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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue № 02/2021
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Азарова Валентина Владимировна, Doctor of Art History, azarova_v.v@inbox.ru
Contents of Issue № 02/2021
Architecture and design
Safronova E.M. - Saint Petersburg period of creativity of P. K. Vaulin (1906-1914) pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.2.35221

Abstract: The subject of this research is the stylistic peculiarities and means of artistic expression of the architectural majolica by Peter Kuzmich Vaulin. The object of this research is the architectural ceramics of Vaulin in facades of the buildings of St. Petersburg in the early XX century. The application of inclusive approach allows tracing correlations between the historical facts and the cultural characteristics of this period. The compositional-artistic analysis, comparative-descriptive method, and imagery-stylistic analysis were used for consideration of the means of artistic expression of architectural ceramics, compositional interaction of the materials and space, and examination of the style and formative peculiarities of ceramics. Detailed analysis is conducted on the Saint Petersburg period of the ceramist P. K. Vaulin, opening of his own ceramic workshop, and active participation in the development of decorative image of St. Petersburg in the early XX century. Special attention is given to the most remarkable works of the master for architectural decoration of the city. Emphasis is placed on his works for the Insurance Company Building “Russia”, which is brilliant example of the harmonious synthesis of majolica and architecture. The conclusion is made that the architectural ceramics of the master made in many ways determined the majolica decoration of St. Petersburg – compositional, textured, color, imagery-stylistic, and plastic peculiarities of the ceramic works of P. K. Vaulin contributed to aesthetic transformation of the environment. The scientific novelty of consists in the thesis that the ceramic workshop of P. K. Vaulin was one of the leading manufacturers of artistic majolica of the indicated period. It is also proven that the Heldwein-Vaulin workshop was able to organically synthesize the heritage of the best traditions of the past with the courage and ambiguity of the Art Nouveau.
Applied culturology
Travin I.A. - Introduction of the reindeer image into the culture of Old Sami people pp. 12-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.2.35406

Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of introducing the reindeer image into the life and culture of Old Sami people. From the perspective of cultural continuity, the author sets a scientific task to find culturological evidence of the existence of Old Sami people (native speakers of the southern genetic component of the Sami language). The method of conducing this research is the records of décor element, their direct comparison applicable the culture and geographical location of the settlement of Old Sami people. The territory between the Upper Sukhona and the Upper Volga Rivers is selected as geographical location for introduction of the reindeer image into the culture of Old Sami people. The analysis of acquired data gives outlook on the culturological situation in the middle of the 1st millennium BC. The reindeer image is introduced into decorative and applied art, as well as into the culture (lifestyle, household). For getting a broader perspective, the author carries the analysis of toponyms and climatic processes of this period. The novelty of this work consists in application of the synthesis of sciences to the question of comprehension of the cultural processes taking place within the environment of Old Sami people during their dwelling between the Upper Sukhona and the Upper Volga Rivers. The research result consists in acquisition of data that specify the time and place of introduction of the reindeer image into the culture of Old Sami people. The visual match of decorative geometric elements in the Sami decorative patterns and regional decorative ornaments gives grounds on the historically common main cultural heritage in the decorative and applied art of the indicated region. The conclusion lies in finding the culturological evidence of dwelling of the ancient Sami people in the territory between the Upper Sukhona and the Upper Volga Rivers, and the process of cultural development taking place during this period.
Architecture and design
Elkina E.L., Ivanova E.Y. - Scandinavian design of the 21st century.
tradition and modernity.
pp. 22-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.2.35511

Abstract: Annotation. The article analyzes the northern design of the XXI century, its achievements and significance. Design is considered by the author as a phenomenon that began its development in the era of the industrial revolution, as well as modern trends in environmental design.In the article, the author comprehends the long-term trend towards environmental friendliness and responsible consumption in design in general, the direction of development of object design.General scientific methods were used: analysis, synthesis and comparison. The leading one is an analytical approach, within which trends in the development of design are assessed as part of mass culture. At the same time, their main purpose is to increase the competitiveness of goods in the markets.The design is based on the principles of functionality and expediency. The purpose of design is to give things certain qualities, such as: aesthetic appeal, convenience, proportionality to a person. Working on a project in design includes certain stages: functional analysis, layout, construction, creation of a spatial and graphic structure. The design uses data from many scientific disciplines: semiotics, ergonomics, sociology, cultural studies.
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