Man and Culture - rubric Natural science, technology and culture
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Natural science, technology and culture"
Natural science, technology and culture
Sidorova G.P. - Soviet Economic Culture in Forms of Material Objectivity and Images of Popular Art in the 1960-1980's: Transport pp. 1-14
Abstract: The research is devoted to the images of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's represented in art of that period. Economic culture is viewed as a form of human activity aimed at acquiring material wealth. The purpose of the present research is to reconstruct the process of interconnection and interdependence of material, spiritual and art elements of Soviet culture based on the analysis of peculiarities, main trends and cultural dynamics of images of Soviet economic culture in popular art. Research methods included system approach, method of historical typology, cultural (diachronic), semiotic and hermeneutic analysis of art work. The results of the research showed that: art images of transport contained typical features of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's, in particular, contradictory combination of the dominating administrative-command economy and black market economy as well as combination of the industrial culture and traditional culture. Soviet society was depicted in art images of transport, too and it was the mixed type of industrial and pre-industrial, traditional and innovative, open and closed, popular and consumer society.  Art images of transport showed a Soviet man of different axiological types,  from 'the builder of communism' to the 'everyman'. Changes in art images of transport since the period 'of thaw' to the 'seventieth' also reflected transformation of values from socialistic values to traditional values and values of the consumer society. Conclusions and research materials can be used for teaching cultural studies, philosophy of culture, history of Russian culture, economy and art history. Some aspects of the research can help to solve particular issues in the field of modern economic culture. Research results can also help to form the system of values of the younger generation.
Limanskaya L.Y. - Natural Philosophy, Art and Esthetic Sspects of M.V. LomonosovТs Theory of Color Vision pp. 1-12


Abstract: The article deals with natural philosophy and views of Lomonosov on light and color as well as his attitude to the optical ideas of Newton, Descartes and their followers in the middle of the XVIII century. Special attention is paid to Lomonosov's theory of three-color vision and his scientific and art experiments with colored glass. The result shows that his scientific experiments were closely related to the field of art mosaic.
Potaturov V.A. - Informatization of Education as a Cultural Issue pp. 1-40


Abstract: In the presented work as object of research the fundamental contradiction between culture and a civilization which began to be shown especially sharply at a stage of transformation of industrial society in the information phase acts, one of sides of manifestation of this contradiction is process of informatization of society and in particular, in the field of the higher education.Object of research is studying of quality of education, especially humanitarian block connected with introduction in educational process of modern information, computer technologies. In research the special attention is paid to the culturological analysis of the reasons and factors, those negative tendencies which take place at the higher school in connection with wide use of informatization and a computerization in educational process. As practice shows these results in many respects contradictory and even the negative. In work the author concentrated the attention, first of all, on the analysis of the objective reasons which lead to such results. Using, mainly culturological approach, the author estimates results of work of the higher school in the sphere of informatization through a prism of criteria of culture. That, in our opinion, allows to see not only these results including negative, but to understand the nature of these reasons. As the main method of research the dialectic method of consideration and the analysis of the contradictions arising in the course of interaction of culture and a civilization including in its such aspect where the culture and a civilization interact in a particular treatment - in education where today means of informatization and computer technologies are widely used was used. On the basis of the analysis of the available facts the author comes to a conclusion about that, education this that area of human, cultural space where means of civilization impact on the person are not always adequate to his nature, and before in the sphere of knowledge, knowledge and formation of outlook and the cultural environment. Therefore absolutization of means of electronic influence and information support in education aren't always useful, and in the sphere of humanitarian preparation yield negative results. Oblivion of traditional methods of work with students, absolutization of the knowledge paradigm, to the detriment of the principles of education, narrows formation at future citizens of the country of human qualities. Without development human in the person - development of society is impossible. Eventually, not equipment and technology have to operate the world, and the person.Novelty of work consists in a new foreshortening of consideration of a problem, in those culturological approaches and criteria which will help to understand better the burning issues connected with improvement of quality of modern education. The criteria of culture which are initial in an assessment of university graduates allow to find the new methodological and methodical tools promoting development of more effective technologies in educational process.
Sal'nikova E.V. - Anatomy Theatre as a Part of History of Visual Information Carriers pp. 65-101
Abstract: The article is devoted to changes in understanding of death and perception of human body in XVI - XVII centuries. The author describes the semantics of the death image at the turn of middle ages and Renaissance. The author also explains the difference between the Death Dance and Anatomy Theatre. The author draws our attention to the relation between development of anatomy and technological revolutions leading to creation of modern electronic information carriers. One of the motivations of creating information carriers is assumed to be a man's starvation for symbolic overcoming of physical death. 
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