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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Culture and authority"
Culture and authority
Ovanesyan I.G. - Cults of Lenin and Stalin in Komsomol of the 1950’s pp. 1-25


Abstract: The subject of this research is the policy and public work of Komsomol and manifestations of the cults of V. I. Lenin and I. V. Stalin during its implementation in the 1950’s. The author examines their influence upon the political culture of the Soviet youth. Special attention is given to the manifestations of cult in literature and visual art. At the same time, the author took into consideration the specificity of the youth consciousness justified by the age, as well as by the status of youth as a social group. It is highlighted that as a rule, young men and women stood out in their lack of life goals, indecisiveness of social orientations, and incompleteness of the process of formation of their own ideology. The Komsomol is being viewed as a sociocultural phenomenon. It is demonstrated that in fight against cult of personality, Komsomol (as well as the government) was not consistent. Not denying the direction of disenchantment of the personality cult itself, in the late 1950’s, Komsomol more often expressed intolerance towards the supporters of a radical rejection from the cult political behavior. Unlike the previous years, Lenin’s cult did not serve as an instrument of strengthening the cult of Stalin, but rather contributed into the strengthening of the Komsomol political leadership, as well as added “sacredness” to the political regime.
Chernyavskaya E.N. - The Obvious and the Secret in Architectural Symbols of Moscow pp. 18-34


Abstract: The author views the symbols of statehood that have been built in Moscow as the capital of Old Russia, Russia and the Russian Federation. These symbols include the Kremlin with Ivan the Great, Saint Basil's Cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Tatlin's Tower, Palace of the Soviets and Moscow City International Business Center. Noteworthy that there were no significant symbols of statehoo in Moscow architecture in the 1920's and since 1960 till the 1980's when democratic ideas and functional architecture dominated. The author underlines that each architectural symbol presents the idea about the international role of the Russian state. 
Kazakova Y.A. - Development of Legislation in the Sphere of Culture pp. 23-37


Abstract: Under modern conditions of changes in kinds of cultural institutions, the problem of the cultural heritage preservation is growing very important. Therefore, in order to understand the most important goals of the government during the modern transition period, it is very important to take into account the history and experience of the governmet in state regulation of the sphere of culture. The topic of research is the public relations in the sphere of legal regulation of culture. The subject matter of research is the historical and legal analysis of formation, development and legal regulation of the sphere of culture in Russia. The purpose of the present research is to study the historical experience of the government in establishing the legal base of culture. The practical meaning of research is the creation of the integrated picture of development of relations between the government and the sphere of culture. In order to achieve the aforesaid goal, it is necessary to conduct analysis of all attempts performed by the governmental, scientific and social organizations in order to set forth the legal regulation of the sphere of culture as well as to define the role of the society in the process of formation of state cultural policy.
Popova O.V. - Sociocultural construction of a military man (on the example of pp. 32-49


Abstract: This article analyzes the process of socio-cultural construction in a military environment. The author has shown to demonstrate the evolution of the formation of human identity in a military environment and pointed the role military hazing in the process.Purpose of work is to demonstrate the conflict between the humanistic values of modern culture and values and archetypes, which are hidden behind the informal hazing (accepted in Russian reality a form of "dedovshchina").
Aleksandrov N.N. - The regularities of change of power in the XX century4 pp. 33-50


Abstract: The subject of this research is the regular succession of the change of types of power. It is being viewed with regards to the cycles of the change of elites in the XX century. The author primarily touches upon Russia, but also the questions of parallelism with multiple countries. The same combination of regularities could be observed in the number of other countries, but only concering separate historical periods. The examined regularity carries a rather universal character and manifests on the cycles of various level, although it can be more or less certain. The research is based on the existential systemogenetic approach, as well as theory of cycles. Both of these directions were developed by the author, as well as applied in examination of other topical areas back in 1990’s.  The conducted analysis of the forms of power in the XX century in Russia along with the extensive global context, establishes a new point of view upon the dependence of politics upon the mentality and culture. It manifests as a rigid mental program. This article contains the analysis of the past and present, as well as creates opportunities for the cyclic forecast.
Yakimov K.A. -
A “brief course of the history of All-Union Communist Party” as a factor of evolution of public moods of the youth of the late 1930’s
pp. 51-65


Abstract: This article examines the main components of propaganda of the study of the “Brief course of the history of All-Union Communist Party ” inside the organization, as well as among the youth outside the union in Tambov Oblast. The author analyzed the fundamental methods of the study of the “Brief course” among the young generation, as well as the attitude of young men and women towards the history of the All-Union Communist Party, and the consequences of the influence of the falsified history upon the consciousness and public moods of the youth. The relevance of this topic is substantiated by the necessity to cover the historical role of Komsomol in propagandaof the “Brief course of the history of All-Union Communist Party” in the youth environment, as well as the importance of considering the experience of establishment of public consciousness in the conditions of the cult of personality. The geographical framework of the research include the territory of Tambov Oblast. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that for the first time the study of the attitude of the youth towards the “Brief course of the history of All-Union Communist Party” is built upon the resource base of the State Archive of Sociopolitical History of Tambov Oblast. The author makes a conclusion that the examination of the “Brief course of the history of All-Union Communist Party” produced a significant effect upon the establishment of mass interest of the youth in the reading of the history of the All-Union Communist Party, behind which there was often the lack of need for studying the “Stalin encyclopedia”.
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