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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Culture and cultures"
Culture and cultures
Tlostanova M.V. - Postcolonial Theory, Decolonial Choice and Liberating Esthesis pp. 1-64
Abstract: The article describes the conceptual grounds of postcolonial theory and decolonial choice as two contemporary parallel influential theoretical and applied discourses. It presents decolonial aesthesis – the sphere of sensual perception of the world, as an important part of the liberation of knowledge and being from the limitations of Western aesthetics. After a short survey of the main tendencies in the aesthetic thought of the last two decades, the author dwells on such aspects of transcultural transmodern aesthetics as its links with beauty and the correlation of art, aesthesis and knowledge. The article examines in detail the works of several foreign and Russian artists having to do with decolonial aesthesis – Fred Wilson, Pedro Lasch, Tanja Ostojic, Saule Suleymenova, Zorikto Dorzhiev, Taus Makhacheva, Patrice Naiambana, etc. The author comes to a conclusion that border trickster transcultural pluritopic art is the most effective way of decolonizing knowledge, perception and being on the way to a transmodern world.
Koren' R.V. - Philosophical Research of the Concept of Culture pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.3.824

Abstract: The present article is devoted to the philosophical research of the concept and definition of culture. The author of the article provides a retrospective view of cultural ontology reflected in researches carried out by V. Plotnikova and V. Chupov. He shows that these works correspond to V. Vernadsky's teaching about a living creature and culture is presented as a natural and historical manifestation of life. The author expands the objective space of the concept of culture and shows that generalizations and analogies in the Nature create grounds for the Universal Definition of culture. For the first time in history, the author describes the two forms of the Universal Definition of culture based on the Universal Principle of Maximum Information. The first form is just the framework that defines culture as a managing energoinformational system. The second one is the explicit form that defines the purpose and the main functioning mechanism. The author also describes the principle for creating the system hierachy of existing definitios of culture. Noteworthy that the author suggests that 99 percent of these definitions are out-of-date. 
Khorina G.P. - Democracy in Modern Russian Culture: Ideal and Reality pp. 1-15

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.4.6973

Abstract: The authors consider and analyze the process of democracy formation under conditions of increasing importance of the civilization factor. In the modern globalizing world, democracy is established as the synthesis of democratic values and cultural peculiarities and mentality of the nation living in this or that country. The authors set forth their opinion that in Russia democracy still has to go a long and difficult way to comply with modern criteria of a civil society, Russian cultural peculiarities and mentality. 
Sineokii O.V. - Eastern Rock: Sound Recording from Socialistic Asia pp. 1-22

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.6.7072

Abstract: The phenomenon of the rock-and-roll is viewed by the author of the article as the information cognitive model consisting of different elements, the most important element being the geography of sound recording. The author describes the history of formation of the recoding industry in China, Viet Nam, Laos, Mongolia, North Korea and partly South Korea. Special attention is paid to communication features of the gramophone recording of rock music during socialism. The author offers practical solutions of some issues being raised. These are the legal solutions in the first place. 
Sitnikova A.A. - The Concept of the North in Rockwell Kent's Creative Work pp. 1-27

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2014.2.11550

Abstract: Article offers research of picturesque and graphic works of the artist Rokuell of Kent regarding visualization in these works of a concept "North". The detailed review of "waves" of professional and spectator interest in R. Kent's creativity precedes researches: in the 1920th years the artist comes to the forefront in the American art, in the 1960th years becomes popular in the USSR, in the 1980th years to the artist the attention of the American audience comes back, in the present interest in R. Kent's creativity is maintained on the Internet. According to tasks researches gave a general characteristic to cycles of the works created by the artist during travel to Alaska (1918-1919) during travel to Tierra Del Fuego (1922-1923) and during travel to Greenland (1929, 1932-1933, 1935); representative works from these cycles – "Solar patches of light are analysed. Alaska" (1919), "Tierra del Fuego" (1922-1925), "November in Greenland" (1932-1933). The image of the Eskimo – the aboriginal of Greenland, formed in the graphics created by R. Kent is investigated. In addition in article art traditions and receptions, characteristic for works of the artist in general reveal. The main method - the philosophical and art criticism analysis of representative art texts. This method was developed by V. I. Zhukovsky and D. V. Pivovarov. Besides, the method of the description and analysis of works of art, the analysis of basic concepts was applied (including, Yu.S. Stepanova). Germenevtichesky methodological procedures, including interpretation and identification of the meanings put in work were applied to art texts of R. Kent. Scientific novelty of research is that works of the famous American artist R. Kent are considered from positions of the conceptual analysis. The works of art connected with northern subject are investigated. R. Kent's creativity is presented as the certain world outlook system of the artist of the XX century shown by means of visual means.
Litvintseva G. - On the Problem of Perception and Evaluation of Post Modernism by Russian Audience pp. 1-15

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2014.4.13493

Abstract: In article the reasons of the negative relation of the Russian audience to a postmodernism are established. On concrete examples its unpreparedness to perception of post-modernist texts of literature and art connected with application to them estimated criteria of an era of a modernist style (critical and socialist realism) reveals. Also criteria by means of which the adequate assessment of post-modernist art texts is possible reveal. Texts in which artists and writers create absurd situations are considered, resorts to pathologies and blasphemy to show absurdity of surrounding life. The analysis of the conclusions on research of works of art allowed to reveal absence of knowledge at experts of language of a postmodernism and criteria of its assessment. At the same time in article researches of a theoretical and art postmodernism in which its objective assessment is carried out are allocated. The author comes to a conclusion that a postmodernism tries to comprehend crisis of modern culture critically. The knowledge of its language allows to carry out an adequate assessment of texts of literature and art. Post-modernist texts should be perceived as attempt of research of such questions, difficult for modern society, as tolerance, conformism, a tabuirovannost, freedom of creative self-expression and inadmissibility of an identification of art with religion and real life.
Khokon S.E., Siiukhova A. - Circassian Ethnic Costume in the Socio-cultural Situation of the Modern Multi-ethnic Region pp. 1-31

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2014.5.14593

Abstract: The subject of this study is the existence of ethnic costume of Circassians in modern conditions the multi-ethnic region, which is the Republic of Adygea. On the basis of historical, ethnographic and sociological data structure functions, symbolic content, aesthetic principles of the Adyghe ethnic costume are detected. Noted a close correlation between the structure of a traditional costume with a moral complex of "Adyghe the xabz" requiring a person to be physically fit, moderate in food, to care about his body as the greatest value. The role of ethnic costume in the minds and practice of modern Circassians is presented. The method of structural-functional analysis, ethnographic method, and the method of survey used to understand the cultural role of Circassian costume as a means of marking the nation and also how positive intercultural communication. The result of this survey, the fact that sustainable conservation of ethnic costume in a festive and ritual practice of ethnic group, and also the appearance of a new function attribute-ideological are detected. Culture-creating role of the Adyghe ethnic costume in modern social and cultural situation of the multi-ethnic region, as well as its role as a source of maintaining ethnic and cultural identity of modern Circassians is proved.
Probin P.S. - Policultural Education as a Socio-Pedagogical Phenomenon in Terms of Cross-Cultural Communication Issues pp. 1-21

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.1.15015

Abstract: The research object of the present article is forming cross-cultural competence and cross-cultural awareness under disappearing ethnical borders in a globalized world. The research subject is the policultural education as a socio-pedagogical phenomenon. It is viewed through the prism of cross-cultural communication issues and is considered a premise of forming cross-cultural competence and awareness. The article views mechanisms of socio-pedagogical influence on personality during forming such qualities. Particular attention is paid to culture perception and the two contrasting mechanisms: ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. The method of research in this article is a complex socio-pedagogical, cultural and socio-linguistic analysis of policultural education. The main author’s conclusions are the following. The issue of forming communicative and cross-cultural competence is far beyond the scope of teaching foreign languages as it is often viewed in researches. These competences imply such personal qualities that cannot be formed only by means of one discipline. The issues raised in the article are equally topical both for communication in foreign and native languages. The novelty of the article is caused by the fact that the author views policultural education as the centre of a complex of cross-cultural issues: social, pedagogical, socio-cultural and socio-linguistic ones.
Chernova O.N. - Teaching Activities in Terms of the International Education Quality Assessement System pp. 1-20

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.2.15143

Abstract: Object of research in article is pedagogical activity, the purposes and problems of school education in Finland Singapore.Object of research – features of pedagogical activity in the conditions of educational systems of Finland and Singapore.The author in detail analyzes features of activity of the teacher in the countries which took high places in the International system of an assessment of quality of education.The special attention is paid to the comparative analysis of system of preparation, selection and an assessment of educational activity in Singapore and Finland that gives the chance to consider positive sides of pedagogical activity in reforming of education in Russia for the purpose of increase of its quality.Research method in article is the comparative analysis of features of pedagogical activity in educational systems of the countries which occupied high ratings in the International researches of quality of school education. The main conclusions of the author are connected with registration of the direction of improvement of school education in Russia on the basis of the comparative analysis of pedagogical activity in Singapore and Finland.Novelty of article is that for the first time pedagogical activity corresponds to an assessment of quality of education which objective indicators are revealed as a result of the conducted research of quality of education.
Faritov V.T. - A.S. Pushkin and F. Nietzsche in context of ideas of new Renaissance pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.4.15511

Abstract: The article deals with the philosophical and cultural heritage value of A.S. Pushkin in the context of ideas of new Renaissance. The article presents a comparative analysis of the philosophical content of Pushkin's work with the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article reveals the tradition of considering the value of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Explicated the importance of the tradition of considering of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Develop the concept of a new Renaissance as the central idea of the Russian philosophy of the Silver Age and one of the fundamental ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article used the methodological principles and guidelines of approaches such as comparative literature, deconstruction and hermeneutics. The main result of the study is an explication of the significance of the creative heritage of AS Pushkin and Nietzsche as the heralds of a new Renaissance. It offered concepts of pracultural and postcultural chaos. It developed the idea of a new Renaissance building on the provisions of the teachings of Friedrich Nietzsche. It identified and justified by the fact of community life and cultural problems of Pushkin and Nietzsche.
Shulin V.V. - Specificity of the musical language of jazz and pop pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.1.25294

Abstract: The subject of this research is the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The basic material of the article consists of the analysis of jazz elements that most extensively reflect the performance specificity: rhythm, harmony, texture, intonation and articulation features. However, any analytical examination of jazz will not be complete if viewed strictly within the framework of music system, not taking into account its position within the overall musical space. The specificity of jazz harmony is revealed through the peculiarities of compound the European harmonious system and modal principles of blues intonations. Methods applied in this work suggest the system, genre, and hermeneutic approaches that allow most adequately reflect the theme, because jazz is not subjected to full comprehension within the boundaries of categorical grid of academic science, which conclusions are mostly based on the score. The article determines the key specificities of the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The main peculiarity implies its rhythmic specificity that manifests in any jazz period through the interpretation of the eighths within beat or the eights with the dot and sixteenth, as well as correlation in using of these metrical figures between the instruments during performance. Alongside the rhythmic peculiarities, the author underlines the harmonious component, expressed in the phonic aspect – in overall dissonance of jazz sounding, and in technical, as resulting from the previous, in specificities of the texture, structure, and interaction of the sounds of chords.
Letzbor K.V. - Certain aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview on the example of the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25835

Abstract: The focus of this article is the linguoculturology and the linguistic worldview as its components. The goal is the analysis of the popular melodrama of V. Menshov “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” (1979) as a demonstrative sociocultural commentary of some aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview. The work attempts to determine the key linguistic moments, which are typical for the Russian linguistic worldview, but absent in the Western European, as well as provide their brief description. For comparison was taken the Italian national worldview. Based on the comparative analysis of the known scientific and methodological literature, were highlighted the main phenomena of the Russian worldview in contrast with the Italian. Descriptive method was applied for analyzing the film and determination of the important, from culturological perspective, sides of the Russian culture and everyday life. The scientific novelty lies in suggestion to use the examples from the national cinematography for illustration of the aspects of the Russian worldview. The author discusses the key components of the Russian national worldview, such as country house, temporary resident worker, difference in the capital and provincial quality of life, pioneers, academic degrees, traditions of celebration, implicit meaning of the thematic verbs. The practical importance is presented mostly for teaching foreigners Russian language and culture.
Mammadov R. - Hybrid genre of Azerbaijan music: mugham-opera pp. 7-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.6.19231

Abstract: This article examines the specificity of synergy between the classical opera and the mugham genre. As a result of such synthesis, the Azerbaijani composers have created a hybrid mix – mugham-opera. All examples of this unique genre are substantiates by the specificity of creative thinking and artistic-aesthetic perception of the composers. The described below analysis of the selected mugham-operas will be helpful in determining the level of genre hybridity in these compilations, in other words, the level of synergy between the mugham and classical opera principles of development, potential application of such specific and inherent to the national folk music methods as mode, metro-rhythm, improvisation, ornamentation, timbre, and others. Methodology of the research is based on the comprehensive approach that combines the methods of history of music, ethnography, theory of musical genres and forms. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the genres of the contemporary professional creative work of Azerbaijani composers are divided into the generally accepted classical (symphony, opera, ballet, cantata, oratory, concert, suite, sonata, etc.), and innovatory hybrid genres – mugham-opera, created as a result of active genre integration with the traditional musical art of Azerbaijan.
Napso M.D. - Fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon pp. 9-14

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.4.20129

Abstract: The object of this research is fashion, and the subject is fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon. The author analyzes the social nature of fashion, its properties, and correspondence with the orientations of consumer society. Various aspects of fashion, its universality, timely character, fluidity, and correspondence with the socio-historical context are being reviewed. The author examines the connection between fashion and economy, impact of fashion upon public relations, as well as processes of establishment of mass consciousness and choice of behavioral strategies. Fashion is presented as a multifunctional phenomenon, as contradictory unity of the positive and negative. The scientific novelty consists in the substantiation of a thesis on the demand of fashion by the modern society. As the methodological foundation for this article, the author uses gnoseological and ontological principles of dialectics, as well as the analysis of the fashion phenomenon as an integral phenomenon. The problematic field of the article allows formulating a number of statements: 1) fashion is an imperative sociocultural phenomenon, which captures social space and the entire multiplicity of human relations; 2) consumer society endows fashion with the features of universality and individuality.
Kulikovskaya I.E. - Semio-sphere of Preschool Education Content pp. 18-57

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.4.15870

Abstract: The given research deals with the concept of “semio-sphere” of modern preschool education content. The author of the article gives coverage to semiotic and symbolic grounds of teaching preschool children which is presented in the program “World Outlook”. According to the author, the concept “semio-sphere” includes signs, symbols and values that are reflected in mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal, symbolic and scientific world views. The above mentioned program unites signs and symbols from various areas of life – nature, society and art. They are united into the complete world view as a result of translation which becomes the main mechanism of mental operations. Continuous translation from one cultural language to another is occurring all the time: from the language of senses – into the language of concepts, from the natural language – into the language of art. Methodological background of the research lies within the framework of the following ideas: understanding of culture as the philosophical category which causes deep changes in the education model as a whole and the system of preschool education in particular (M.M. Bakhtin, V.S. Bibler, M.S. Kagan, Yu.M. Lotman, L.P. Pechko, V. N. Stolovich); semio-sphere is seen as the semiotic and symbolic space of culture (Yu.M. Lotman); childhood is understood as the period of the highest level of unleashing potential of a child and his/her comprehensive knowledge of the world around (L.A. Wenger, L.S. Vygotsky, A.G. Gogoberidze, A.V. Zaporozhets, M.V. Korepanova, V.T. Kudryavtsev, E.A. Tupichkina, R.M. Chumicheva) . The author comes to a number of conclusions. Thus, the definition of semio-sphere of preschool education content which opens way to the complete world view is given. The following principles provide the developing effect of the education content: unity of filo and ontogenesis; integration of mythology, philosophy and science; integrity and differentiation of age-related periodization; culture congruent knowledge and ways of learning about the signs and symbols of culture. The content of preschool education aimed at development of the complete world view of preschool children is presented in the program “World Outlook” which includes several components. The first is called “The Elements of the World”. It is aimed at revealing the signs and symbols of the nature reflected in folklore and ways of learning about the real natural phenomena (for children aged 4-5). The second component “Basics of Literacy” reflects the knowledge about signs and symbols of culture presented in the generalized, curtailed form in the letters of the Russian alphabet and small literary texts (for children aged 6-7). The third component, referred to as “Categorical View of the World: Flowers of Russia", reflects the signs and symbols of floristics, nature worthiness, diverse forms of interrelation between a child and the natural world around (for children aged 6-7).The conducted research is of topical interest since it gives full definition to the concept “semio-sphere” of preschool education content as well as the detailed description of the program “World Outlook” which treats the world view as the elaborated set of various signs (cultural, natural, eco-cultural, speech and motive related). The unity of semiotic and symbolic systems which is further elaborated in its components and thematic blocks provide integrity of the whole program. What makes the program specific is the idea of integration, based on the principle of culture congruence, representation of the complete world view in preschool didactics, including mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal and symbolic world views which correspond to the figurative type of perception and thinking of a child. What is more, semio-sphere of preschool education content is mentioned in the Federal State Standard of Preschool Education regarding the criteria of informative, speech, artistic and esthetic development of children.
Tsareva E.S. - The role of music education in distribution of the system of academic traditions and establishment of its regional version: in the context of "center-periphery" problem (on the example of Yeniseysk Governorate pp. 18-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.22962

Abstract: The subject of the research is the processes of conception and establishment of music education in Krasnoyarye over the period of existence of Yeniseysk Governorate (1822-1925), which were designed to ensure the preservation, translation, continuity, and reproduction of new to the Asian part of Russia European academic traditions. Special attention is given to the examination of the role of professional music education in “construction” and successful performance of the regional version of the system of academic art, and its adjustment to the provincial circumstances, using the example of Yeniseysk Governorate. The author particularly refers to the issues of cross-cultural interaction and spread of the single-type culture onto the large geographical areas, depicted in the works of D. S. Likhachev and Y. M. Lotman, comprehending the pages of the Krasnoyarsk music chronicle through the prism of their certain ideas. Analysis of the regional material from the sociocultural perspective, leads to new conclusions in the study of historical events. Consideration of the role of professional music educational institutions in development of the European traditions and establishment of the provincial academic in the context of the binomial "center-periphery" significantly expands the methodological base of historical regional studies and outlines the new relevant paths in understanding of the problems of regional culture.
Chikhacheva M.M., Ekard L.D., Shkredova I.N. - The results of the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition to Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai pp. 23-29

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21072

Abstract: The subject of this research is the traditional folklore of the Russian settlements of Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The data recorded during the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition of the Krasnoyarsk State Art Institute serve as the material form this work. The main task of the expeditions included the exploration of the residential areas of Turukhansk District, determination of presence and level of the preservation of the traditional culture (particularly folk music), documentation of the examples of immaterial cultural heritage, and determination of the level of assimilation of folklore of the Russian settlements with the culture of indigenous people. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that in study of the northern areas of Krasnoyarsk Krai, the primary attention was given to the folklore of the indigenous people, while the folklore of the Russian migrants was on the fringes of the authors’ review. The exploration of the residential areas allowed identifying just the songs of the late period of establishment – urban lyrics and couplets (Russian chastushka). It is also noted that the genres of children folklore are well preserved. The authors were able to document the local peculiarities of the separate folklore genres: primarily in children games, rituals of caroling and fortunetelling. The article confirms a hypothesis about the assimilation of the people from various regions of Russia in the territory of Turukhansk District.
Savvina O.V. - Female beauty standards: natural and cultural pp. 24-34

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2017.1.20508

Abstract: This article examines the female beauty standards substantiated by the cultural preferences (for example, “lotus feet” of Chinese women in Medieval times), as well as standards based on perception of a woman as young and beautiful – natural beauty. The author reveals the interrelation between two types of standards and attempts giving answer to the question: do the cultural standards contradict to the natural standards. For answering this question, the work analyzes the formation of cultural standards of female beauty alongside their cultural essence. The author turns to the works of experts in the field of plastic surgery and sociological research for revealing the standards of natural beauty that are common to the people of various cultures; and then, analyzes the cultural standards of beauty, their functions, and prerequisites for emergence of the new standards (based on the example of key standards of the XX century). The conclusion is made that cultural beauty standards do not contradict or deny the natural, but are built over them. Health risks that women tend to take in order to correspond with the standards, always remains unnoticeable, because otherwise, their sacrifices are in vain. The article highlights the functions of cultural beauty standards united into three main groups, which are called to reflect: 1) origin of a person and his social status; 2) personal qualities and moral orientations; 3) world perception and place of an individual in the world.
Kostiuk I.S. - Critical analysis. Modern conceptual design of ideas that generate discussions pp. 24-35

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.3.26315

Abstract: The object of this research is the current state of the conceptual design-practices, their form of representation and interdisciplinary correlation. The subject of this research is the practice of critical design as a fundamental vector of the modern conceptual design. The goal of this work consists in determination of the major methodological orientations of the modern conceptual design alongside the principles of anesthetization and formation of the conceptual design-objects, as well as examination of the nature of interrelation between a user and a conceptual design-object in the context of critical design practices. The scientific novelty lies in presentation of the modern perspectives of foreign theoreticians and practitioners of design that study the question of conceptuality in design within the framework of intellectual practice, focused on generation and improvement of the contentious ideas. Among the main conclusions are: the determined method of critical design based on the principle of “post-optimality” and “para-functionality”; key practices of critical design – design fiction, speculative design, design of critical embodiment, as well as the contexts of their implementation; ambiguous character of critical design-object aimed at generation of discussions and thoughts.
Pupysheva N.V. - Symbolic language for the description of human nature in Buddhism pp. 30-39

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21469

Abstract: The subject of this study is a special symbolic language used in the Buddhist teaching for a comprehensive description of a person (the physiological and psychological constituents of a personality) within the framework of the characteristic to Buddhism integral approach towards personality. The object of this research is the system of "great elements" of Indian origin (mahabhūta, i.e. earth, water, wind, fire and space) that, on the physiological level, are condensed into the "three humors" of an organism (phlegm, bile and wind). The analysis carried out in the paper allows revealing the conceptual peculiarities of the terms  through viewing them in accordance with the principles of Tibetan linguistics on three levels of the meaning (literary meaning; verbal meaning, which represents the conceptual matrix of the term; and true meaning, revealed through the pragmatics of the text). Based on examination of the complicated hierarchic structure of meanings of these terms, the author concludes that the use of this system allows interpreting texts, which describe different levels of the reality. It results in the productive method of presentation of the knowledge in Buddhist doctrine and makes it possible to include the knowledge on human as the personality into the general context of concepts about the world, using the universal language of description. The article provides the examples of interpretation of the phenomena of different levels of reality, applying the system of "great elements".
Pupysheva N.V. - Typology of personality within the system of Tibetan Buddhist medicine pp. 40-48

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21180

Abstract: This article pursues correlation between the typologies of personality by Western authors and the typology of personality of the Tibetan Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions that use a specific language for the personality typology description and interpretion in the context of the «great elements»  system (mahabhūta – earth, water, wind, fire), which on the physiological level is narrowed down to the notion of «three humors» of an organism (wind, bile, phlegm). Analyzing the original sources, the author demonstrates that these traditions base the typology of personality on domination in specificities of the body, physiological processes, and psyche of one or another "beginning" of an organism or its combinations. Comparing the principles of personality classification of such Western philosophers and psychologists as Kretschmer and Sheldon with the Tibetan Buddhists tradition in Ayurveda, this work illustrates that the foundation of views upon the typology of personality of the Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions lies in the theoretically substantiated and verified by the century-long practice theory of personality that differs from the European in its description language, which in turn, is based on the alternate philosophical perception of the world.
Aleksandrov N.N. - Three manners in works of László Moholy-Nagy pp. 44-57

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.5.19177

Abstract: The subject of this research is the creative path of the prominent representative of modernism of the early XX century – international constructivist László Moholy-Nagy. The article is based on the materials of the prepared by the author monograph with the full review about the creative work of László Moholy-Nagy. Classification of the periods of master’s creative work associated with the general status of the cycles of culture and stylistic nuances of the era is presented in this article. The author examines the specificity of his works in 1920’s and 1930’s; and the period of the early 1940’s has been terminated due to the death of the Moholy-Nagy. Multiple illustrations of his works that characterize the three mentioned periods are presented in the article. This work is written from the perspective of systemic and genetic methods in art studies. The structural-cyclical model that allows describing his creative paths is applied. Scientific novelty consists in the fact that this is the first generalizing publication of such type about László Moholy-Nagy in Russian language. But, taking into account the foreign sources, we can state that other researchers of his creative work did not formulate a similar periodization, as well as never considered his works as inscribed into the context of mental evolution in the XX century.
Tsareva E.S. - The formation of academic music culture of Yeniseian Governorate: new outlook through the prism of processes of self-organization and institutionalization pp. 49-67

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.20226

Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes of formation of the academic music culture in Krasnoyarsk during one of the most significant periods of its development in the region – the existence of Yeniseian Governorate (1822-1925). The author examines the establishment and functionality of the local model of academic traditions during the imperial and Soviet historical stages, by determining the universal (general Russian and general Siberian) and specific features. The main interest of the author is focused in the socio-culturological aspects of the research, identification of the key processes of construction of the music-academic system, analysis of their functionality under the conditions of various types of government structure. The article introduces the unpublished documents into the scientific discourse, as well as present a new approach towards perception of development of the Siberian music culture. Analyzing from the socio-culturological perspective the establishment of the system of academic art in Yeniseian Governorate, the author reveals the two main processes taking part in its formation – self-organization and institutionalization. Based on the local history materials, the author demonstrated their impact and diverse combinations depending on the sociopolitical and economic context. The conclusion is made that the balance and “complementarity” between the processes of self-organization and institutionalization represents the most favorable environment for the rapid development of academic and music culture. The acquired results allow significantly enriching the existing knowledge in the area of establishment of the traditions of Siberian academic art, as well as discover the new relevant prospects in examination of the world musical and historical processes.
Suvorkina E.N. - Mass media and media production as the segments of Russian industry of the childhood subculture: constitutional grounds of economic-legal substitute phenomena pp. 58-74

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.5.20799

Abstract: This article examines the economic and legal grounds of the two substitute phenomena – segments of the merchandise market (industry) of the childhood subculture. It is demonstrated that the printed publications realize the constitutional right to freedom of speech to the full extent, as well as take into account that the absence of censorship does not mean the use of the offensive language. In addition to that, and what is mostly important at the present time, the magazines are published in national languages, which serves as the proof of implementation by the Russian Federation of the policy of preservation of the languages and culture of native people. The main positions and conclusions of the conducted research can be used in the conditions of demand for regulation of the work of various segments of the industry of the childhood subculture (particularly the segments of mass media and media production) as the economic-legal phenomena in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and acting legislation base. This will allow turning the children’s products market more civilized and oriented towards not only the financial component, but also formation of a “healthy” information space for the children.
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