Ёлектронный журнал „еловек и культура - є2 за 2018 год - —одержание - список статей - ISSN: 2409-8744 - »здательство NotaBene
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue є 02/2018
Contents of Issue є 02/2018
Culture and cultures
Letzbor K.V. - Certain aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview on the example of the film УMoscow Does Not Believe in TearsФ pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25835

Abstract: The focus of this article is the linguoculturology and the linguistic worldview as its components. The goal is the analysis of the popular melodrama of V. Menshov “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” (1979) as a demonstrative sociocultural commentary of some aspects of the Russian linguistic worldview. The work attempts to determine the key linguistic moments, which are typical for the Russian linguistic worldview, but absent in the Western European, as well as provide their brief description. For comparison was taken the Italian national worldview. Based on the comparative analysis of the known scientific and methodological literature, were highlighted the main phenomena of the Russian worldview in contrast with the Italian. Descriptive method was applied for analyzing the film and determination of the important, from culturological perspective, sides of the Russian culture and everyday life. The scientific novelty lies in suggestion to use the examples from the national cinematography for illustration of the aspects of the Russian worldview. The author discusses the key components of the Russian national worldview, such as country house, temporary resident worker, difference in the capital and provincial quality of life, pioneers, academic degrees, traditions of celebration, implicit meaning of the thematic verbs. The practical importance is presented mostly for teaching foreigners Russian language and culture.
Culture of art and the process of creation
Shapovalova N.V. - Crimean War in the creative works of veterans of 1812 (based on the oeuvres of P. A. Vyazemsky and F. N. Glinka) pp. 12-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25941

Abstract: The subject of this article is the poetry of the Russian authors, veterans of Patriotic War 1812 – Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky and Fyodor Nikolaevich Glinka dedicated to the Crimean War and Siege of Sevastopol in 1854-1855. The analysis of their poems created over the period of 1853-1967 is conducted. They touch upon various topics: glorification of heroes and military commanders, military operations in Caucasus, bombardment of Odessa, siege of Sevastopol, perception of Crimean war as religious war, satirical reviews of military operations of the allies, etc. The article also examines the question of comprehension of the Crimean War by Russian society through the prism of the historical experience of 1812. Methodological foundation contains the principle of historical cognition: objectivity and historicism. The author applies the comparative-historical methods: poetry is viewed on the background of publicist works and literary process of the era in general. Reference to fiction predetermined the use of interdisciplinary methods from the arsenal of philology and literature studies, particularly textological methods and structural analysis. The work h reveals the main motifs reflected in the creative works of F. N. Glinka and P. A. Vyazemsky, as their assessment of the events of Crimean War as the representatives of generation of 1812 was not the subject of research. Their poems fit into the extensive palette of national culture of the mid XIX century, emphasizing their importance for personal perception, as well as testimony to the era. Special attention is given to the oeuvres that express the forming historical memory regarding the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
Culture and authority
Sannikov S. - Conceptual approaches to examination of the phenomenon of power in semiotics of culture: retrospective methodological overview pp. 20-29

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25821

Abstract: This article attempts to fill the gap associated with the insufficient knowledge on the existing approaches to examination of the phenomenon of power within the framework of semiotics of culture. The subject of the research is the cognitive problems of examination of the phenomenon of power in the works of representatives of the Western European School of semiotics of culture and relevant conceptual approaches to their solution. The object is the oeuvres of the classics specialized in semiotics of culture (semiology) of the XX century: E. Cassirer, R. Barthes, M. Foucault, J. Derrida, G. Deleuze, and J. Baudrillard. Methodological pivot from the positivist paradigm, within the framework of which “power” was studies as a political legal institution, towards postmodernist interpretation of power as a global system of the formation of reality, category of knowledge, and overall subordination to the discursive practices led to substantial expansion of methodological boundaries of the studies of the phenomenon of power. Power becomes an object of research in the context of broad range of disciplines, such as philosophy, history, sociology, linguistics, political anthropology, and culturology. In the conditions of such significant disciplinary diversity, special meaning attains the semiotics of culture as a methodological foundation for further disciplinary synthesis. The conducted analysis allowed detecting the key cognitive issues in examination of the phenomenon of power within the framework of the oeuvres of the indicated authors, and specify the relevant conceptual approaches to their solution. The result explicated the methodological prerequisites for emergence of the modern discipline of the semiotics of culture, which is capable of becoming a theoretical foundation for further analysis of the semiotic algorithms of power relations.
Culture and Cult
Egorov S. - The rejection of historical myth as the basis of identity (on the example of Soviet Protestants) pp. 30-39

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25134

Abstract: The subject of this research is the policy of formation of the identity of Russian Protestants during the Soviet period and modern Russia. Main attention is focused on such cultural phenomenon as historical myths, and their impact upon the establishment of personal identity by the representatives of Protestantism. Multiple myths about Protestants have emerged prior to formation of USSR, but during the Soviet time acquired particular meaning, complemented by the new Soviet myths. Methodological foundation contains documents collected and written by the employees of the Council on Religious Cult Affairs under the Council of Ministers of USSR. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the Soviet historical myths about Protestants were considered as an independent vector of study, rather than in status of illustrations to the other storylines. The conduction analysis demonstrates that the refection of negative myths was and remains to be one of the key components of the identity policy of the Russian Protestants.
Ethnology and cultural anthropology
Tsydypova L.S. - To the question of impact of transformation of Barguzin BuryatsТ lifestyle in 1930Тs Ц 1960Тs upon the specificities of national costume pp. 40-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25451

Abstract: This article examines the reflection of transformation of lifestyle in everyday clothes of Barguzin Buryats. The process of formation of new daily routine provided for new type of livelihood; a new type of interaction between human and the environment. The external peculiarities of traditional clothes of the ethnos organically correlation with the internal cultural-worldview representations and constants. Changes in the external look of traditional clothes of the ethnos, in turn, characterize the level of adjustment to the external environment. An important role in formation of the traditions of manufactured clothes has played the type of natural landscape. Qualitative method of research of the traditional clothes during the period of transformation gives an idea about the origins of one or another form of separate components of clothes. The analysis of informative interview allows understanding the organization of internal structure of the ethnic community during the considered timeframe. The objects and elements of socioeconomic relations of inoethnic groups of the territory find reflection in the process of transformation of the traditional clothes; multiple elements of design and décor have been borrowed. Mechanism of transfer and functionality of the cultural traditions allowed researching the meaning of the space-time ties in the traditional ethnic apparel. As one of the key sources of the work were used the field materials related to the time of Soviet reforms in the lifestyle of Barguzin Buryats.
Culture of art and the process of creation
Kanokova F.Y. - Yuri Karasov Ц artist of the free people pp. 47-51

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.26069

Abstract: The subject of this research is the works of one of the founders of visual art of Karachay-Cherkess Republic. The first professional Nogai painter – Karasov Yuri Baubekovich. The author conducts an art analysis of his artistic and graphic canvases from the ethnographic series “Nogai El”. The article determines the general style and circle of storylines of each composition, reveals the symbolic meaning of the key images, giving particular attention of examination of the compositional schemes, use of technical methods, reckoning of color formulas, and identification of the main coloristic preferences of the painter. The methods of art analysis of the oeuvres include the formal-stylistic and iconographic analysis of the entire series and separately depicted images. The author traces the process of creation of each composition, since the conception of the idea, until the final product; reveal the paths of creative search and sources of inspiration. The scientific novelty consists in introduction into the contemporary art studies of the circle of new, previously unrenowned compositions of the artist.
Music and music culture
Pankratov A. - Rhythmic ostinato and its manifestations in the new-European music pp. 52-59

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25953

Abstract: The object to this research is the rhythmic ostinato, understood as a repetition of the musical language, which expose a particular thought and cogitating itself as a constantly recognized resemblance. The article meticulously examine the rhythmic ostinato in the context of evolution of musical thinking, within the framework of communicative function of music, multifacetedness of its manifestations at various staged of development of the musical rhythmic and major flows of the new-European music, from Baroque to mass musical genres of the XX century. The interaction of rhythmic ostinato with other elements is revealed. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that this article is the first to conduct a theoretical analysis of the trends of application of rhythmic ostinato. Their integrated consideration and newly introduced panoramic coverage allowed developing an original outlook upon the correlation and cooperation of the rhythmic elements in musical practice. The theoretical importance consists in the thesis that the comprehension of rhythmic ostinato in the context of new-European music and eliminates some contradictions accumulated in musicology.
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