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The Problem of Collectivization in Right-Bank Moldavia in Soviet Historiography

Kananerova Elena Nikolaevna

ORCID: 0000-0002-6218-2618

PhD in History

Associate Professor, Department of Historical Sciences and Archival Studies, Moscow State Linguistic University

119034, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Ostozhenka, 38, of. str.1

ekananerova@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2021.3.35816

Review date:

21-05-2021


Publish date:

28-05-2021


Abstract: The object of research, the results of which are presented in this article, is the Soviet historical paradigm in its development. The subject, in turn, is defined as the achievements of Soviet historians in the study of post-war collectivization in Right-Bank Moldova. The author dwells in detail on how objective and subjective factors influenced the development of historical science in Soviet times. The article examines in detail the evolution of topics and assessments in articles, monographs and collective generalizing works devoted to the history of the republic as a whole. When working on the article, both general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, induction, typologization and idealization) and special historiographical methods (periodization method, historical-genetic, historical-systemic, comparative-historical) were used        The novelty of the research is determined by the fact that the author analyzes the works of Soviet historians from the standpoint of the modern historical paradigm, the foundations of which were laid by the scientific school of V. P. Danilov. Based on the results of studying the Soviet historiography of collectivization in Right-Bank Moldova, the following conclusions can be drawn. Firstly, the main problem of Soviet historians was limited access to archival documents. Secondly, the agrarian historiography of this problem is often subjective and interprets information from available archival documents and various statistical information in line with generally accepted Soviet ideological attitudes. Thirdly, as in the case of the study of collectivization in 1920-1930, topics related to violations during collectivization, "dispossession" remained under an ideological ban. Fifthly, the specifics of the historiography of collectivization in Right-Bank Moldova became a significant attention of historians to this problem in the second half of the 1960s and 1970s, which is connected, according to our assumption, with the rule of L.I. Brezhnev, who in 1951-1952 was the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CP(b) of the MSSR and led the consolidation of collective farms in the republic.


Keywords: consolidation of collective farms, historiography, cooperation, collectivization, machine and horse rental points, agrarian reform, Right - bank Moldova, scientific school, paradigm, MTS political departments
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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