Man and Culture - rubric Culture and cultures
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Culture and cultures"
Culture and cultures
Tlostanova M.V. - Postcolonial Theory, Decolonial Choice and Liberating Esthesis pp. 1-64
Abstract: The article describes the conceptual grounds of postcolonial theory and decolonial choice as two contemporary parallel influential theoretical and applied discourses. It presents decolonial aesthesis – the sphere of sensual perception of the world, as an important part of the liberation of knowledge and being from the limitations of Western aesthetics. After a short survey of the main tendencies in the aesthetic thought of the last two decades, the author dwells on such aspects of transcultural transmodern aesthetics as its links with beauty and the correlation of art, aesthesis and knowledge. The article examines in detail the works of several foreign and Russian artists having to do with decolonial aesthesis – Fred Wilson, Pedro Lasch, Tanja Ostojic, Saule Suleymenova, Zorikto Dorzhiev, Taus Makhacheva, Patrice Naiambana, etc. The author comes to a conclusion that border trickster transcultural pluritopic art is the most effective way of decolonizing knowledge, perception and being on the way to a transmodern world.
Koren' R.V. - Philosophical Research of the Concept of Culture pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.3.824

Abstract: The present article is devoted to the philosophical research of the concept and definition of culture. The author of the article provides a retrospective view of cultural ontology reflected in researches carried out by V. Plotnikova and V. Chupov. He shows that these works correspond to V. Vernadsky's teaching about a living creature and culture is presented as a natural and historical manifestation of life. The author expands the objective space of the concept of culture and shows that generalizations and analogies in the Nature create grounds for the Universal Definition of culture. For the first time in history, the author describes the two forms of the Universal Definition of culture based on the Universal Principle of Maximum Information. The first form is just the framework that defines culture as a managing energoinformational system. The second one is the explicit form that defines the purpose and the main functioning mechanism. The author also describes the principle for creating the system hierachy of existing definitios of culture. Noteworthy that the author suggests that 99 percent of these definitions are out-of-date. 
Khorina G.P. - Democracy in Modern Russian Culture: Ideal and Reality pp. 1-15

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.4.6973

Abstract: The authors consider and analyze the process of democracy formation under conditions of increasing importance of the civilization factor. In the modern globalizing world, democracy is established as the synthesis of democratic values and cultural peculiarities and mentality of the nation living in this or that country. The authors set forth their opinion that in Russia democracy still has to go a long and difficult way to comply with modern criteria of a civil society, Russian cultural peculiarities and mentality. 
Sineokii O.V. - Eastern Rock: Sound Recording from Socialistic Asia pp. 1-22

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2013.6.7072

Abstract: The phenomenon of the rock-and-roll is viewed by the author of the article as the information cognitive model consisting of different elements, the most important element being the geography of sound recording. The author describes the history of formation of the recoding industry in China, Viet Nam, Laos, Mongolia, North Korea and partly South Korea. Special attention is paid to communication features of the gramophone recording of rock music during socialism. The author offers practical solutions of some issues being raised. These are the legal solutions in the first place. 
Sitnikova A.A. - The Concept of the North in Rockwell Kent's Creative Work pp. 1-27

DOI:
10.7256/2306-1618.2014.2.11550

Abstract: Article offers research of picturesque and graphic works of the artist Rokuell of Kent regarding visualization in these works of a concept "North". The detailed review of "waves" of professional and spectator interest in R. Kent's creativity precedes researches: in the 1920th years the artist comes to the forefront in the American art, in the 1960th years becomes popular in the USSR, in the 1980th years to the artist the attention of the American audience comes back, in the present interest in R. Kent's creativity is maintained on the Internet. According to tasks researches gave a general characteristic to cycles of the works created by the artist during travel to Alaska (1918-1919) during travel to Tierra Del Fuego (1922-1923) and during travel to Greenland (1929, 1932-1933, 1935); representative works from these cycles – "Solar patches of light are analysed. Alaska" (1919), "Tierra del Fuego" (1922-1925), "November in Greenland" (1932-1933). The image of the Eskimo – the aboriginal of Greenland, formed in the graphics created by R. Kent is investigated. In addition in article art traditions and receptions, characteristic for works of the artist in general reveal. The main method - the philosophical and art criticism analysis of representative art texts. This method was developed by V. I. Zhukovsky and D. V. Pivovarov. Besides, the method of the description and analysis of works of art, the analysis of basic concepts was applied (including, Yu.S. Stepanova). Germenevtichesky methodological procedures, including interpretation and identification of the meanings put in work were applied to art texts of R. Kent. Scientific novelty of research is that works of the famous American artist R. Kent are considered from positions of the conceptual analysis. The works of art connected with northern subject are investigated. R. Kent's creativity is presented as the certain world outlook system of the artist of the XX century shown by means of visual means.
Litvintseva G. - On the Problem of Perception and Evaluation of Post Modernism by Russian Audience pp. 1-15

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2014.4.13493

Abstract: In article the reasons of the negative relation of the Russian audience to a postmodernism are established. On concrete examples its unpreparedness to perception of post-modernist texts of literature and art connected with application to them estimated criteria of an era of a modernist style (critical and socialist realism) reveals. Also criteria by means of which the adequate assessment of post-modernist art texts is possible reveal. Texts in which artists and writers create absurd situations are considered, resorts to pathologies and blasphemy to show absurdity of surrounding life. The analysis of the conclusions on research of works of art allowed to reveal absence of knowledge at experts of language of a postmodernism and criteria of its assessment. At the same time in article researches of a theoretical and art postmodernism in which its objective assessment is carried out are allocated. The author comes to a conclusion that a postmodernism tries to comprehend crisis of modern culture critically. The knowledge of its language allows to carry out an adequate assessment of texts of literature and art. Post-modernist texts should be perceived as attempt of research of such questions, difficult for modern society, as tolerance, conformism, a tabuirovannost, freedom of creative self-expression and inadmissibility of an identification of art with religion and real life.
Khokon S.E., Siiukhova A. - Circassian Ethnic Costume in the Socio-cultural Situation of the Modern Multi-ethnic Region pp. 1-31

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2014.5.14593

Abstract: The subject of this study is the existence of ethnic costume of Circassians in modern conditions the multi-ethnic region, which is the Republic of Adygea. On the basis of historical, ethnographic and sociological data structure functions, symbolic content, aesthetic principles of the Adyghe ethnic costume are detected. Noted a close correlation between the structure of a traditional costume with a moral complex of "Adyghe the xabz" requiring a person to be physically fit, moderate in food, to care about his body as the greatest value. The role of ethnic costume in the minds and practice of modern Circassians is presented. The method of structural-functional analysis, ethnographic method, and the method of survey used to understand the cultural role of Circassian costume as a means of marking the nation and also how positive intercultural communication. The result of this survey, the fact that sustainable conservation of ethnic costume in a festive and ritual practice of ethnic group, and also the appearance of a new function attribute-ideological are detected. Culture-creating role of the Adyghe ethnic costume in modern social and cultural situation of the multi-ethnic region, as well as its role as a source of maintaining ethnic and cultural identity of modern Circassians is proved.
Probin P.S. - Policultural Education as a Socio-Pedagogical Phenomenon in Terms of Cross-Cultural Communication Issues pp. 1-21

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.1.15015

Abstract: The research object of the present article is forming cross-cultural competence and cross-cultural awareness under disappearing ethnical borders in a globalized world. The research subject is the policultural education as a socio-pedagogical phenomenon. It is viewed through the prism of cross-cultural communication issues and is considered a premise of forming cross-cultural competence and awareness. The article views mechanisms of socio-pedagogical influence on personality during forming such qualities. Particular attention is paid to culture perception and the two contrasting mechanisms: ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. The method of research in this article is a complex socio-pedagogical, cultural and socio-linguistic analysis of policultural education. The main author’s conclusions are the following. The issue of forming communicative and cross-cultural competence is far beyond the scope of teaching foreign languages as it is often viewed in researches. These competences imply such personal qualities that cannot be formed only by means of one discipline. The issues raised in the article are equally topical both for communication in foreign and native languages. The novelty of the article is caused by the fact that the author views policultural education as the centre of a complex of cross-cultural issues: social, pedagogical, socio-cultural and socio-linguistic ones.
Chernova O.N. - Teaching Activities in Terms of the International Education Quality Assessement System pp. 1-20

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.2.15143

Abstract: Object of research in article is pedagogical activity, the purposes and problems of school education in Finland Singapore.Object of research – features of pedagogical activity in the conditions of educational systems of Finland and Singapore.The author in detail analyzes features of activity of the teacher in the countries which took high places in the International system of an assessment of quality of education.The special attention is paid to the comparative analysis of system of preparation, selection and an assessment of educational activity in Singapore and Finland that gives the chance to consider positive sides of pedagogical activity in reforming of education in Russia for the purpose of increase of its quality.Research method in article is the comparative analysis of features of pedagogical activity in educational systems of the countries which occupied high ratings in the International researches of quality of school education. The main conclusions of the author are connected with registration of the direction of improvement of school education in Russia on the basis of the comparative analysis of pedagogical activity in Singapore and Finland.Novelty of article is that for the first time pedagogical activity corresponds to an assessment of quality of education which objective indicators are revealed as a result of the conducted research of quality of education.
Faritov V.T. - A.S. Pushkin and F. Nietzsche in context of ideas of new Renaissance pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.4.15511

Abstract: The article deals with the philosophical and cultural heritage value of A.S. Pushkin in the context of ideas of new Renaissance. The article presents a comparative analysis of the philosophical content of Pushkin's work with the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article reveals the tradition of considering the value of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Explicated the importance of the tradition of considering of Pushkin and Nietzsche in the same context in the Russian philosophical thought of the XIX-XX centuries. Develop the concept of a new Renaissance as the central idea of the Russian philosophy of the Silver Age and one of the fundamental ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche. The article used the methodological principles and guidelines of approaches such as comparative literature, deconstruction and hermeneutics. The main result of the study is an explication of the significance of the creative heritage of AS Pushkin and Nietzsche as the heralds of a new Renaissance. It offered concepts of pracultural and postcultural chaos. It developed the idea of a new Renaissance building on the provisions of the teachings of Friedrich Nietzsche. It identified and justified by the fact of community life and cultural problems of Pushkin and Nietzsche.
Shulin V.V. - Specificity of the musical language of jazz and pop pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.1.25294

Abstract: The subject of this research is the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The basic material of the article consists of the analysis of jazz elements that most extensively reflect the performance specificity: rhythm, harmony, texture, intonation and articulation features. However, any analytical examination of jazz will not be complete if viewed strictly within the framework of music system, not taking into account its position within the overall musical space. The specificity of jazz harmony is revealed through the peculiarities of compound the European harmonious system and modal principles of blues intonations. Methods applied in this work suggest the system, genre, and hermeneutic approaches that allow most adequately reflect the theme, because jazz is not subjected to full comprehension within the boundaries of categorical grid of academic science, which conclusions are mostly based on the score. The article determines the key specificities of the musical language of jazz and allied styles of pop music. The main peculiarity implies its rhythmic specificity that manifests in any jazz period through the interpretation of the eighths within beat or the eights with the dot and sixteenth, as well as correlation in using of these metrical figures between the instruments during performance. Alongside the rhythmic peculiarities, the author underlines the harmonious component, expressed in the phonic aspect – in overall dissonance of jazz sounding, and in technical, as resulting from the previous, in specificities of the texture, structure, and interaction of the sounds of chords.
Letzbor K.V. - Certain aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview on the example of the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25835

Abstract: The focus of this article is the linguoculturology and the linguistic worldview as its components. The goal is the analysis of the popular melodrama of V. Menshov “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” (1979) as a demonstrative sociocultural commentary of some aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview. The work attempts to determine the key linguistic moments, which are typical for the Russian linguistic worldview, but absent in the Western European, as well as provide their brief description. For comparison was taken the Italian national worldview. Based on the comparative analysis of the known scientific and methodological literature, were highlighted the main phenomena of the Russian worldview in contrast with the Italian. Descriptive method was applied for analyzing the film and determination of the important, from culturological perspective, sides of the Russian culture and everyday life. The scientific novelty lies in suggestion to use the examples from the national cinematography for illustration of the aspects of the Russian worldview. The author discusses the key components of the Russian national worldview, such as country house, temporary resident worker, difference in the capital and provincial quality of life, pioneers, academic degrees, traditions of celebration, implicit meaning of the thematic verbs. The practical importance is presented mostly for teaching foreigners Russian language and culture.
Petrukhina O.V. - Methods and tools of applied animation in Russia at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.1.28734

Abstract: The object of this research is the applied animation in Russian at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s. The author examines the development stages of applied animation, traces the transformation of the main artistic methods and tools used by the leading Soviet animators from “Soyuzmultfilm”. The research contains several stages: postwar period; Thaw period of 1950’s; era of the revival of imagery-graphical language of animation of the 1960’s. The article analyzes the prerequisites to the emergence of Soviet classical animation – from experimental works of separate animation artists to avant-garde, symbolic and secular animation created by production groups. The author underlines the impact of the applied and authorial animation of the 1940’’s – 1960’s upon the current state of the industry, as well as correlation of the cultural-historical processes. The work includes the comprehensive approach based on the analytical, historiographical, and comparative-typological methods; as well as descriptive method that includes observation, comparison, generalization, and interpretation. The main conclusions related to the unfolded during the 1940’s – 1960’s artistic trends of the emergence of new genres in animation art, and as a result, the formation of complex poly-genre interconnections. The author’s main contribution to this research lies in systematization of the methods, tools and technologies in the Soviet applied animation at the turn of 1940’s – 1960’s.
Saveleva I.P. - Comparative analysis of the romances by M. Glinka, N. Medtner, V. Serebrennikov to A. S. Pushkin’s poem “The Rose” pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.3.29766

Abstract: The subject of this research is the musical-expressive means of Russian romance to the poetic text by A. S. Pushkin “The Rose” of the three authors – M. Glinka, N. Medtner, V. Serebrennikov. The goal is to determine the continuity of traditions of the Russian romance of the XIX century in works of composers of the early XX and XXI centuries. The author examines the means of musical expressiveness, used by a composer for conveying one or another psychological state, hues, feelings and emotions. Special attention is paid to the diverse musical images created by the composers to a single poetic text. The applied interpretational method allows unveiling Pushkin’s text from various facets in work of the composers of the early XIX, XX and XXI centuries. An important role in the course of the research is attained by comparative method, essential for demonstrating the peculiarities of manifestation of the Russian romance of the late XX – early XXI century. The author concludes that the fundamental attributes of Russian romance remain: the beginning of the XXI century marks a reversion to the simple and accessible to the audience types of musical expression. The author’s special contribution consists in the attempt to analyzes the romances that have been composed almost a century apart. The scientific novelty is defined by the use of organizational approach towards creating a musical image in the oeuvres of three composers.
Novosiltseva O.V. - Russian world in the United States in 1991 – early 2000’s: sociocultural activity and dialogue with Russia pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.4.30218

Abstract: The subject of this research is the evolution of the institutional structure, social base, ideology, trends and priorities of the activity of public organizations of the Russian diaspora in the United State at the turn of the XX – XXI centuries. Focus of attention is the cultural-educational societies, publishers, humanitarian foundations of the Russian America that has established relationships with Russia during the post-Soviet period, as well as the new public organizations formed within the Russian-speaking communities of New York, San Francisco, Houston, and other US cities in the late 1990’s – early 2000’s. The research methodology is based on the fundamental principles of historical science – historicism, scientific validity, and objectivity. The author also applies the systemic and contextual analysis, comparative and other special methods of historical research. The scientific novelty lies in determination of development trends of public organizations of Russian diaspora in the United States over the period from 1991 to the early 2000’s. The study demonstrates that in the context of conducting democratic reforms in Russia, the ideological component in the life of Russian America recedes into the background. The priority vectors of public activity of the Russian-American intelligentsia becomes the cultural dialogue with Russia, implementation of humanitarian and educational projects in the historical motherland. In the late 1990’s – early 2000’s, within the framework of Russian-speaking communities in the United States, appears a number of new social centers aimed at the promotion of the Russian language and culture in the United States, which activity reflected the socio-mental image of Russian Americans of the early XXI century, their interest in the dialogue with Russia and international world of the Russian compatriots.
Danilova N.K. - “Material works” in sacred space: ritual attributes in the context of symbolic information (archetypes, images and symbols) pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.5.33707

Abstract: The object of this research is ritual attributes applied in different ceremonies, associated with the spirits Ichchi and celestial deities of Aya, which possess a superior modeling and communicative function. The article describes the ritual sacred items that were not used in everyday life, such as the sacrificial spoon of the Aya-shaman, kumis ladle, fortunetelling spoon, and spatula of the potter. Interdisciplinary approach allowed applying a historical-cognitive method of research, which views an item as a narrative text and a creative tool for transforming the sacred space. The novelty consists in the fact that despite the sufficient examination of correlation between a myth and a ritual, semiotic aspects of functionality of one or another item, organization of the sacred space, etc. of the Sakha people, these ritual attributes did not become a subject of semiotic study and determination of their structural-functional role within the mythical-ritual space of the Sakha people. The conclusions is made that these ritual attributes have a mediating function that establishes a communicative link between the Aya-shaman and transcendental space; in all ritual acts they are involved in modeling a stable life environment. It is revealed that mixing of raw materials (kumis, clay) was similar to the act of creation of Man and Nature, and the Aya-shaman performed the function of a demiurge. The author believes that all these functions could underlie a single ritual attribute – the sacrificial spoon, which later became a prototype of the shamanic drum mallet.
Mammadov R. - Hybrid genre of Azerbaijan music: mugham-opera pp. 7-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.6.19231

Abstract: This article examines the specificity of synergy between the classical opera and the mugham genre. As a result of such synthesis, the Azerbaijani composers have created a hybrid mix – mugham-opera. All examples of this unique genre are substantiates by the specificity of creative thinking and artistic-aesthetic perception of the composers. The described below analysis of the selected mugham-operas will be helpful in determining the level of genre hybridity in these compilations, in other words, the level of synergy between the mugham and classical opera principles of development, potential application of such specific and inherent to the national folk music methods as mode, metro-rhythm, improvisation, ornamentation, timbre, and others. Methodology of the research is based on the comprehensive approach that combines the methods of history of music, ethnography, theory of musical genres and forms. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the genres of the contemporary professional creative work of Azerbaijani composers are divided into the generally accepted classical (symphony, opera, ballet, cantata, oratory, concert, suite, sonata, etc.), and innovatory hybrid genres – mugham-opera, created as a result of active genre integration with the traditional musical art of Azerbaijan.
Agapova V.N. - Educational practice as a mechanism for preservation of cultural values on the example of the Russian schools in London pp. 7-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.5.27266

Abstract: Globalization, immense sociocultural transformation, as well as mass culture negatively affect the preservation of cultural identity of the modern Russian society. The deformation of identity becomes particularly noticeable in the conditions of diaspora living of emigrants away from their native culture. The object of this work is the cultural values form the foundation of identity of the Russians; the subject is the mechanisms for its preservation and transfer. The author examines the educational practice of the Russian schools in London. The analysis is conducted based on the detailed, elaborated seven-element model of communication. Methodology leans on the objective-absolutist approach towards comprehension of the essence of values, as well as the axiological approach that allows interpreting cultural practices as the mechanisms of value translation. The scientific novelty lies in reconsideration of the concepts of “cultural values” and “cultural practices”, as well as meticulous analysis of the processes of value translation as an act of communication. A conclusion is made on the need for consideration of educational practice as a mechanism of value translation, which allows preserving and retaining cultural identity in the challenging realities of modernity.
Vecherina O. - Between suffering and bliss: “rollercoaster of emotions” of the Tamil Shaiva Bhakti pp. 8-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.4.26753

Abstract: The subject of this research is the range of primary emotions experienced by the medieval Tamil Shaiva bhakti poets who lived in the VI-IX centuries. A profound emotional and aesthetic component of their works and biographies became a part of Shaiva poetic canon “Panniru Thirumurai”, which has records of the new ritual of worshipping Shiva, notable for the heightened emotional involvement (bhakti) of believers. The canon retains its relevance in modern India, being the source of the daily religious practice. As a result, the author reveals the presence of a substantial range of emotions in the works of all primary authors of the canon – from contemptuous-depreciative up to the absolute bliss. The consciously cultivated heightened emotionality of the adept provoked the reaching of the vivid altered states of mind, including insanity as the pinnacle of emotional hierarchy. It is demonstrated that the achievement of such altered state became a necessary condition for following the path of bhakti-yoga and the main trigger launching the mechanisms of poetry writing and visualization of Shiva’s manifestations.
Napso M.D. - Fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon pp. 9-14

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.4.20129

Abstract: The object of this research is fashion, and the subject is fashion as a sociocultural phenomenon. The author analyzes the social nature of fashion, its properties, and correspondence with the orientations of consumer society. Various aspects of fashion, its universality, timely character, fluidity, and correspondence with the socio-historical context are being reviewed. The author examines the connection between fashion and economy, impact of fashion upon public relations, as well as processes of establishment of mass consciousness and choice of behavioral strategies. Fashion is presented as a multifunctional phenomenon, as contradictory unity of the positive and negative. The scientific novelty consists in the substantiation of a thesis on the demand of fashion by the modern society. As the methodological foundation for this article, the author uses gnoseological and ontological principles of dialectics, as well as the analysis of the fashion phenomenon as an integral phenomenon. The problematic field of the article allows formulating a number of statements: 1) fashion is an imperative sociocultural phenomenon, which captures social space and the entire multiplicity of human relations; 2) consumer society endows fashion with the features of universality and individuality.
Loshchilova T.N., Nosova E.S. - Reflection of the ideas of Reformation in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder pp. 10-20

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.6.27451

Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the impact of reformation doctrine on the paintings of Lucas Cranach the Elder. The detailed analysis of his works allows to significantly expand our perception of the reflected in his paintings era and its effect on his personal outlook on life. The foundation of the article contains such works of Lucas Cranach the Elder as the portraits of Martin Luther of various periods; “The Fall, Expulsion from the Paradise and the Atoning Sacrifice of Christ (Allegory of the Old and New Testament)” created in 1529, which became a pictorial catechism of the Luther’s doctrine. Methodological base includes the works of the foreign and national medievalists aimed at consideration of the cultural and everyday aspects of social life and determination of their mutual influence with the political history of the region, combining the macro and micro approaches towards historical studies. The conducted research, based on the synthesis of comparative-historical and systemic methods, allows examining and characterizing separate aspects of interpretation of the reformist doctrine, which left a noticeable mark in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder – one of the closest friends and successors of Martin Luther, the “father” of German Reformation. The author was able to draw conclusions on the impact of reformation ideas on the worldview of a separate individual.
Andreeva E.V., Yakovleva K.V. - Semiotic approach towards formation of tourism discourse in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 10-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.6.34304

Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the process of formation of tourism discourse of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The article examines semiotic aspects of this process, world experience of formation of tourism discourse; determines its relevant development trends that allow increasing the competitiveness of tourist destination; and assesses tourism discourse potential of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Attention is focused on studying the semiotic potential of such element of tourism discourse as website. The authors explore the content of websites of municipalities (districts) of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia); as well as based on semiotic analysis determines the semantic core, syntactic peculiarities, and pragmatic potential of the website of municipality (district). Recommendations are made on the development of tourism discourse of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The following conclusions are formulated:- Currently, the effective development trends in tourism discourse consists in attraction of tourists to collaboration and engagement in the process of discourse formation; strengthening of pragmatic component of the discourse, search and usage of different means of creolization;- There is contradiction between the status of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as an attractive tourist attraction of the Far East and the image of a tourist destination, the formation of which is constrained by undeveloped tourism discourse;- The increase of tourism attractiveness of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) is possible in the context of formation of tourism discourse;- It is necessary to determine the image core and key image elements that form the image of tourist destination for a potential tourist;- In creation of discourse, it is necessary to form a situation of collaboration between the creators of tourist product and the clients (tourists, travelers), change the concept of visual content towards increasing image induction and implementation of interaction in form of digital and virtual mini-tours and guides;- It is also essential to translate involvement of the region in world heritage via utilizing the potential of folk art, masterpiece of folk and intangible heritage of humanity – the epic art Olonkho.
Shvetsova O.Y., Dmitriev V.A. - Oratory works of George Frideric Handel on the example of the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus” pp. 11-22

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.1.28205

Abstract: This article suggest to examine the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus” by G. F. Handel from the perspective of the tradition and realization of attributes of the genre in Western European art. The object of this research is the oratory works of G. F. Handel, while the subject is the determination of the system of music elements that comprise a musical act in the genre under consideration on the example of the oratorio “Judas Maccabaeus”. The goal of this study lies in the analysis of realization of the expressive and visual approaches of composer’s writing, traits of the characters, demonstration of the peculiarities of musical dramaturgy of the oratorio. Handel’s oratorios is the phenomenon that genetically relates to the various phenomena of art and philosophy; therefore, the author applies the comprehensive method of research, combining the historical and theoretical approaches towards the studying of the semantics of plot, space-time processes. Genre priorities, interaction of the collective and individual beginnings. The scientific novelty lies in the analysis of compositional-dramaturgical peculiarities of the oratory “Judas Maccabaeus”, musical and expressive means, as well as description of manifestation of the nation’s identity. The presented materials can be valuable for further examination of the Baroque music and performance technique.
Dmitriev I. - The contribution of Russian émigrés to the development of fashion industry in France during 1920’s – 1940’s: to the question about mutual perception of cultures pp. 11-23

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.2.29113

Abstract: The focus of attention in this research is the contribution of the representatives of Russian émigré to the development fashion industry in France during 1920’s – 1940’s. Despite the increasing public interest towards the history of white émigré of the “first post-revolutionary wave” overall, as well as the activity of its representatives with regards to fashion industry in particular, this problematic remains insufficiently studied within historiography. Using the synthesis of macro- and micro-approaches towards studying history, the author analyzes the impact of the key political, economic, and social processes of this period upon fashion industry, as well as modeling. Moreover, the author applies the comparative and systemic methods of historical analysis, which on the example of careers of the leading immigrant models, allowed determining the role of Russian émigrés in the French modeling industry throughout 1920’s, 1930’s and 1940’s. The conducted research reveals interconnection between the changes in modeling business and the activity of Russian émigrés. It is concluded that the Russian models were highly demanded among the top French Fashion Houses, and certainly exerted significant influence on the establishment of aesthetic ideals of the fashion world of 1920’s – 1940’s.
Yarskaya-Smirnova V.N., Bozhok N.S., Zaitsev D.V. - Inversion of temporality in commemoration of cultural-historical reconstruction pp. 11-24

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.5.33747

Abstract: The object of this research is the commemorative practices of cultural-historical reconstruction. The subject of this research is the inversion of temporality in festival practices of cultural-historical reconstruction. The goal lies in determination of specificity of temporal representations of historical reenactors through the prism of the concept of inversion of social time. For achieving the set goal, the author carries out a secondary analysis of interviews with the planners and participants of the historical reconstruction festival “Times and Epochs”. The materials of Russian media comprised the empirical basis for this work. Most informative source was portal “The City”, which published interviews with the representatives of historical reconstruction movement from various Russian cities, socio-demographic and professional groups. The novelty of is defined by introduction of the new theoretical and empirical material into the scientific discourse. The memorial culture and cultural-historical reconstruction are viewed as significant and effective factors of collective commemoration from the perspective of temporal approach for the first time. The conducted analysis allowed determining multivariation of the motives and intentions underlying the commemorative practices of cultural-historical reconstruction. The festival “Times and Epochs” is viewed as an example of commemorative practice, where the subject of commemorative activity is the collective past, actualized within metropolitan sociocultural space in terms of the project-network approach. The author reveals the problems of development of the festival as a memorial project, as well as prospects of its integration into the urban environment.
Danilova N.K. - “Home – woman’s world”: sacred female images and feminine symbology in the life of Sakha people pp. 13-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.3.29870

Abstract: The object of this research is the “sacred woman’s world” in the traditional culture of Yakut people. The author examines such aspects of the topic as the determination of the role and place of a woman in organization of life space; consideration of mythological female images involved in domestication of the living space and symbolic representations of “thing world” of a dwelling associated with the female theme. Particular attention is turned to the comprehensive analysis of the scared figure of a potter woman, clay as a creational raw material, and pottery as a replica of cosmogonic technology. Methodological foundation contains the historical-anthropological approach, focusing on studying behavioral motives and strategies, as well as mentality of people of the past. The priority research methods became the semiotic and structural-functional analysis for interpreting the phenomena of woman’s world and sacred meanings of feminine images. The conclusion is made that if the expansion of domesticated space is a result of actions of a man (through the development of landscape), than the organization of living space belongs to a woman, as her image is endued with the creational functions. The author detects the sympathetic connections between the cult of a goddess-mother, female shamanism, and sacred figure of a potter woman; as well as analyzes the femininely saturated loci and things in a living space, possessing a marginal characteristic and allowing to reveal the boundaries between the world of nature and the world of people.
Denisova Z.M. - The problem of analysis methodology of spatial and time model in a musical composition of Russian art of the late XX century pp. 14-23

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.2.31470

Abstract: The relevance of the chosen topic is substantiated by insufficient study of this problematic within Russian musical culture of the late XX century in the Russian-language scientific literature. The object of this research is the artistic space and time of a musical composition. The author examines meaning of the categories of space and time and their existing philosophical concepts. The subject of this research is music of the Russian composers of the second half of the XX century. The work leans on the analytical method and carries a systemic cross-disciplinary character. The scientific novelty consists in suggesting of M. Bakhtin’s theory as a methodological framework for space and time analysis in a musical composition of that period that was further advanced by the art historical V. Chaikovskaya. As a conclusion, the author systematizes and generalizes the key ideas pertaining to the historical-social context of the indicated period, as well as harmoniousness of the art concept of V. Chaikovskaya to the musical texts of compositions, which reveals its peculiar polychronotopic space and time structure.
Kuzovenkova Y.A. - “To whom it is revealed?” or distrust in a global village pp. 17-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.1.30975

Abstract: This article examines the realities of modern culture, which under the influence of Internet marks the emergence of new communicative situation, well described by the term “a global village”. For such subculture as graffiti, it reflected in the fact that the information on it became accessible for anyone interested. However, in the course of studying graffiti community, the author established that access to information does not imply having accurate knowledge. This led to a question on the legitimate knowledge base in this subculture. The research is carried out on the materials of graffiti stage of Samara. The applied approaches are based on the media concept of Marshall McLuhan and theory of collective and individual memory of Maurice Halbwachs. The conclusion is made that the knowledge on graffiti subculture (both, its history and practical concept) is directly related to the experience in this sphere. In order to understand the meanings kept by collective memory, it is necessary to possess individual memory associated with this practice. Therefore, the accuracy of knowledge on graffiti subculture is defined not by the source of knowledge, but rather the experience of creating graffiti works.
Kulikovskaya I.E. - Semio-sphere of Preschool Education Content pp. 18-57

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2015.4.15870

Abstract: The given research deals with the concept of “semio-sphere” of modern preschool education content. The author of the article gives coverage to semiotic and symbolic grounds of teaching preschool children which is presented in the program “World Outlook”. According to the author, the concept “semio-sphere” includes signs, symbols and values that are reflected in mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal, symbolic and scientific world views. The above mentioned program unites signs and symbols from various areas of life – nature, society and art. They are united into the complete world view as a result of translation which becomes the main mechanism of mental operations. Continuous translation from one cultural language to another is occurring all the time: from the language of senses – into the language of concepts, from the natural language – into the language of art. Methodological background of the research lies within the framework of the following ideas: understanding of culture as the philosophical category which causes deep changes in the education model as a whole and the system of preschool education in particular (M.M. Bakhtin, V.S. Bibler, M.S. Kagan, Yu.M. Lotman, L.P. Pechko, V. N. Stolovich); semio-sphere is seen as the semiotic and symbolic space of culture (Yu.M. Lotman); childhood is understood as the period of the highest level of unleashing potential of a child and his/her comprehensive knowledge of the world around (L.A. Wenger, L.S. Vygotsky, A.G. Gogoberidze, A.V. Zaporozhets, M.V. Korepanova, V.T. Kudryavtsev, E.A. Tupichkina, R.M. Chumicheva) . The author comes to a number of conclusions. Thus, the definition of semio-sphere of preschool education content which opens way to the complete world view is given. The following principles provide the developing effect of the education content: unity of filo and ontogenesis; integration of mythology, philosophy and science; integrity and differentiation of age-related periodization; culture congruent knowledge and ways of learning about the signs and symbols of culture. The content of preschool education aimed at development of the complete world view of preschool children is presented in the program “World Outlook” which includes several components. The first is called “The Elements of the World”. It is aimed at revealing the signs and symbols of the nature reflected in folklore and ways of learning about the real natural phenomena (for children aged 4-5). The second component “Basics of Literacy” reflects the knowledge about signs and symbols of culture presented in the generalized, curtailed form in the letters of the Russian alphabet and small literary texts (for children aged 6-7). The third component, referred to as “Categorical View of the World: Flowers of Russia", reflects the signs and symbols of floristics, nature worthiness, diverse forms of interrelation between a child and the natural world around (for children aged 6-7).The conducted research is of topical interest since it gives full definition to the concept “semio-sphere” of preschool education content as well as the detailed description of the program “World Outlook” which treats the world view as the elaborated set of various signs (cultural, natural, eco-cultural, speech and motive related). The unity of semiotic and symbolic systems which is further elaborated in its components and thematic blocks provide integrity of the whole program. What makes the program specific is the idea of integration, based on the principle of culture congruence, representation of the complete world view in preschool didactics, including mytho-poetic, philosophical, universal and symbolic world views which correspond to the figurative type of perception and thinking of a child. What is more, semio-sphere of preschool education content is mentioned in the Federal State Standard of Preschool Education regarding the criteria of informative, speech, artistic and esthetic development of children.
Tsareva E.S. - The role of music education in distribution of the system of academic traditions and establishment of its regional version: in the context of "center-periphery" problem (on the example of Yeniseysk Governorate pp. 18-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.22962

Abstract: The subject of the research is the processes of conception and establishment of music education in Krasnoyarye over the period of existence of Yeniseysk Governorate (1822-1925), which were designed to ensure the preservation, translation, continuity, and reproduction of new to the Asian part of Russia European academic traditions. Special attention is given to the examination of the role of professional music education in “construction” and successful performance of the regional version of the system of academic art, and its adjustment to the provincial circumstances, using the example of Yeniseysk Governorate. The author particularly refers to the issues of cross-cultural interaction and spread of the single-type culture onto the large geographical areas, depicted in the works of D. S. Likhachev and Y. M. Lotman, comprehending the pages of the Krasnoyarsk music chronicle through the prism of their certain ideas. Analysis of the regional material from the sociocultural perspective, leads to new conclusions in the study of historical events. Consideration of the role of professional music educational institutions in development of the European traditions and establishment of the provincial academic in the context of the binomial "center-periphery" significantly expands the methodological base of historical regional studies and outlines the new relevant paths in understanding of the problems of regional culture.
Denisova Z.M. - Concept of “montage” within the system of artistic culture pp. 21-29

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.6.28119

Abstract: The subject of this research is the determination of the degree of scientific exploration of the concept of “montage” within the system of artistic culture, consideration of the processes of its establishment and subsequent transformation. The object of this research is the analysis of fundamental works comprise the basis of the montage theory in the system of artistic culture and fully reveal the figural-dramaturgical and compositional-structural peculiarities of this phenomenon (works of S. Eisenstein, L. Kuleshov, V. Pudovkin, Y. Tynyanov, Y. Lotman. V. Ivanov, T. Efremova, R. Salganik, N. Volkov and others). For achieving the set foal, the author selected the methodology of exploration of the term “montage” in various fields: literary studies, book publishing, culturology, aesthetics, and cinematography. A conclusion is made that the concept of “montage” was viewed by the scholars from various perspectives: as the means for expressing authorial positions; realization of figurative theme; composition of artwork; one of the types of artistic thinking that becomes common for the national art of the late XX century. This article is first to consider the concept of “montage” in the context of various humanitarian spheres. The scientific novelty lies in determination of the relevance of montage principles outside cinematography, despite the origin of the montage theory in the area of cinematic art. Modern artists of different types and genres continue to widely interpret the capabilities of montage in their works.
Zabrodina E.A. - “Sacred Theology” of Nicholas of Cusa in the portraits and altar paintings of the artists of the Early Netherlandish painting pp. 21-32

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.4.33349

Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes that unfolded in the spiritual sphere of the Netherlandish society of the XV century, which can be assessed by the treatises of the prominent philosopher and figure of the Catholic Church Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464), as well as by the images, scenes, artistic techniques used by Netherlandish artists of that time such brothers van Eyck, Rogier van Weyden, Hans Memling, Petrus Christus, Hieronymus Bosch, Robert Kampin, and others. Main attention is given to the comparison of the views of Nicholas of Cusa, as well as the manner and ideological program that can be seen in the work of the XV century artists. The scientific novelty consists in demonstration of just how the views of Nicholas of Cusa correlate to the worldview of the people of the XV century – transitional period from the Medieval Era to the Modern Age. Perceptions of the Netherlanders of that time of the world and people’s place within it, of divine predestination and everyday life are reflected in the orders for a new type of altar compositions and portraits. The conducted analysis uses specific examples to reveal the theme of commonness of the worldview in the examined chronological period. Comparison of the paintings and thoughts of Nicholas of Cusa demonstrate the commonness of views that reflect the transformational era in the history of art.
Sugrobova Y.Y., Karpova I.D., Dorofei Y.O. - The parameters of anthropological crisis and modern global generation pp. 22-34

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.6.34308

Abstract: This article analyzes the main factors of anthropological crisis, its attributes, impact upon the worldview, psychological, and cultural characteristics of the modern global network generation of Millennials and Centennials. An overview is given to the sources, in which the authors raise the problems of personal crisis, its causes, as well as the prospects for further development of humanity. Analysis is conducted on key traits in communication of collective society, peculiarities of behavioral communication strategy in the conditions of Informatization of the society. The article provides the results of modern research of R. Jenkins and the agency PBN H+K jointly with Magram MR, as well as “Tomsk initiative” project on the representatives of Millennials – “generation Y” and Centennials – “generation Z”; comparative characteristics of their value orientations and life strategies is given. The current formation and development of the new cultural space with the specific features of global, universal, technologized, virtual nature is demonstrated. The role of Net-technologies is revealed; being the key factor of the transformation of modern space, change the forms of sociocultural interaction, production techniques, transformation and conveyance of information, require elaboration of the special forms of spiritual and practical mastering of the reality and self-reflection of the individuals. An assumption is made that due to the technologies of globalization and ideology of postmodernism, takes place the uniformity of social and political structures, destruction of the forms of human identification – cultural, historical and spiritual, as well as destruction of the worldview foundations of personal becoming. Deidentification of a person becomes the key reason of the anthropological crisis.
Chikhacheva M.M., Ekard L.D., Shkredova I.N. - The results of the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition to Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai pp. 23-29

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21072

Abstract: The subject of this research is the traditional folklore of the Russian settlements of Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The data recorded during the 2016 folklore-ethnographic expedition of the Krasnoyarsk State Art Institute serve as the material form this work. The main task of the expeditions included the exploration of the residential areas of Turukhansk District, determination of presence and level of the preservation of the traditional culture (particularly folk music), documentation of the examples of immaterial cultural heritage, and determination of the level of assimilation of folklore of the Russian settlements with the culture of indigenous people. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that in study of the northern areas of Krasnoyarsk Krai, the primary attention was given to the folklore of the indigenous people, while the folklore of the Russian migrants was on the fringes of the authors’ review. The exploration of the residential areas allowed identifying just the songs of the late period of establishment – urban lyrics and couplets (Russian chastushka). It is also noted that the genres of children folklore are well preserved. The authors were able to document the local peculiarities of the separate folklore genres: primarily in children games, rituals of caroling and fortunetelling. The article confirms a hypothesis about the assimilation of the people from various regions of Russia in the territory of Turukhansk District.
Zykin A. - The problem of reviving the traditional culture of Tuvan ethnos during the post-Soviet period pp. 23-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.1.28729

Abstract: This article examines the traditional culture of Tuva during the post-Soviet period, and represents a logical continuation of the sequence of publications dedicated to the socio-culturological and linguo-culturological aspects of formation, evolution, and currents state of the ethnoses of Southern Siberia. The beginning of 1990’s for Tuva, its history and sociocultural situation was marked by the dissemination of the Soviet Union; there has emerged a visible trend towards the revival of traditional cultural and the return of the forgotten values, caused by the transformation of Eastern culture into the Europeanized. The Tuvan people acknowledged the contradictions between the culture of Tuvans and the genereally accepted new Soviet culture; moreover, in the political sphere of the early 1990’s has been observed the increase of nationalism and conflicts between the indigenous population and the Russians. National culture and its revival during the 1990’s were mostly a political slogan, which became an instrument for acquiring power. The occurrence of difficulties in the economic and sociocultural spheres with onset of the 1990’s can be referred to as “crisis”. It affected absolutely all spheres of life in the republic: the economic and political areas, as well as the society and its culture.
Savvina O.V. - Female beauty standards: natural and cultural pp. 24-34

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2017.1.20508

Abstract: This article examines the female beauty standards substantiated by the cultural preferences (for example, “lotus feet” of Chinese women in Medieval times), as well as standards based on perception of a woman as young and beautiful – natural beauty. The author reveals the interrelation between two types of standards and attempts giving answer to the question: do the cultural standards contradict to the natural standards. For answering this question, the work analyzes the formation of cultural standards of female beauty alongside their cultural essence. The author turns to the works of experts in the field of plastic surgery and sociological research for revealing the standards of natural beauty that are common to the people of various cultures; and then, analyzes the cultural standards of beauty, their functions, and prerequisites for emergence of the new standards (based on the example of key standards of the XX century). The conclusion is made that cultural beauty standards do not contradict or deny the natural, but are built over them. Health risks that women tend to take in order to correspond with the standards, always remains unnoticeable, because otherwise, their sacrifices are in vain. The article highlights the functions of cultural beauty standards united into three main groups, which are called to reflect: 1) origin of a person and his social status; 2) personal qualities and moral orientations; 3) world perception and place of an individual in the world.
Kostiuk I.S. - Critical analysis. Modern conceptual design of ideas that generate discussions pp. 24-35

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.3.26315

Abstract: The object of this research is the current state of the conceptual design-practices, their form of representation and interdisciplinary correlation. The subject of this research is the practice of critical design as a fundamental vector of the modern conceptual design. The goal of this work consists in determination of the major methodological orientations of the modern conceptual design alongside the principles of anesthetization and formation of the conceptual design-objects, as well as examination of the nature of interrelation between a user and a conceptual design-object in the context of critical design practices. The scientific novelty lies in presentation of the modern perspectives of foreign theoreticians and practitioners of design that study the question of conceptuality in design within the framework of intellectual practice, focused on generation and improvement of the contentious ideas. Among the main conclusions are: the determined method of critical design based on the principle of “post-optimality” and “para-functionality”; key practices of critical design – design fiction, speculative design, design of critical embodiment, as well as the contexts of their implementation; ambiguous character of critical design-object aimed at generation of discussions and thoughts.
Vecherina O. - Representation of corporeality in Tamil Saiva-bhakti canon pp. 24-34

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31626

Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of corporeality and transformation of the model of body in Tamil Saiva-bhakti. The author examines the notional variations of these practices presented in texts of the canon “Panniru Thirumurai”. Description of the path to God as individual practice of a single bhakt comprises the content of Manickavasagar's “Thiruvasagam” (8th book of the canon), while the meticulous description and classification of different variations of the path with detailed recommendations on the improvement of adept’s body are contained in Thirumoolar's “Thirumanthiram” (10th book of the canon). Using the comparative analysis of texts of the canon, the author reveals the formation of the new model of body of the bhakt, which led to changes in the ritual and iconography of temple’s adornment. It is concluded that in the writings of Tamil bhakti poets of the VI-IX centuries has been formed a new representation on Shiva and the new model of adept’s body. The own body initially was perceived as an obstacle in the path to liberation. The extreme forms such attitude obtained in the works of Manickavasagar. Thirumoolar described the new model of adept’s body as the key instrument for achieving mukti. Further development of this model led to advancement of the yogic and alchemic practices in the tradition of Siddhi for acquisition of body that is immortal, perfect, and not subject to corruption. Visionary representations of bhakts led to the drastic transformation of iconographic system of Shivaist temple, realized by Chola Dynasty rulers in the X-XII centuries. Tamil bhakts created a universal complex of spiritual practices, focusing on the work with body, as well as consciousness – through the transformation of body. Such practices not only retained their relevance and practical implementation, but also became widely known outside the region.
Shigurova T.A., Shigurov V.V. - Semantics of fur in costume of the Mordvins pp. 24-36

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.2.32553

Abstract: The subject of this research is the traditional fur costume of the Mordvins. The authors examine the problem of formation of the semantics of fur as a material useful for survival and adaptation of a person in space. The goal of this work consists in determination of the factors substantiating semantic meanings of the transformation processes of natural material into a cultural object characteristic for many peoples of the Middle Volga  and Transural regions. The authors summarized the written sources. Including the archive of Russian Geographical Society, analysis of ethnographic collections of museums of the Republic of Mordovia, and results of the field research. The application of general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, classification), comparative-historical approach, and comprehensive culturological approach allowed detecting the peculiarities of Mordvins’ perception of fur items, their implementation into the sphere of spiritual culture, and attribution as a symbol. The scientific novelty consists in the culturological approach towards understanding of the semantic of fur garments and accessories in the everyday culture and family ceremonies of the Mordvins. Substantiation is made on the special significance of fur in the material culture of the Erzya and Moksha peoples: fulfilling a utilitarian function and having become the second, artificial skin of a human, fur adequately protected from unfavorable effects of the environment. It is established that in Erzya language there are still remain similarities between the concepts of fur coat (fur item, animal skin) and clothes.
Zhang T. - To the origins of creation of Beijing Ballet School. Olga Aleksandrovna Ilyina pp. 25-35

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.5.33738

Abstract: The subject of this research is the first stage of creation of Beijing Ballet School, while the object is the pedagogue of the Moscow State Academy of Choreography O. A. Ilyina. The author underlines her contribution to the creation of the first professional system of education in China. The role of Soviet ballet masters and pedagogues, who carefully examines the peculiarities of Chinese teaching technique is highlighted. The Russian system of choreographic education with its accumulated valuable theoretical and pedagogical experience laid the foundation for establishment of the system of preparing ballet dancers in China, creating a strong basis for the development of Chinese professional classical ballet. The novelty of this work consist in the analysis of Olga Ilyina’s impact upon the early stage of development of Chinese ballet. The author explores and assesses her versatile activity in China – initially, in creation of Beijing Ballet School, and later, as a pedagogy who made a significant contribution to preparation of national ballet dancers. The scientific novelty is substantiated by the fact that the activity of Olga Ilyina in China has not been previously a subject of a separate research, although she played a significant role, along with other pedagogues of the Moscow State Academy of Choreography under the Bolshoi Theatre, in creation of the first professional ballet school in Beijing.
Denisova Z.M. - Intonation and genre montage in the compositions of Alfred Schnittke pp. 26-34

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.1.31469

Abstract: The subject of this research is the works of the prominent national composer Alfred Schnittke. The analysis of musical compositions demonstrated that one of the dominant technique of their thematic development consists in the intonation and genre montage, and dramaturgy is structured as a peculiar intertwinement of imagery-thematic lines, each of which is formed as an assemblage of themes referred to the same genre. The main principle for this research served the principle of historicism as one of the fundamental within national musicology, which views an artistic phenomenon in unity of transformation of traditions and modern trends. The scientific novelty consists in determination of the leading principle of musical compositions of A. Schnittke – the principle of “generalization through the genre”, presented as an intonation and genre montage. In conclusions formulated in the article, the author summarizes and systematizes the results of study: combining different genres in a single sound space, the composer interprets them as so-called intonation-semantic signs formed in the process of prolonged historical-cultural development, generating valid content, and at the same time, in its intertwinement, creating an individual artistic view of the world.
Andreeva E.V., Verkhovtseva M.A., Petrova T.Y. - Amulets in the symbolic and everyday practice of Sakha people pp. 27-33

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.5.30987

Abstract: The subject of this research is the study of the potential of traditional symbols of Sakha people in preservation of cultural memory and development of socio-cultural processes. The authors analyze the role of the traditional symbols of Sakha people in the formation of culture as the framework for development and survival of the ethos; examine function of the traditional symbols of Sakha people, namely amulets within the modern socio-cultural environment; as well as conduct classification of amulets as symbols (in accordance with Charles Sanders Peirce). Special attention is given to studying the everyday practice of using amulets by the various population categories of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Including youth. The nature and role of the traditional national symbols in the development of socioeconomic sphere of Sakha Republic is determined. The following conclusions were made: amulets as symbols of the traditional culture of Sakha people currently manifest as the adaptation (protection) mechanisms, allowing to retain inner balance and confidence, adjust to the changing external and internal conditions of social development; being multifunctional as any symbol, amulets within the system of traditional symbols may serve as the means for translating and preserving culture and cultural memory if appropriately incorporated into the context of social and educational activities.
Pupysheva N.V. - Symbolic language for the description of human nature in Buddhism pp. 30-39

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21469

Abstract: The subject of this study is a special symbolic language used in the Buddhist teaching for a comprehensive description of a person (the physiological and psychological constituents of a personality) within the framework of the characteristic to Buddhism integral approach towards personality. The object of this research is the system of "great elements" of Indian origin (mahabhūta, i.e. earth, water, wind, fire and space) that, on the physiological level, are condensed into the "three humors" of an organism (phlegm, bile and wind). The analysis carried out in the paper allows revealing the conceptual peculiarities of the terms  through viewing them in accordance with the principles of Tibetan linguistics on three levels of the meaning (literary meaning; verbal meaning, which represents the conceptual matrix of the term; and true meaning, revealed through the pragmatics of the text). Based on examination of the complicated hierarchic structure of meanings of these terms, the author concludes that the use of this system allows interpreting texts, which describe different levels of the reality. It results in the productive method of presentation of the knowledge in Buddhist doctrine and makes it possible to include the knowledge on human as the personality into the general context of concepts about the world, using the universal language of description. The article provides the examples of interpretation of the phenomena of different levels of reality, applying the system of "great elements".
Khingeeva L. - The genesis of animalistic elements in the costumes of Buryat shamans pp. 35-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.2.25684

Abstract: The object of this research is the Buryat shamanism – a complex system of religious views, norms, rituals and traditions of Buryat people. The scientific records demonstrate that the features of animalism, zoolatry and totemism are characteristic to the traditional religion of Buryats. The subject of this research is the animalistic elements in the costumes of Buryat shamans. The volume of accumulated knowledge is extensive and diverse, mainly contains the descriptions, classification by the grounds of origin, symbolism, use in rituals; but at the same time, the origin of the subject of research as a whole has been poorly studied. Using the analysis of genesis of animalistic elements in shaman costumes, the article makes an attempt to determine the background of animalism and zoolatry in the religious views of Buryats, leaning on retrospective of evolution of the Buryat ethnos, origin of the traditional beliefs of Buryats, and the processes on cross-cultural diffusion with other ethnic groups that influenced the formation of Buryat shamanism.
Azarova V.V. - The “undying archaic elements” in dramatic oratorio by Arthur Honegger “Joan of Arc at the Stake” pp. 35-61

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.1.31950

Abstract: The subject of this research is the integration of the elements of old genres in to a composition of Arthur Honegger’s dramatic oratorio. Particular attention is paid to formation of the system of interrelated intonation-dramaturgical spheres and vocal-symphonic development of recurring themes, motifs and sound symbols. The author examines the interaction of verbal and vocal-symphonic elements of sound fabric. The goal consists in identification of the traits of old genres and other archaic elements within the synthetic form of musical/dramatic theatre, as well as determination of the dominant aspect of musical meaning therein. Research methodology is based on the musical-hermeneutic reconstruction of the process of composing, detection of the fundamental principles of musical dramaturgy along with functions of cited by the composer Latin texts in the synthetic form of dramatic oratorio. The main method for this work became the musical-theoretical analysis of polyphonic vocal-symphonic musical fabric, and analysis of the verbal texts of voice part in the French and Latin languages, in de visu score. This article is first to interpret integration of the genre codes of medieval mystery play and citations from liturgical texts of the previous eras, including the Holy Scripture, into the compositions of dramatic oratorio of Arthur Honegger as the means for creating temporal multidimensionality of the synthetic form of French musical/dramaturgical theatre of the XX century within the context of Christian tradition. Honegger has overcome the linearity of narration through integration into the composition of the traits of previous eras. The citation of liturgical texts, including Holy Scripture, lead to expansion of the semantic space of literary text of the dramatic oratorio. This established the idea of synthesis of time and eternity characteristic to Christianity.
Bogdanova M.V. - Sociocultural aspects of the Orthodox wedding ceremony in modern Russia pp. 38-44

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.4.30443

Abstract: The object of this research is the wedding religious ritual in the modern Orthodoxy. The subject of this research is the structure of wedding rituals in modern Orthodoxy. Special attention is given to experimental study of certain rituals of the wedding ceremony for revealing the specificity of Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system. It is worth noting that the author adheres to the principle of understanding religion as a sociocultural phenomenon and believes that isolated study of religious rituals that excludes reference to non-ritual practices and non-religious values is inefficient. The scientific novelty consists in the first attempt within the national and foreign culturology to comprehensively study the modern Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system that functions in a multilayered sociocultural context of modernity. The author concludes that it is possible to divide rituals of the Orthodox wedding ceremony into two groups: “festivity” and “sacrament”. It is underlined that significant impact upon the semantics of the Orthodox wedding ceremony is a factor of its inclusion, or on the contrary, non-inclusion into the overall wedding complex. The conducted analysis proves that the Orthodox wedding ceremony as a cultural system is not the once-and-for-all ritual pattern, reproduced without any changes under the various circumstances.
Pupysheva N.V. - Typology of personality within the system of Tibetan Buddhist medicine pp. 40-48

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21180

Abstract: This article pursues correlation between the typologies of personality by Western authors and the typology of personality of the Tibetan Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions that use a specific language for the personality typology description and interpretion in the context of the «great elements»  system (mahabhūta – earth, water, wind, fire), which on the physiological level is narrowed down to the notion of «three humors» of an organism (wind, bile, phlegm). Analyzing the original sources, the author demonstrates that these traditions base the typology of personality on domination in specificities of the body, physiological processes, and psyche of one or another "beginning" of an organism or its combinations. Comparing the principles of personality classification of such Western philosophers and psychologists as Kretschmer and Sheldon with the Tibetan Buddhists tradition in Ayurveda, this work illustrates that the foundation of views upon the typology of personality of the Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions lies in the theoretically substantiated and verified by the century-long practice theory of personality that differs from the European in its description language, which in turn, is based on the alternate philosophical perception of the world.
Aleksandrov N.N. - Three manners in works of László Moholy-Nagy pp. 44-57

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.5.19177

Abstract: The subject of this research is the creative path of the prominent representative of modernism of the early XX century – international constructivist László Moholy-Nagy. The article is based on the materials of the prepared by the author monograph with the full review about the creative work of László Moholy-Nagy. Classification of the periods of master’s creative work associated with the general status of the cycles of culture and stylistic nuances of the era is presented in this article. The author examines the specificity of his works in 1920’s and 1930’s; and the period of the early 1940’s has been terminated due to the death of the Moholy-Nagy. Multiple illustrations of his works that characterize the three mentioned periods are presented in the article. This work is written from the perspective of systemic and genetic methods in art studies. The structural-cyclical model that allows describing his creative paths is applied. Scientific novelty consists in the fact that this is the first generalizing publication of such type about László Moholy-Nagy in Russian language. But, taking into account the foreign sources, we can state that other researchers of his creative work did not formulate a similar periodization, as well as never considered his works as inscribed into the context of mental evolution in the XX century.
Din S. - Certain peculiarities of Russian foreign literature in Harbin pp. 47-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.2.29571

Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of “Harbin literature”, which implies the literary arts of Russian immigrants in Harbin (the capital of Heilongjiang province, PRC) in the early XX century. The goal of this work is the need to prove that the “Harbin” literary works have the characteristic features of Russian literature, and at the same time signify the impact of Chinese culture, which makes them so artistically unique. They represent a regional literary phenomenon, which is somewhat at the intersection of the Russian and Chinese cultural traditions. The method of analytical perception of the sources clarifying the essence of the phenomenon of “Harbin literature” and literary arts of the Russian immigrants in Harbin of the early XX century became the foundation of this research. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that leaning on the existing within modern Russian and Chinese literature assessments of creativity of Harbin writers, the author proves that it is not only an intrinsic part of the history of Russian literature, but also a special page in the history of Chinese literature of the early XX century. Attention is turned to the immigrant publishing activity as a crucial indicator of pinnacle point of literary activities. The literary works in Russia periodicals of Harbin can be divided into two groups: dedicated to Russia, and dedicated to China. The first groups is much more extensive than the second, although both are represented by an entire range of various topics.  
Tsareva E.S. - The formation of academic music culture of Yeniseian Governorate: new outlook through the prism of processes of self-organization and institutionalization pp. 49-67

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.20226

Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes of formation of the academic music culture in Krasnoyarsk during one of the most significant periods of its development in the region – the existence of Yeniseian Governorate (1822-1925). The author examines the establishment and functionality of the local model of academic traditions during the imperial and Soviet historical stages, by determining the universal (general Russian and general Siberian) and specific features. The main interest of the author is focused in the socio-culturological aspects of the research, identification of the key processes of construction of the music-academic system, analysis of their functionality under the conditions of various types of government structure. The article introduces the unpublished documents into the scientific discourse, as well as present a new approach towards perception of development of the Siberian music culture. Analyzing from the socio-culturological perspective the establishment of the system of academic art in Yeniseian Governorate, the author reveals the two main processes taking part in its formation – self-organization and institutionalization. Based on the local history materials, the author demonstrated their impact and diverse combinations depending on the sociopolitical and economic context. The conclusion is made that the balance and “complementarity” between the processes of self-organization and institutionalization represents the most favorable environment for the rapid development of academic and music culture. The acquired results allow significantly enriching the existing knowledge in the area of establishment of the traditions of Siberian academic art, as well as discover the new relevant prospects in examination of the world musical and historical processes.
Khabibullina Z.R. - The practices of implementation of digital technologies in Islamic society (on the example of Hajj) pp. 54-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31773

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problem of innovativeness of traditional religions and their compatibility with the technological novelties. On the example of Hajj – one of the major Islamic rituals, the author examines the use of digital technologies in realization of the annual pilgrimage of the Muslims. Emphasis is made on studying the process of using the Hajj-related mobile applications that allow the believers and nonbelievers to connect with the religious action in the virtual space. Mobile interface allows each user to receive information on religion, sacred texts, stamping grounds, as well as contains theological interpretation of the rituals, audio and visual content. The research was carried out in the Islamic segment of Internet; the author conducted content analysis of the information and discussion content pertinent to Hajj. The acquired results testify to the expansion of virtualization of Islam along with the use of digital technologies in the conservative religious field. The popularity of digital images, social networks, “virtual Hajj” among the Internet users contribute to the increase of communicative and discussion activity in Islamic society with regards to the questions of “veracity” and need for using information technologies by the believers.
Suvorkina E.N. - Mass media and media production as the segments of Russian industry of the childhood subculture: constitutional grounds of economic-legal substitute phenomena pp. 58-74

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2016.5.20799

Abstract: This article examines the economic and legal grounds of the two substitute phenomena – segments of the merchandise market (industry) of the childhood subculture. It is demonstrated that the printed publications realize the constitutional right to freedom of speech to the full extent, as well as take into account that the absence of censorship does not mean the use of the offensive language. In addition to that, and what is mostly important at the present time, the magazines are published in national languages, which serves as the proof of implementation by the Russian Federation of the policy of preservation of the languages and culture of native people. The main positions and conclusions of the conducted research can be used in the conditions of demand for regulation of the work of various segments of the industry of the childhood subculture (particularly the segments of mass media and media production) as the economic-legal phenomena in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and acting legislation base. This will allow turning the children’s products market more civilized and oriented towards not only the financial component, but also formation of a “healthy” information space for the children.
Krasilnikova M.N. - To the problem of mutual social recognition: peculiarities of the process of acculturation of Muslims in the European non-Muslim societies pp. 62-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.6.26366

Abstract: The subject of this research is the consideration of peculiarities of acculturation of Muslims as a process unfolded in the European non-Muslim societies, associated with impossibility of achieving a full mutual social recognition even upon the condition of gaining citizenship of a certain country, in other words, naturalization. The constraining factor towards that is the methodological nationalism, separation and marginalization, which are an inevitable result of the pursuance of multiculturalism and proclivity for leaving the ghetto, as well as understanding of acculturation as a unilateral process. The scientific novelty lies in reconsideration of the traditional forms and strategies of acculturation in the context of situation of social recognition of the Muslims in the accepting societies of European states. The main methods are the examination and analysis of academic publications related to this problematic, as well as their systemic comparison for revealing the peculiarities inherent to the aforementioned process. A conclusion is made on the importance of civic equality for the mutual social recognition, as well as the need for bilateral changes of identity for solution of the problems emerging in the process of acculturation.
nikiforova s.v., Ivanova M.A. - Museum as the “third place” in cultural space of a rural area pp. 62-72

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.1.32074

Abstract: This article explores the problem of reconstruction and diversification of the activity of regional museums on the periphery. Attention is focused on underestimation (absence of demand) of potential of a museum in cultural space of a rural area. Reconstruction of the cultural space should be realized in accordance with the cluster principle: it allows reconstructing the functions of currently operating museums in an affordable way; optimally harness their potential; shift accents of their role for the society. Mainstreaming the values of regional ethnic culture contributes to the establishment of a positive cultural identity of the local dwellers. The author applies a complex interdisciplinary approach towards studying the problems of designing cultural space and forms of organizing leisure activities. Method of mosaic modeling is used in development of the project of museum as a third place. It is proven that cluster principle for organization of cultural and educational establishments, service sector; collaboration of their personnel; extensive implementation of participatory practices actualize the potential of cultural institutions of the rural area. Modern sociocultural practices as a platform of third place actively promote libraries (El Lissitzky and others) and cafés (Ray Oldenburg and others); the authors propose a museum complex – association of thee museums of the rural area. The article formulates a theoretical substantiation for broadening museum functions as an educational platform, place for relocation, personal development, and self-fulfillment. A reorganized creative cluster may contribute to the establishment of a positive cultural identity of the local dwellers, as well as make the cultural space more productive and efficient.
Loshchenkov A.V. - Institute of Buddhist Dialectics: traditions and modernity pp. 68-83

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31801

Abstract: The subject of this research is the history of establishment of the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics and the system of Buddhist education therein. The author provides a compendium of topics, as well as titles of the texts identifies by the collection of Tibetan texts published in the digital resource Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. The fundamental sources and commentarial literature are determined. It reveals the prospects for profound study of the Gelug tradition common in the countries of Trans-Himalayan region. Mongolia, Russia (Buryatia, Kalmykia, Tyva). The author determines the specificity of extra-sectoral teaching of Buddhism and the peculiarity of tantric education in the context of philosophical curriculum. Methodology combines the classical textological approach and contextual analysis, taking into account the Buddhist commentarial tradition. For solving the set tasks, the author applies textological methods for precise description of the structure of education. The novelty of this research is defined by introducing into the scientific discourse of the previously unstudied system of education and textbooks essential for obtaining the Rime Geshe degree in Buddhism, which curriculum included not only Gelug texts, but also two other traditions of Tibetan Buddhism – Nyingma, Kagyu, and Sakya. This is the only institute offering the education of such type. This allows its graduates to act as interpreters of verbal teachings, as well as texts of all traditions of the Tibetan Buddhism. The research carries special value for developing a curriculum of Buddhist education in secular educational institutions.
Zakharova E.E. - City’s cultural environment as a part of public space pp. 73-80

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2020.1.32171

Abstract: At the current stage of social development, human life becomes increasingly interlinked with the cities. Cities play a significant role in history, especially in the history of culture, Cities and culture are inseparable concepts, having such close relation that comprise an entire object of cognition. Namely these factors bestow individuality and adaptiveness upon urban environment. Space opens more opportunities for communication, exchange of experience and running social campaigns. Therefore, the conditions for existence of a new cultural environment are associated not only with changes in the created design solutions and/or aesthetic trends. Based on the method of comparative analysis, the author examines the concept of “cultural environment of a city” and its impact upon arrangement of public space. The novelty of this study consists in the thesis that the efficiency of organization of the urban cultural environment affects development potential of the cities in their social and economic unity, with focus on the degree of population content with the quality of life. Cultural environment also impacts consumer culture and interests of the community, as well as contribute to the development of urban space.
Khoroshikh P.P. - Tynzyan throwing on a trochee in the construct of initiation in traditional culture of Evenks pp. 106-113

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.28608

Abstract: This article is devoted to the research of physical initiation as an element of traditional culture of indigenous peoples of the Russian North. The physical initiation as a sign of transitioning of boys to young man and later a man, takes place in the process of commanding the traditional household skills of the representatives of the North, one of which is throwing a tynzyan (belt lasso) on a trochee. Confirmation of the physical skills can testify that the future man is capable of surviving in the harsh environment of the Far North. The upbringing process of the young generation is accompanied by transfer of knowledge, as well as skills of throwing the lasso as a type of household management activity. The initiation process includes not only practice of physical skills, but also ability to fashion the lasso for throwing, which takes place in the process of passing down knowledge from father to son. For confirmation of their status, a child demonstrates the ability to throw the lasso in the course of various competitions, which are a part of the process of ethnopedagogical activity and allows assessing the level of preparedness. The results of the field research demonstrates that the competitions are organized differently for different age groups. Additionally, this research actualizes the attention to the processes of influence of the nature upon the culture of the North.
Yaylenko E. - Titian’s “Penitent Magdalene” from the collection of Palatine Gallery: from Holy Scripture to Pietro Aretino pp. 114-121

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.28860

Abstract: The subject of this article is the painting “Penitent Magdalene” by Titian (middle 1530’s, Florence, Palatine Gallery). The key research goal lies in demonstration of the origins of artist’s message and determine the its potential literary prototype. Raising the question in such form is substantiated by the explicit erotic intonations expressed in the painting, which do not quite align with the religious content of Titian’s work, unless it implies the contrast juxtaposition of the erotica and piousness of the conscious stylistic device. Thus, the author attempts to find a possible literary prototype that would contain similar contrast. The research method consists in the search of conceptual parallels between the content of Titian’s “Penitent Magdalene” and Pietro Aretino’s “The Humanity of Christ” (1535). The main result lies in determination of the essence of artistic method of Titian in painting the “Penitent Magdalene”, which consists in the stylistics device of contraposition borrowed from P. Aretion. Its application, reflected in contrast juxtaposition of the successful harlot to her own image as a repenting sinner, allowed justifying the presence of erotic motives in the painting as an expressive antithesis to her soul’s aspiration towards God.
Denisova Z.M. - Montage within Russian art of the late XX century pp. 122-128

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31201

Abstract: The object of this research is the artistic phenomenon of montage. The subject of this research is the manifestation of montage in the Russian art of the late XX century. Emphasis is made on the film editing principles in the various forms and degrees were present at all historical stages of art evolution. Vivid manifestation of film editing principles in the XX century, on the one hand, is a result of a long and gradual development of its entire history. At the same time, namely the conditions prevailing within national art of the XX century, allow it to form as an independent artistic phenomenon. The author views the manifestations of montage in different spheres: poetry, literature, music and painting. The article examines a special “comprehension of the course of time” that resulted in the formation of poly-temporal structures of film editing; the trend among artists towards multifaceted depiction of human personality; as well as the authors’ endeavor to psychologization. The author concludes that the peculiar spiritual-intellectual environment of the late XX century contributed to the extensive presentation of film editing principles. The conducted analysis reveals the attributes common to montage type of structuring an artistic composition. This is the disconnection of artistic text, syntactic isolation of montage structures, activation of inner monologue, use of reminiscences, arrangement of form “from the end”, inner unity of mosaic construct, etc. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the phenomenon of montage within national culture of the late XX century for the first time ever is viewed in the spectrum of the various types of arts. Based on the conducted analysis, the author formulated the general principles of its functioning.
Pupysheva N.V., Boronoev V.V. - Pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine: the impact of external stimuli upon pulsation pp. 129-135

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31305

Abstract: The subject of this research is the pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine, its ability to catch the changes in pulsation in the points of palpation on radial artery of a human for establishing diagnosis. A competent specialist in pulse diagnostics is capable to determine through the palpation of three points on each carpal bone the condition of the patient’s twelve inner organs, three systems and seven tissues of the body. The precision of this method gives an opportunity to diagnose the condition of these organs and systems using the digital equipment. The object of this research is the means of soft manipulation using particular stimuli that cause predictable response of the body, which could be capture by the pulse-diagnostic equipment. Thus, a convenient stimulus is the light of certain wave length that causes response in pulsation, related to particular organs and tissues. The article provides a brief description of the results of test pulse measurements when exposed to light. For such experiments were selected the blue and red colors located on the opposite ends of the visible range of light spectrum; both colors relate to certain organs as it is described in the literature on Tibetan medicine. The effect of light demonstrated that the principles of pulse diagnostics, depicted in the classical works, may be verified using the instrumental methods. Similar experiments contribute to the development of software for pulse-diagnostic equipment, which proves the possibility of objectification of pulse diagnostics of Tibetan medicine and elaboration of digital device that may become an additional tool in the clinical practice.
Kananerova E.N. - The problem of collectivization in Baltic Republics within the Soviet historiography of 1970’s – 1980’s pp. 136-151

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31612

Abstract: The object of this research is the evolution of Soviet historical paradigm, while the subject is the development of the Soviet historical science in the context of studying postwar collectivization in the Baltic countries in1 970’s – 1980’s under the conditions of re-Stalinization. The author examines the political factors of the development of historiography of collectivization in the Baltic republics, a special place among which belongs to the end of “Thaw” and termination of the revision of Stalinism in 1970’s – 1980’s. Particular attention is paid to the evolution of the topic and assessments in the works of Soviet scholars. The conclusion was made that the agrarian historiography of collectivization in Baltic countries is characterized with unilateral interpretation of the official documents, subjectivism, and limited inquiry of archival data. Within the framework of Soviet paradigm has formed a circle of the forbidden topics, which studying was a threat to its destruction. The author’s special contribution consists in determination of contradiction between the similar statistical records and ideologized conclusions on the nature of collectivization and “dekulakization” in the Baltic republics. The novelty is defined by the fact that the author is first to conduct the analysis of the Soviet historical writings in terms of the modern paradigm, leaning on the experience of studying collectivization of the 1930’s by the historians of V. P. Danilov School of Science.
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