Статья 'Сапоги и шпоры: вещи-символы русского всадничества в воспоминаниях русских кавалеристов' - журнал 'Человек и культура' - NotaBene.ru
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Boots and spurs: symbolic items of Russian cavalry in the reminiscences of Russian cavalrymen

Shapiro Bella

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Museology, Russian State University for the Humanities

125993, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miusskaya Ploshchad', 6

b.shapiro@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2021.3.35669

Review date:

09-05-2021


Publish date:

09-06-2021


Abstract: The subject of this research is the artifacts of material culture of Russian cavalry as a specific form with the capacity of symbolic and semantic content. The goal of this work lies in comprehensive examination of the process of symbolization of certain forms of material culture of Russian cavalry. The research employs archaeological material, historical journalism, memoir literature, including the works of the representatives of white émigré, such as Russian military-historical magazine “Le passé militaire” (Paris, 1952-1974) and literary-publicistic “The New Journal”. For obvious reasons, emphasis is placed on the symbolism and semantic aspect of the problem, despite a fair share of nostalgization and mythologization of historical reality. Most common principles ofresearch methodology are based on the culturological concepts of the representatives of Moscow-Tartu Semiotic School of Y. M. Lotman, B. A. Uspensky (reinterpretation of the Russian cultural history in the context of binary opposition), and V. N. Toporov (reconstruction of the archetypes of Russian culture). First and foremost, it refers to the possibilities of semiotic approach towards history, the object of analysis of which is interrelated historical texts and historical contexts. Such perspective on the problem has not been previously articulated in the historical culturology and history of culture. The history of material culture of the Russian cavalryman is described from the standpoint of culturological methodology of cognition for the first time. The conclusion is made that the process of poetization, mythologization, and symbolization of items of the Russian cavalry received demand in the extreme conditions of the turn of the XIX – XX centuries (the last years of the empire). The acquired results can be applied in the sphere of museology, which is focused not only in preservation of the artifact of material and intellectual culture, but also on fulfillment of their historical-cultural potential and historical uniqueness to the maximum.


Keywords: military rituals, cavalry, Russian Imperial Army, uniform, History of costume, History of material culture, symbolization, History of Russian culture, military history, Lermontov
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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