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Man and Culture
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Anthropology of the mannequin: traps and prospects in the museum exhibition

Grinko Ivan Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Master’s Degree in Cultural Management, Head of Department of Museum and Tourism Development. SAIC “MOSGORTUR”

119571, Russia, Moscow, Prospekt Vernadskogo St., 82 k.2, office 256

iagrinko@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Shevtsova Anna Aleksandrovna

Doctor of History

Professor, Moscow State Pedagogical University (MSPU)

119991, Russia, Moscow, Malaya Pirogovskaya St., 1

ash@inbox.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2020.4.33547

Review date:

27-07-2020


Publish date:

12-08-2020


Abstract: This article is dedicated to specificity of using mannequins in the museum exhibitions. Emphasis is made on the nuances of selection and preparation of a museum mannequin from the perspective of anthropology, and primarily such aspects as anthropological correspondence and symbolic component that allow turning the mannequin from a technical element into a constituent part of exhibition, which would translate the elements of intangible cultural heritage. The goal this research consists in the analysis of potential risks associated with neglecting the specificity of mannequin as a constituent part of museum exhibition. Field materials acquired from modern exhibitions in Russian and foreign museums served as the source material for this work. The main research methods became he case study and comparative analysis. It is concluded that the choice of mannequins for exhibitions should be conducted with consideration of actual anthropometry of the historical and cultural groups; if the mannequin is not impersonalized, its phenotype should be close to its ethnic group. If the listed above is impossible, the best option lies in deanthropologization of the mannequin; otherwise, they devalue the artistic level of exhibition and worth of the originals. Static mannequins with evident anthropomorphic features are perceived rather negatively, especially in a direct visual contact. Mannequins are capable of retranslating multiple body techniques as the elements of intangible cultural heritage, and this aspect should not be neglected. Mannequins can also be used in exhibition scenography.


Keywords: exhibition scenography, intangible heritage, mannequin, museum exposition, exhibition design, museum design, museum anthropology, historical science, uncanny valley, museum
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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