по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Editorial board > List of peer reviewers > Review procedure > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Legal information
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

В погоне за двумя зайцами поймай обоих сразу!
34 журнала издательства NOTA BENE входят одновременно и в ERIH PLUS, и в перечень изданий ВАК
При необходимости автору может быть предоставлена услуга срочной или сверхсрочной публикации!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Tourism as an instrument of transformation of urban culture
Golomidova Ol'ga

Senior Educator, the department of Socio-Cultural Service and Tourism, Liberal Arts University

620144, Russia, g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Surikova, 24 A

o-minina@mail.ru

Abstract.

This article is dedicated to consideration of strong correlation between a contemporary city and mass tourism. The object of this research is the urban culture and its transformation under the influence of tourist flows. City is defined through the metaphor of cultural laboratory, while tourism is viewed as its production and, simultaneously, a “laboratory instruments” that transforms the urban environment. The impact of mass tourism upon urban culture carries an ambiguous character. The goal of this work lies in identification of the unobvious at first sight advantages of tourism advancement in the cities despite the popular trend, which manifests in criticism of mass tourism. In the course of this research, the author refers to the urban sociology of Robert E. Park, dramaturgical sociology of Joseph Hofmann and simulacrum concept of Jean Baudrillard. A conclusion is drawn that despite the problems brought by the “excessive” tourism to the world tourist centers, in most cases the advancement of mass tourism brings positive results: transformation of cities, strive for commensuration to a person, attempt to form a favorable geographic image of the territory, actualization of cultural potential of the place, “revival” and beatification of the abandoned city territories. The author describes such aspect of tourism impact upon urban culture as the encouragement of creativity and entrepreneurial activities of the residents and growth of social responsibility. This leads to a conclusion that the competent approach to development of tourism sphere can help reach new possibilities in tourism for development of the cities.

Keywords: tourist center, mass culture, simulacrum, landmark, cultural laboratory, tourism, urban culture, city, transformation of urban culture, citizen

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2018.5.27607

Article was received:

16-10-2018


Review date:

17-10-2018


Publish date:

31-10-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Bauman Z. Ot palomnika k turistu [Elektronnyi resurs] / Z. Bauman // Sotsiologicheskii zhurnal. 1995. №4. S. 133-154. — URL: http://jour.isras.ru/index.php/socjour/article/view/218/219 (data obrashcheniya 05.10.2016)
2.
Bodriiyar Zh. Simulyakry i simulyatsiya / Zh. Bodriiyar ; per. s fr. A. Kachalova. — M. : Izdatel'skii dom «POSTUM», 2015. — 240 s.
3.
Burstin D. Amerikantsy: Demokraticheskii opyt / D. Burstin; per. s angl. / Pod obshch. red. V. T. Oleinika. — M. : Izd. gruppa «PROGRESS» — «Litera», 1993. — 832 s.
4.
Vakhshtain V. Sotsiologiya goroda [Elektronnyi resurs] / V. Vakhshtain // Postnauka. — URL: https://postnauka.ru/faq/59648 (data obrashcheniya 10.04.2017)
5.
Virt L. Urbanizm kak obraz zhizni // Izbrannye raboty po sotsiologii. Sbornik perevodov / L. Virt ; per. s angl. V. G. Nikolaev — M.: INION, 2005. — 244 s. S. 93-119
6.
Gofman I. Predstavlenie sebya drugim v povsednevnoi zhizni / I. Gofman; per. s angl. A. D. Kovaleva — M. : «KANON-press-Ts», «Kuchkovo pole», 2000. — 304 s.
7.
Dzhekobs Dzh. Smert' i zhizn' bol'shikh amerikanskikh gorodov. / Dzh. Dzhekobs ; per. s angl. — M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2011. — 460 s.
8.
Dugin A.G. Turizm — razvratnoe zlo. [videozapis'] // YouTube. — URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUM6S8kcEZA
9.
Zaporozhets O. Otkrytie metropol'zovatelya: antropologiya gorodskoi podzemki [Elektronnyi resurs] : preprint WP6/2013/07 / O. Zaporozhets. — M.: Izdatel'skii dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2013. — 28 s. — URL: https://www.hse.ru/pubs/share/direct/document/110663076 (data obrashcheniya 13.10.2018)
10.
Zimmel' G. Bol'shie goroda i dukhovnaya zhizn' [Elektronnyi resurs] / G. Zimmel' // Logos — 2002. № 3-4 (34) — URL: http://magazines.russ.ru/logos/2002/3/zim.html
11.
Zlotnikova T. S., Frolova A. V. «Chelovek massy» v sovremennom gorode. / T. S. Zlotnikova, A.V. Frolova // Yaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik — 2015 — № 3, S. 232-240.
12.
Zmanovskaya A. Kakie goroda turizm ub'et pervymi [Elektronnyi resurs] // LIFE # Turizm, — 2016 — 6 sentyabrya. — URL: https://life.ru/t/turizm/899594/kakiie_ghoroda_turizm_ubiot_piervymi (data obrashcheniya: 07.10.2018)
13.
Ivanova A. Sumchatye. Khoreografiya passazhirov gorodskogo transporta / A. Ivanova // Mikrourbanizm. Gorod v detalyakh : sb. statei / pod otv. red. O. Berdnikovoi, O. Zaporozhets. — M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2014. S. 70-93.
14.
Kalyadina I. S. Strategiya prodvizheniya sovremennogo muzeya kak kul'turno-sotsial'nogo fenomena i odnogo iz faktorov razvitiya territorii [Elektronnyi resurs] / I. S. Kalyadina // Innovatsionnaya nauka. — 2015 — №10-3. — URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strategiya-prodvizheniya-sovremennogo-muzeya-kak-kulturno-sotsialnogo-fenomena-i-odnogo-iz-faktorov-razvitiya-territorii (data obrashcheniya: 20.09.2018)
15.
Kogan L. N. Sotsiologiya kul'tury: Ucheb. posobie. [Elektronnyi resurs] / L. N. Kogan. — Ekaterinburg: UrGU, 1992. — 120 s. — URL: http://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/40853/1/5-230-06679-2_1992.pdf
16.
Kozlova N. N. Sotsial'no-istoricheskaya antropologiya / N. N. Kozlova — M.: Izdatel'skii dom «Klyuch», 1999. — 188 s.
17.
Korbut A. Kak prostranstvo metro vliyaet na povedenie lyudei? // PostNauka. URL: https://postnauka.ru/faq/44980
18.
Lorents K. Vosem' smertnykh grekhov tsivilizovannogo chelovechestva [Elektronnyi resurs] / K. Lorents // A. I. Fet. Sbornik perevodov. Sweden : Philosophical arkiv, 2016. S. 18-94 — URL: http://aifet.com/books/transl_v1_Lorenz.pdf
19.
Makkanell D. Turist. Novaya teoriya prazdnogo klassa [Elektronnyi resurs] / Din Makkanell — M. : «Ad Marginem», 2016. — 280 s. — URL: https://reader.bookmate.com/zdXQ7efu
20.
Myasnikova L.A. Turizm kak fenomen gorodskoi kul'tury // Sovremennyi gorod: sotsial'nost', kul'tury, zhizni lyudei : materialy XVII Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii Gumanitarnogo universiteta 14–15 aprelya 2014 goda : doklady / redkol. : L. A. Zaks i dr. : v 2 t. T. 1. — Ekaterinburg : Gumanitarnyi universitet, 2014. S. 447-451.Tom 1. 560 s.
21.
Otnyukova M. S. Konstruirovanie dostoprimechatel'nostei turizma: sotsiologicheskii analiz zarubezhnogo i otechestvennogo opyta [Elektronnyi resurs] / M. S. Otnyukova // Goroda regiona: kul'turno-simvolicheskoe nasledie kak gumanitarnyi resurs budushchego: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. / Pod red. prof. T. P. Fokinoi. — Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2003. — S.203-206. — URL: http://www.comk.ru/HTML/otnyukova_doc.htm (data obrashcheniya: 12.09.2018)
22.
Park, R. Gorod kak sotsial'naya laboratoriya : per. s angl. S. Ban'kovskaya [Elektronnyi resurs] / R. Park // Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie. — 2002. T. 2, № 3. S. 3-12. — URL: https://sociologica.hse.ru/data/2011/03/04/1211598040/soc_oboz_2_3.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 04.06.2018)
23.
Tennis, F. Obshchnost' i obshchestvo : per. s nem. A.N. Malinkin [Elektronnyi resurs] / F. Tennis // Sotsiologicheskii zhurnal. — 1998. № 3-4. S. 206-229. — URL: http://jour.isras.ru/index.php/socjour/article/view/586.
24.
Filin A. V. Vizual'naya sreda goroda / A. V. Filin // Vestnik mezhdunarodnoi akademii nauk (russkaya sektsiya). — 2006. № 2. S. 43-50
25.
Shapinskaya E. N. Puteshestvie na Vostok kak begstvo ot povsednevnosti: fenomen turisticheskogo eskapizma [Elektronnyi resurs] / E. N. Shapinskaya // Cultural research. — 2011. — № 4 (5): Kul'turnaya geografiya. — URL: http://www.culturalresearch. ru/ru/archives/76-2011geography
26.
Shpengler O. Zakat Evropy : per. N. F. Garelina / O. Shpengler. — Novosibirsk: VO «Nauka». Sibirskaya izdatel'skaya firma, 1993. — 592 s.
27.
Engel's F. Polozhenie rabochego klassa v Anglii. Bol'shie goroda [Elektronnyi resurs] // K. Marks i F. Engel's. Sochineniya. Izd. 2 — M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdanie politicheskoi literatury, 1955. — 655 s. S. 231-517 — URL: https://www.marxists.org/russkij/marx/cw/t02.pdf
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website