in this article. The subject of study is the factors of cultural, social, and political nature that affected the opening of the museum and its activity in the Winter Palace alongside the State Hermitage Museum and the State Central Museum of Contemporary History of Russia (former Museum of Revolution), as well as subsequent hasty closing of this exposition. Examination of the newly discovered archival materials and their comparison with the memoirs on the topic allowed to more carefully reconsider the specificity of functionality of the “Historical rooms” in Winter Palace, as well as determine the peculiarities of this exposition in the context of evolution of the museology in the 1920’s. As demonstrated in the documents, opening of the museum “The Historical Rooms of Alexander II and Nicholas II” has become possible due to the important factors of political, social, cultural and administrative character, and can be viewed as an agitation project of the Soviet government. In the course of this research, the author determined the causes of the opening of this exposition, describes the administrative issues, peculiarities of the work of museum guides, as well as the factors that led to the closing of the museum in Winter Palace.
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