Статья 'Отражение образа мамонта в духовной культуре народов Якутии' - журнал 'Человек и культура' - NotaBene.ru
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Reflection of the image of mammoth in spiritual culture of the peoples of Yakutia

Fedorova Aitalina Rodionovna

Junior Scientific Associate, Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

677000, Russia, respublika Sakha (Yakutiya), g. Yakutsk, ul. Petrovskogo, 1

aytap@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Sleptsova Aitalina Alekseevna

Junior Scientific Associate, Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

677000, Russia, respublika Sakha (Yakutiya), g. Yakutsk, ul. Petrovskogo, 1

aytalina92s@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2019.6.31072

Review date:

17-10-2019


Publish date:

06-01-2020


Abstract: The object of this research is the image of mammoth in spiritual culture of the peoples inhabiting Yakutia. Mammoth fauna has always, in one or another way, affected the social, economic and even political spheres of people’s life, and of course, it left an imprint on the spiritual life in form of the myths, legends and mythical images. These representations played a substantial role in spiritual culture of the peoples of Yakutia; therefore, this article attempts to view them in the folklore of mammoth archetype as a part of ethnic culture. There is scattered data regarding the representations of different peoples on mammoth fauna. Usually, such myths are described with the entire range of folklore of a particular ethnos, and were not viewed comprehensively in the common context. The novelty of this research consists in the attempt of collection, systematization and analysis of information on the role of mammoth in folklore of the peoples of Yakutia, as well as identification of the categories of images reflecting the traditional representations on mammoths and their regional peculiarities. It is concluded, that the representations of mammoth among the peoples of Yakutia can be divided into two categories: more realistic eastern (the Ykaghir and the Chukchi), and more mythical western (the Yakut, the Even, and the Evenks). For all of the listed ethnoses, mammoth is an important and sacred animal, who has chthonic traits, but also carries the religious mediation functions.  


Keywords: Myth, Spiritual culture, Folklore, North, Legends of the mammoth, Mammoth, Arctic, Chthonic being, Shamanism, Tusk
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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