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Culture and cultures
Tlostanova M.V. - Postcolonial Theory, Decolonial Choice and Liberating Esthesis pp. 1-64
Abstract: The article describes the conceptual grounds of postcolonial theory and decolonial choice as two contemporary parallel influential theoretical and applied discourses. It presents decolonial aesthesis – the sphere of sensual perception of the world, as an important part of the liberation of knowledge and being from the limitations of Western aesthetics. After a short survey of the main tendencies in the aesthetic thought of the last two decades, the author dwells on such aspects of transcultural transmodern aesthetics as its links with beauty and the correlation of art, aesthesis and knowledge. The article examines in detail the works of several foreign and Russian artists having to do with decolonial aesthesis – Fred Wilson, Pedro Lasch, Tanja Ostojic, Saule Suleymenova, Zorikto Dorzhiev, Taus Makhacheva, Patrice Naiambana, etc. The author comes to a conclusion that border trickster transcultural pluritopic art is the most effective way of decolonizing knowledge, perception and being on the way to a transmodern world.
Koren' R.V. - Philosophical Research of the Concept of Culture pp. 1-17


Abstract: The present article is devoted to the philosophical research of the concept and definition of culture. The author of the article provides a retrospective view of cultural ontology reflected in researches carried out by V. Plotnikova and V. Chupov. He shows that these works correspond to V. Vernadsky's teaching about a living creature and culture is presented as a natural and historical manifestation of life. The author expands the objective space of the concept of culture and shows that generalizations and analogies in the Nature create grounds for the Universal Definition of culture. For the first time in history, the author describes the two forms of the Universal Definition of culture based on the Universal Principle of Maximum Information. The first form is just the framework that defines culture as a managing energoinformational system. The second one is the explicit form that defines the purpose and the main functioning mechanism.  The author also describes the principle for creating the system hierachy of existing definitios of culture. Noteworthy that the author suggests that 99 percent of these definitions are out-of-date. 
Khorina G.P. - Democracy in Modern Russian Culture: Ideal and Reality pp. 1-15


Abstract: The authors consider and analyze the process of democracy formation under conditions of increasing importance of the civilization factor. In the modern globalizing world, democracy is established as the synthesis of democratic values and cultural peculiarities and mentality of the nation living in this or that country. The authors set forth their opinion that in Russia democracy still has to go a long and difficult way to comply with modern criteria of a civil society, Russian cultural peculiarities and mentality. 
Synieokyi O.V. - Eastern Rock: Sound Recording from Socialistic Asia pp. 1-22


Abstract: The phenomenon of the rock-and-roll is viewed by the author of the article as the information cognitive model consisting of different elements, the most important element being the geography of sound recording. The author describes the history of formation of the recoding industry in China, Viet Nam, Laos, Mongolia, North Korea and partly South Korea. Special attention is paid to communication features of the gramophone recording of rock music during socialism. The author offers practical solutions of some issues being raised. These are the legal solutions in the first place. 
Sitnikova A.A. - The Concept of the North in Rockwell Kent's Creative Work pp. 1-27


Abstract: Article offers research of picturesque and graphic works of the artist Rokuell of Kent regarding visualization in these works of a concept "North". The detailed review of "waves" of professional and spectator interest in R. Kent's creativity precedes researches: in the 1920th years the artist comes to the forefront in the American art, in the 1960th years becomes popular in the USSR, in the 1980th years to the artist the attention of the American audience comes back, in the present interest in R. Kent's creativity is maintained on the Internet. According to tasks researches gave a general characteristic to cycles of the works created by the artist during travel to Alaska (1918-1919) during travel to Tierra Del Fuego (1922-1923) and during travel to Greenland (1929, 1932-1933, 1935); representative works from these cycles – "Solar patches of light are analysed. Alaska" (1919), "Tierra del Fuego" (1922-1925), "November in Greenland" (1932-1933). The image of the Eskimo – the aboriginal of Greenland, formed in the graphics created by R. Kent is investigated. In addition in article art traditions and receptions, characteristic for works of the artist in general reveal. The main method - the philosophical and art criticism analysis of representative art texts. This method was developed by V. I. Zhukovsky and D. V. Pivovarov. Besides, the method of the description and analysis of works of art, the analysis of basic concepts was applied (including, Yu.S. Stepanova). Germenevtichesky methodological procedures, including interpretation and identification of the meanings put in work were applied to art texts of R. Kent. Scientific novelty of research is that works of the famous American artist R. Kent are considered from positions of the conceptual analysis. The works of art connected with northern subject are investigated. R. Kent's creativity is presented as the certain world outlook system of the artist of the XX century shown by means of visual means.
Litvintseva G. - On the Problem of Perception and Evaluation of Post Modernism by Russian Audience pp. 1-15


Abstract: In article the reasons of the negative relation of the Russian audience to a postmodernism are established. On concrete examples its unpreparedness to perception of post-modernist texts of literature and art connected with application to them estimated criteria of an era of a modernist style (critical and socialist realism) reveals. Also criteria by means of which the adequate assessment of post-modernist art texts is possible reveal. Texts in which artists and writers create absurd situations are considered, resorts to pathologies and blasphemy to show absurdity of surrounding life. The analysis of the conclusions on research of works of art allowed to reveal absence of knowledge at experts of language of a postmodernism and criteria of its assessment. At the same time in article researches of a theoretical and art postmodernism in which its objective assessment is carried out are allocated. The author comes to a conclusion that a postmodernism tries to comprehend crisis of modern culture critically. The knowledge of its language allows to carry out an adequate assessment of texts of literature and art. Post-modernist texts should be perceived as attempt of research of such questions, difficult for modern society, as tolerance, conformism, a tabuirovannost, freedom of creative self-expression and inadmissibility of an identification of art with religion and real life.
Khokon S.E., Siiukhova A. - Circassian Ethnic Costume in the Socio-cultural Situation of the Modern Multi-ethnic Region pp. 1-31


Abstract: The subject of this study is the existence of ethnic costume of Circassians in modern conditions the multi-ethnic region, which is the Republic of Adygea. On the basis of historical, ethnographic and sociological data structure functions, symbolic content, aesthetic principles of the Adyghe ethnic costume are detected. Noted a close correlation between the structure of a traditional costume with a moral complex of "Adyghe the xabz" requiring a person to be physically fit, moderate in food, to care about his body as the greatest value. The role of ethnic costume in the minds and practice of modern Circassians is presented. The method of structural-functional analysis, ethnographic method, and the method of survey used to understand the cultural role of Circassian costume as a means of marking the nation and also how positive intercultural communication. The result of this survey, the fact that sustainable conservation of ethnic costume in a festive and ritual practice of ethnic group, and also the appearance of a new function attribute-ideological are detected. Culture-creating role of the Adyghe ethnic costume in modern social and cultural situation of the multi-ethnic region, as well as its role as a source of maintaining ethnic and cultural identity of modern Circassians is proved.
Probin P.S. - Policultural Education as a Socio-Pedagogical Phenomenon in Terms of Cross-Cultural Communication Issues pp. 1-21


Abstract: The research object of the present article is forming cross-cultural competence and cross-cultural awareness under disappearing ethnical borders in a globalized world. The research subject is the policultural education as a socio-pedagogical phenomenon. It is viewed through the prism of cross-cultural communication issues and is considered a premise of forming cross-cultural competence and awareness. The article views mechanisms of socio-pedagogical influence on personality during forming such qualities. Particular attention is paid to culture perception and the two contrasting mechanisms: ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. The method of research in this article is a complex socio-pedagogical, cultural and socio-linguistic analysis of policultural education. The main author’s conclusions are the following. The issue of forming communicative and cross-cultural competence is far beyond the scope of teaching foreign languages as it is often viewed in researches. These competences imply such personal qualities that cannot be formed only by means of one discipline. The issues raised in the article are equally topical both for communication in foreign and native languages. The novelty of the article is caused by the fact that the author views policultural education as the centre of a complex of cross-cultural issues: social, pedagogical, socio-cultural and socio-linguistic ones.
Chernova O.N. - Teaching Activities in Terms of the International Education Quality Assessement System pp. 1-20


Abstract: Object of research in article is pedagogical activity, the purposes and problems of school education in Finland Singapore.Object of research – features of pedagogical activity in the conditions of educational systems of Finland and Singapore.The author in detail analyzes features of activity of the teacher in the countries which took high places in the International system of an assessment of quality of education.The special attention is paid to the comparative analysis of system of preparation, selection and an assessment of educational activity in Singapore and Finland that gives the chance to consider positive sides of pedagogical activity in reforming of education in Russia for the purpose of increase of its quality.Research method in article is the comparative analysis of features of pedagogical activity in educational systems of the countries which occupied high ratings in the International researches of quality of school education. The main conclusions of the author are connected with registration of the direction of improvement of school education in Russia on the basis of the comparative analysis of pedagogical activity in Singapore and Finland.Novelty of article is that for the first time pedagogical activity corresponds to an assessment of quality of education which objective indicators are revealed as a result of the conducted research of quality of education.
Faritov V.T. - A.S. Pushkin and F. Nietzsche in context of ideas of new Renaissance pp. 1-17


Abstract: The article deals with the philosophical and cultural heritage value of A.S. Pushkin in the context of ideas of new Renaissance. The article presents a comparative analysis of the philosophical content of Pushkin's work with the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article reveals the tradition of considering the value of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Explicated the importance of the tradition of considering of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Develop the concept of a new Renaissance as the central idea of the Russian philosophy of the Silver Age and one of the fundamental ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article used the methodological principles and guidelines of approaches such as comparative literature, deconstruction and hermeneutics. The main result of the study is an explication of the significance of the creative heritage of AS Pushkin and Nietzsche as the heralds of a new Renaissance. It offered concepts of pracultural and postcultural chaos. It developed the idea of a new Renaissance building on the provisions of the teachings of Friedrich Nietzsche. It identified and justified by the fact of community life and cultural problems of Pushkin and Nietzsche.
Shulin V.V. - Specificity of the musical language of jazz and pop pp. 1-9


Abstract: The subject of this research is the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The basic material of the article consists of the analysis of jazz elements that most extensively reflect the performance specificity: rhythm, harmony, texture, intonation and articulation features. However, any analytical examination of jazz will not be complete if viewed strictly within the framework of music system, not taking into account its position within the overall musical space. The specificity of jazz harmony is revealed through the peculiarities of compound the European harmonious system and modal principles of blues intonations. Methods applied in this work suggest the system, genre, and hermeneutic approaches that allow most adequately reflect the theme, because jazz is not subjected to full comprehension within the boundaries of categorical grid of academic science, which conclusions are mostly based on the score. The article determines the key specificities of the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The main peculiarity implies its rhythmic specificity that manifests in any jazz period through the interpretation of the eighths within beat or the eights with the dot and sixteenth, as well as correlation in using of these metrical figures between the instruments during performance. Alongside the rhythmic peculiarities, the author underlines the harmonious component, expressed in the phonic aspect – in overall dissonance of jazz sounding, and in technical, as resulting from the previous, in specificities of the texture, structure, and interaction of the sounds of chords.
Letzbor K.V. - Certain aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview on the example of the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” pp. 1-11


Abstract: The focus of this article is the linguoculturology and the linguistic worldview as its components. The goal is the analysis of the popular melodrama of V. Menshov “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” (1979) as a demonstrative sociocultural commentary of some aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview. The work attempts to determine the key linguistic moments, which are typical for the Russian linguistic worldview, but absent in the Western European, as well as provide their brief description. For comparison was taken the Italian national worldview. Based on the comparative analysis of the known scientific and methodological literature, were highlighted the main phenomena of the Russian worldview in contrast with the Italian. Descriptive method was applied for analyzing the film and determination of the important, from culturological perspective, sides of the Russian culture and everyday life. The scientific novelty lies in suggestion to use the examples from the national cinematography for illustration of the aspects of the Russian worldview. The author discusses the key components of the Russian national worldview, such as country house, temporary resident worker, difference in the capital and provincial quality of life, pioneers, academic degrees, traditions of celebration, implicit meaning of the thematic verbs. The practical importance is presented mostly for teaching foreigners Russian language and culture.
Petrukhina O.V. - Methods and tools of applied animation in Russia at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s pp. 1-10


Abstract: The object of this research is the applied animation in Russian at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s. The author examines the development stages of applied animation, traces the transformation of the main artistic methods and tools used by the leading Soviet animators from “Soyuzmultfilm”. The research contains several stages: postwar period; Thaw period of 1950’s; era of the revival of imagery-graphical language of animation of the 1960’s. The article analyzes the prerequisites to the emergence of Soviet classical animation – from experimental works of separate animation artists to avant-garde, symbolic and secular animation created by production groups. The author underlines the impact of the applied and authorial animation of the 1940’’s – 1960’s upon the current state of the industry, as well as correlation of the cultural-historical processes. The work includes the comprehensive approach based on the analytical, historiographical, and comparative-typological methods; as well as descriptive method that includes observation, comparison, generalization, and interpretation. The main conclusions related to the unfolded during the 1940’s – 1960’s artistic trends of the emergence of new genres in animation art, and as a result, the formation of complex poly-genre interconnections. The author’s main contribution to this research lies in systematization of the methods, tools and technologies in the Soviet applied animation at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s.
Saveleva I.P. - Comparative analysis of the romances by M. Glinka, N. Medtner, V. Serebrennikov to A. S. Pushkin’s poem “The Rose” pp. 1-12


Abstract: The subject of this research is the musical-expressive means of Russian romance to the poetic text by A. S. Pushkin “The Rose” of the three authors – M. Glinka, N. Medtner, V. Serebrennikov. The goal is to determine the continuity of traditions of the Russian romance of the XIX century in works of composers of the early XX and XXI centuries. The author examines the means of musical expressiveness, used by a composer for conveying one or another psychological state, hues, feelings and emotions. Special attention is paid to the diverse musical images created by the composers to a single poetic text. The applied interpretational method allows unveiling Pushkin’s text from various facets in work of the composers of the early XIX, XX and XXI centuries. An important role in the course of the research is attained by comparative method, essential for demonstrating the peculiarities of manifestation of the Russian romance of the late XX – early XXI century. The author concludes that the fundamental attributes of Russian romance remain: the beginning of the XXI century marks a reversion to the simple and accessible to the audience types of musical expression. The author’s special contribution consists in the attempt to analyzes the romances that have been composed almost a century apart. The scientific novelty is defined by the use of organizational approach towards creating a musical image in the oeuvres of three composers.
Novosiltseva O.V. - Russian world in the United States in 1991 – early 2000’s: sociocultural activity and dialogue with Russia pp. 1-11


Abstract: The subject of this research is the evolution of the institutional structure, social base, ideology, trends and priorities of the activity of public organizations of the Russian diaspora in the United State at the turn of the XX – XXI centuries. Focus of attention is the cultural-educational societies, publishers, humanitarian foundations of the Russian America that has established relationships with Russia during the post-Soviet period, as well as the new public organizations formed within the Russian-speaking communities of New York, San Francisco, Houston, and other US cities in the late 1990’s – early 2000’s. The research methodology is based on the fundamental principles of historical science – historicism, scientific validity, and objectivity. The author also applies the systemic and contextual analysis, comparative and other special methods of historical research. The scientific novelty lies in determination of development trends of public organizations of Russian diaspora in the United States over the period from 1991 to the early 2000’s. The study demonstrates that in the context of conducting democratic reforms in Russia, the ideological component in the life of Russian America recedes into the background. The priority vectors of public activity of the Russian-American intelligentsia becomes the cultural dialogue with Russia, implementation of humanitarian and educational projects in the historical motherland. In the late 1990’s – early 2000’s, within the framework of Russian-speaking communities in the United States, appears a number of new social centers aimed at the promotion of the Russian language and culture in the United States, which activity reflected the socio-mental image of Russian Americans of the early XXI century, their interest in the dialogue with Russia and international world of the Russian compatriots.
Danilova N.K. - “Material works” in sacred space: ritual attributes in the context of symbolic information (archetypes, images and symbols) pp. 1-10


Abstract: The object of this research is ritual attributes applied in different ceremonies, associated with the spirits Ichchi and celestial deities of Aya, which possess a superior modeling and communicative function. The article describes the ritual sacred items that were not used in everyday life, such as the sacrificial spoon of the Aya-shaman, kumis ladle, fortunetelling spoon, and spatula of the potter. Interdisciplinary approach allowed applying a historical-cognitive method of research, which views an item as a narrative text and a creative tool for transforming the sacred space. The novelty consists in the fact that despite the sufficient examination of correlation between a myth and a ritual, semiotic aspects of functionality of one or another item, organization of the sacred space, etc. of the Sakha people, these ritual attributes did not become a subject of semiotic study and determination of their structural-functional role within the mythical-ritual space of the Sakha people. The conclusions is made that these ritual attributes have a mediating function that establishes a communicative link between the Aya-shaman and transcendental space; in all ritual acts they are involved in modeling a stable life environment. It is revealed that mixing of raw materials (kumis, clay) was similar to the act of creation of Man and Nature, and the Aya-shaman performed the function of a demiurge. The author believes that all these functions could underlie a single ritual attribute – the sacrificial spoon, which later became a prototype of the shamanic drum mallet.
Kananerova E.N. - The problem of collectivization in the Western regions of the BSSR in Soviet Historiography pp. 1-15


Abstract: The object of the study was the evolution of the Soviet historical paradigm. The subject is the achievements of post–war Soviet historical science in the field of studying collectivization in the western regions of the BSSR. The article will present the results of the study of collectivization in the western regions of Belarus. The author pays special attention to the political factors of the development of historical science, the most important of which are the Stalinist course, the "thaw", Brezhnev's Restalinization of the 1970s and 1980s, as well as perestroika. The author of the article traces in detail the evolution of topics and assessments in the works of Soviet scientists who studied post-war collectivization in the western regions and republics of the USSR under the influence of political factors. To study the topic, first of all, general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, typologization and idealization were used. Historiographical research methods were also used, in particular, comparative-historical, historical-genetic, historical-systemic, periodization method. When systematizing the material, the principle of historicism and the problem-chronological method of presentation were observed.        As a result of the research, the author concludes that the agrarian historiography of collectivization in the western regions of the BSSR is often subjective and interprets published archival documents and statistical information in the spirit of official ideological attitudes. Topics related to violations during collectivization, "dekulakization" remained taboo until perestroika, when a change in the political situation made it possible for historians to begin studying previously forbidden topics. This was the beginning of the destruction of the Soviet historical paradigm. The author managed to establish that there is a discrepancy between the published official statistics and conclusions about the nature of collectivization and "dekulakization" in the western regions of the BSSR. The novelty of the presented research is due to the fact that the analysis of Soviet historical research is based on the modern historical paradigm and the concept of the scientific school of V. P. Danilov, which developed in post-Soviet historical science in the study of collectivization and "dispossession" of the 1930s.
Olekhnovich E.I. - Motifs of the Twelve Great Feasts in Znamenny Chants pp. 1-14


Abstract: The subject of this article is the stichera of the chant book of Twelve Great Feasts and the principles of arrangement of stichera therein. The object is the musical and poetic compositions of festive stichera. The research material contains manuscripts of the XVII – early XVIII centuries from the collections of the Russian National Library, Russian State Library, Library of the Academy of Sciences, and State Historical Museum. The study employs the methods of musical analysis, linguistics and literary studies. The author dwells on the poetic and musical-imagery motifs present in the stichera of the Twelve Great Feasts. Special attention is given to the literary techniques used in the text and chanting of stichera. The main conclusion lies in establishment of the pattern in using poetic and musical techniques in the composition of stichera. The novelty of this research consists is in determination of the types of composition of stichera of the Twelve Great Feasts depending on the poetic and musical-imagery motifs contained therein: mono-motional, multi-motional, and composition with elements of other genres. All three types of composition manifest on the level of single chant, micro-cycle of stichera, festive stichera, and stichera of the book as a whole in the poetic text and chant. This article is firs to conduct classification of festive stichera based on the use of elements of non-changing liturgical genres in the poetic stichera texts. The stichera are divided into doctrinal, homiletic, and scriptural compositions. The revealed compositional patterns in the stichera of Twelve Great Feasts are an important stage in further research of festive stichera.
Mammadov R. - Hybrid genre of Azerbaijan music: mugham-opera pp. 7-16


Abstract: This article examines the specificity of synergy between the classical opera and the mugham genre. As a result of such synthesis, the Azerbaijani composers have created a hybrid mix – mugham-opera. All examples of this unique genre are substantiates by the specificity of creative thinking and artistic-aesthetic perception of the composers. The described below analysis of the selected mugham-operas will be helpful in determining the level of genre hybridity in these compilations, in other words, the level of synergy between the mugham and classical opera principles of development, potential application of such specific and inherent to the national folk music methods as mode, metro-rhythm, improvisation, ornamentation, timbre, and others. Methodology of the research is based on the comprehensive approach that combines the methods of history of music, ethnography, theory of musical genres and forms. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the genres of the contemporary professional creative work of Azerbaijani composers are divided into the generally accepted classical (symphony, opera, ballet, cantata, oratory, concert, suite, sonata, etc.), and innovatory hybrid genres – mugham-opera, created as a result of active genre integration with the traditional musical art of Azerbaijan.
Agapova V.N. - Educational practice as a mechanism for preservation of cultural values on the example of the Russian schools in London pp. 7-12


Abstract: Globalization, immense sociocultural transformation, as well as mass culture negatively affect the preservation of cultural identity of the modern Russian society. The deformation of identity becomes particularly noticeable in the conditions of diaspora living of emigrants away from their native culture. The object of this work is the cultural values form the foundation of identity of the Russians; the subject is the mechanisms for its preservation and transfer. The author examines the educational practice of the Russian schools in London. The analysis is conducted based on the detailed, elaborated seven-element model of communication. Methodology leans on the objective-absolutist approach towards comprehension of the essence of values, as well as the axiological approach that allows interpreting cultural practices as the mechanisms of value translation. The scientific novelty lies in reconsideration of the concepts of “cultural values” and “cultural practices”, as well as meticulous analysis of the processes of value translation as an act of communication. A conclusion is made on the need for consideration of educational practice as a mechanism of value translation, which allows preserving and retaining cultural identity in the challenging realities of modernity.
Vecherina O. - Between suffering and bliss: “rollercoaster of emotions” of the Tamil Shaiva Bhakti pp. 8-21


Abstract: The subject of this research is the range of primary emotions experienced by the medieval Tamil Shaiva bhakti poets who lived in the VI-IX centuries. A profound emotional and aesthetic component of their works and biographies became a part of Shaiva poetic canon “Panniru Thirumurai”, which has records of the new ritual of worshipping Shiva, notable for the heightened emotional involvement (bhakti) of believers. The canon retains its relevance in modern India, being the source of the daily religious practice. As a result, the author reveals the presence of a substantial range of emotions in the works of all primary authors of the canon – from contemptuous-depreciative up to the absolute bliss. The consciously cultivated heightened emotionality of the adept provoked the reaching of the vivid altered states of mind, including insanity as the pinnacle of emotional hierarchy. It is demonstrated that the achievement of such altered state became a necessary condition for following the path of bhakti-yoga and the main trigger launching the mechanisms of poetry writing and visualization of Shiva’s manifestations.
Napso M.D. - Fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon pp. 9-14


Abstract: The object of this research is fashion, and the subject is fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon. The author analyzes the social nature of fashion, its properties, and correspondence with the orientations of consumer society. Various aspects of fashion, its universality, timely character, fluidity, and correspondence with the socio-historical context are being reviewed. The author examines the connection between fashion and economy, impact of fashion upon public relations, as well as processes of establishment of mass consciousness and choice of behavioral strategies. Fashion is presented as a multifunctional phenomenon, as contradictory unity of the positive and negative. The scientific novelty consists in the substantiation of a thesis on the demand of fashion by the modern society. As the methodological foundation for this article, the author uses gnoseological and ontological principles of dialectics, as well as the analysis of the fashion phenomenon as an integral phenomenon. The problematic field of the article allows formulating a number of statements: 1) fashion is an imperative sociocultural phenomenon, which captures social space and the entire multiplicity of human relations; 2) consumer society endows fashion with the features of universality and individuality.
Loshchilova T.N., Nosova E.S. - Reflection of the ideas of Reformation in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder pp. 10-20


Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the impact of reformation doctrine on the paintings of Lucas Cranach the Elder. The detailed analysis of his works allows to significantly expand our perception of the reflected in his paintings era and its effect on his personal outlook on life. The foundation of the article contains such works of Lucas Cranach the Elder as the portraits of Martin Luther of various periods; “The Fall, Expulsion from the Paradise and the Atoning Sacrifice of Christ (Allegory of the Old and New Testament)” created in 1529, which became a pictorial catechism of the Luther’s doctrine. Methodological base includes the works of the foreign and national medievalists aimed at consideration of the cultural and everyday aspects of social life and determination of their mutual influence with the political history of the region, combining the macro and micro approaches towards historical studies. The conducted research, based on the synthesis of comparative-historical and systemic methods, allows examining and characterizing separate aspects of interpretation of the reformist doctrine, which left a noticeable mark in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder – one of the closest friends and successors of Martin Luther, the “father” of German Reformation. The author was able to draw conclusions on the impact of reformation ideas on the worldview of a separate individual.
Andreeva E.V., Yakovleva K.V. - Semiotic approach towards formation of tourism discourse in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 10-21


Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the process of formation of tourism discourse of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The article examines semiotic aspects of this process, world experience of formation of tourism discourse; determines its relevant development trends that allow increasing the competitiveness of tourist destination; and assesses tourism discourse potential of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Attention is focused on studying the semiotic potential of such element of tourism discourse as website. The authors explore the content of websites of municipalities (districts) of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia); as well as based on semiotic analysis determines the semantic core, syntactic peculiarities, and pragmatic potential of the website of municipality (district). Recommendations are made on the development of tourism discourse of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The following conclusions are formulated:- Currently, the effective development trends in tourism discourse consists in attraction of tourists to collaboration and engagement in the process of discourse formation; strengthening of pragmatic component of the discourse, search and usage of different means of creolization;- There is contradiction between the status of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as an attractive tourist attraction of the Far East and the image of a tourist destination, the formation of which is constrained by undeveloped tourism discourse;- The increase of tourism attractiveness of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) is possible in the context of formation of tourism discourse;- It is necessary to determine the image core and key image elements that form the image of tourist destination for a potential tourist;- In creation of discourse, it is necessary to form a situation of collaboration between the creators of tourist product and the clients (tourists, travelers), change the concept of visual content towards increasing image induction and implementation of interaction in form of digital and virtual mini-tours and guides;- It is also essential to translate involvement of the region in world heritage via utilizing the potential of folk art, masterpiece of folk and intangible heritage of humanity – the epic art Olonkho.
Semenova O.V., Butovskaya M.L. - The dependence of the help of grandparents on the distance of household: on the example Russia, the United States, and Brazil pp. 10-33


Abstract: The key goals of this research consists in assessment and comparative analysis of the help of family in large postindustrial societies. For this purpose, the author carries out a cross-cultural comparative study of the frequency of family contacts in the three countries: Russia, the United States, and Brazil. Based on the 2019 online survey, the author collected quantitative data on the involvement of grandparents into upbringing process of their grandchildren in Russia (N=620), USA (N=308) and Brazil (N=603). In addition to the basic biosocial demographic parameters, the survey included two target questions on the frequency of communication between grandparents and grandchildren. Intensive migration processes and the resulting distance of households between the two generations in the indicated countries substantially reduces the traditional help of grandparents in upbringing the younger generation. The acquired data demonstrate the significant differences that take place in these three countries, and their correlation with the peculiarities of the family lifestyle in other countries. For example, the help of grandparents in Brazil is much lower than in Russia. Comprehensive analysis is also conducted on the factors that reduce the involvement of grandparents in upbringing of their grandchildren in Brazil. The decrease in the frequency of family contacts may be associated with the intensive urbanization processes unfolding in Brazil over the few recent decades. At the same time, the acquired data may reflect the in-depth processes of feminization of migration from less developed regions of the world to more economically prosperous countries. The analysis of the observed consequences of accelerated urbanization in Brazil is of applied importance for understanding the future prospects for the development of modern family.
Shvetsova O.Y., Dmitriev V.A. - Oratory works of George Frideric Handel on the example of the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus” pp. 11-22


Abstract: This article suggest to examine the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus” by G. F. Handel from the perspective of the tradition and realization of attributes of the genre in Western European art. The object of this research is the oratory works of G. F. Handel, while the subject is the determination of the system of music elements that comprise a musical act in the genre under consideration on the example of the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus”. The goal of this study lies in the analysis of realization of the expressive and visual approaches of composer’s writing, traits of the characters, demonstration of the peculiarities of musical dramaturgy of the oratorio. Handel’s oratorios is the phenomenon that genetically relates to the various phenomena of art and philosophy; therefore, the author applies the comprehensive method of research, combining the historical and theoretical approaches towards the studying of the semantics of plot, space-time processes. Genre priorities, interaction of the collective and individual beginnings. The scientific novelty lies in the analysis of compositional-dramaturgical peculiarities of the oratory “Judas Maccabaeus”, musical and expressive means, as well as description of manifestation of the nation’s identity. The presented materials can be valuable for further examination of the Baroque music and performance technique.
Dmitriev I. - The contribution of Russian émigrés to the development of fashion industry in France during 1920’s – 1940’s: to the question about mutual perception of cultures pp. 11-23


Abstract: The focus of attention in this research is the contribution of the representatives of Russian émigré to the development fashion industry in France during 1920’s – 1940’s. Despite the increasing public interest towards the history of white émigré of the “first post-revolutionary wave” overall, as well as the activity of its representatives with regards to fashion industry in particular, this problematic remains insufficiently studied within historiography. Using the synthesis of macro- and micro-approaches towards studying history, the author analyzes the impact of the key political, economic, and social processes of this period upon fashion industry, as well as modeling. Moreover, the author applies the comparative and systemic methods of historical analysis, which on the example of careers of the leading immigrant models, allowed determining the role of Russian émigrés in the French modeling industry throughout 1920’s, 1930’s and 1940’s. The conducted research reveals interconnection between the changes in modeling business and the activity of Russian émigrés. It is concluded that the Russian models were highly demanded among the top French Fashion Houses, and certainly exerted significant influence on the establishment of aesthetic ideals of the fashion world of 1920’s – 1940’s.
Yarskaya-Smirnova V.N., Bozhok N.S., Zaitsev D.V. - The inversion of temporality in the commemoration of cultural and historical reconstruction pp. 11-24


Abstract: In the presented article, the object of research is the commemorative practices of cultural and historical reconstruction. The subject of the study is the inversion of temporality in the festival practices of cultural and historical reconstruction. The purpose of the article is to reveal the specifics of temporal representations of historical reenactors through the prism of the concept of inversion of social time. To achieve it, a secondary analysis of the interview data of the organizers and participants of the festival of historical reconstruction "Times and Epochs" was carried out. The empirical base of the study was made up of materials from Russian media. The most informative was the content of the portal "The City", which posted interviews with participants of the historical reconstruction movement representing various Russian cities, socio-demographic and professional groups of the population. The novelty of the research is the introduction of new theoretical and empirical material into scientific circulation. For the first time in the context of the temporal approach, memorial culture and cultural and historical reconstruction are considered as significant and effective factors of the collective format commemoration. The analysis allowed the authors of the article to determine the multivariability of motivations and intentions that form the basis of commemorative practices of cultural and historical reconstruction. The festival "Times and Epochs" is considered by the authors of the article as an example of non-traditional commemorative practices, where the subject of commemorative activity is the collective past, actualized in the socio-cultural space of the metropolis within the framework of the project-network approach. The problems of the development of the festival as a memorial project, the prospects of its integration into the urban environment are revealed.
Sevenyuk N.A. - The Mavisbank Estate - the monument to the Scottish Enlightenment pp. 12-22


Abstract: The subject of the study is the changes that occurred in the architecture of Scottish country houses of the XVIII century under the influence of new worldview attitudes of the era of the Scottish Enlightenment. The object of the study is the Mavisbank estate in the county of Mildotian, owned by one of the leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Sir Clark Penicuik. Mavisbank is considered as a significant monument of the era of the Scottish Enlightenment, because it shows how the changes taking place in society were expressed in the search for those architectural forms that would reflect the spirit of the new time – the time of reason and its accompanying rationality. When working on the article, the author used the methods of formal stylistic and comparative analysis, which made it possible to determine the architectural style of Mevisbank. The novelty of the research conducted by the author lies in the fact that at present time there are practically no fundamental works in Russian art criticism devoted to the study of the evolution of Scottish architecture of the era of the Scottish Enlightenment. The main conclusion of this study is that in the XVIII century, thanks to the activities of local educators, for the first time in Scottish architecture, there are primary architectural solutions that are ahead of similar trends in English architecture. Thus, the appearance of innovative architectural solutions on Scottish soil suggests that the Scottish architecture of the XVIII century ceases to be regarded as a purely provincial phenomenon based on English and continental models.
Danilova N.K. - “Home – woman’s world”: sacred female images and feminine symbology in the life of Sakha people pp. 13-27


Abstract: The object of this research is the “sacred woman’s world” in the traditional culture of Yakut people. The author examines such aspects of the topic as the determination of the role and place of a woman in organization of life space; consideration of mythological female images involved in domestication of the living space and symbolic representations of “thing world” of a dwelling associated with the female theme. Particular attention is turned to the comprehensive analysis of the scared figure of a potter woman, clay as a creational raw material, and pottery as a replica of cosmogonic technology. Methodological foundation contains the historical-anthropological approach, focusing on studying behavioral motives and strategies, as well as mentality of people of the past. The priority research methods became the semiotic and structural-functional analysis for interpreting the phenomena of woman’s world and sacred meanings of feminine images. The conclusion is made that if the expansion of domesticated space is a result of actions of a man (through the development of landscape), than the organization of living space belongs to a woman, as her image is endued with the creational functions. The author detects the sympathetic connections between the cult of a goddess-mother, female shamanism, and sacred figure of a potter woman; as well as analyzes the femininely saturated loci and things in a living space, possessing a marginal characteristic and allowing to reveal the boundaries between the world of nature and the world of people.
Khabarova I. - Anton Chekhov Theater in the perception of Harbin Russians pp. 13-21


Abstract: This article examines the criticism and publicistic writing about A. P. Chekhov’s dramaturgy and theatre conducted by the Harbin Russians in the early XX century. Russian immigrants of that time did not break ties with the native culture seeing it as a source of spiritual revival and hopes for returning to Russia. Chekhov was an integral part of their intellectual and cultural life. The ideological and aesthetic views of Harbin Russians resonated with the views of Western immigrants, although indicating certain differences. The publications of Eastern immigrants rarely contain skeptical arguments about Chekhov's role in the hierarchy of classics; for Harbin Russians, Chekhov resembles the pride of the Russian literature. The author analyzes the most characteristic articles, considering the fact that they were published in newspapers “on the occasion”. The conclusion is made that the topic  of “Eastern Immigration and the Chekhov” is poorly studied, which defines its scientific relevance, contributes to more extensive coverage of literary heritage of the white émigré, and enriches the knowledge on personality of the writer, his prose, and theater.
Denisova Z.M. - The problem of analysis methodology of spatial and time model in a musical composition of Russian art of the late XX century pp. 14-23


Abstract: The relevance of the chosen topic is substantiated by insufficient study of this problematic within Russian musical culture of the late XX century in the Russian-language scientific literature. The object of this research is the artistic space and time of a musical composition. The author examines meaning of the categories of space and time and their existing philosophical concepts. The subject of this research is music of the Russian composers of the second half of the XX century. The work leans on the analytical method and carries a systemic cross-disciplinary character. The scientific novelty consists in suggesting of M. Bakhtin’s theory as a methodological framework for space and time analysis in a musical composition of that period that was further advanced by the art historical V. Chaikovskaya. As a conclusion, the author systematizes and generalizes the key ideas pertaining to the historical-social context of the indicated period, as well as harmoniousness of the art concept of V. Chaikovskaya to the musical texts of compositions, which reveals its peculiar polychronotopic space and time structure.
Avdeyeva V.V. - Psychological approach towards studying the naive art: practice of art brut pp. 16-25


Abstract: The subject of this research is the peculiarities of the psychological approaches of European experts of the late XIX – early XX centuries (psychiatrists of the so-called “historical psychiatry”), art historians and painters of the XX century, specializing in collection of the works of mentally ill people (or art brut). The historical-comparative method is applied for determination of the specifics of the naive art of Western Europe in the XIX – XX centuries and its comparison with other areas of amateur art of this period. The psychological approach is essential for studying the works of mentally ill people (or art brut) and its key peculiarities. The comparative method allows analyzing the modern forms of art brut and naive art. The novelty consists in outlining the principal psychological approaches of foreign experts with the art brut, the interpretation of which contributes to decoding of all amateur art. Evolution of views stems from determination of similarities between genius and mental disorders, tracing patterns in creative process of the patients, assessment of the ability of a person with mental disorder to creative thinking and invent the object of art prior to learning the artistic beginning. In this regard, the psychological approach revealed the key trends in studying amateur art: from the perspective of Marseille Rege (with his “embryonic” view) to the point of view of Morgenthaller (with his realization of creativity of the patients), and artistic views of Prinzhorn and Dubuffet, who focus on the art criteria: vision of form, color, composition and other formal attributes of an artwork. Thus, the interpretation of art brut becomes a certain “bridge” for understanding the sphere of the naive art.
Kuzovenkova Y.A. - “To whom it is revealed?” or distrust in a global village pp. 17-25


Abstract: This article examines the realities of modern culture, which under the influence of Internet marks the emergence of new communicative situation, well described by the term “a global village”. For such subculture as graffiti, it reflected in the fact that the information on it became accessible for anyone interested. However, in the course of studying graffiti community, the author established that access to information does not imply having accurate knowledge. This led to a question on the legitimate knowledge base in this subculture. The research is carried out on the materials of graffiti stage of Samara. The applied approaches are based on the media concept of Marshall McLuhan and theory of collective and individual memory of Maurice Halbwachs. The conclusion is made that the knowledge on graffiti subculture (both, its history and practical concept) is directly related to the experience in this sphere. In order to understand the meanings kept by collective memory, it is necessary to possess individual memory associated with this practice. Therefore, the accuracy of knowledge on graffiti subculture is defined not by the source of knowledge, but rather the experience of creating graffiti works.
Kulikovskaya I.E. - Semio-sphere of Preschool Education Content pp. 18-57


Abstract: The given research deals with the concept of “semio-sphere” of modern preschool education content. The author of the article gives coverage to semiotic and symbolic grounds of teaching preschool children which is presented in the program “World Outlook”. According to the author, the concept “semio-sphere” includes signs, symbols and values that are reflected in mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal, symbolic and scientific world views. The above mentioned program unites signs and symbols from various areas of life – nature, society and art. They are united into the complete world view as a result of translation which becomes the main mechanism of mental operations. Continuous translation from one cultural language to another is occurring all the time: from the language of senses – into the language of concepts, from the natural language – into the language of art. Methodological background of the research lies within the framework of the following ideas: understanding of culture as the philosophical category which causes deep changes in the education model as a whole and the system of preschool education in particular (M.M. Bakhtin, V.S. Bibler, M.S. Kagan, Yu.M. Lotman, L.P. Pechko, V. N. Stolovich); semio-sphere is seen as the semiotic and symbolic space of culture (Yu.M. Lotman); childhood is understood as the period of the highest level of unleashing potential of a child and his/her comprehensive knowledge of the world around (L.A. Wenger, L.S. Vygotsky, A.G. Gogoberidze, A.V. Zaporozhets, M.V. Korepanova, V.T. Kudryavtsev, E.A. Tupichkina, R.M. Chumicheva) . The author comes to a number of conclusions. Thus, the definition of semio-sphere of preschool education content which opens way to the complete world view is given. The following principles provide the developing effect of the education content: unity of filo and ontogenesis; integration of mythology, philosophy and science; integrity and differentiation of age-related periodization; culture congruent knowledge and ways of learning about the signs and symbols of culture. The content of preschool education aimed at development of the complete world view of preschool children is presented in the program “World Outlook” which includes several components. The first is called “The Elements of the World”. It is aimed at revealing the signs and symbols of the nature reflected in folklore and ways of learning about the real natural phenomena (for children aged 4-5). The second component “Basics of Literacy” reflects the knowledge about signs and symbols of culture presented in the generalized, curtailed form in the letters of the Russian alphabet and small literary texts (for children aged 6-7). The third component, referred to as “Categorical View of the World: Flowers of Russia", reflects the signs and symbols of floristics, nature worthiness, diverse forms of interrelation between a child and the natural world around (for children aged 6-7).The conducted research is of topical interest since it gives full definition to the concept “semio-sphere” of preschool education content as well as the detailed description of the program “World Outlook” which treats the world view as the elaborated set of various signs (cultural, natural, eco-cultural, speech and motive related). The unity of semiotic and symbolic systems which is further elaborated in its components and thematic blocks provide integrity of the whole program. What makes the program specific is the idea of integration, based on the principle of culture congruence, representation of the complete world view in preschool didactics, including mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal and symbolic world views which correspond to the figurative type of perception and thinking of a child. What is more, semio-sphere of preschool education content is mentioned in the Federal State Standard of Preschool Education regarding the criteria of informative, speech, artistic and esthetic development of children.
Tsareva E.S. - The role of music education in distribution of the system of academic traditions and establishment of its regional version: in the context of "center-periphery" problem (on the example of Yeniseysk Governorate pp. 18-26


Abstract: The subject of the research is the processes of conception and establishment of music education in Krasnoyarye over the period of existence of Yeniseysk Governorate (1822-1925), which were designed to ensure the preservation, translation, continuity, and reproduction of new to the Asian part of Russia European academic traditions. Special attention is given to the examination of the role of professional music education in “construction” and successful performance of the regional version of the system of academic art, and its adjustment to the provincial circumstances, using the example of Yeniseysk Governorate. The author particularly refers to the issues of cross-cultural interaction and spread of the single-type culture onto the large geographical areas, depicted in the works of D. S. Likhachev and Y. M. Lotman, comprehending the pages of the Krasnoyarsk music chronicle through the prism of their certain ideas. Analysis of the regional material from the sociocultural perspective, leads to new conclusions in the study of historical events. Consideration of the role of professional music educational institutions in development of the European traditions and establishment of the provincial academic in the context of the binomial "center-periphery" significantly expands the methodological base of historical regional studies and outlines the new relevant paths in understanding of the problems of regional culture.
Denisova Z.M. - Concept of “montage” within the system of artistic culture pp. 21-29


Abstract: The subject of this research is the determination of the degree of scientific exploration of the concept of “montage” within the system of artistic culture, consideration of the processes of its establishment and subsequent transformation. The object of this research is the analysis of fundamental works comprise the basis of the montage theory in the system of artistic culture and fully reveal the figural-dramaturgical and compositional-structural peculiarities of this phenomenon (works of S. Eisenstein, L. Kuleshov, V. Pudovkin, Y. Tynyanov, Y. Lotman. V. Ivanov, T. Efremova, R. Salganik, N. Volkov and others). For achieving the set foal, the author selected the methodology of exploration of the term “montage” in various fields: literary studies, book publishing, culturology, aesthetics, and cinematography. A conclusion is made that the concept of “montage” was viewed by the scholars from various perspectives: as the means for expressing authorial positions; realization of figurative theme; composition of artwork; one of the types of artistic thinking that becomes common for the national art of the late XX century. This article is first to consider the concept of “montage” in the context of various humanitarian spheres. The scientific novelty lies in determination of the relevance of montage principles outside cinematography, despite the origin of the montage theory in the area of cinematic art. Modern artists of different types and genres continue to widely interpret the capabilities of montage in their works.
Zabrodina E.A. - “Sacred Theology” of Nicholas of Cusa in the portraits and altar paintings of the artists of the Early Netherlandish painting pp. 21-32


Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes that unfolded in the spiritual sphere of the Netherlandish society of the XV century, which can be assessed by the treatises of the prominent philosopher and figure of the Catholic Church Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464), as well as by the images, scenes, artistic techniques used by Netherlandish artists of that time such brothers van Eyck, Rogier van Weyden, Hans Memling, Petrus Christus, Hieronymus Bosch, Robert Kampin, and others. Main attention is given to the comparison of the views of Nicholas of Cusa, as well as the manner and ideological program that can be seen in the work of the XV century artists. The scientific novelty consists in demonstration of just how the views of Nicholas of Cusa correlate to the worldview of the people of the XV century – transitional period from the Medieval Era to the Modern Age. Perceptions of the Netherlanders of that time of the world and people’s place within it, of divine predestination and everyday life are reflected in the orders for a new type of altar compositions and portraits. The conducted analysis uses specific examples to reveal the theme of commonness of the worldview in the examined chronological period. Comparison of the paintings and thoughts of Nicholas of Cusa demonstrate the commonness of views that reflect the transformational era in the history of art.
Sugrobova Y.Y., Karpova I.D., Dorofei Y.O. - The parameters of anthropological crisis and modern global generation pp. 22-34


Abstract: This article analyzes the main factors of anthropological crisis, its attributes, impact upon the worldview, psychological, and cultural characteristics of the modern global network generation of Millennials and Centennials. An overview is given to the sources, in which the authors raise the problems of personal crisis, its causes, as well as the prospects for further development of humanity. Analysis is conducted on key traits in communication of collective society, peculiarities of behavioral communication strategy in the conditions of Informatization of the society. The article provides the results of modern research of R. Jenkins and the agency PBN H+K jointly with Magram MR, as well as “Tomsk initiative” project on the representatives of Millennials – “generation Y” and Centennials – “generation Z”; comparative characteristics of their value orientations and life strategies is given. The current formation and development of the new cultural space with the specific features of global, universal, technologized, virtual nature is demonstrated. The role of Net-technologies is revealed; being the key factor of the transformation of modern space, change the forms of sociocultural interaction, production techniques, transformation and conveyance of information, require elaboration of the special forms of spiritual and practical mastering of the reality and self-reflection of the individuals. An assumption is made that due to the technologies of globalization and ideology of postmodernism, takes place the uniformity of social and political structures, destruction of the forms of human identification – cultural, historical and spiritual, as well as destruction of the worldview foundations of personal becoming. Deidentification of a person becomes the key reason of the anthropological crisis.
Chikhacheva M.M., Ekard L.D., Shkredova I.N. - The results of the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition to Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai pp. 23-29


Abstract: The subject of this research is the traditional folklore of the Russian settlements of Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The data recorded during the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition of the Krasnoyarsk State Art Institute serve as the material form this work. The main task of the expeditions included the exploration of the residential areas of Turukhansk District, determination of presence and level of the preservation of the traditional culture (particularly folk music), documentation of the examples of immaterial cultural heritage, and determination of the level of assimilation of folklore of the Russian settlements with the culture of indigenous people. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that in study of the northern areas of Krasnoyarsk Krai, the primary attention was given to the folklore of the indigenous people, while the folklore of the Russian migrants was on the fringes of the authors’ review. The exploration of the residential areas allowed identifying just the songs of the late period of establishment – urban lyrics and couplets (Russian chastushka). It is also noted that the genres of children folklore are well preserved. The authors were able to document the local peculiarities of the separate folklore genres: primarily in children games, rituals of caroling and fortunetelling. The article confirms a hypothesis about the assimilation of the people from various regions of Russia in the territory of Turukhansk District.
Zykin A. - The problem of reviving the traditional culture of Tuvan ethnos during the post-Soviet period pp. 23-31


Abstract: This article examines the traditional culture of Tuva during the post-Soviet period, and represents a logical continuation of the sequence of publications dedicated to the socio-culturological and linguo-culturological aspects of formation, evolution, and currents state of the ethnoses of Southern Siberia. The beginning of 1990’s for Tuva, its history and sociocultural situation was marked by the dissemination of the Soviet Union; there has emerged a visible trend towards the revival of traditional cultural and the return of the forgotten values, caused by the transformation of Eastern culture into the Europeanized. The Tuvan people acknowledged the contradictions between the culture of Tuvans and the genereally accepted new Soviet culture; moreover, in the political sphere of the early 1990’s has been observed the increase of nationalism and conflicts between the indigenous population and the Russians. National culture and its revival during the 1990’s were mostly a political slogan, which became an instrument for acquiring power. The occurrence of difficulties in the economic and sociocultural spheres with onset of the 1990’s can be referred to as “crisis”. It affected absolutely all spheres of life in the republic: the economic and political areas, as well as the society and its culture.
Savvina O.V. - Female beauty standards: natural and cultural pp. 24-34


Abstract: This article examines the female beauty standards substantiated by the cultural preferences (for example, “lotus feet” of Chinese women in Medieval times), as well as standards based on perception of a woman as young and beautiful – natural beauty. The author reveals the interrelation between two types of standards and attempts giving answer to the question: do the cultural standards contradict to the natural standards. For answering this question, the work analyzes the formation of cultural standards of female beauty alongside their cultural essence. The author turns to the works of experts in the field of plastic surgery and sociological research for revealing the standards of natural beauty that are common to the people of various cultures; and then, analyzes the cultural standards of beauty, their functions, and prerequisites for emergence of the new standards (based on the example of key standards of the XX century). The conclusion is made that cultural beauty standards do not contradict or deny the natural, but are built over them. Health risks that women tend to take in order to correspond with the standards, always remains unnoticeable, because otherwise, their sacrifices are in vain. The article highlights the functions of cultural beauty standards united into three main groups, which are called to reflect: 1) origin of a person and his social status; 2) personal qualities and moral orientations; 3) world perception and place of an individual in the world.
Kostiuk I.S. - Critical analysis. Modern conceptual design of ideas that generate discussions pp. 24-35


Abstract: The object of this research is the current state of the conceptual design-practices, their form of representation and interdisciplinary correlation. The subject of this research is the practice of critical design as a fundamental vector of the modern conceptual design. The goal of this work consists in determination of the major methodological orientations of the modern conceptual design alongside the principles of anesthetization and formation of the conceptual design-objects, as well as examination of the nature of interrelation between a user and a conceptual design-object in the context of critical design practices. The scientific novelty lies in presentation of the modern perspectives of foreign theoreticians and practitioners of design that study the question of conceptuality in design within the framework of intellectual practice, focused on generation and improvement of the contentious ideas. Among the main conclusions are: the determined method of critical design based on the principle of “post-optimality” and “para-functionality”; key practices of critical design – design fiction, speculative design, design of critical embodiment, as well as the contexts of their implementation; ambiguous character of critical design-object aimed at generation of discussions and thoughts.
Vecherina O. - Representation of corporeality in Tamil Saiva-bhakti canon pp. 24-34


Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of corporeality and transformation of the model of body in Tamil Saiva-bhakti. The author examines the notional variations of these practices presented in texts of the canon “Panniru Thirumurai”. Description of the path to God as individual practice of a single bhakt comprises the content of Manickavasagar's “Thiruvasagam” (8th book of the canon), while the meticulous description and classification of different variations of the path with detailed recommendations on the improvement of adept’s body are contained in Thirumoolar's “Thirumanthiram” (10th book of the canon). Using the comparative analysis of texts of the canon, the author reveals the formation of the new model of body of the bhakt, which led to changes in the ritual and iconography of temple’s adornment. It is concluded that in the writings of Tamil bhakti poets of the VI-IX centuries has been formed a new representation on Shiva and the new model of adept’s body. The own body initially was perceived as an obstacle in the path to liberation. The extreme forms such attitude obtained in the works of Manickavasagar. Thirumoolar described the new model of adept’s body as the key instrument for achieving mukti. Further development of this model led to advancement of the yogic and alchemic practices in the tradition of Siddhi for acquisition of body that is immortal, perfect, and not subject to corruption. Visionary representations of bhakts led to the drastic transformation of iconographic system of Shivaist temple, realized by Chola Dynasty rulers in the X-XII centuries. Tamil bhakts created a universal complex of spiritual practices, focusing on the work with body, as well as consciousness – through the transformation of body. Such practices not only retained their relevance and practical implementation, but also became widely known outside the region.
Shigurova T.A., Shigurov V.V. - Semantics of fur in costume of the Mordvins pp. 24-36


Abstract: The subject of this research is the traditional fur costume of the Mordvins. The authors examine the problem of formation of the semantics of fur as a material useful for survival and adaptation of a person in space. The goal of this work consists in determination of the factors substantiating semantic meanings of the transformation processes of natural material into a cultural object characteristic for many peoples of the Middle Volga  and Transural regions. The authors summarized the written sources. Including the archive of Russian Geographical Society, analysis of ethnographic collections of museums of the Republic of Mordovia, and results of the field research. The application of general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, classification), comparative-historical approach, and comprehensive culturological approach allowed detecting the peculiarities of Mordvins’ perception of fur items, their implementation into the sphere of spiritual culture, and attribution as a symbol. The scientific novelty consists in the culturological approach towards understanding of the semantic of fur garments and accessories in the everyday culture and family ceremonies of the Mordvins. Substantiation is made on the special significance of fur in the material culture of the Erzya and Moksha peoples: fulfilling a utilitarian function and having become the second, artificial skin of a human, fur adequately protected from unfavorable effects of the environment. It is established that in Erzya language there are still remain similarities between the concepts of fur coat (fur item, animal skin) and clothes.
Zhang T. - To the origins of the creation of the Beijing Choreographic School. Olga Alexandrovna Ilyina. pp. 25-35


Abstract: The subject of the study is the first stage of the creation of the Beijing Choreographic School, the object of the study is the teacher of the Moscow Choreographic School O. A. Ilyina. Her contribution to the creation of the first professional education system in China is emphasized. The role of Soviet choreographers and teachers who carefully studied the Chinese specifics of teaching is noted. Based on the Russian choreographic education system, with its accumulated valuable theoretical and teaching experience, they laid the foundations for the creation and development of a ballet training system in China, thereby creating a serious basis for the professional development of Chinese classical ballet.     The novelty of the research of this work lies in the analysis of the influence of O.A. Ilyina on the early Chinese ballet. In this regard, the tasks are being formed – to consider the features of her diverse activities in China (first as the creation of the Beijing Choreographic School, then as a teacher who has done a lot to train national ballet cadres) and to assess its significance for the development of Chinese ballet. The scientific novelty of the article is caused by the fact that the activities of O.A. Ilyina in China have not yet been studied.A significant role in the preparation and creation of the first professional ballet school in Beijing was played by teachers of the Moscow Choreographic School at the Bolshoi Theater, in particular Olga Alexandrovna Ilyina.
Denisova Z.M. - Intonation and genre montage in the compositions of Alfred Schnittke pp. 26-34


Abstract: The subject of this research is the works of the prominent national composer Alfred Schnittke. The analysis of musical compositions demonstrated that one of the dominant technique of their thematic development consists in the intonation and genre montage, and dramaturgy is structured as a peculiar intertwinement of imagery-thematic lines, each of which is formed as an assemblage of themes referred to the same genre. The main principle for this research served the principle of historicism as one of the fundamental within national musicology, which views an artistic phenomenon in unity of transformation of traditions and modern trends. The scientific novelty consists in determination of the leading principle of musical compositions of A. Schnittke – the principle of “generalization through the genre”, presented as an intonation and genre montage. In conclusions formulated in the article, the author summarizes and systematizes the results of study: combining different genres in a single sound space, the composer interprets them as so-called intonation-semantic signs formed in the process of prolonged historical-cultural development, generating valid content, and at the same time, in its intertwinement, creating an individual artistic view of the world.
Andreeva E.V., Verkhovtseva M.A., Petrova T.Y. - Amulets in the symbolic and everyday practice of Sakha people pp. 27-33


Abstract: The subject of this research is the study of the potential of traditional symbols of Sakha people in preservation of cultural memory and development of socio-cultural processes. The authors analyze the role of the traditional symbols of Sakha people in the formation of culture as the framework for development and survival of the ethos; examine function of the traditional symbols of Sakha people, namely amulets within the modern socio-cultural environment; as well as conduct classification of amulets as symbols (in accordance with Charles Sanders Peirce). Special attention is given to studying the everyday practice of using amulets by the various population categories of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Including youth. The nature and role of the traditional national symbols in the development of socioeconomic sphere of Sakha Republic is determined. The following conclusions were made: amulets as symbols of the traditional culture of Sakha people currently manifest as the adaptation (protection) mechanisms, allowing to retain inner balance and confidence, adjust to the changing external and internal conditions of social development; being multifunctional as any symbol, amulets within the system of traditional symbols may serve as the means for translating and preserving culture and cultural memory if appropriately incorporated into the context of social and educational activities.
Napreenko L.S. - TPU-design: a range of colors and materials pp. 28-37


Abstract: The object of this research is the transport hub in urban environment, while the subject is the engineering capacity of its design. Based on the previously conducted classification, the author determines the key trends in modern engineering practice, illustrated by the examples of Russian and foreign projects. The goal of this research is to explore the peculiarities of design characteristics of a transport hub in urban environment and give them a comprehensive description. Special attention is turned to characteristics as the range of colors and materials. The author examines the coloristic solution of the compositions of transport hub, as well as the impact of color perception upon the stress level of the passengers. The main results of this research consist in the determined coloristic characteristics of TPU-design depending on the spatial structure of the hub and its location in the urban environment. The novelty lies in the analysis of transport hubs from the perspective of design, as well as in outlining the term “TPU-design”, which characterizes the entirety of the elements of spatial composition and artistic-expressive means. The author's special contribution consists in accumulation and systematization of information on the most interesting projects of transport hubs from the perspective of the concept of “TPU-design”.
Pupysheva N.V. - Symbolic language for the description of human nature in Buddhism pp. 30-39


Abstract: The subject of this study is a special symbolic language used in the Buddhist teaching for a comprehensive description of a person (the physiological and psychological constituents of a personality) within the framework of the characteristic to Buddhism integral approach towards personality. The object of this research is the system of "great elements" of Indian origin (mahabhūta, i.e. earth, water, wind, fire and space) that, on the physiological level, are condensed into the "three humors" of an organism (phlegm, bile and wind). The analysis carried out in the paper allows revealing the conceptual peculiarities of the terms  through viewing them in accordance with the principles of Tibetan linguistics on three levels of the meaning (literary meaning; verbal meaning, which represents the conceptual matrix of the term; and true meaning, revealed through the pragmatics of the text). Based on examination of the complicated hierarchic structure of meanings of these terms, the author concludes that the use of this system allows interpreting texts, which describe different levels of the reality. It results in the productive method of presentation of the knowledge in Buddhist doctrine and makes it possible to include the knowledge on human as the personality into the general context of concepts about the world, using the universal language of description. The article provides the examples of interpretation of the phenomena of different levels of reality, applying the system of "great elements".
Frenk G.Y. - Initiatives on preserving the Inuktitut language in Nunavut pp. 32-39


Abstract: The subject of this research is the main initiatives undertaken in Nunavut aimed at preservation and development of the Inuktitut, which is the language of one of the three indigenous peoples of Canada – the Inuit. According to UNESCO, the Inuktitut alongside the majority of languages of the indigenous peoples of Canada, is currently classified as “definitely endangered”, and its preservation requires new solutions of the government. Indigenous languages are not only a means of communication, but also represent a complex system of the centuries-old knowledge, play a significant role in the identity of indigenous peoples, conservation of their culture, worldview, and self-determination. The problem of preservation of language as the crucial element of ethno-cultural heritage becomes increasingly important in the modern era of globalization, which has captured all countries and continents. The novelty of this study consists in analysis and assessment of the experience of the Canadian region Nunavut in implementation of bilingual education models in the regional educational institutions, as well as in the use of information technologies for popularizing the Inuktitut language. Despite the fact that the overall language situation in Nunavut remains complicate, immersion into the language on the levels of preschool and school education, development of media, television and radio broadcasting, the last two decades mark positive trends in the number of Intuits with the command of Inuit language. The experience of Nunavut is of practical importance for the development and implementation of federal and regional programs aimed at supporting the languages and cultures of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of Russia.
Shumov M.V. - Evolution of the Russian film festival movement: trends, forms, themes, and genres of children and adult amateur filmmaking in the XX – XXI centuries pp. 34-48


Abstract: The subject of this research of this article is the trends, forms, themes and genres of children and adult amateur filmmaking on the context of development of the national film festival movement. The author traces  the evolution of the Russian film festival movement, which is reflected in trends, organizational forms, themes and genres of children, mixed and adult amateur filmmaking in the XX – XXI centuries. Methodological framework of this research is comprised of the dynamics of formation of the experience of emotional-value perception of the visual image of reality (B. M. Nemensky), content analysis, comparative, genre-thematic, statistical, historical-culturological analysis of the themes and genres of works of amateur filmmaking of the Soviet and post-perestroika periods presented at film festivals. As a result of the conducted research, the author divides the traditional filmmaking into enthusiasts of cinemagorahic art and amateur videographers; outlines the organizational forms and development trends of the Russian film festival movement; highlights the thematic peculiarities of modern amateur filmmakers that consist in the successive, traditional, new and lost themes of children and adult amateur films. The traditional amateur film and modern amateur video genres of screen works are determined. The novelty of this research lies in nontraditional approach, as well as comprehensive analysis of the problem of modern development of the amateur film festival movement. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) the division of traditional amateur filmmaking into two groups: enthusiasts of traditional cinematographic art and amateur videographers – creation of the works of new and traditional themes is substantiated by sociocultural peculiarities of modern development of the amateur film festival movement; 2) It is noted that the lost thematic groups, such as the Soviet legacy, would be revived in the works of modern authors; 3) there is an important feature in the development of modern amateur videography in the context of film festival movement and establishment of the new genres.
Khingeeva L. - The genesis of animalistic elements in the costumes of Buryat shamans pp. 35-46


Abstract: The object of this research is the Buryat shamanism – a complex system of religious views, norms, rituals and traditions of Buryat people. The scientific records demonstrate that the features of animalism, zoolatry and totemism are characteristic to the traditional religion of Buryats. The subject of this research is the animalistic elements in the costumes of Buryat shamans. The volume of accumulated knowledge is extensive and diverse, mainly contains the descriptions, classification by the grounds of origin, symbolism, use in rituals; but at the same time, the origin of the subject of research as a whole has been poorly studied. Using the analysis of genesis of animalistic elements in shaman costumes, the article makes an attempt to determine the background of animalism and zoolatry in the religious views of Buryats, leaning on retrospective of evolution of the Buryat ethnos, origin of the traditional beliefs of Buryats, and the processes on cross-cultural diffusion with other ethnic groups that influenced the formation of Buryat shamanism.
Azarova V.V. - The “undying archaic elements” in dramatic oratorio by Arthur Honegger “Joan of Arc at the Stake” pp. 35-61


Abstract: The subject of this research is the integration of the elements of old genres in to a composition of Arthur Honegger’s dramatic oratorio. Particular attention is paid to formation of the system of interrelated intonation-dramaturgical spheres and vocal-symphonic development of recurring themes, motifs and sound symbols. The author examines the interaction of verbal and vocal-symphonic elements of sound fabric. The goal consists in identification of the traits of old genres and other archaic elements within the synthetic form of musical/dramatic theatre, as well as determination of the dominant aspect of musical meaning therein. Research methodology is based on the musical-hermeneutic reconstruction of the process of composing, detection of the fundamental principles of musical dramaturgy along with functions of cited by the composer Latin texts in the synthetic form of dramatic oratorio. The main method for this work became the musical-theoretical analysis of polyphonic vocal-symphonic musical fabric, and analysis of the verbal texts of voice part in the French and Latin languages, in de visu score. This article is first to interpret integration of the genre codes of medieval mystery play and citations from liturgical texts of the previous eras, including the Holy Scripture, into the compositions of dramatic oratorio of Arthur Honegger as the means for creating temporal multidimensionality of the synthetic form of French musical/dramaturgical theatre of the XX century within the context of Christian tradition. Honegger has overcome the linearity of narration through integration into the composition of the traits of previous eras. The citation of liturgical texts, including Holy Scripture, lead to expansion of the semantic space of literary text of the dramatic oratorio. This established the idea of synthesis of time and eternity characteristic to Christianity.
Gogolev A.I., Struchkova N.A., Yakovleva K.M. - The phenomenon of viability in modern society of the culture of hunters, fishermen and gatherers (on the example of the Essene Yakuts) pp. 35-46


Abstract: The subject of the study is the viability of the tradition of hunters and fishermen in modern society in the conditions of the Extreme North. This article substantiates the features of the viability of the Essene Yakuts in the context of the historical development of mechanisms of self-regulation, adaptation and cultural reproduction. The object of the study is the Essene Yakuts living in the village of Essey of the Evenki National District of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The Essene Yakuts are a unique local group of Yakuts, as they have preserved the Yakut language and self-consciousness in a modern and non-ethnic environment. In the conditions of the Extreme North, the Yakuts of Essey successfully switched to reindeer husbandry, fishing and hunting, hence the difference in the culture of life support from the Yakuts of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The main conclusions of the study are the identification of mechanisms for countering instability, as a result of which a new stability arises. The Essene Yakuts were able to preserve elements of the traditional culture of the Yakuts, while transforming it under new living conditions. And if in the pre-XXI century the Essenes felt their remoteness, then with the development of the information society, mass media, messengers, they joined the "Yakut world", which contributed to the transformation of the unique culture of the Essenes. A special contribution of the authors to the study of the topic is that personal field materials collected in 2014 in Essey and Tura settlements of the Krasnoyarsk Territory were used. The novelty of the research is the revealed mechanisms for the preservation of traditional culture, as well as previously unpublished field materials.
Bogdanova M.V. - Sociocultural aspects of the Orthodox wedding ceremony in modern Russia pp. 38-44


Abstract: The object of this research is the wedding religious ritual in the modern Orthodoxy. The subject of this research is the structure of wedding rituals in modern Orthodoxy. Special attention is given to experimental study of certain rituals of the wedding ceremony for revealing the specificity of Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system. It is worth noting that the author adheres to the principle of understanding religion as a sociocultural phenomenon and believes that isolated study of religious rituals that excludes reference to non-ritual practices and non-religious values is inefficient. The scientific novelty consists in the first attempt within the national and foreign culturology to comprehensively study the modern Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system that functions in a multilayered sociocultural context of modernity. The author concludes that it is possible to divide rituals of the Orthodox wedding ceremony into two groups: “festivity” and “sacrament”. It is underlined that significant impact upon the semantics of the Orthodox wedding ceremony is a factor of its inclusion, or on the contrary, non-inclusion into the overall wedding complex. The conducted analysis proves that the Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system is not the once-and-for-all ritual pattern, reproduced without any changes under the various circumstances.
Gogolev A.I., Fedorova A.R. - Modern Yakut horror story as a genre of urban post-folklore pp. 38-48


Abstract: This article examines a special genre of Yakut oral literature – modern Yakut "horror stories". This new genre was formed on the basis of traditional folklore in the late Soviet period during the era of active Urabanization processes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and is a genre of modern post-folklore. Proceeding from the point of view that any folklore transformations are indicators of the dynamics of public sentiment, an attempt was made to look at this genre as a reflection of some social experiences that support and are reflected in certain plots that remain more stable. The sources of the study were data from a survey conducted in 2018, in which 213 respondents took part. With the help of the obtained materials, some quantitative data were revealed, as well as the most popular and frightening motives of the modern Yakut horror story according to the respondents. The review of the most popular plots is carried out, the characteristics and regional features of the genre are given. The author comes to the conclusion that the Yakut horror story, arising during the period of urbanization processes, is the result of the decomposition of rural communications, and the characters of the modern chthonic spectrum differ from the traditional ones in their simplified appearance and universality in relation to global culture.
Pupysheva N.V. - Typology of personality within the system of Tibetan Buddhist medicine pp. 40-48


Abstract: This article pursues correlation between the typologies of personality by Western authors and the typology of personality of the Tibetan Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions that use a specific language for the personality typology description and interpretion in the context of the «great elements»  system (mahabhūta – earth, water, wind, fire), which on the physiological level is narrowed down to the notion of «three humors» of an organism (wind, bile, phlegm). Analyzing the original sources, the author demonstrates that these traditions base the typology of personality on domination in specificities of the body, physiological processes, and psyche of one or another "beginning" of an organism or its combinations. Comparing the principles of personality classification of such Western philosophers and psychologists as Kretschmer and Sheldon with the Tibetan Buddhists tradition in Ayurveda, this work illustrates that the foundation of views upon the typology of personality of the Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions lies in the theoretically substantiated and verified by the century-long practice theory of personality that differs from the European in its description language, which in turn, is based on the alternate philosophical perception of the world.
Aleksandrov N.N. - Three manners in works of László Moholy-Nagy pp. 44-57


Abstract: The subject of this research is the creative path of the prominent representative of modernism of the early XX century – international constructivist László Moholy-Nagy. The article is based on the materials of the prepared by the author monograph with the full review about the creative work of László Moholy-Nagy. Classification of the periods of master’s creative work associated with the general status of the cycles of culture and stylistic nuances of the era is presented in this article. The author examines the specificity of his works in 1920’s and 1930’s; and the period of the early 1940’s has been terminated due to the death of the Moholy-Nagy. Multiple illustrations of his works that characterize the three mentioned periods are presented in the article. This work is written from the perspective of systemic and genetic methods in art studies. The structural-cyclical model that allows describing his creative paths is applied. Scientific novelty consists in the fact that this is the first generalizing publication of such type about László Moholy-Nagy in Russian language. But, taking into account the foreign sources, we can state that other researchers of his creative work did not formulate a similar periodization, as well as never considered his works as inscribed into the context of mental evolution in the XX century.
Din S. - Certain peculiarities of Russian foreign literature in Harbin pp. 47-55


Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of “Harbin literature”, which implies the literary arts of Russian immigrants in Harbin (the capital of Heilongjiang province, PRC) in the early XX century. The goal of this work is the need to prove that the “Harbin” literary works have the characteristic features of Russian literature, and at the same time signify the impact of Chinese culture, which makes them so artistically unique. They represent a regional literary phenomenon, which is somewhat at the intersection of the Russian and Chinese cultural traditions. The method of analytical perception of the sources clarifying the essence of the phenomenon of “Harbin literature” and literary arts of the Russian immigrants in Harbin of the early XX century became the foundation of this research. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that leaning on the existing within modern Russian and Chinese literature assessments of creativity of Harbin writers, the author proves that it is not only an intrinsic part of the history of Russian literature, but also a special page in the history of Chinese literature of the early XX century. Attention is turned to the immigrant publishing activity as a crucial indicator of pinnacle point of literary activities. The literary works in Russia periodicals of Harbin can be divided into two groups: dedicated to Russia, and dedicated to China. The first groups is much more extensive than the second, although both are represented by an entire range of various topics.  
Khokhlova D. - Scenography of John Neumeier’s ballet “Anna Karenina”: artistic aspects of the authorial Interpretation of the literary source pp. 47-58


Abstract: The subject of this article is the artistic and staging solutions applied by John Neumeier in choreographing the ballet “Anna Karenina”. Their determination and analysis is carried out in order to reveal the semantic dominants in interpretation of L. Tolstoy's plotline and understand the ideological intention of the author, who is both a choreographer and a production designer. The research is based on the comprehensive approach. Using semantic analysis of the ballet, the author was leaning on the principles developed by theoreticians and historians of the choreographic theater – Dobrovolskaya, Krasovskaya, Lopukhov, Suriz. In the course of historiographical analysis, were used the lectures given by Neumeier prior to the Moscow premiere of “Anna Karenina”. The article also contains video materials from the archives of Hamburg “Ballettzentrum” and Moscow Bolshoi Theater. The method of overt observation (based on the personal experience of working with Neumeier on the role of Kitty) was also applied. Neumeier saturates the minimalistic and easily transformable design of the ballet with symbolic images (chair, bag, door, steam locomotive), as well as uses staging techniques such as layering of scenes and change of scenery in motion, exposure of the structure of decorations, creation of several scenic plans, use of videography. Detailed semantic analysis of scenography, which became the key research instrument, allows concluding that in his choreographic interpretation of L/ Tolstoy's novel, Neumeier actively uses staging techniques characteristic to drama theater, broadening the range of scenographic solutions for the ballet performance. The author was able to determine and decode the symbolism of the original expressive elements and images by in-depth analysis of the ideological concept of the performance.
Chzhen L. - S. Feinberg — composer-thinker of the Silver Age pp. 47-60


Abstract: The purpose of this article is to identify cultural, musical and pedagogical aspects of the life and work of one of the leading representatives of the Moscow piano school in performance and pedagogy S. Feinberg. The formation of S. Feinberg's compositional and performing style was influenced by many composers of the Silver Age, the leading of whom were A. Scriabin and N. Medtner. The subject of the study is the circle of interests of S. Feinberg. S. Fenberg was one of the best performers of J.S. Bach, L. Beethoven, R. Schumann, P. Tchaikovsky, S. Rachmaninov, N. Medtner, A. Scriabin. S. Feinberg's interpretations of A. Scriabin's works were considered the closest to the author's. S. Feinberg's performance was distinguished by its rigor, precise adherence to the author's text, intellectual interpretation. S. Feinberg summarized his views in musicological works: "Beethoven's 32 Sonatas", "Pianism as Art", "The Fate of Musical Form" and others. The object of the study is the consideration of the individual composer style of S. Feiberg. From the first opuses of S. Feinberg's work, he was interested in the genre of piano sonata. Through the synthesis of research methods, some features of sonatas No. 1, No. 2, No. 6 and No. 12 are presented. The author examines in detail compositional techniques, in particular the attraction to poetry and monothematism inherent in romantic composers, the widespread use of polyphony. A significant event for the musicians was the release of the CD "Feinberg plays Feinberg", released by the Moscow Conservatory in 2021, which included recordings of his twelve sonatas. The main conclusion of the conducted research is that S. Feiberg's style is absolutely individual, which is revealed in the nature of thematism, the ways of its development, and the methods of piano presentation. In addition, a fine connoisseur of the piano, S. Feinberg creates new types of virtuoso technique. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that for the first time the study of S. Feinberg's style is based on the memoirs and theoretical studies of S. Feinberg.
Tsareva E.S. - The formation of academic music culture of Yeniseian Governorate: new outlook through the prism of processes of self-organization and institutionalization pp. 49-67


Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes of formation of the academic music culture in Krasnoyarsk during one of the most significant periods of its development in the region – the existence of Yeniseian Governorate (1822-1925). The author examines the establishment and functionality of the local model of academic traditions during the imperial and Soviet historical stages, by determining the universal (general Russian and general Siberian) and specific features. The main interest of the author is focused in the socio-culturological aspects of the research, identification of the key processes of construction of the music-academic system, analysis of their functionality under the conditions of various types of government structure. The article introduces the unpublished documents into the scientific discourse, as well as present a new approach towards perception of development of the Siberian music culture. Analyzing from the socio-culturological perspective the establishment of the system of academic art in Yeniseian Governorate, the author reveals the two main processes taking part in its formation – self-organization and institutionalization. Based on the local history materials, the author demonstrated their impact and diverse combinations depending on the sociopolitical and economic context. The conclusion is made that the balance and “complementarity” between the processes of self-organization and institutionalization represents the most favorable environment for the rapid development of academic and music culture. The acquired results allow significantly enriching the existing knowledge in the area of establishment of the traditions of Siberian academic art, as well as discover the new relevant prospects in examination of the world musical and historical processes.
Palatkin V.V. - Modern approaches towards the study of food culture in foreign scientific discourse pp. 49-61


Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern scientific discourse on food culture, while the object is the foreign approaches towards the study of food culture. Research dedicated to food culture is a crucial part of modern scientific discourse. The goal of this article lies in determination of the key approaches towards the study of food culture. The majority of foreign researchers claim that the modern study of nutrition shifted towards examination of the communicative aspects of food consumption (identity, cultural symbolism, social activity, etc.). From year to year, food and its consumption are explored by mass media and non-specialists as a form of art, leisure, source of social status, as well as method to express social / global differences, which manifests in the growing number of “trendy” food practices, magazine and newspaper publications, video blogs, cooking shows, etc. The author’s special contribution consists in outlining the three main approaches towards the study of nutrition: natural scientific, anthropological, and sociological. The natural scientific approach is associated with the basic principle of vitality of nutrition for people, which at the present stage is turning into a cult of healthy eating. The anthropological approach is based on determination of the anthropic characteristics of nutrition and is ramified and multidisciplinary. A special place is assigned to culturological direction. The sociological approach is focused of revelation of the role of alimentary culture in strengthening of social ties, social differentiation and integration on the micro- and macro levels. However, due to broadening of the research field related to nutrition, such classification can be elaborated.
Kobets M.V. - Mentoring and career building in the event industry pp. 49-67


Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the phenomenon of mentoring in the event industry. The industry is developing at an active pace and does not stand still. Continuous training and updating of competencies is required not only for novice specialists, but also for established and experienced event managers. The methodological basis of the research includes the theoretical provisions of event management, as well as models and tools that take into account the specifics of mentoring in the event business. The goal is to study the theoretical foundations of the mentoring phenomenon, as well as to identify factors that influence the construction and development of a mentoring system in the event industry. Material and methods. The research materials were articles, books by foreign and domestic scientists in the field of research of mentoring activities in the event sphere. In the course of the research, universal methods of cognition were used: systemic, dialectical, structural and functional, analysis and synthesis.The empirical base of the study was formed using the survey data. This article will be of interest to researchers in the field of event management, stakeholders of the event industry and students studying in this field of training. The novelty of the research is due to the fact that the topic of mentoring in the event industry is a fairly new and relevant topic for research. Currently, mentoring is not just working with employees and recommending books for reading — it is a full—fledged process for transferring accumulated experience, knowledge and modern competencies. The results of the study can serve as a basis for the formation of corporate mentoring programs in event agencies, which will contribute to the disclosure of the personal, creative, professional potential of each employee. This article will be of interest to researchers in the field of event management, stakeholders of the event industry and students studying in this field of training.
Kalina N.D. - Model of the essential attributes of visual culture as the criteria for studying artifacts and design of new visual images pp. 51-63


Abstract: The object of this research is visual culture in the context of studying artifacts and design of new visual images. The subject of this research is the theoretical reflection on the essential attributed as the general characteristics of visual culture. The author compares the depiction of the artifacts of visual culture artifacts in postmodernism and constructivism. Postmodernism does not aim to build holistic images and reveal the content through visual form. Constructivism, in turn, structures holistic and aesthetically expressive forms of artifacts in unity with the content. The knowledge and meanings in visual artifacts are constructed via graphic spatial and artistic features. Special attention is given to the constructivist approach as a theoretical-methodological substantiation for studying the essential attributes of visual artifacts. Such approach allows the cultural entities to build semantic models by means of the general cultural geometric language in the dialectical synthesis of various forms, content, and conventional meanings. The artistic interpretations contribute to creation of the unique content. The constructivist approach includes the following methods: deconstructivism of conducting detailed analysis of the artifacts; constructivism of building new aesthetically expressive images. The result of this research lies in systematization of the essential attributes of visual culture for all forms and content. The novelty of consists in correspondence of the constructivist approach to the object and subject of the research, as well as in examination of the actual reality of the modern visual culture of digital technologies and new constructive methods of visualizing form and content in the images.
Khabibullina Z.R. - The practices of implementation of digital technologies in Islamic society (on the example of Hajj) pp. 54-58


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problem of innovativeness of traditional religions and their compatibility with the technological novelties. On the example of Hajj – one of the major Islamic rituals, the author examines the use of digital technologies in realization of the annual pilgrimage of the Muslims. Emphasis is made on studying the process of using the Hajj-related mobile applications that allow the believers and nonbelievers to connect with the religious action in the virtual space. Mobile interface allows each user to receive information on religion, sacred texts, stamping grounds, as well as contains theological interpretation of the rituals, audio and visual content. The research was carried out in the Islamic segment of Internet; the author conducted content analysis of the information and discussion content pertinent to Hajj. The acquired results testify to the expansion of virtualization of Islam along with the use of digital technologies in the conservative religious field. The popularity of digital images, social networks, “virtual Hajj” among the Internet users contribute to the increase of communicative and discussion activity in Islamic society with regards to the questions of “veracity” and need for using information technologies by the believers.
Atanesyan G., Hakobyan G. - The problems of preservation of ethnic identity of the Belarusian diaspora in Soviet and post-Soviet Armenia pp. 56-68


Abstract: The object of this research is the problems of preservation of ethnic identity of the Belarusian diaspora in Armenia during Soviet and post-Soviet period. Interethnic families comprise the current Belarusian community in Armenia. These scattered ethnic groups are the soft target for assimilation processes in the predominantly conservative and monoethnic regions of Armenia. The article presents a brief overview on the history of Belarusian diaspora of Yerevan and Belarusian ethnic groups in the Armenian regions since its formation until the present. Certain backbone characteristics of the concept of diaspora are described. The novelty consists in the division of Belarusian diaspora of Armenia into Belarusian diaspora of Yerevan and ethnic groups of the regions of the Republic of Armenia. A comparative analysis of these fundamentally different communities allowed better understanding the problems that threaten the existence of Belarusian diaspora in Armenia. Analysis is conducted on the basic factors of ethnic identity of the Belarusian diaspora in Armenia. The article reviews the factors that contribute to assimilation and ethnic transformation of Belarusian ethnic groups of the Republic of Armenia and the diaspora of Yerevan. In Yerevan, Belarusian ethnic identifiers are being replaced by the Russians, while in rural areas of Armenia even Russian indicators are being dislodged by the local ethnic components, which can result in fatal assimilation.
Suvorkina E.N. - Mass media and media production as the segments of Russian industry of the childhood subculture: constitutional grounds of economic-legal substitute phenomena pp. 58-74


Abstract: This article examines the economic and legal grounds of the two substitute phenomena – segments of the merchandise market (industry) of the childhood subculture. It is demonstrated that the printed publications realize the constitutional right to freedom of speech to the full extent, as well as take into account that the absence of censorship does not mean the use of the offensive language. In addition to that, and what is mostly important at the present time, the magazines are published in national languages, which serves as the proof of implementation by the Russian Federation of the policy of preservation of the languages and culture of native people. The main positions and conclusions of the conducted research can be used in the conditions of demand for regulation of the work of various segments of the industry of the childhood subculture (particularly the segments of mass media and media production) as the economic-legal phenomena in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and acting legislation base. This will allow turning the children’s products market more civilized and oriented towards not only the financial component, but also formation of a “healthy” information space for the children.
Krasilnikova M.N. - To the problem of mutual social recognition: peculiarities of the process of acculturation of Muslims in the European non-Muslim societies pp. 62-71


Abstract: The subject of this research is the consideration of peculiarities of acculturation of Muslims as a process unfolded in the European non-Muslim societies, associated with impossibility of achieving a full mutual social recognition even upon the condition of gaining citizenship of a certain country, in other words, naturalization. The constraining factor towards that is the methodological nationalism, separation and marginalization, which are an inevitable result of the pursuance of multiculturalism and proclivity for leaving the ghetto, as well as understanding of acculturation as a unilateral process. The scientific novelty lies in reconsideration of the traditional forms and strategies of acculturation in the context of situation of social recognition of the Muslims in the accepting societies of European states. The main methods are the examination and analysis of academic publications related to this problematic, as well as their systemic comparison for revealing the peculiarities inherent to the aforementioned process. A conclusion is made on the importance of civic equality for the mutual social recognition, as well as the need for bilateral changes of identity for solution of the problems emerging in the process of acculturation.
nikiforova s.v., Ivanova M.A. - Museum as the “third place” in cultural space of a rural area pp. 62-72


Abstract: This article explores the problem of reconstruction and diversification of the activity of regional museums on the periphery. Attention is focused on underestimation (absence of demand) of potential of a museum in cultural space of a rural area. Reconstruction of the cultural space should be realized in accordance with the cluster principle: it allows reconstructing the functions of currently operating museums in an affordable way; optimally harness their potential; shift accents of their role for the society. Mainstreaming the values of regional ethnic culture contributes to the establishment of a positive cultural identity of the local dwellers. The author applies a complex interdisciplinary approach towards studying the problems of designing cultural space and forms of organizing leisure activities. Method of mosaic modeling is used in development of the project of museum as a third place. It is proven that cluster principle for organization of cultural and educational establishments, service sector; collaboration of their personnel; extensive implementation of participatory practices actualize the potential of cultural institutions of the rural area. Modern sociocultural practices as a platform of third place actively promote libraries (El Lissitzky and others) and cafés (Ray Oldenburg and others); the authors propose a museum complex – association of thee museums of the rural area. The article formulates a theoretical substantiation for broadening museum functions as an educational platform, place for relocation, personal development, and self-fulfillment. A reorganized creative cluster may contribute to the establishment of a positive cultural identity of the local dwellers, as well as make the cultural space more productive and efficient.
Loshchenkov A.V. - Institute of Buddhist Dialectics: traditions and modernity pp. 68-83


Abstract: The subject of this research is the history of establishment of the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics and the system of Buddhist education therein. The author provides a compendium of topics, as well as titles of the texts identifies by the collection of Tibetan texts published in the digital resource Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. The fundamental sources and commentarial literature are determined. It reveals the prospects for profound study of the Gelug tradition common in the countries of Trans-Himalayan region. Mongolia, Russia (Buryatia, Kalmykia, Tyva). The author determines the specificity of extra-sectoral teaching of Buddhism and the peculiarity of tantric education in the context of philosophical curriculum. Methodology combines the classical textological approach and contextual analysis, taking into account the Buddhist commentarial tradition. For solving the set tasks, the author applies textological methods for precise description of the structure of education. The novelty of this research is defined by introducing into the scientific discourse of the previously unstudied system of education and textbooks essential for obtaining the Rime Geshe degree in Buddhism, which curriculum included not only Gelug texts, but also two other traditions of Tibetan Buddhism – Nyingma, Kagyu, and Sakya. This is the only institute offering the education of such type. This allows its graduates to act as interpreters of verbal teachings, as well as texts of all traditions of the Tibetan Buddhism. The research carries special value for developing a curriculum of Buddhist education in secular educational institutions.
Zakharova E.E. - City’s cultural environment as a part of public space pp. 73-80


Abstract: At the current stage of social development, human life becomes increasingly interlinked with the cities. Cities play a significant role in history, especially in the history of culture, Cities and culture are inseparable concepts, having such close relation that comprise an entire object of cognition. Namely these factors bestow individuality and adaptiveness upon urban environment. Space opens more opportunities for communication, exchange of experience and running social campaigns. Therefore, the conditions for existence of a new cultural environment are associated not only with changes in the created design solutions and/or aesthetic trends. Based on the method of comparative analysis, the author examines the concept of “cultural environment of a city” and its impact upon arrangement of public space. The novelty of this study consists in the thesis that the efficiency of organization of the urban cultural environment affects development potential of the cities in their social and economic unity, with focus on the degree of population content with the quality of life. Cultural environment also impacts consumer culture and interests of the community, as well as contribute to the development of urban space.
Shigurova T.A. - Mordvinian (Moksha) women’s costume of the Insar district of Penza province of the mid XIX century: local peculiarities pp. 91-105


Abstract: This article describes the uniqueness of the local version of traditional clothing of Moksha women who in the mid XIX century resided in the rural localities of Levzha, Perkhlyay, and Suzgarye in the Insar district of the Penza province. The characteristic attributes of women's costume of this period are reflected in the written sources of the Russian Geographical Society. The relevance of this research is defined by the absence of special works on the topic, as well as by the attempt to reconstruct the elements of traditional clothes of the mid  XIX century, which is the first time period used for mapping material culture of the Mordvinian people. The object of this research is the traditional costume of the Mordvinian women; while the subject is the local peculiarities of Moksha women’s costume of the Insar district of Penza province of the mid XIX century, which was characterized by silhouette of the shirt, original style of its wearing with a set of belt ornaments-pendants and loincloth. The goal of this research consists in the analysis of the local peculiarities of Mordvinian (Moksha) women's costume of the mid XIX century and its transformations until the early XX century. The novelty lies in the use previously unpublished handwritten materials of Russian Geographical Society are valuable for reconstructing the historical costume of Moksha women. It is established that in the traditional women’s costume of this territory was a unique phenomenon of material culture, resembling the complex processes of ethnogenesis of the Mordvinian people, hardworking nature of women, results of their creativity, and the national aesthetic canon. The article describes the style of wearing women's blouses shirt. The combination of basic elements of the local complex (shirt and lower waist clothing) allowed the women to wear a short version of the shirt, which did not constrain them in movement or physical work.
Khoroshikh P.P. - Tynzyan throwing on a trochee in the construct of initiation in traditional culture of Evenks pp. 106-113


Abstract: This article is devoted to the research of physical initiation as an element of traditional culture of indigenous peoples of the Russian North. The physical initiation as a sign of transitioning of boys to young man and later a man, takes place in the process of commanding the traditional household skills of the representatives of the North, one of which is throwing a tynzyan (belt lasso) on a trochee. Confirmation of the physical skills can testify that the future man is capable of surviving in the harsh environment of the Far North. The upbringing process of the young generation is accompanied by transfer of knowledge, as well as skills of throwing the lasso as a type of household management activity. The initiation process includes not only practice of physical skills, but also ability to fashion the lasso for throwing, which takes place in the process of passing down knowledge from father to son. For confirmation of their status, a child demonstrates the ability to throw the lasso in the course of various competitions, which are a part of the process of ethnopedagogical activity and allows assessing the level of preparedness. The results of the field research demonstrates that the competitions are organized differently for different age groups. Additionally, this research actualizes the attention to the processes of influence of the nature upon the culture of the North.
Liubivaia I. - The uniqueness of theatrical memoiristics of T. L. Shchepkina-Kupernik pp. 106-115


Abstract: The subject of this research is the memoir heritage of Tatiana Lvovna Shchepkina-Kupernik. The novelty is defined by the absence of works dedicated specifically to the theatrical memoirs of Tatiana Lvovna Shchepkina-Kupernik. This article examines her memoiristics as part of the history of Russian theater, which allows the researchers to determine the author's contribution to the Russian theater studies. The goal of this consists in drawing attention of the audience and researchers to the memoiristics of Tatiana Lvovna Shchepkina-Kupernik, as well as in describing the role of her theatrical memoirs within the Russian literary studies and the history of Russian theater. Analysis is conducted on the key peculiarities of the memoir heritage of T. L. Shchepkina-Kupernik: stylistic uniqueness, attention to details of the theatrical culture, mastery of sculptural portraits. The author also reveals fascinating rare facts about the prominent figures of art and theatrical events of the late XIX – early XX centuries. The conclusion is made that the memoirs of T. L. Shchepkina-Kupernik represent a rich source on the history of Russian theatre. The details of theatrical culture, in-depth analysis of acting, portraits of the outstanding figures of Russian and foreign culture – all these facts makes her memoir heritage an invaluable material that contributes to the study of the Russian theatrical art.
Tedeeva T.T. - “Cultural-historical meanings of the Third Rome” pp. 111-127


Abstract: In theoretical and sociopolitical discourses, the semantic construct “The Third Rome" is often used in denotative meaning of imperial ideology. At the same time, it has multivariate connotation, the disclosure of which in the cultural-historical context on the one hand allows deeper understanding of the semantic aspect of the construct, while on the other – more precisely characterizing the culture of different epochs. The object of this research is the historical process of saturation of the semantic construct “The Third Rome" with meaningful content. The subject of this research is the basic cultural- historical connotations the concept “The Third Rome”. The goal of this work is to establish correlation between the basic connotations of the concept under review and the historical cultures by means of culturological attribution. Alongside the general theoretical philosophical-analytical toolset, the author tests the method of culturological attribution in relation to cultural-historical meanings of the concept “The Third Rome" as intangible cultural artifacts. The novelty of this article consists in elucidation of the historical subjectivity of cultural meanings of the concept “The Third Rome”. Attribution of this concept to several historical cultures allows determining its multiple connotation, which at times are antipodal. The most common interpretation (“The Third Rome” as an empire) is applicable only to certain historical cultures.
Yaylenko E. - Titian’s “Penitent Magdalene” from the collection of Palatine Gallery: from Holy Scripture to Pietro Aretino pp. 114-121


Abstract: The subject of this article is the painting “Penitent Magdalene” by Titian (middle 1530’s, Florence, Palatine Gallery). The key research goal lies in demonstration of the origins of artist’s message and determine the its potential literary prototype. Raising the question in such form is substantiated by the explicit erotic intonations expressed in the painting, which do not quite align with the religious content of Titian’s work, unless it implies the contrast juxtaposition of the erotica and piousness of the conscious stylistic device. Thus, the author attempts to find a possible literary prototype that would contain similar contrast. The research method consists in the search of conceptual parallels between the content of Titian’s “Penitent Magdalene” and Pietro Aretino’s “The Humanity of Christ” (1535). The main result lies in determination of the essence of artistic method of Titian in painting the “Penitent Magdalene”, which consists in the stylistics device of contraposition borrowed from P. Aretion. Its application, reflected in contrast juxtaposition of the successful harlot to her own image as a repenting sinner, allowed justifying the presence of erotic motives in the painting as an expressive antithesis to her soul’s aspiration towards God.
Skalka E.V. - How to predict color? pp. 116-123


Abstract: The subject of this research is the forecast or prediction of color. The Russian science does not feature work dedicated to such aspect; however, foreign sources approached prediction of color from various perspectives, most often viewing the color trends as an inseparable part of fashion. The goal of this work consists in determination of the place and time of conception of the color forecasts, historical analysis of evolution of this phenomenon, and assumptions on further development of this direction. Territorially, the epicenters of development of color forecasts are determined in Europe (France and England), in America (the United States), in Asia (Japan). The author describes the peculiarities of color predictions in each country – at certain stages one or another county was ahead or behind; whit the advent of the Internet, everything moves to online format and becomes more dynamic. The article follows the forecast of color since its emergence, highlighting all stages of its development and establishment. The chronological framework of its development stages stretches from the early XVIII century until modernity. From the earliest to more recent, these stages include the color cards, mediators and agents (between factories, textile workers and customers, and stores), trade fairs and expositions, online services and websites. It is determined that with the course of time, the methods and instruments for predicting color were being accumulated and used together; the new colors were added, while the already existing did not lose their relevance. Despite the development of technologies, a final word in forecasting color trends belongs to a human, based on experience and intuition.
Denisova Z.M. - Montage within Russian art of the late XX century pp. 122-128


Abstract: The object of this research is the artistic phenomenon of montage. The subject of this research is the manifestation of montage in the Russian art of the late XX century. Emphasis is made on the film editing principles in the various forms and degrees were present at all historical stages of art evolution. Vivid manifestation of film editing principles in the XX century, on the one hand, is a result of a long and gradual development of its entire history. At the same time, namely the conditions prevailing within national art of the XX century, allow it to form as an independent artistic phenomenon. The author views the manifestations of montage in different spheres: poetry, literature, music and painting. The article examines a special “comprehension of the course of time” that resulted in the formation of poly-temporal structures of film editing; the trend among artists towards multifaceted depiction of human personality; as well as the authors’ endeavor to psychologization. The author concludes that the peculiar spiritual-intellectual environment of the late XX century contributed to the extensive presentation of film editing principles. The conducted analysis reveals the attributes common to montage type of structuring an artistic composition. This is the disconnection of artistic text, syntactic isolation of montage structures, activation of inner monologue, use of reminiscences, arrangement of form “from the end”, inner unity of mosaic construct, etc. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the phenomenon of montage within national culture of the late XX century for the first time ever is viewed in the spectrum of the various types of arts. Based on the conducted analysis, the author formulated the general principles of its functioning.
Karagodin A.V., Petrova M.M. - The Mikhailov spouses – county physicians and philanthropists in the Southern Coast of Crimea: biography in the context of epoch pp. 124-140


Abstract: The subject of this research is the history of life, professional and social activity of the Mikhailov spouses – county physicians and philanthropists in the Southern Coast of Crimea throughout several decades of the first half of the XX century. The circumstances of this history, reconstructed in historiography for the first time based on comprehensive examination of the newly introduced into the scientific discourse sources (archives, materials from the museum funds, periodicals, sources of personal origin),  are placed into the context of large-scale sociocultural shifts that took place in the region and nationwide at the turn of the XIX – XX centuries and the first half of the XX century. The scientific novelty consists in reconstruction of the important page in the history of development of county medicine and philanthropy in the Southern Coast of Crimea in the early XX century. Due to the fact that in accordance with the modern requirements of historiographical direction of “ego-history”, the dynamics of personal fate of the heroes is viewed against the background of social correlations, The new data is acquired on the history of development of the Southern Coast of Crimea in the early XX century by the representatives of different strata of the Russian society – nobility, merchantry, and intelligentsia, as well as on establishment of the special sociocultural environment in the region.
Pupysheva N.V., Boronoev V.V. - Pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine: the impact of external stimuli upon pulsation pp. 129-135


Abstract: The subject of this research is the pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine, its ability to catch the changes in pulsation in the points of palpation on radial artery of a human for establishing diagnosis. A competent specialist in pulse diagnostics is capable to determine through the palpation of three points on each carpal bone the condition of the patient’s twelve inner organs, three systems and seven tissues of the body. The precision of this method gives an opportunity to diagnose the condition of these organs and systems using the digital equipment. The object of this research is the means of soft manipulation using particular stimuli that cause predictable response of the body, which could be capture by the pulse-diagnostic equipment. Thus, a convenient stimulus is the light of certain wave length that causes response in pulsation, related to particular organs and tissues. The article provides a brief description of the results of test pulse measurements when exposed to light. For such experiments were selected the blue and red colors located on the opposite ends of the visible range of light spectrum; both colors relate to certain organs as it is described in the literature on Tibetan medicine. The effect of light demonstrated that the principles of pulse diagnostics, depicted in the classical works, may be verified using the instrumental methods. Similar experiments contribute to the development of software for pulse-diagnostic equipment, which proves the possibility of objectification of pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine and elaboration of digital device that may become an additional tool in the clinical practice.
Kananerova E.N. - The problem of collectivization in Baltic Republics within the Soviet historiography of 1970’s – 1980’s pp. 136-151


Abstract: The object of this research is the evolution of Soviet historical paradigm, while the subject is the development of the Soviet historical science in the context of studying postwar collectivization in the Baltic countries in1 970’s – 1980’s under the conditions of re-Stalinization. The author examines the political factors of the development of historiography of collectivization in the Baltic republics, a special place among which belongs to the end of “Thaw” and termination of the revision of Stalinism in 1970’s – 1980’s. Particular attention is paid to the evolution of the topic and assessments in the works of Soviet scholars. The conclusion was made that the agrarian historiography of collectivization in Baltic countries is characterized with unilateral interpretation of the official documents, subjectivism, and limited inquiry of archival data. Within the framework of Soviet paradigm has formed a circle of the forbidden topics, which studying was a threat to its destruction. The author’s special contribution consists in determination of contradiction between the similar statistical records and ideologized conclusions on the nature of collectivization and “dekulakization” in the Baltic republics. The novelty is defined by the fact that the author is first to conduct the analysis of the Soviet historical writings in terms of the modern paradigm, leaning on the experience of studying collectivization of the 1930’s by the historians of V. P. Danilov School of Science.
Ryzhkov K.L. - Internet memes as a new sociocultural phenomenon pp. 143-150


Abstract: The subject of this research is the Internet meme as a phenomenon in modern culture, while the object is the study of global Internet environment for the existence of this phenomenon. The author explores the role of the Internet meme in culture in the context of globalization and Internet development; communication function of the Internet meme in modern society; as well as the use of Internet memes as informational and semantic signals that affect the existing media markets. Special attention is given to interrelation between the Internet meme as a cultural object and the Internet as a global environment for people’s communication worldwide. The main conclusions lies in determination of the role of the Internet meme in the modern social life, as well as its place in the cultural sphere. The author's special contribution lies in description of the mechanisms of impact of the Internet memes on media markets, as well as the market and information field of news, advertising, marketing, and propaganda. The relevance of this work is defined by the analysis of emergence of the Internet meme not only as a result of creativity, but also as a commercial product and means of information manipulation. The novelty of consists in examination and analysis of such aspects of the Internet memes as a phenomenon that have become significant in the last few years, which is proven by the active attention paid of businesses and the government.
Cheglakov A.D. - Assemblage technique in creating modern wooden sculptures pp. 160-167


Abstract: This article demonstrates the manifestation of assemblage technique in modern wooden sculpture. The author describes the essence of this method. Special attention is given to another novelty of avant-garde culture – organic art, according to the philosophy of which, the world is depicted as organic whole, the uniform system with its own laws. The pedagogical system of M. Matyushin allows demonstrating the natural bound of man and nature in the artworks. Based on the developed creative method, the author indicates that contemporary art may combine such avant-garde trends as organic art and assemblage. Another important methodology that is similar to assemblage technique, and simultaneously verges upon the practices of kinetic art, is the creation of sculptures with spinning elements. The synthesis of techniques and materials allows expanding the boundaries of art by introducing into inartistic materials. The fundamental idea of this approach is to enrich the context of existence of the artwork and its history. It is stated that wooden sculpture allows the artists to experiment. The ideas and plotlines of wooden sculptures embody the artistic diversity of decorative and applied arts.
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